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June 27. At Thornton House, Anna, eldest July 11. At Glasgow, Mr John Thomson, daughter of Colonel Cunningham.

merchant, aged 71. At Haddington, Mr Win. Shiells, late brewer - At Calder Hall, near Carlisle, Isabella Anne. there, in the 67th year of his age.

eldest daughter of General Sir R. Æmilius Irving, - At Milton Cottage, Capt. George Macpher- Bart. late of Woodhouse. son, R. N.

13. At Ironside House, Abbeyhill, Edinburgh. 28. At Prestonpans, Ann Comb, d

Ann Somerville, aged 73, relict of the late Sir the late James Coinb, Esq.

David Gray, merchant, Edinburgh. - In James's Square, Edinburgh, Mrs Mary - At Freeland, Penelope Leslie, daughter of Hardy, relict of Mr James Gilchrist, navy agent Major Walker. London.

- At Leith, William Henderson, Esq. of: Bar. 29. At Bandirran, aged seven years, William, dister, Shetland, in the 69th year of his age. only son of J. M. Nairn, Esq. of Dunsinane.

14. At Edinburgh, Mrs Margaret Macdonald, -At Burghead, the Rev. Lewis Gordon, D.D. wife of Captain John Macdonald, barrack-master. one of the ministers of Elgin, in the 76th year of Edinburgh, and youngest sister of Sir William his age, and the 55th of his ministry.

Bulkeley Hughes of Plascoch, county of Anglesea, 30. at Burnside of Dalbeattie, David Copland, North Wales. Esq. late of Gregory.

15. At Edinburgh, Gilbert Hutcheson, Esq. De- At Burrowmuirhead, Mrs Janet Spottiswood, pute Judge Advocate for Scotland. spouse of Mr John Robertson of Lawhead.

-- At the Cottage of Rockhall, Mary Anne. - At Paddington, William Ellice, Esq. in the third daughter of Alex. Grierson, Esq. younger 41st year of his age.

of Lag. July 1. At Kielburn, parish of Laurencekirk, - Åt Brunstain, Mrs Brown, wife of Mr John after ten years confinement by rheumatism, which Brown, farmer there. she bore with exemplary fortitude and resigna 17. At Meadow Place, Edinburgh, Mrs Cathation, Elizabeth, wife of Lieut. Scott, half-pay 62d rine Webster, widow of the Rev. John Webster. regiment.

- At Ploughlands, near Edinburgh, Mary, 2. Mrs Grizel Smart, relict of Mr William Cun- daughter of Alexander Fraser, Esq. accountant. ningham, Haddington.

- At Walker-Street, Edinburgh, George Sandi3. At her house in Berkeley Square, London, lands, Esq. the Dowager Countess of Albemarle, in the 82d 19. Charles Louis Secondat, Baron de Montesyear of her age.

quieu, of Bridge-Hill House, in Kent, and of the - At Clifton, at the advanced age of 93 years, Chateau de Labrede, near Bourdeaux, South of William Compton, Esq. LL.D. Chancellor of the France. He was formerly a distinguished otficer diocese of Ely

in the French service, of an ancient and noble . 4. In Cavendish Square, London, after a sud family of Guienne, and descended of the illustri. den relapse of illness, the Countess of Browplow. ous Montesquieu, one of the greatest ornaments

- At Glasgow, Adam Graham, Esq. of Craig of French literature. The Baron settled in Kent, allian.

after the revolution of France. - At Edinburgh, Mr Charles Moodie, of the - At Gogar Lodge, Mrs Dr Stewart. Auditor's Office, Exchequer.

- At Edinburgh, the Rev. Dr Thomas Fle 5. At Abbey St Bathan's, Mr Andrew Wallace, ming, one of the ministers of Edinburgh, in the teacher of mathematics in Edinburgh.

70th year of his age, and 45th of his ministry. - At the manse of Liff, William Scott, second 20. At Ruthwell Cottage, Mrs Ann M.Murdo, son of the Rev. George Addison.

relict of the Rev. George Duncan, minister of 7. At London, in his 81st year, Sir George Lochrutton, in the 79th year of her age. Wood, Knt. late one of the Barons of the Court

21. At the Priory, Stanmore, Lady Jane Gorof Exchequer.

don, eldest daughter of the Earl of Aberdeen. 8. At her house in Brighton, Amelia Charlotte, - At Aberdeen, Mrs Ann Garioch, widow of second daughter of the late Archibald Grant, of the late Dr Walker of Laurence kirk. Pittencrieff, Esq.

92. At Falmouth, in the 58th year of his age, - At Greenock, Thomas Ramsay, Esq. in the George Munro, Esq. of the colony of Berbice. 85th year of his age.

23. In Charlotte-Street, Ayr, Andrew Belch, Esa. - At Wakefield, Janet, wife of Daniel Maude, writer in Ayr. Esq. and second daughter of the late Geo. Munro,

24. At Sansonate, Mexico, George Cochran. Esq. of Calderbank.

Esq. of the house of Robert Cochran and Sons, -From inflammation, after an illness of two

Paisley. days, George Earl of Tyrone, eldest son of the 25. At Edinburgh, Major James Ballantyne, of Marquis of Waterford.

Holylee. 9. At Mortimer Cottage, Berkshire, Elizabeth, 27. Her Grace the Duchess of Gordon, after a relict of the late David Murray, Esq. brother of most severe illness of above twelve months. Lord Elibank, and daughter of the late Right which she bore with the greatest fortitude and re. Hon. Thomas Harley.

signation. - At Fort William, Mr Thomas Gillespie, te Lately. At Drayten, near Abingdon, Berks, nant at Ardachy, one of the most extensive store aged 85, William 'Hayward, Esq. In his life farmers in the north of Scotland.

time, Mr H. had distributed many thousands -- At Wellington Place, Leith, Mr James Marr, among his relatives, nevertheless, he died worth corn merchant

£.400,000, the greater part of which he has left - At Dalkeith, Mrs Ann Aitken, wife of Mr among them, many of whom are in indigent cir. John Grey, merchant there.

cumstances, - At sea, on his passage home from Jamaica, - On his passage to Europe, for the recovery Colin Stewart Bruce, Esq. of Seaforth.

of health, Ensign George Huntiy Gordon, of the - At Balfron manse, the Rev. James Jeffrey, Hon. East India Company's service, youngest son in the 75th year of his age, and 37th of his mini of Lieutenant-General Gordon Cumming Skene, stry:

of Pitlurg and Dyce. íi. At Newck, Mrs James Haig.

- Off Ålgiers, suddenly, Mr Wm. Rogers, Mas. After a long and painful illness, Wm. Hen ter of his Majesty's ship Glasgow. derson, Esq. of Nunholm.

- At his house in Duke-Street, St James's - At Inverary, Major General Dugald Camp. London, Major-General Macquartie, late Gover bell

nor of New South Wales.

J. Ruthren & Son, Printers,

THE

AND

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND
LITERARY MISCELLANY,

BEING A NEW SERIES OF
The Scots Magazine.

SEPTEMBER 1824.

CONTENTS:
PAGE 1

PAGE A Defence of the Letter to the Editor Odds and Endsgm.

mannromaneno 313 of the Edinburgh Review, on Magna Par visgamemnomorowoww. ib. Miracles,aunamwona

Collins and Graygun.oo.com 345 mmmmmmmmmo 257 The Arab to his Horse,mancancore 275 Happy Moments,................. 346 Time's Library ,mavaramermann 276 Pope, Bowles, Byron, and Corper, 347 Sonnet rancanmoussanomaan monesomnamo 278 The Alarmed Coteriezmu...comm. ib. Character and Writings of Dr Tucker 279 Epistolary Description of two An. Horace, Book I. Ode 37,m............ 280 tique PaintingSgomon.com ww 348 The Family of Glenhowan.- (Con L'Intriguantegumono conoscono. ib. tinued. Jamonowmoramo conocomore 281 The Stage Coach,mc.o.

com coroom 349 Glory, momanom... novom 288 Glen's Treatise on the Law of Bills . Eventual Disuse of. Wargaanco.mosar 289 of Exchange, Promissory Notes,

Progress of Civilizationgume.com 291 and Letters of Credit, in Scotland, 355 The Auto-Biography of Gilbert

Sonnetsgaamwooowww..cocomarna 360 Greenwood.Part II............ 293 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. The Influence of the French Revo. Works preparing for Publication,... 361

lution on English Literature,... 305 Monthly List of New Publications, 362 The Real Gentleman.......... ... 310 MONTHLY REGISTER. A Lament for the Balladersgow........ 312 Foreign Intelligence romancomanacorasoro Classical Reveries.-N0. VII......... 314

Proceedings in Parliament.....cawano Freedom.com.ow....sorrow.......... 320

British Chronicle, cocom.com...commonno 372 Sketches of the Early History of the

Appointments, Promotions, &C........ General Assembly of the Church

Marketsgaramos.com.com .

mmmm..... Scotland. No. IV................ ib. Meteorological Table,como...ww- 379 The Tales of a Traveller. By Geof.

Agricultural Reportzaarom momwonearena ib. frey Crayon, Gent................. 325 Course of Exchange-Bankruptsgone 380 Estimate of “ Classical Learning," 336

al learning, 350 Obituary, orosan common concretonnen.com 381 Walks in Edinburgh, by Dick Pep Births...oooo.com.co..manaw...on permint. - Walk III. ..conocarao 339 Marriages_Deaths,acara www.sonora

382.

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EDINBURGH: PRINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & COMPANY...

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*** The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE and LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & COMPANY, Edinburgh, or to HURST, ROBINSON, & COMPANY, London; to whom also orders for the Work should be addressed,

Printed by J. Ruthven & Son.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1824.

A DEFENCE OF THE LETTER TO THE EDITOR OF THE EDINBURGH REVIEW,

ON MIRACLES.

“The scoffers who have laughed at the miracles are unacquainted with this faith of ours; the unction of the spirit which teaches us does not render them docile, and hence all things must be natural to men unacquainted with what is supernatural. They will descend with Spinoza to the vis medicatrix nature, and search for the attributes of the Divinity in the inertness or volubility of matter, mor, with Hobbes or Hume, they will disarm the Deity of his power, cast down with human liberty the essential land-marks of right and wrong, and, with Rousseau, doubt, or, with the sage of Ferney, laugh at all that is sacred in the Gospel dispensation. They will do this, and, with a profaneness and insolence peculiar to infidelity, affix names of re. proach to characters the most blameless, filling their reviews, or pamphlets, with a silly bombast, which a man of letters, or a Christian, can scarcely peruse, but which gratifies the appetite of the unlettered and profane; as Lactantius has it, omnia enim stolidi magis admirantur amantque inversis quae sub verbis latitantia cernunt.'”

J. K. L.

To the Editor of the Edinburgh Magazine. SIR,

Audi alteram partem is a maxim which those who conduct the periodical press will, I trust, always keep in view; and presuming that your respectable Miscellany is open to those who may consider themselves aggrieved in its columns, I mean to offer some observations, by way of vindication, on the article entitled “ Irish Miracles," inserted in your Numbers for March and April last, professing to be a critique on my hasty literary trifle in the shape of a letter to the Editor of the Edinburgh Review. Had the reviewer confined his remarks to my proposition, that miraculous powers had never ceased, and would probably always continue in the Christian church, I would have been contented to have passed him over in silence; but as he has been pleased to make an unfair attack upon Catholics, and their religion, it becomes necessary to endeavour to counteract the baneful effects which his misrepresentations may produce in the minds of such of your readers as may be unfortunately prepossessed against both, by exposing them in their true

colours.

The reviewer, no doubt, occasionally displays some sound sense, and a little good feeling, but his imagination seems to be so bewildered at the very idea of miracles happening in any Christian country, that he frequently lays aside both, and thus involves himself in the greatest contradictions. He shews, for instance, his good sense in ridiculing the “ worse than trifling" plan of those Protestants who deny the fact of the cures,” who“ grasp at the certificates of the physicians," and who “ try the said cures by the tests of what they deem true miracles;” and he indicates his good feeling, when

VOL. XV.

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he says, that “ the absurdity of the Protestants consists in attempting to invalidate the fact, (of the cures,) by imputing to the patients, the witnesses, and the DIGNITARIES of the Roman Catholic Church, a duplicity, hypocrisy, and fraud, which charity scorns and liberality rejects." "Yet, a little before, he had designated the miracles, as " barefaced imposture;" and towards the end of his article, as if forgetting what he had previously written, he gravely talks of the “ manner in which the whole affair was got up and carried on at Ranelagh !"

In the reviewer's apprehension, the “ground" which both Catholics and Protestants have taken up is “ unsutisfactory ;' for the Catholics are said, “ as usual,” to mix “ a little bit of sophistry" in their argument, by maintaining, what appears to the reviewer a very extraordinary proposition, that an incurable disease cannot be cured by natural means; and the Protestants, instead of denying “this conclusion,” which the reviewer wisely says " is unwarranted, on the principles of fair reasoning, analogy, and experience," are guilty of the absurdity" of calling the fact of the cures, and the evidence on which they are founded, in question of trying the miracles by tests,-and of having recourse to the most uncharitable insinuations! He therefore laments that “the Protestants have not entrenched themselves within those principles from which they could not be driven by all the learning, subtilty, and force of the enemy;" and, of course, like a skilful general, he proposes to erect an impregnable fortress of principles, out of which neither learning, power, nor stratagem, shall be able to drive him. He disclaims all unfair dealing ; and, “ casting away from his mind,” with the candour, magnanimity, and charity of a Christian hero, the unworthy insinuations of Protestants, “which charity scorns and liberality rejects,” and “admitting the cures as told by the patients themselves, and their witnesses,” he proceeds " to shew, that these cures, to all their supposed extent, however wonderful, are not supernatural.But before entering upon his mighty task, the reviewer, as if afraid of the solidity of the structure he is about to raise, has the singular precaution to intimate, that, although the “cures were sequences of the Prince's prayers, and the sacrifice of the mass, AS MUCH SO AS EFFECTS ARE OF CAUSES, yet it would not necessarily follow that these have been brought about by the interposition of Heaven, through the instrumentality of the Prince, or his power with God !!”

To establish his position, that the cures in question are not supernatural, the reviewer first considers the “infallible tests of true miracles," --secondly, the objects for which the cures were wrought; and, by the application of certain “ principles deduced from these, to the cures before us," he concludes, “ that there was nothing supernatural in them whatever;" a method, he observes, which rids us at once of all the obstacles “ about the efficacy of prayer, the efficacy of the mass, the power of working miracles being continued in the Church of Rome, conspiracy and fraud, and natural causes, and brings the question to a short and satisfactory issue !” The main object of the reviewer's plan, which he endeavours to support by a strange misapplication of Scripture, seems to be, not so much to controvert my proposition, (which indeed were impossible,) as to shew that miraculous powers cannot now exist in the Catholic Church, on account of certain alleged additions to, and subtractions from Seripture, wbich the reviewer fancies to exist. Yet be does not pretend that any of the reformed churches either had, have, or will have these powers conferred on them, and therefore the truth of their doctrines is to be ascertained by an absolute negation of miracles, contrary to the opinion of Grotius, Paley, and the other learned advocates of revelation, who consider miracles as the criterion of truth !

In his borrowed enumeration of the tests of true miracles, the reviewer is undoubtedly correct ; for as, under the old law, the workers of false miracles were to be known by their attempt to withdraw God's chosen people from his worship, and to induce them to “ go after other gods," so, under the New Testament dispensation, the false Christs and false prophets, who are to shew great signs and wonders, will be recognised by their open hostility to Christ, and by their denying that he has come in the flesh. But as the tests

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