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Yet although both seemed to pure Andrew, although most fully consue the same path, the objects they vinced that man was formed by Nahad in view were essentially differ- ture for some particular study or ent. Andrew courted Knowledge, be- pursuit, knew no better way of discause he sincerely loved her; Franciscovering her intentions, than by prized Learning, only as the ladder waiting till they developed them. by which he might climb to wealth selves, not by bumps on the pericraand honour in the world. Still, with nium, but by the slow progress of these incongruities in their disposi. youth displaying a liking and deci. tions, a growing intimacy took place sive partiality for some one particular between them; they visited each pursuit. From this doctrine Francis other during the vacation, and at differed in toto; for he maintained, the commencement of next Session that unless when some of the physitook lodgings together.

cal organs were defective, there were Their professional studies were very few instances where Nature had now less fatiguing, and they had not imparted powers, requiring only more leisure for excursions in the persevering application, to attain & regions of fancy, or in disputing with proficiency, even arrive at excellence, each other, for which they had an in any art or science. He affirmed, ample field ; as they not only dife in the most unqualified manner, that fered from each other on many to for any thing that Nature had to do pics, but on some subjects held opi. in the business, Shakespeare and nions diametrically opposite. For Newton might have changed places, instance, Andrew held the Latin that Wolfe might have compiled adage of poëta nascitur non fit, in its Johnson's Dictionary, and the Lexi. most unlimited sense, considering it cographer triumphed at Quebec. as of universal application. Had These opposite opinions led to many the system of Gall and Spurzheim a long argument, but never produbeen then broached, he would have ced conviction ; for Andrew would been among the first proselytes, and exclaim with Pope, would have beat the Baronet and che Lecturer hollow, both with ar

One science only will one genius fit;

So vast is art, so narrow human wit; guments and illustrations; although the system has so direct a tendency and would then add, that we might to materialism, that he would have as well plant the weeping willow on found some difficulty in reconciling the highest ridge of Arthur's Seat, t to the general orthodoxy of his and the English oak in the middle creed. But amidst his abstract spe of the moss of Kincardine, as do culations, it never occurred to him, violence to Nature, by attempting to that genius could be made palpable, make a philosopher of him whom she and the fingers could decide on the bad destined for a hero, and vice properties of the mind ; but one versâ. little circumstance seems to have To this Francis replied, that poetry eseaped the observation of Phreno. was not proof, and similes were som logists, although known to every old phistical arguments ; yet to answer wolnan in the country, namely, that him in his own way, it was not long a child's head is very often rubbed ago since that exotic and beautiful and pressed, till it assumes another tree, the larch, was reared in a greenshape; this is particularly the case house, being imagined too delicate for with a hollow which runs across the our climate ; but we now find it in crown, often very large in young rich luxuriance on the hill and in children ; and where it continues so the vale, as if it were indigenous to through life, it is generally affirmed the soil; and he closed his argument that the arch of wisdom has been thus, that what we reckoned innate neglected in infancy; this is surely propensity in boys, was nothing more doing violence to Nature; and how than the effect of early and accidenshall the disciples of Spurzheim tal associations ; as boys in seaporta judge whether she or the nurse has towns often become sailors, while filled up the worse than barren ca. those in the interior of the country vities in the skull? But this is di- never think of it. gressing; let me return.

To this Andrew would reply, that Nae crown to grace her joyless brow, picked up a little flinty pebble from

Her freedom lost, her glory fled. the Scottish side, drew my breath The howlet screams in the empty ha's, long and deep, and, quivering through Au' flaps his wing owre the chair o' every limb, withdrew my feet from her kings ;

the soil of my dear native land, which In courts that rang wi' the warrior's tread,

it had never before quitted, and to The long grass waves, an' the nettle

which I felt as if firmly rooted. As springs.

we were then too deeply wrapped in Sair, sair, abune the bluidy graves, thought for engaging in conversation,

Wi' aheavy heart she makes her mane, little more passed between my comWhere lie her best an' bravest sons, rade and me till we came in view of Wha bled for her rights, but bled in Netherby-hall, when our attention vain.

was immediately drawn to it, no less An' aye when she lifts her wae-bent head by the recollections it awakened, as Out owre the wide an' the weltering the scene of the song of “ Young sea,

Lochinvar,” than by its uncommonly She takes a lang an' a wistful gaze,

beautiful situation. Without the But the sails o' her Charlie nae mair

least recollection that the whole is glad her e'e.

only a fiction of the poet's fancy, we But the day may come when the light o' endeavoured with great care to ascerher ele

tain where the young hero had crossed Shall kindle again as it did of yore, the river; and we saw him in the heat When “ Wallace wight" led her warriors of our awakened imaginations, dash on,

into the E- , burst through its An' the Bruce" her bluidy lion bore : wooded banks, and sweep across An' her spreading thistle bauld an' free

“ Cannabie lee" like a falcon, bear. Its armed head may uplift again ;

ing off his prey in triumph. Tales An' the race o' her Stuarts wear the and ballads of a similar tendency kept crown,

us in conversation till we recrossed An' yet in their father's ha' may reign.

the E , and entered

just When we found ourselves well re as “gloamin'" displayed its finest freshed, we set out on our journey shade, neither light nor dark, but again, my lively companion much that dusky greyness so favourable to improved in spirits, and keeping me calm and solemn contemplation. I from indulging in gloomy reveries. had, however, another thing to enSome miles below

L

w e cross- gage my attention,-.quarters for the ed the E- by a very fine romantic night were to be sought, which I bridge, or rather two bridges, one procured after a good deal of trouble, upon the other, occasioned by the occasioned by a fair in the town, exceeding depth of the craggy banks which had filled nearly all the houses between which the river is confined, of public entertainment. I then parte and boils, and wheels, and foams, ed with my fellow-traveller, after an and thunders through with great agreement to meet next morning, beauty and grandeur. My compa- and continue our journey together. nion beguiled the way with many a In the house where I stopped I met song and many a merry tale, till at with a doctor and a painter, two length we came where the road is very singular characters in various crossed by a small stream, not so points of view, but both distinguishlarge as the stream of your little cd for cordial good fellowship over spring-well, but which is said to be the “ barley-bree," and warm-heartthe boundary between Scotland and ed genuine kindness. If it were in England. On approaching it, all my power to relate to you their conour mirth instantly vanished ;-we versation, and describe the peculi. looked at the small stream-into arities of their behaviour, it would England-back into Scotland-a- make ample amends for the weariround on its hills, and glens, and some dullness of this letter. I have green fields, and waving hazels and never seen a pair of such frank, kind, brushwood,—then on each other, eccentric men. The doctor, in parbut spoke not a word. I placed á ticular, is a delightful oddity ; but foot on each side of the stream, all that I could say about him must pulled a small tuft of grass, and be reserved till I have the pleasure

ihm Hillbilit

of a real conversation with you ; for, obscured by the distance; yet Burnswere I to tell you all in my letters, wark was distinctly visible, lifting I would have nothing new and his singular, and, as it were, artstrange to talk about when we meet, formed brow above the rest, and far, as I hope we yet may, though I ther west my own Criffel, which raiscannot guess when.

ing its giant size above the Solway, After a very comfortable night's met my view, and awoke the fondest rest I continued my journey, but feelings of my heart. I gazed upon it without meeting my companion of till my eyes grew dim, iny bosom heathe preceding day: on I went, how. ved deeply, and my head swam with ever, alone, and something "dowie;" a sickening and confused pain; then often looking back upon the retiring drawing a long farewell sigb, I broke hills of my dear native land, be- off my reverie, and bent my steps coming fainter and fainter, and for toward the town. I was not then ward upon the lofty Cambrian in a capacity to make any imparmountains, becoming gradually more tial remarks, therefore you must and more distinct. The morning not look for any at this time. My was beautiful, calm, and mildly suno heart panted, my wliole frame ny; the wind just strong enough to shuddered, and the blood burned be heard whispering and breathing o'er my cheek and brow, when I enthrough the young green unfolding tered the Scotch-gate, where formerbuds of the earlier trees; the lark ly the heads of my gallant, though sung loud, clear, and melodious, misled countrymen, blackened in the high among the purple-streaked sun and storm. I did not make any clouds ; and the jolly Cambrian stop in the town,-I could not,-it "hynd” was raising his rude strain was not a place for me; but as I in a ruder voice as he followed his was struggling through the crowd in plough. The day passed on, the the market-place, my ear was assail. sun reached the middle of the sky, ed by the well-known sound of a and shone warm and strong, when I bagpipe. I instantly drew near, and came at last in view of C , and saw and heard an old man in tarstopped on a height to take a survey tan dress, with a true weather-beaten of it at leisure; but my powers of Highland face, playing Lochaber no description are completely inadequate more." I stood as if petrified; a thouto give you any thing like an idea sand burning recollections flashed of its appearance. From the place across my brain, rousing me to frenwhere I stood, the first object that zy; then the long wailing fall smote attracted my attention was the ma- upon my heart, till my blood chilled jestic and beautiful flow of the E-, with the agony of woe. The eyes winding past the city with a gentle of the old man cast a supplicating bend, spanned by a newly-built and glance around the crowd; the unstately bridge. The banks of the feeling brutes heeded it not; his river on the north side are adorned strain quivered, sunk, and changed ; with a number of elegant mapsions; I threw something into his hat, held the south bank, in one part, bristles by a little boy, grasped my stick with a variety of houses, lanes, and firmly in hand, and rushed through streets, of all dimensions, but all the crowd like a maniac, scarcely disorderly, dirty, and apparently in- able to restrain my maddened feelconvenient ; in another, the grey ings from venting themselves in fue battlements of the castle, and the rious words and frantic actions. narrow windows of the prison, frown Nothing worth mentioning occur“ grim and horrible ;" over all float- red to me after leaving till ed a dark mass of smoky vapour, I reached my present residence; and penetrated in a few places by the as I imagine you are by this time spires of a church or a cathedral. more than satisfied with the length In the distance appeared the mighty of my packet, (for it is more than a forms of Skiddaw and Saddleback, letter,) I shall reserve the description huge and high. Turning round, of the place, its inhabitants, and behind me, I beheld the hills of those in particular with whom I am R- shire, and the neighbouring more immediately connected, till apart of D- shire, mellowed and nother opportunity

VOL. XV.

W

TOWN AND COUNTRY CLERGYMEN.
He was a fool through choice, not want of wit :

- the very top
And dignity of Folly we attain
By studious search, and labour of the brain. Wilmot.

There are few who have reached it a high honour to have been pere their grand climacteric without ha- mitted to appear in his presence. ving renounced many of their early Still more uncertain are our schemes opinions, and viewed men and things for promoting the happiness of our in a very different light from that posterity; the father starves himself, in which they appeared to the ju. that his son may die of a surfeit ;venile mind; and there are perhaps the mother destroys her daughter's still fewer, at that stage of life, who, health by empirical cosmetics, to imwere it in their power to retrace their prove her beauty ;-Mary Queen of steps, would pursue exactly the same Scots was left heiress to a crown track on the journey. But that know which conducted her to the scaffold; ledge which we derive from expe- the Earl of Chesterfield wrote four rience comes generally too late to be large volumes for the instruction of applied to any efficient purpose ; our his son, whom the fond father exchoice of a profession, or a business, pected to see the inost accomplished has been made, and it is too late to gentleman of his age, and the dischange; and our habits have been so appointed parent had the mortificalong formed, that, in the quaint style tion to find him turn out a fool. So of the proverb, they have become true is the couplet of Burns, second nature. Although it must The best-laid schemes of mice and men be confessed that too many adopt no plan, but pass recklessly forward,

Gang aft a-gley. or rather allow themselves to be im These reflections occurred to me, pelled by their passions, which are when glancing over the obituary of often excited by trivial circumstan- an old Magazine, in which the death ces; yet it must also be admitted, of my friend, the Reverend Andrew that specious theories for the regu- Baxter, was recorded. Of this man lation of our conduct, however play. I think myself warranted in saying, sible they may appear, and however that whatever might be his foibles, obstinately they may be maintained, they were the errors of the head, often fail in producing the expected rather than of the heart. Andrew result. The effeminate slave of Plea- had, from his earliest years, a most sure, and the mad votary of Ambi- insatiable thirst for learning; he tion, often find the paths which they was an excellent classic at twelve, tread lead to objects very different and went to College in his fifteenth froin those which were anticipated. year, where he pursued his studies Mark Antony, in the arms of Cleo with unremitted assiduity, and alpatra, thought not of suicide, after most unrivalled success. Early in being betrayed and deserted by those the first session he formed an acin whom he had confided. Did quaintance with Francis Halliday, Charles V., when dictating to the a student, also in his noviciate. As Sovereigns of Europe, calculate upon both were intended for the church, closing life by counting his beads in there was much similarity in their a cloister ? Buonaparte, when lead studies: Francis was at least two ing five hundred thousand warriors years older than Andrew, and of into Russia, never imagined that he course had reflected more upon his was pursuing the direct road to an future progress in life. Both, like insulated rock in the Indian Ocean, race-horses nearly matched, pressed where he was to be dooined to writhe hard on each other in their progresunder the petty insults and caprice sive studies; but they were generous of a satellite of power, who, a short rivals, influenced by no passion less while before, would have reckoned dignified than a laudable emulation. Yet although both seemed to pur. Andrew, although most fully consue the same path, the objects they vinced that man was formed by Nahad in view were essentially differ ture for some particular study or ent. Andrew courted Knowledge, be- pursuit, knew no better way of discause he sincerely loved her; Franciscovering her intentions, than by prized Learning, only as the ladder waiting till they developed themby which he might climb to wealth selves, not by bumps on the pericraand honour in the world. Still, with nium, but by the slow progress of these incongruities in their disposic youth displaying a liking and deci. tions, a growing intimacy took place sive partiality for some one particular between them; they visited each pursuit. From this doctrine Francis other during the vacation, and at differed in toto; for he maintained, the commencement of next Session that unless when some of the physitook lodgings together.

cal organs were defective, there were Their professional studies were very few instances where Nature had now less fatiguing, and they had not imparted powers, requiring only more leisure for excursions in the persevering application, to attain a regions of fancy, or in disputing with proficiency, even arrive at excellence, each other, for which they had an in any art or science. He affirmed, ample field; as they not only dife in the most unqualified manner, that fered from each other on many to for any thing that Nature had to do pics, but on some subjects held opi. in the business, Shakespeare and nions diametrically opposite. For Newton might have changed places, instance, Andrew held the Latin that Wolfe might have compiled adage of poëta nascitur non fit, in its Johnson's Dictionary, and the Lexi. most unlimited sense, considering it cographer triumphed at Quebec. as of universal application. Had These opposite opinions led to many the system of Gall and Spurzheim a long argument, but never produbeen then broached, he would have ced conviction ; for Andrew would been among the first proselytes, and exclaim with Pope, would have beat the Baronet and

One science only will one genius fit; the Lecturer hollow, both with arguments and illustrations; although

So vast is art, so narrow human wit; the system has so direct a tendency and would then add, that we might to materialism, that he would have as well plant the weeping willow on found some difficulty in reconciling the highest ridge of Arthur's Seat, it to the general orthodoxy of his and the English oak in the middle creed. But amidst his abstract spe of the moss of Kincardine, as do culations, it never occurred to him, violence to Nature, by attempting to that genius could be made palpable, make a philosopher of him whom she and the fingers could decide on the had destined for a hero, and vice properties of the mind ; but one versâ. little circumstance seems to have To this Francis replied, that poetry escaped the observation of Phreno. was not proof, and similes were sologists, although known to every old phistical arguments ; yet to answer woman in the country, namely, that him in his own way, it was not long a child's head is very often rubbed ago since that exotic and beautiful and pressed, till it assumes another tree, the larch, was reared in a greenshape ; this is particularly the case house, being imagined too delicate for with a hollow which runs across the our climate; but we now find it in crown, often very large in young rich luxuriance on the hill and in children, and where it continues so the vale, as if it were indigenous to through life, it is generally affirmed the soil; and he closed his argument that the arch of wisdom has been thus, that what we reckoned innate neglected in infancy; this is surely propensity in boys, was nothing more doing violence to Nature; and how than the effect of early and accidenshall the disciples of Spurzheim tal associations; as boys in seaportjudge whether she or the nurse has towns often become sailors, while filled up the worse than barren ca. those in the interior of the country vities in the skull ? But this is dis never think of it. gressing; let me return.

To this Andrew would reply, that

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