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recent passion for forming companies, to to reduce the interest of Exchequer Bills be incorporated by Acts of Parliament. from two-pence to three half-pence per Such incorporations, he said, were not day, by which about £.220,000 will be only an invasion of the Royal Prerogative annually saved. He also recurred to the of incorporating by Charter, but also a Act for paying off the four per cents., and fraud upon the public, as the members stated that the Dissents did not amount of Companies incorporated by Act of Par. to more than seven millions ; consequentliament were exempted from the opera- ly, notice had been given that the whole tion of the Bankrupt Laws.
would be paid off in October. In allusion Mr Hume then brought forward a mo. to the Silk Weavers' Act, passed in the tion to institute an inquiry, whether the course of the Session, he said that its faIrish Church establishment is not un- vourable effect already had been much necessarily numerous and expensive, with greater than was anticipated, and that relation to the amount of the population ? the trade was now in a state of the great. The Hon. Member introduced his motion est activity. He stated that the repay. with a speech of vast extent, but of little ments made on account of the alteration novelty. He declared himself an enemy in the Silk Duties will be about £.500,000. to all religious establishments. Mr Stan- At a later period of the evening, the Right ley opposed the motion, and exposed the Hon. Gentleman proposed, in a Commitexaggerations of the wealth of the Irish tee, some alterations in the laws respecte Church, upon which all the Hon. Mover's ing Savings Banks, with a view of limitarguments rested. Mr Grattan and Mring the amount of deposits in those banks Dominick Brown supported the motion. to such sums as might be lona fide the Mr Robertson suggested the possibility, property of poor persons. that, by mutual concessions, it might be 10.–Lord Stanley moved the second found practicable to adopt the Roman reading of the Manchester Equitable Loan Catholic clergy into the Established Bill. Mr Huskisson, in a speech of conChurch ; and cited the examples of Prus. siderable length, repeated the objections sia, and some other German states, in which he had offered on a former evenwhich it had been found easy to unite ing, to the incorporation of commercial Lutherans and Calvinists, sects as re- societies by Act of Parliament, instead of pugnant as the Protestants and Catho. the old practice of incorporating by Charlics of Ireland. Mr Plunkett spoke at ter from the Crown. The principal of some length against the motion. Mr these objections was, that the integral in. Leslie Foster and Mr Dawson also op- dividuals of societies incorporated by Act posed it. Sir F. Burdett warmly sup- of Parliament being irresponsible, the ported the proposition for inquiry. The company itself was also uncontrolled by House then divided, when the motion was the fear which always operated to keep rejected by a majority of 152 to 79. chartered companies within proper bounds.
1.-A short conversation took place The Bill was read a second time. upon the subject of a proposed modifica. Mr Manning then moved the second tion of the Scottish Poor Laws, in the reading of the West-India Company Bill. course of which Sir A. Hope, Mr Drum. Mr Sykes, Mr Williams, Mr Whitmore, mond, and several other Scottish Mem. Mr Smith, and Mr F. Buxton, opposed bers, warmly opposed the change which the Bill, as likely to raise the price of had been proposed in Mr Kennedy's Bill. sugar, by giving a monopoly to the comThe change was from the present system, pany to be incorporated, as holding out a which, like the English poor laws, enfor. temptation to delusive speculation, and ces a compulsory assessment for the poor, as threatening to procrastinate the period to a plan formed upon the principles of at which the Negroes might be emanciMr Malthus, by which the indigent pated. Mr. T. Wilson and Mr C. B. would be abandoned to the chance of vo. Ellis supported the Bill, which they deluntary relief.
scribed as a measure calculated merely to The Chancellor of the Exchequer then relieve the suffering Planters, by inviting brought forward the Budget. The inte. capitalists to advance their money upon rest of this communication was, however, West India security. Mr Huskisson, much impaired by the previous disclo. protesting that he saw nothing in the Bill sures of the 23d of February. The ex. to take it out of the class of legislative inposition, however, given by the Right corporations, to which he had a general Hon. Gentleman of the financial condi. dislike, proceeded to answer the partition of the country was in the highest cular objections to its provisions. He degree cheering and satisfactory, and the denied that the Bill would give any moResolutions moved by him were severally nopoly of the sugar trade, that it was carried without a division. He announ- likely to lead to any delusion, or that it ced it to be the intention of Government could affect the conditiou of the Negroes otherwise than favourably. On a divi. called upon the Government to discoun. sion, the motion for the second reading tenance the Orange system, by excluding of the Bill was carried by a majority of all Orangemen from office. Mr North 102 to 30.
supported the amendment, in a speech, • Mr Maberly next brought forward his wbich was highly complimented by all motion for the repeal of the House, Win- the subsequent speakers on either side of dow, Servant, Horse and Carriage Taxes, the House. He seemed to think that coamounting, in the whole, to three mil. lonization presented the only effectual relions and a half. The Hon. Member medy for the evils which oppress Ireland. directed his arguments principally against He defended the Clergy of the Establishthe Sinking Fund, and the other finan- ed Church in that country from the atcial arrangements of the Ministers. The tack which had been made upon them on general purport of his speech was to a former evening, and declared without show that the Sinking Fund might be hesitation, that the property in their abandoned without injury, in order to set hands was (even with a view to secular the Surplus Revenue free for the reduc. advantages only)more beneficiaily bestowtion of Taxes. Mr Leycester seconded the ed for the people, than it would be in the motion, and took nearly the same line possession of the lay gentry. Sir John of argument. The Chancellor of the Ex- Newport and Sir John Sebright supportchequer defended the Sinking Fund, by ed the original motion. Sir F. Burdett which, he said, thirty-nine millions of followed on the same side ; he charged debt had been redeemed since 1816 : be Mr North with inconsistency, in resisting professed an unwillingness to indulge in the most ample inquiry, while he acanticipations of any kind, but begged to knowledged the dreadful evils to exist in deny that he had ever declared that no Ireland, but concurred with that gentlefurther remission of taxes could be ex. man in the opinion that colonization was pected before 1829. Mr Hume contra- the most promising remedy for these dicted, in the most positive manner, the evils : of such a bold and comprehensive assertion that thirty-nine millions of debt policy as colonization on a proper scale, had been redeemed. Mr Alderman Hey. he had, however, he said, no hope from gate declared, that, though he thought the present Ministers. Mr Peel support. the Assessed Taxes the most objection. ed the amendment, and pointed out the able of all sources of revenue, he could advantage which njust result from limit. not consent to repeal them at the expense ing the inquiry to what the committee of the Sinking Fund. Mr Maberly re- could effectually engage with. Mr Can. plied shortly, when the House divided. ning supported the amendment. He Ayes 78, Noes 171-majority against the spoke less to the question, than in explamotion 93.
nation of his own views upon the subject 11.-Lord Althorp, in a very long of Catholic emancipation. Mr Tierney speech, introduced a motion for the ap. supported the motion in a humorous pointment of a Committee to inquire into and sarcastic speech. On a division, the the state of Ireland generally, with relation numbers were, for the amendment 184, to population, employment, commerce, against it 236—majority 48. the church, tithes, rents, the military es. 13.-An interesting conversation took tablishment, the insurrection act, the state place on the subject of the existing Corn of education, and the Catholic question. Laws. Mr Curteis, the Member for SusSir H. Parnell seconded the motion. Mr sex, complained that the averages by Goulburn, at some length, vindicated the which the importation of foreign grain conduct pursued towards Ireland by Par. was to be regulated were never fairly liament and by Ministers; he deprecated struck, and moved for a return of the engaging in so wide a field of inquiry, as names of persons who have made returns that suggested by the noble mover, and of sales of corn in the markets of Lon. proposed as an amendment, “ that the don, Liverpool, &c. for the six weeks preinquiry of the Committee be limited to ceding the 15th of May, with a view to the nature and extent of the disturbances check the frauds practised in striking the that have prevailed in those districts which averages. Mr Huskisson acknowledged have been subjected to the Insurrection the existence of the evils of which Mr Act, that is, to Cork, Limerick, Tipperary, Curteis complained ; and allowed the im. Clare, and Kilkenny.” Lord Milton sup- perfection of that system from which the ported the original motion. He thought evils emanated. He should be happy, he that the widest scheme of inquiry was said, to see the day when a more general necessary to throw open to the people feeling should exist for revising the preof England full information as to the sent system ; and he had felt great pleastate of the Sister Island. He argued in sure on seeing a petition from a part of favour of Catholic emancipation, and the empire peculiarly alive to the merits of the subject, requesting Parliament to the Bill relating to small or cheap beer adopt the system of free importation, were not altered, he should oppose the Bill guarded by a sufficient protecting duty, altogether as far as concerned Scotland. in preference to the law at present in oper. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he ation.
had many alterations to make, particu. Mr Wodehouse then moved the con- larly with respect to the scale of duties. tinuance of the existing Salt Duties, as a The House would then see what he real. substitute for the Window Tax on small ly desired, and he should be prepared houses, which he proposed to repeal. Mr to state what course he would pursue, and W. enforced his motion in a very able whether he would persevere in the Bill speech, in which he proved that all the or not. The latter observation of the evils of smuggling, perjury, and penal in. Chancellor of the Exchequer excited the Alictions, which were alleged against the manifest satisfaction of the House. former Salt Tax, had been removed by the Mr F. Buxton moved for leave to bring reduction that had taken place. The in a Bill to repeal so much of the Act of Chancellor of the Exchequer declared the George I. as restricts Partnerships and inclination of his own mind, to be favour. Societies from insuring Ships and Goods, able to the motion, but said, that, pledged and from lending money upon Bottomry. as he was upon the subject, he could not The object and the effect of this Bill feel justified in proposing a continuance would be, the Hon. gentleman explained, of the Salt Tax, unless called upon to do to give Joint Stock Companies the right so by the unequivocal voice of the coun- of making Marine Insurances in coin. try. (The Right Hon gentleman was mon with the two great Chartered Comhere cheered by the House in a manner panies, namely Lloyd's and the Sun Fire which he interpreted to mean that he Company. The motion was opposed, on ought to adhere to his promise.) He the ground that the Bill would destroy therefore moved the previous question. those Chartered Companies ; but Mr The motion was then withdrawn. Huskisson showed that they only took
17.-A conversation took place on the four parts out of one hundred in the busi. Beer Duties' Bill, against which several ness of insurance, and that the other Members expressed themselves decidedly ninety-six parts were in the hands of prihostile, as it would be ruinous to the Li. vate individuals, members of Lloyd's. censed Victuallers if passed. Mr H. The arguments in favour of the ineasure Drummond, on presenting a petition from being of a convincing nature, the leave the Magistrates of Stirling against the asked for was granted, and the Bill measuro, gave notice, that if the part of brought in and read a first time.
the accused a short time before the body 5.-High COURT OF JUSTICIARY. was found in the river, but nothing else James Martin, alias Leechinan, a boy who was elicited in any way to throw suspicion stated himself to be ten years of age, was on the panel, who, besides, produced was found Guilty of theft, with the ag- abundant evidence of his good character. gravation of habit and repute, and sen. The Lord Advocate said, he would not tenced to transportation beyond seas for trouble the Court or the Jury farther with fourteen years.
this case. It was evident a child had lost 12.—Daniel, or Donald Gow, a boy a. its life under suspicious circumstances : bout 15 years of age, was convicted of and though the evidence had not turned theft, and being habit and repute a thief, out as he thought, considering the situaand sentenced to transportation for life. tion which be held, he would not hare
Robert Brown was then put to the bar, discharged his duty to the country if he accused of the murder of Mary Brown, had not brought it forward. The Jury, his illegitimate daughter, by putting her after a few minutes consultation, found into the water or river of Slitrig, near a verdict of Not Guilty, and Brown was Smithfieldhaugh, in the parish of Kirk. discharged from the bar. ton, Roxburghshire, on Saturday the 3d 13.-James Scott, a lad of 16 or 17, of April last, by which the child was was convicted of having, on the IOth of drowned. Brown pleaded Not Guilty.- March last, stolen from the cabin of the The evidence adduced in this case failed smack Venus, lying in the harbour of in supporting the conclusions of the in. Leith, in which vessel he was an apprendictment. It was proved that the de. tice, a wooden box, containing £.1500 in ceased had been seen in the company of sovereigns and half sovereigns, addressed to Masterman and Co. London, and the threw away a shilling and sixpence as bad. property of John Maberley and Co. Bank. He then, still having the knife in his ers in Edinburgh. The prisoner pleaded hand, made her take an oath that she Guilty, and the libel was restricted to an would not describe his person or dress. arbitrary punishment. Sentence of four Christian Hervie identified the prisoner teen years transportation was pronounced as the man, and all the other evidence The prisoner had buried the box in Leith corroborated hers. The Lord Advocate Links, and afterwards taken out part of confined the whole charge to stouthrief the contents.
and theft from lockfast places, and the Charles MacEwan, an itinerant wire. Jury, without leaving their box, returned worker, was then accused of assaulting, an unanimous verdict, finding the stouthand maiming, so as to cause mutilation, in rief, as libelled, Proven, and theft from 80 far as he did, on the evening of the 22d lockfast places, as limited, also Proven. May last, in the house of William Gray, The prisoner was sentenced to be execu. in Bathgate, bite off a part of the nose of ted at Aberdeen on the 27th August. Hugh Robertson, travelling jeweller. The [Martin was executed according to his prisoner pleaded Not Guilty, and that sentence.) what he had done was in defence of his 15.- Robert Dennet was accused of wife and himself. The evidence in this having, at Dunbar, on the 3d day of June case was conclusive against the prisoner, last, committed a most violent assault on who was accordingly found Guilty, and Francis Findlay, with the intent of mursentenced to be publicly whipped through dering him. The prisoner pleaded Guilty the town of Bathgate on the 28th July, of the assault, but without the intention and to be afterwards kept at hard labour to murder. The Lord Advocate confessin the Bridwell of Edinburgh for twelve ed himself at a loss to account for the calendar months.
want of the intent to murder, when one 14-Alexander Martin, alias Milne, man attempts to cut another's throat. It was put to the bar, accused of theft, would be for the Jury to judge, but he stouthries, and housebreaking. He plead. should not restrict the libel. From the ed Not Guilty, and the first charge of evidence of Francis Findlay, it appeared simple theft having been abandoned, evi- that both himself and the prisoner, who dence was led to establish the others. It lodged in his house, had been drinking appeared that, as Alexander Hervie, a that day (the latter for three days preman of nearly 81 years of age, and his vious ;) from some complaints of the daughter, residing in the parish of Kem- neighbours, he had given him notice to nay, were preparing to go to bed on the quit his house, but told him he might evening of the 15th April last, they ob- sleep there that night, for which he thankserved a man look in at one of the win. ed him. The witness had taken off his dows. The old man went to the door, coat, waistcoat, and neckcloth, and was but saw no person. His daughter then loosing his shoes, when he felt the prisondarkened the fire, but almost immediate er's arm round his neck, and thought that ly heard a noise as if some person was a pin in his sleeve had scratched his neck; on the house top. She went out and finding the blood falling on his hand, he saw a man, who came down and seized exclaimed, “Good God! Robert, you have her by the throat. She tried to prevent cut my throat," and made towards the his entrance into the house, but he over- door, calling " Murder." The first per. came her. Hervie went to the assistance son who came was Jean Henderson, who of his daughter, but he also was soon held the wound, from which the blood mastercd by the ruffian, who forced his was springing, till Dr Turnbull came. way into the house, took hold of him, The wife of Findlay corroborated by her threw him on the floor, and struck and evidence that of her husband. Catharine kicked him while there, by which he was Reid recollected of Findlay having his severely bruised, and had one of his knees throat cut; it was on a Thursday night. cut. He also seized Hervie's daughter About one o'clock on the Wednesday by the arms, throwing her against the morning before, she accidentally heard the chairs. On which she cried out, “ That panel and Findlay's wife in conversation. if he would spare their lives, he should He then said, if she (Findlay's wife) have all that was in the house." Hervie would give her consent, he would do for lighted a fir-candle, and the man went to Frank; “ he had often had a mind to do the drawers, took out a knife, and said for him, and he would do it immediate. “ that this would do for him if he made ly.” The witness understood that they any resistance." Christian Hervie then were speaking of the husband, Findlay. took from the drawers fifty shillings and The Jury without retiring found the pri. two silk handkerchiefs, which she gave soner Guilty of the crime as libelled, and to the man, who counted the money, and the Court sentenced him to be publicly whipt through the streets of Dunbar on Robert Byres was next put to the bar, the 29th instant, and to be transported on a charge of resetting a number of for seven years.
watches, stolen from the shop of Luke Donald, or Daniel M‘Kinnon, alias Ro. Lindsay, watchmaker in Greenock, on the chie, and Thomas Ross, were then con- 12th November last. The panel pleaded
victed of housebreaking and theft, and Not Guilty. Mr Cowan objected to the sentenced to transportation for life. relevancy of the indictment, on the ground
16. William Hay was indicted for that the articles said to be stolen were perjury, committed by him in the course not described as having been the property of the proceedings held in a sequestration or in the lawful possession of Luke Lind. of his estate, under the Act of the 54th say. In an indictment for theft, such a of the late King, cap. 137; in so far as specification would have been indispensa
he swore that the state of his affairs ble; and in an indictment for reset it exhibited by him contained a list of all was no less so, as in either case the prose
his debts and of his property, real and cutor must establish the theft, and the personal; and that he had delivered up panel must have the same facilities of to his creditors all his books and other disproving it. The Court considered this documents : knowing at the time, first, a serious objection, and ordered informathat there were certain tenements in tions on the point. Dunfermline, belonging to him, not inclu- 17.-John Wallace Bruce, late Deputy ded in the state : second, that there were Postmaster at Golspie, county of Suthercertain tenements in Perth, belonging to land, accused of falsehood, fraud, and him, not included in the state : third, wilful imposition, and rendering to the that he had at various times placed in the General Post Office false and fraudulent hands of his brother, Alex. Hay in Dun- states of his accounts and intromissions as fermline, bills due to him of the respec- Postmaster, and thereby defrauding the tive amounts following :-£.140, £.100, public revenue, was outlawed for not ap. £.106,£.175, £.207.18s, £.270, £.65113s, pearing. Bruce was out on bail. • £.85ulls., £.123.98. 11 4d., £.73.28.16d., Jean Macfarlane, who was tried and £.56.14s., £.26, £.20, £.14, and convicted on the 28th ult. for robbery, £.290.14s. ; all which were not included was sentenced to twelve months' confinein the state : fourth, that he had at the ment in Bridewell. time £.975, in cash, under his own con- 19.-Old Bailey.- Captain Felix M. trol, and not included in the state : 6fth, Donough, (author of the Hermit in Lonthat he had previously caused to be conidon,) aged 55, and Henry, his son, aged veyed to the house of Mrs Craigie in 25, were indicted for stealing, at night, · Perth, a quantity of grocery goods and in the Royal Saloon, London, a house of various articles of househoid furniture, bad character, a pocket-book, containing not included in the state ; fifth, that he £.100, the property of Thomas Weaver, had at various times caused to be con
a no very prudent Linen-Draper of Abveyed to the said Alexander Hay, quan. ingdon, who was in town on a mixed tities of goods, not included in the state: mission of frolic and business. The book sixth, that he had conveyed to a cellar in was found on the young prisoner, without Perth, possessed by James Wright, To- any cash in it. Weaver admitted that bacconist, a quantity of goods not con- while at the Saloon he had retired for tained in the state : seventh, that he had half an hour, when drunk, with a girl of concealed in his own premises a great the town, and young M Donough declar. quantity of goods not contained in the ed that when he did so, he handed him state : eighth, that he had conveyed to a his watch and pocket-book to take care garret in Perth, possessed by Robert of, but that he never examined it to as. Stewart, Spirit-dealer, various articles of certain whether it contained money or household furniture, not included in the not. Witnesses gave the prisoners hostate : and, ninth, that he had withheld nourable characters; and a gentleman who from his creditors sundry books and do- knew Weaver declared, that he was so cuments, particularly stated accounts be- inveterate a liar as not to be believed on tween him and the said A. Hay. The his oath. Verdict, Not Guilty. panel pleaded Guilty of the crime libelled, so far as respected the first four acts 7.-Edinburgh.—The annual exami. charged in the indictment; and the Lord nation of the High School took place Advocate, having declined to examine evi- yesterday, in presence of the Magistrates, dence, the Jury found the panel Guilty Professors of the University, &c. The in terms of his confession. The sentence young gentlemen went through their ex. of the Court adjudged the panel to trans. ercises in a manner which did equal ho. portation beyond seas for seven years, nour to themselves and to the teachers. and declaring him infamous.
The gold medal, the bequest of the late