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the Akine country, as well as the cir. Vera Cruz. He is, it is said, charged cumstances which occasioned that divi. with unlimited powers to enter into a sion which Major Chisholm commanded treaty of friendship and alliance with to be disjoined from the body under Sir Great Britain. The Valorous also brought Charles, with the exertions made by him dispatches from Mr Lionel Harvey, his to rejoin upon receiving instructions to Majesty's Commissioner sent to that that effect, and of the usual favourable country, to ascertain whether its govern. mention of those officers who by their ment was in such a condition of perma. conduct have merited that distinction. nency as would warrant our Government This document was dictated by Major in acknowledging it as an independent Chisholm from a sick-bed. The account state. It is not known what are the reof the engagement is given in a letter to presentations made by Mr Harvey, but Major Chisholm, from Captain H. J. from all the information obtained, it ap. Ricketts, who was present in it and es pears, that, although for a time longer caped, which letter is dated Cape Coast, that country may be divided by factious February 26. It is impossible, in our parties or revolutionary movements, it is narrow limits, to insert these documents; for ever separated from the mother counbut indeed they add little to what was try. There is not, nor has been for some previously known. The mischance ap time, a single soldier of Old Spain in the pears to have been entirely owing to the country. The Castle of Ulloa is still held unaccountable and criminal disobedience by a small Royalist force, but it may be of Mr Brandon, the Ordnance Store- easily subdued, if it were at all a con. keeper, to the repeated orders of the la. quest of much moment. The Ambassa. mented Governor, respecting the supply dor is come to this country to give our of ammunition ; in consequence of which, Government the strongest assurances of that needful article was exhausted almost the determination of his country to mainimmediately after the commencement of tain its independent state, of its ability the engagement. That this officer is to resist all external enemies, and of dehimself among the sufferers, hardly qua. sire on the part of the present Govern. lifies, in any great degree, the bitterness ment to cultivate the most friendly inti. of the indignation which his intolerable 'macy with Great Britain. negligence excites against him.
COLOMBIA.-By the way of Jamaica
a document of considerable importance AMERICA.
has been received from Colombia, name. UNITED STATES.-The system of re. ly, the message of the Vice-President striction in commerce which England has Santander, sent to the Colombian Con. begun to lay aside, other nations appear gress on the 6th of April. In this pa. to be taking up or confirming. The Ta. per we have a general view of the state rift-Bill, which has for some time been in of the Colombian republic. The Con. dependence before the Congress of the gress is first congratulated on the triumph United States, has been passed into a law. of the republican arms, and the complete The Tariff goes so much into detail, that restoration of tranquillity by the estabe we cannot pretend to analyse it; but the lishment of independence. The State of general character is that of a protection Peru and Mexico is then noticed, and to native manufactures, and a discourage the necessity of sending succours to the ment to importation. It amounts to this, former country, for the purpose of wholly
that the Americans are willing to pay clearing the South American Continent dearer for American productions than of the enemy, is pointed out. The most for English. This would be a wise and marked gratitude is expressed to the politic principle, if their manufactures President of the United States for his de. were in so thriving a state as to afford a claration in favour of the general indeprospect of outstripping those of foreign pendence of America, and his intimation nations, but we suspect that it is far that he would consider any attack against from being the case. The American it the same as if directed against the statesmen wish to anticipate the natural United States. The message alludes to growth of manufactures in their coun. the policy of Britain in the following try ; and the consequence will probably terms: be, that, nationally speaking, they will “ The Executive had directed its re. pay dearer for manufactured articles than lation to Europe, with Great Britain if they had continued to receive them particularly, whose politics appear fafrom England.
vourable to the cause of South America, Mexico.- An Envoy Extraordinary and whose cominercial relations have Don Jose Mariano Michelena) from the been more extensive and active. The Congress of Mexico to the Court of St. sympathy of the opinion of the British James's, has arrived in England from public and its Government inspire the
Executive with the most flattering hopes. favour this, because the great Generals I am sorry that I cannot communicate who support the pretensions of Spain to you what may be the ultimate resolu- there are Constitutionalists, and it would tion of the Government of his Britannic seem these Chiefs were not disinclined Majesty with respect to the republic to throw off their allegiance to Spain, and A commission from the English Go maintain their power in Peru. But be. vernment is now actually in this capital, fore such a negotiation could be carried in. from whom we have received satisfactory to effect, Canterac appears to have got inproofs of the interest with which our telligence of a squadron coming to assist State inspires the mind of the magnani. him from Spain, and there the matter mous people of England. The security dropped. A scandalous transaction in which it has given us against the ru the meanwhile changed the state of affairs mour that France will assist in the war at Lima ; a black regiment, consisting of which Spain intends to begin anew, to twelve-hundred men, Buenos Ayrean reduce us to her obedience, places us in troops in the Peruvian service, had long a situation of not fearing such an occur been neglected in their pay. This regirence. The Executive, as well as the ment was marched into Callao to garri. Republic, bave highly estimated their de. son the place, and on the 3d of February clarations, and I can assure the Congress, the men and non-commisioned officers that, in the progress of the negociation mutinied, secured their officers and the which may come on the carpet, I will Governor of the Castle, and thus got comnot lose sight of the dignity of the Go plete possession of the Fort. The muti. vernment, nor of the interests of the Co. neers were headed by a serjeant of their lombian people. If the union of the own corps, and their first demand of the physical and moral power of the inde. Government of Lima was for 100,000 pendent States of America, the order and dollars in money, and vessels to convey regularity of our association, respect to them to Buenos Ayres. This was rethe law, uniformity of opinion, the pro- fused ; a negotiation was attempted, but gress of learning, and the adherence of failed ; and the insurgents having libera. the Governinent to the path prescribed ted about ten Spanish officers, a Colonel by our fundamental laws, ought to weigh Casa-Riego took the command, and the in the political balance of nations, we Spanish flag was hoisted at the forts on ought to hope, with entire confidence, 11th February. All vessels were probi. that neither Great Britain nor the other bited from leaving the port, and one or Powers will disavow the power and mo. two that escaped during the right were ral force which the republic of Colombia fired at incessantly, until without reach of has acquired to put herself upon a level the batteries. In the meantime, British with them. I am determined to take goods were allowed to be embarked from advantage of any favourable opportunity Callao, on paying a small duty to Casato extend our relations with other powers, Riego, though considerable pillage took whose friendship can be of susficient in place, and British vessels remained under terest and utility to the republic."
the protection of his Majesty's ship Fly The other parts of the message relate in the barbour. 'The Royalist General to the internal affairs of the Republic, Rodil, being at Yea, no great distance - and the necessary arrangement of its af. from Lima, Casa-Riego sent him a disfairs, greatly deranged by the revolution, patch, informing him of what had taken and the war consequent on it. The es. place, and he having been joined by Gen. tablishing proper seminaries of education Monct, with two thousand men from seems to be an object in which the Co. Jauga, marched on Callao and Lima, and lombian rulers are intent, though at pre. took possession of both on the 27th of sent they rather lack the means of car: February. Previously to this, Admiral rying their intentions into effect. Great Guise, of the Patriot frigate La Prueba, reforms are meditated also in the admi. who was blockading Callao, made a galnistration of justice, the collection of the lant attack on the Venganza and anorevenue, and the finance departments of ther vessel of war in the ports, and in the Republic. To complete this, time the hands of the insurgents, and he suc. will be required, as the new Government cecded in entirely destroying both. This has, in many cases, to begin dc novo to event is not considered as likely to operate organize the civil institutions of the coun. much in favour of the Royalist cause ultitry.
mately, for, to retain possession of the Perv.Some time ago, it was be. castles, they must weaken their main lieved, that a cessation of hostilities was force, and the fate of the country will upon the point of taking place in Peru. not be decided by who has possession of The news of the overthrow of the Con. Lima, but by a general engagement. stutionalists in Spain was expected to On the 21st or 22d of February Con
gress was dissolved, Torre Tagle depo- consul to Peru, who was to go to his des sed, and Bulivar proclaimed Dictator. tination over land. One of the first fruits The Colonubian forces in Peru amount of Mr Parish's establishment at Buenos ed to 950 ) m:n. The Peruviani, under Ayres has been a regulation for the more la Mar, were rather more than 300). easy communications of the packets. The The total amount of the Spanish forces captains are allowed to land the mails iu Peru is not 13,000 meri, and they are without waiting for the visit of the porte widely scattered over that immense coun. officer. The postage is reduced onc. try. The head-quarters of La Serna were third. The consul-general is allowed a at Cusco, where he had only 500 men. box in his office for the receipt of British Canterac was at Tarija with 4500; Val letters, which he may deliver to the cap. dez at Arequipa with 4000; Olaneta had tains without the intervention of the genc. 200 under him; and there were at Ica ral post-office. The British packets are 1600. Such are the details of the last exempted from port duties. A mail is advices from Lima, and so far they are to be dispatched for Chili three days after more favourable to the Royalists than to the arrival of a packet, and is to convey the Patriots.
the dispatches to the public agents of the Buenos AYRES.- Whatever may be King of England in Chili and Peru free the state of things in Peru, there are of expence, the consul-general at Bucnos some facts communicated from other Ayres putting them into a separate bag, parts of America, which, taken together, and scaling it. On the 1st of April, Don seem to contain materials of gratifying Juan G. de las Heras was elected Gover. interest. Among tbese may especially nor, by twenty-six votes out of thirty-six. be mentioned the friendly reception of It was said that the Charge des Affaires the B.itish consul, Mr Woodbine Parish, of Colombia was authorised to negotiate by Don B. Rivadivia, minister of Foreign a loan at Buenos Ayres for Peru, of 3 or Affairs for the republic. Mr Parish, on 500,000 piastres, under the guarantee of the following day, presented Mr Rowcroft, General Bolivar.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS.-April 2.The Marquis of Lansdowne moved the second reading of the Bill permitting the cele. bration of Marriages between Unitarians, by their own Minister, and in their own Chapcls. The Archbishop of Canterbury voted for the second reading, with the understanding that the bill should be open to modification in the Committee. He voted for it, because he was willing to cuncede, whatever was reasonable to the scruples of the Unitarians. The Lord Chancellor opposed the motion, because, if the principle were recognised in this case, indulgence must be extended to all other sectarians, and a beginning would be thus made to the utter subversion of the Established Church. The Earl of Liverpool objected to the Bill in its pre. sent shape, because it went to perinit marriages, celebrated according to its par ticular forms, where one of the parties might be a Member of the Established Church. The Bishop of Chester detailed at some length the particular passages of the Matrimonial Liturgy, which were said to offend the consciences of the Unitarians; and, in doing so, demonstrated the utter futility of the scruples which were the groundwork of the Bill before the House. He objected to the measure, not only as
diminishing the emoluments of the Estab. lished Clergy (to a scrious extent in popu. Tous towns), but as scvering a very eri. dearing connection between them and the Dissenters among their parishioners. The Earl of Harrowby and Lord Calthorpe defended the Bill. The Bishop of London, in voting that the Bill should go to a Committee, did not pledge himself to give it any farther support. Lord Holland supported the Bill. The House divided on the second reading, which was carried by a majority of 2.
April 5.--The Silk Duties Bill went through the Committee, and was reported without any amendment. Petitions against it were presented by the Lord Chancellor from two silk-weaving districts in London, expressive of the fears of the petitioners, that the value of houses and other pro. perty in those places would be greatly deteriorated, in consequence of the injury which the bill is calculated to inflict on the numerous population engaged in the silk manufacture.
6.-The Silk Duties Bill was read a third time and passed.
8.-State of Ireland. - The Earl of Darnley, pursuant to notice, moved for the appointment of a Committee, to in. quire how far the measures lately adopted. for the relief and benefit of Ireland had division, the motion was rejected by a succeeded; and also to consider what mea majority of 57 to 17. sures would be necessary to remedy the 9.-The presentation of some pctitions existing evils in that kingdom. The produced a short conversation upon the noble Earl introduced his motion in a long suppression of the Freemason lodges in speech, in which, besides the other topics Ireland, effected by the Secret Society Bill usually employed upon the subject, he of last Session. The opinion of the Lords confessed the cruelty and tyranny of Eng. who spoke, (the Earl of Liverpool and land, impeached the administration of the Marquis of Lansdowne,) seemed to be, justice in Ireland, condemned the police that the hardship imposed upon the Free. bill, complained of the church establish. masons was unavoidable. ment, urged the necessity of catholic 12.- The Marquis of Lansdowne emancipation, and professed his compas. brought in a Bill to enable the English sionate respect for the well-disposed but Roman Catholics to vote for the election inefficient government in the sister king. of Members of Parliament, and to give dom. The Earl of Liverpool, without them the same right of suffrage as endisputing the unjust and selfish policy joyed by the Catholics of Ireland. formerly observed towards Ireland, vindi. 13-Lord Bathurst moved the second cated the present generation of English. reading of a Bill to regulate the admini. men from any participation in it, and re- stration of justice in Newfoundland. The cited a vast number of generous conces. principal provisions of the measure are sions, which, since the commencement the enlargement of the Supreme Court of the late King's reign, had been made by two additional Judges, the appoint. for the benefit of Ireland. He maintained ment of Circuit Courts, and the restora. that the present depression of that king. tion of the Trial by Jury. The motion dom was wholly unconnected with the was unanimously agreed to. disqualification of the Catholics ; and op 15.-The Bishop of Limerick read a posed all the arguments upon that subject, letter of some length from the Archbishop drawn from the analogy of other States, of Dublin, in which his Grace, in allusion by observing, that in Ireland alone was to the observations made upon his con. the religious division of the people ac duct in the debates upon the Irish Sepul. companied by a parallel division of pro. ture Bill, denied, in the most distinct and perty, intelligence, and manners. In positive manner, that he had ever given Ireland, it was notorious that the great any orders, or advice, or intimation of an bulk of the property, and all the qualifi. opinion, on the subject of the perform. cations naturally associated with property, ance of the Catholic funeral ceremonies belonged to the Protestants. Much of in Protestant church-yards, up to the the suffering of Ireland he ascribed to a time when he was accused of having in. premature introduction of the English terdicted such celebrations, at which time constitution ; but for the omission of one he was in England. The letter went on part of the English code-the Poor Laws to say, that the practice lately attempted -he avowed his regret. He professed by the Catholics was wholly an innova. to hope the best results from the exten. tion; no such celebration, according to the sion of Christian education ; but begged experience of all the Protestant Clergy in to remind the House, that in the nature Dublin, having occurred during forty years. of things this result could not be very In conclusion, the Archbishop's letter exspeedily felt. In conclusion, he opposed plained, that, when consulted by his the motion. The Marquis of Lansdowne Clergy, after the matter had been so spoke at considerable length in support of angrily agitated, his advice had uniformly the motion. The Earl of Limerick ear. been, to abstain from every thing like a nestly deprecated the introduction of poor forcible resistance to the Catholic Clergy, rates into Ireland. He said the effect of and to rest contented with a protest such a measure would be, to make of the against the illegal invasion of the rights Irish peasantry six millions of beggars; of the Protestant church. Before he sat because no Irishman, who could live idly, down, the Bishop of Limerick pronounced would work. The Marquis of Downshire, a glowing and well-merited panegyric upon the Earl of Carnarvon, and Lord Clifden, the learning, genius, and Christian temper supported the motion. The Earls of of the most reverend prelate (Dr Magee.) Carberry, Mayo, and Roden, opposed it; The House adjourned to the 28th of the last, in a speech of some length, gave April, when it re-assembled. On that and a most gratifying description of the recent the two following days there was no iin. progress of education in Ireland. On a portant business before the House.
house, and found the door of the kitchen 11.-High COURT OF JUSTICIARY. inuch shattered, and also the outer win. -The Court this day proceeded to the dow-shutter split, seemingly by a blow trial of Alexander Guthrie, quarrier, from the outside. Mr M'Neill said, that in the parish of Pentcaitland, East Lo. he did not, under these circuinstances, thian, accused of the murder of James feel himnself warranted in asking a verNewton, who had been in his employ- dict against the prisoner, and he there. ment as a labourer. Guthrie pleaded fore gave up the case. The Jury re
Not Guilty. It appeared from the evi. turned a verdict of Not Guilty; and dence, that Guthrie and Newton, with Guthrie, after a solemn advice to abstain four other quarrymen, had gone to the from the use of spirits, was dismissed prisoner's house on the evening of Mon. from the bar. day the 9th of February last, where they' The next case was that of Alexander drank whisky till a pretty late hour, M'Farlane. The indictment charged when the party broke up, leaving New. him with having, on the 16th of Feb. ton and Guthrie together in the house. ruary last, stolen from the shop of Rich. At that time there had been no quarrel ard Allan, grocer in the Potter-row, a kit betwixt them. Guthrie's mother also of butter; and, when apprehended a few left the house, and went with a neigh. hours after, of having, in the Park Place bour, Mrs Gowans, in whose house she watch-house, seized a pair of large iron stopped all night. In the course of the tongs, with which he assaulted James night, Mrs Guthrie becoming uneasy, Stirling, grocer in the Potterrow, who requested Mrs Gowans's daughter to go had assisted in his apprehension, and to her son's house, and see what was struck him a dreadful blow on the head, going on. She went accordingly, and by which his life was endangered. M. tinding the window of the room open, Farlane pleaded Guilty of the assault, went in by it, and saw a man, whom but Not Guilty of the theft, and the she supposed to be Guthrie, lying on the Jury having found him Guilty accord. bed, and Newton lying on the kitchen ingly, he was sentenced to a year's hard floor, with his head cut, and the floor labour in Bridewell, and farther till he strewed with fragments of broken bot. find security in 500 merks to keep the tles, and covered with blood, vomitings, peace for three years. and other filth. Upon receiving this in Benjamin Ross, shoemaker in the formation, Mrs Guthrie, with her neigh. Lawn-market of Edinburgh, who had bour, Mrs Gowans, returned to the house. been out on bail, now appeared at the They immediately awoke Guthrie, who bar, to answer to a charge of assaulting, seemed astonished and sorry at the situ. striking, and wounding Jean Williams, ation of Newton, and declared he knew or Ross, his wife. He pleaded Not no more of it than the dead in the grave. Guilty. His wife stated, that he had Newton's wound was washed and dress. frequently abused and hurt her ; but on ed, and he was put to bed, in which the night of the 31st December last, Guthrie assisted. Newton died two days they had some words, and Ross lifted the after. The only circumstance which tongs and struck her on the temple with could attach suspicion to Guthrie, was, them, to the effusion of her blood. She that his trowsers were stained with blood went to a neighbour's house, and by his about the legs; but this was accounted advice returned, and, having washed the for by Mrs Gowans, who stated, that blood from her face, went to bed with while she swept the blood and filth from her husband. Next morning, being un. the floor towards the hearth, Guthrie was able to rise, she refused when her hus. sitting by the fire ; and that from the band commanded her to do so; and he state of the floor no one could walk on then struck her with a large ellwand a. it without having their shoes soiled with cross the legs ; and afterwards, when she blood. All the witnesses, on their cross got up and said, “ Benjy, you're surely examination, gave Guthrie a good cha. not going to murder me!” he struck her racter, and deponed to his bearing no ill. on the left side of the head, knocked her will to Newton; but, on the contrary, down, and cut her. As soon as she was they had heard him speak frequently in able to rise, she went up stairs in her praise of him as a servant. Mr Lloyd, shift to a neighbour's, who wrapped a superintendant of police for the county covering over her, and went for a sur. of Haddington, had examined Guthrie's geon. She was afterwards twelve days