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fine our attention to the two principal country over which they have usurped topics embraced in it-the present state an arbitrary and unjust dominion. of Monte Video and the war in Upper With respect to the war in Upper Peru, Peru.
it has long been a question warmly deThe Portuguese have, at all times, bated, during M. Rivadavia's administra. justly considered, that the Banda Oriental tion, whether Buenos Ayres ought or would be an immense acquisition to their ought not to recommence active hostili. Brazilian, teritorry. As early as 1812, a ties against the Royalists in that quarter. Portuguese army marched into it; howe The Minister decided in the negative, on ever, upon an armistice being concluded, the strong plea of the utter inability of they again withdrew. In the years 1817 Buenos Ayres to enter on such an under. and 1818, the Portuguese a second time taking, till it had recruited its means, and poured large forces into the Banda Orien. improved the state of its own domestic tal, alleging that the anarchy which reign- affairs. Nothing, therefore, was attempt. ed there endangered their own frontier. ed for nearly three years; but towards Although it was repeatedly pretended that the close of last year, M. Rivadavia began this military occupation was only tempo. to turn his attention to the state of the rary, and that, when order was restored, contest between the Patriots and Royal. the troops would withdraw, the Brazili- ists in Peru, with the view of assisting ans have gone on encroaching, step by the former. This assistance, it appears, step, and the decided course of incorpo. is now about to be given. Money has rating it with the Brazilian Empire has been supplied, and it is in contemplation at last been taken. The generality of the to send 4000 men to the Upper Provinces, people of the Banda Oriental are desirous to act against the common enemy. Should of getting rid of the Portuguese : a simi. the news of the successful operations of lar feeling prevails at Buenos Ayres, and Bolivar prove true, there will be no need negotiations were resorted to, in the hope of this assistance. of accomplishing the desired end. These The ministers Rivadavia and Garcia, negotiations have failed, and it will be for notwithstanding the wishes of the Gothe General Congress to decide whether vernment and public, declined remain. the free provinces are to authorize the ing in office, but it was thought that Government to make the attempt to Garcia, at least, would yield to the solici. wrest, by force, from the Brazilians, the tations.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.-April 1.- the Right Honourable Secretary expressed The House went into a Committee upon a hope that this was the last time it would the Game Laws Amendment Act, when be necessary to apply to Parliament to the clause, empowering landlords to enter sanction the measure, and that on the upon demised lands, without the consent expiry of the two years during which its of their tenants; and the clause, empower• Provisions are to continúe in force, Mini. ing the holders of 50 acres of ground to sters would be able to propose some perlicense other persons to sport thereon, manent and less objectionable system for were severally rejected by the Committee ; the treatment of Aliens resident in this and the clause, imposing upon wilful tres- country. Mr Tierney spoke against the passers a penalty of £.5, and that perc motion, and Mr Peel replied. On a divi. mitting the summary arrest of persons sion, the second reading was carried by a obstinately persisting in acts of trespass, majority of 172 to 92. Mr Peel also were adopted, with some others of less pledged himself that ministers would importance.
never again apply to have the law renewed 2.- Mr Peel moved the second reading in its present shape. of the Allen Act. Mr Hume moved a 5.- The Alien Bill was committed, violent amendment, which though short, without any considerable discussion. contained a blunder, as is usual with the The House went into a Committee of Hon. Member's writing. The amend. Supply, when the proposed grant for ment was summarily rejected by a majo- Windsor Castle gave rise to a very long rity of 120 to 67. Sir Robert Wilson said debate. The Chancellor of the Exchea few words in opposition to the motion. quer proposed the grant, in a speech Mr Canning made a speech of consider- which had much of the petty detail, with. able length in its support. In the course out any of the certainty or precision of a of his observations on the policy of re- builder's estimate. Sir Joseph York did newing the Act in the present instance, not directly oppose the grant, but inti.
mated an opinion that it might be dis. the course of the evening, the Right pensed with. Mr Hume moved as an Hon. Gentleman stated, that it was his amendment, that the consideration of the intention, shortly, to propose the repeal grant should be postponed to the 15th of the duty on French kid gloves. of May. Most of the Members who usu. 12.- The Alien Bill was read a third ally address the House spoke, some on time, and passed. Mr Denman, in support one side, some on the other. The pre- of an amendment that the Bill be read a vailing objection to the grant was the third time that day six months, passed a want of an estimate, and the consequent high eulogium on the liberality and talents danger that the sum demanded might of Mr Secretary Canning, and in particu. not prove sufficient. The grant was car- lar expressed his gratitude for the wellried by a majority of 123 to 54. A con- timed generosity of feeling which the versation arose subsequently upon the Right Hon. Gentleman had manifested proposed appropriation of £.500,000 to towards Sir Robert Wilson, after the the erection of Churches, but the subject treatment that Gentleman had experienced was postponed to Friday.
from the Continental Governments. 6.-Mr G. Lamb brought forward his On the motion, that the Report of the motion for allowing persons prosecuted Committee, recommending £.500,000 for for felony to defend themselves by coun. building new churches, be brought up, sel, as in cases of misdemeanor, Dr Mr Hume moved, as an amendment, Lushington, Sir James Mackintosh, Mr that the Report should be received that Denman, and Mr Martin of Galway, sup- day six months. Mr Wm. Smith, Sir ported the motion ; Mr North, and the Ronald Ferguson, and Mr Birch, also opAttorney and Solicitor-Generals opposed posed the grant. Mr Warre declared it; and it was finally lost on a division of that, upon this occasion, he must oppose 50 to 30.
those friends with whom he usually acted, 8.The House went into a Committee because he felt that the grant was impe: on the Usury Laws Repeal Bill. A de. ratively called for. Sir I. Coffin, Mr T. baté of great length followed, in which Wilson, and Mr Butterworth, also sup. many Members spoke. Several amende ported the grant. The last warmly dements were proposed and debated in the fended the Home Missionary Society Committee, but all rejected in favour of against the attack made upon it by Dr Mr Sergeant Onslow's plan. The Com- Lushington on a former evening. On a mittee then reported to the House, and division, Mr Hume's Amendment was asked leave to sit again, when Mr Little- rejected by a majority of 144 to 30, and ton proposed, as an amendment, that it the report was brought up. should sit again on that day six months. The House then went into a Comunit. The amendment was carried by a ma- tee on the Game Laws. Several clauses jority of 63 to 59, by which the Bill is were agreed to. The clause authorising defeated.
the appointment of subordinate game. 9.- The Chancellor of the Exchequer keepers was given up, upon a suggestion brought forward his motion for the grant by Mr Peel. of £.500,000, for the erection of new 13.—Sir J. Mackintosh presented a churches. He justified his proposition by petition from the London Missionary Soa reference to the good that had been ciety, relative to the case of Mr Smith of produced by a former grant of £.1,000,000, Demerara. The petitioners proceed on from which, he said, had arisen 95 capa. two grounds: they desire, , that, as Mr cious churches, and accommodation for Smith died in confinement at Demerara, * 153,000 persons. He then entered into without having had means to appeal from a calculation, to show that much remained the sentence passed on him by the Court to be done, there being 179 places, con- Martial, they may be permitted to vinditaining a population of 3,548,000, in cate his character, by proof of his entire which there is no church accommodation moral and legal innocence. Their second for more than 500,000 persons, or about ground is still more important. They one out of seven. Mr Hobhouse opposed demand inquiry into the transactions at the motion, and moved an amendment, Demerara, in order to insure protection stating, that it appeared to be inexpedient and safety to other Christian Missionaries to make any farther grant for the erection there and elsewhere. of new churches. The original motion The Bill for allowing the erection of a was supported by Mr Secretary Peel and bridge over the Thames at Hammersmith Dr Lushington, and carried by a majority , was read a second time, after a lively of 148 to 59.-Some discussions arose debate. upon the reduction of the Duty on Rum. Dr Phillimore then obtained leave to Of 11s. 7d. per gallon the Chancellor of bring in a Bill to place Roman Catholics the Exchequer is to remit ls. 14d. In in England upon the same footing as Quakers, and Jews, and Roman Catholics cording to Mr Curteis, even the scanty in Ireland, with respect to marriages. hide of a young pig is submitted to the
The House afterwards went into a solemn consideration and review of a board Committee on the Warehousing Act, of skins, consisting of 28 senators, before when Mr Huskisson explained the out- it be admitted to the privilege of the mar. lines of his plan for allowing bonded corn ket. to be turned into four for exportation. 15.-Mr Rice presented a petition from Any person who possesses foreign wheat certain Roman Catholics of the town of in bond is to be at liberty, upon giving Drogheda, complaining, that though, by proper security, to take out any quantity the act of 1793 (Irish), they were eligible of wheat and convert it into four. The to all corporate offices and franchises, they American barrel, containing 196 pounds of are still excluded by the prejudice of the flour, is obtained from five bushels of good Protestants, who monopolize the Corporawheat. But as this corn is now deteri- tion. Sir John Newport and Mr Hume orated by long keeping, and as the holders supported the prayer of the petition, have suffered great loss by having their which was ordered to be printed. capital so locked up, they are not to be Mr Butterworth presented a petition compelled to produce more than one bar- from several fishmongers of the metrorel of flour for every six bushels of wheat polis, praying that the sale of mackarel taken out. Leave to bring in a bill was on Sundays (which led to the sale of all ultimately given.
other fish) might be prohibited. Mr 14-Mr Lushington obtained leave to Hume ridiculed the petition ; if the petibring in a Bill for the repeal of certain tioners, he said, had any conscientious Acts of George III. relating to Hides and scruples upon the subject of selling fish, Skins. By one of these acts, a butcher is they might abstain from selling it, without made liable to a fine, varying from 2s. 6d. being compelled by law to do so. Sir M. to 5s., for every hole made in the hide in Ridley followed on the same side. Sir the course of Aaying. As such perfora. Thomas Baring supported the prayer of tions tend, in a very direct and obvious the petition. manner, to lessen the value of the hide The petition was ordered to be printed. to the Aayer, it might have been supposed Mr Secretary Canning, in moving an that the loss inevitably attending misma. adjournment of the House to the 3d of nagement in this operation would be a May, took occasion to congratulate the sufficient protection against its frequent members upon the advanced state of the occurrence, and a sufficient punishment public business, which permitted the proto the possessor when it did occur. In position of so long a recess. addition to this, however, it appears that In answer to a question by Mr Bright, the butcher is liable in the fine already the Chancellor of the Exchequer stated, mentioned to the inspectors of hides, be. that the remission of thirteen-pence half. fore he is allowed to expose the unfortu. penny by the gallon of the rum duty nate skin to sale ; and there seems to be is to take effect from the passing of the no chance of escaping the impost, for, ac
JULY British Revenue.- Abstract of the Net Produce of the Revenue of Great Britain in the Years and Quarters ended 5th July 1823, and 5th July 1824, showing the Increase or Decrease on each head thereof:
Years end. 5th July Increase. Decrease.
Quars. end. 5th July Increase. Decrease.
£. £. £. Customs. 9,552,954 10,386,228 833,274
2,095, 120 1,997,070
98,350 Excise 124,897,122 24,010,953
856,169 5,618,938 5,963,338 344,100 Stamps 6,319,353 6,526,139 206,784
1,620,011 1,691,588 71,577| Post Office. 1,347,000 1,427,000 80,000
333,000 347,000 14,000 Taxes.. 6,818,546 5,147,752 1,700,794 2,631,415 1,918,672
712,743 Miscellaneous.com 409,334 384,520
24,814 90,766 71,812
18,961) Repayt. by Austria
2,500,000 2,500000 Total ... 49,374,311 50,412,592|3,6200582,581,777|12,389,560 11,989,4801 429,977 830,057|
Deduct Decrease ..2,581,777 Deduct Increase...... 429,977
New National Scotch Church.- On that the charge of culpability on the part the 1st instant the foundation stone of the of the prisoners was not made out. The New National Scotch Church, to be erect- Jury returned an unanimous verdict of ed in Regent Square, north of the Found. Not Guilty, and the prisoners were disling Hospital, London, was laid with missed from the bar. the usual solemn ceremony. Ainongst 6.-Literary Property. A question the distinguished persons present we no. respecting the right of publishing the Ed. ticed the Earl and Countess of Breadalo inburgh Philosophical Journal was this bane and daughter, Earl Gower, Earl of day brought before the Court of Session. Rosebery, and' Lady Chetwynd, with a Most of our readers know that Professor number of the Scotch Nobility and Gen- Jameson and Dr Brewster had been, till try. There was a numerous procession recently, joint conductors of the work. on the occasion. The prayer was read A difference having arisen, the particu• by the Rev. Dr Manuel ; after which the lars of which are not before the pubRev. Mr Irving delivered a' suitable ad- lic, Dr Brewster wished to continue, as dress. The stone was then laid in the sole editor, a new series of the Journal : usual form by the Earl of Breadalbane. but Messrs Constable and Co. having re. A psalm was afterwards sung, in which solved, as proprietors of the work, to car. the children joined. The Rev. Dr Blyth, ry it on under the superintendence of Moderator of the Presbytery of London, Professor Jameson, they applied for an then offered a short thanksgiving, and interdict against Dr Brewster's publishing the Rev. Edward Irving concluded with any continuation of the Philosophical benediction. "At the conclusion, three Journal. The Lord Ordinary, in respect cheers were given, and the band struck that the copyright of the Philosophical pp “ God save the King."
Journal was in Messrs Constable and ca, 3.- Spurious Téa. On Wednesday passed the bill, and continued the intercame on before the Exchequer Court, dict. Dr Brewster petitioned, stating at Edinburgh; a case that excited consider the bar that his wiski had been, after the able interest. A tea-dealer in Edinburgh Edinburgh Encyclopedia was finished, to was found to have in his possession about publish all he should compose in the way nine pounds and a half of imitation tea; of science, during his life, in the Philosoo and though there was no evidence of his phical Journal ; that it was a favourite ever selling any of it, he was subjected project of his; that the contributions of in the statutory' penalty of ten pounds Dr B.'s friends constituted the Philoso Sterling for each pound of the spurious phical Journal, and that a half of the tea found on his premises.
copy-right at least was in him ; and con5.—High Court of Admiralty. This tending that neither party ought to be day the Court mét in the room belonging interdicted ; that' Messrs Constable and to the Second Division of the Court of Co. might continue to publish the work, Session, and proceeded to try William Professor Jameson being editor, while Blackwood, the master, and Alexander Dr Brewster might also continue the Macalpine, the pilot of the Hercules tug work, Dr Brewster being editor; and steam-boat, plying in the Clyde, for culthat in this way only could justice be pably and negligently running down the done to both parties. The Court withRobert Burns steam-boat, on the morn. drew the ratio assigned by the Lord Oro" ing of the 18th February last, by which dinary, as settling the point as to copy. Alexander Thomson was crushed to death, right; but they adhered to the interlocu. or drowned, and the said steam-boat tor in so far as it passed the bill, and Robert Burns was sunk. The prisoners continued the interdict against Dr Brews. pleaded Not Guilty, It appeared from ter. the evidence, that it is a rule for vessels 8.-His Majesty has been graciously coming down the Clyde to keep the mid. pleased to grant a free pardon to Mr channel, and for those coming up to keep John Forrest, Surgeon, who was outlaw. the south side, and that the Burns, think ed at the Circuit Court of Justiciary, ing the Hercules meant to pass her to holden at Stirling in spring 1823, for not the south, steered to the north, by which appearing to answer to an indictinent means the accident was occasioned. The charging him with aiding in the abstracbody of Thomson was not found till two tion of a dead body from a church-yard. inonths afterwards. All the other per- 10.-Edinburgh.-- The access to the šons that were passengers in the Burns New Town from Stockbridge is under. got on board the Hercules before their going great improvement. Upon the own vessel sunk. The Judge Admiral, bridge across the Water of Leith, which in charging the Jury, said he was inclin. is so inconveniently narrow, a number of ed to think the identity of the individual masons are at present employed ; and it who lost his life satisfactorily proved, but is intended to give it an additional - width
of several feet.' Nowhere is the spirit of then not to know any person ; the Admi. improvement more conspicuous than in ral was brought into the room, and was this quarter. The stream above the bridge affected to tears. The King took no no. has been confined within banks of solid tice of him, nor any other person about masonry, and its margin carpeted with him. From that time till four o'clock be verdant turf. The new bridge near to kept continually saying, “ I shall lose St. Bernard's Well is considerably ad- my tongue, I shall lose my tongue," and vanced ; and in all directions buildings just before he breathed his last, his Ma. are proceeding with great rapidity. jest faintly said, “ Farewell to you all, I
12.- Increase of Shipping at Liverpool. am dead, I am happy.” After uttering -The dock duties of this port, in 1724, these words, he expired in the arms of amounted to only £.810; in 1824 they Madam Poki.- The bodies of the King amounted to £.130,911. Starting, how. and Queen are to be sent to New Zeaever, from a more recent date, the pro. land, according to their particular regressive increase may be more justly eg. quest. timated. In 1800, the number of ships 15.—Bloody Fray.-Stobb's Fair was was 4724, the dock duties £.23,379. In held at Dundee on Tuesday the 13th in1814, only ten years ago, the number of stant; towards evening, the usual scenes ships was 5706, the tonnage was 548,957, of turbulence began; and by six, fights and duties £.59,741. In 1824, the were to be seen on every part of the com. number of ships was 10,001, comprising
About nine o'clock, nine young 1,180,914 tons, and the dock duties men, masons, who had been working at £130,91 1, being more than double the Duntrune, came from that place towards former amount. So rapid an advance is the muir, to meet their employer, Mr unexampled in the history of the world. Scott, mason, Hawkhill, who was there to
14.- Death of the King and Queen of pay them wages. This done, two of the the Sandwich Islands. Some time ago party escorted their master off the ground, the King of the Sandwich Islands, Kame. while the others went towards Stobsmuir hameha, along with one of his wives, toll, for the double purpose of getting Kamehamalu, arrived in this country, some refreshment, and waiting the arrival with a view of obtaining an audience with of their companions. Having been reKing George IV., which ceremony, for fused admittance, they had only gone aside various reasons, was from time to time for a few paces, when a party of fellows, delayed; and some weeks since their Ma armed with different lethal weapons, (one, jesties were attacked with the measles, it is said, with a hatchet,) issued from from which they never thoroughly re- the house, and began their murderous covered. The Queen died in London, work. One young man, named John on the 8th instant, of inflammation, and Allan, received repeated blows, which fello his Majesty followed his royal consorted him to the ground ; and he never afterthis morning. They were attended in this wards opened his lips or uttered a sound. country by the Governor Poki, of the His brother rushed forward, knelt, and Sandwich Islands, and his wife, and se- seized the lifeless corpse in his arms; and veral other natives, who are all inconso. while in this agonizing position, he was lable for their loss. Yesterday morning first knocked down ; twice he raised him. his Majesty was considered somewhat self, and as often was he again laid pros. better, and had passed a tranquil night, trate and severely wounded by the relente but in the afternoon he became worse, less assassins. All the other companions and at night it was found necessary to of the unfortunate man were less or more send for Dr Ley, from his house in wounded--one of them very seriously. Mount-Street. On the arrival of that The assailing party, in number twelve or gentleman, be found that his Majesty fourteen, aided by a younger crew, then was in a very low state, and death ap- attacked a ploughman, and with bluda peared to be approaching fast. The King geons so injured his head and body, that on seeing Dr Ley caught
him by the hand, it is feared his life may also be laid to and said in his own language, “ I am dy, their account. A servant belonging to a ing, I know I am dying." He continued bleachfield is in much the same state, very sensible, and knew all around him. for, when attacked, he in vain fled for Madame Poki, the Governor's lady, was safety to a field of corn ; as he was found particularly attentive to his Majesty ; she lying with his skull fractured, and his supported his head from one o'clock till body fearfully bruised. The Sheriff-Sub. the time the vital spark had Aed; Poki, stitute came to town on Wednesday, for the Governor, and the rest of the suite, the purpose of inquiring into this lamentwere supporting their Royal master's legs able affair ; and a judicial investigation at the foot of the bed. At two o'clock he is at present in progress. Warrants have became alarmingly worse, and he seemed been issued for the apprehension of the