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all inclined the people of this coun- He next informed them that prefitry to believe that peace was still ninaries of peace had been signed distant, when suddenly and unex- between hini and the French repectedly, the signature of the pre- public, in which he trusted that Jiminaries was announced, and very this important arrangement would shortly after his majesty's procla- be found to be conducive to the mation appeared, appointing the substantial interests of this country, parliament to assemble on the 29th and honourable to the British chaof October, for the dispatch of racter. He also expressed his graweighty and important business. This titude to Divine Providence for the weighty and important business was bounty afiorded to his people in the immediately known to be, the offi. abundant produce of the last harcial communication to the great rest, and his acknowledgments to council of the nation, of the signa- the distinguished valour and eminent ture of the preliminaries of the services of his forces both by sea peace. The mass of the nation, and land, the unprecedented exerat first, expressed the most enthusi- tions of the militia and fencibles, and astic joy at hearing of the reesta- the zeal and perseverance of the blishment of peace, without can- yeomanry and volunteer corps; and vassing the terms of it, or consi- was persuaded that parliament would dering whether it was such a join with bim in reflecting with peace as this country had a right peculiar satisfaction on the naval to expect ; but when the parliament and military operations of the last was about to assemble, the atten- campaign, and on the successful tion of every one was turned to the and glorious issue of the expedition opinions which should be delivered to Egypt, which had been marked there, by those men, whose supe- throughout by achievements, tendrior abilities and opportunities of ing in their consequences and by forming a correct judgment en- their exaniple to produce lasting abled them to throw the greatest advantages and honour to this counpossible light upon the subject. try. He concluded by expressing
Orr the 29th of October, his ma- his most fervent prayer, “ that his jesty opened the sessions, by a people might experience the respeech from the throne: he an. ward they had so much merited, nounced to his parliament that the in a full enjoyment of the blessings differences with the Northern Pow- of peace, in a progressive increase ers had been adjusted by a conven- of their commerce, credit and retion with the emperor of Russia, sources, and above all, in the unto which the kings of Denmark disturbed possession of their reliand Sweden had expressed their gion, laws and liberties, and in the readiness to accede. He stated, safeguard and protection of that that, in this convention, the essen- constitution, which it had been the tial rigins for which this country great object of all their efforts to contended, were secured, and pro- preserve, and which it was their vision made that the exercise of most sacred duty to transmit unthen should be attended with as impaired to their descendants.” An little molestation as possible, to the address of thanks to his majesty, subjects of the contracting parties. for his most gracious speech, was.
moved, in the House of Lords, armies triumphant. It was a grand
and magnificent triumph for Enge Lord Bolton, who said he should land to make a peace, when her not enter into any detail of the Davies and armies were every where preliminaries, as the papers Tere conquerors from the frozen seas of Dut tåe, before the house; but he the North to the pillars of Hercould but avoid pointing Geir lord- cules; and from Africa to the reships attantion to the sentiments of motest slrores of Asia and America. paternal attection expressed by his When the unexampled achievein jesty, in announcing the adjust- ments of that band of heroes, who nient of the difierences with the had rescued Eyot from its inNorthern Powers, and the si ning vaders, were made only to restore of the preli:a. Daries. As for peace it to its rightful owner, and the itself, it had been so strongly felt triumphs of our armies were only to be desirable, that men did not accessary to that spirit of moderaallow themselves tine to doubt of tion, which dictated our appeal to its being advantageous, but give arms. His lordship, after paying free and unbounded indulgence to the highest tribute of praise lo their jov: the leading articles of our commanders in Egypt, observed, the peace were universally know that when the peace was made it and approved of, but no circum- was evident that the integrity, of stance attending it appeared to him Europe could not be preserved ; more worthy of consideration than had it been possible to preserve it, the fitness of the time at which his it would have been effected by the majesty's ministers had concluded power of Great Britain, the preliminaries of the peace. They had not done it at a time when a
Si Pergama dextrâ
Defendi possint, etiain hâc defensa deficiency of supplies was felt; No, he saw with pride and satisfaction that ministers had chosen a time His lordship concluded by moving for making peace when our re- an address which, as usual, was an sources were in full vigour, and echo of the speech. when the nation had displayed its Lord Lifford seconded the address, ancient character, by the manly and compared the situation in which and determined posture of defence the country then stood, with that into which it had voluntarily put alarming situation in which it was itself when threatened by invasion. at the time parliament was conHe admired also the fitness of the vened in the preceding year: when time for concluding peace, because it the war assumed a new terror from was not at a time when we had any the menaced interference of the thirry to fear for our security, when Northern Powers; while we had our arins had been unsuccessful, our the gigantic force of France to con. strength exhausted, or our spirits tend with nearer home, and the broken. On the contrary, the fate of Egypt still hung in suspeace was concluded at the mos pense. Such was then our situa. ment the most auspicious to the tion with respect to foreign powers. British character, when our re: Our domestic situation was still sources, were unimpaired, and our more melancholy: the sovereign
was afficted by a severe indispo- tories never surpassed in the annals sition, our administration divided of this country, and secured by among themselves, government for moderation ; a plentiful harvest disa a time inefficient, and the people pelling every fear of famine ; and threatened with the horrors of an an event no less glorious than the immediate famine, and the country peace with France, no less advanalso menaced with invasion, and tageous to the interests of this this invasion calculating as means country, the arrangement of the of success on the disloyalty of num. disputes with the Northern Powers. bers of his majesty's subjects. At After expatiating at considerable present all that alarm had disap- length on those topics, his lordship peared, and we had the pleasure to concluded, by moving an address behold our beloved sovereign in the similar to that which was proposed full enjoyment of his health, exer- in the other house. cising the best and most amiable Colonel Woodhouse seconded this of his privileges, announcing the address. return of peace, and all its bless- Mr. Fos then rose to express his ings, to the people. The blessing most sincere and cordial concurof God had dissipated, by the last rence in the address, and his apabundant harvest, all danger of probation of the peace which had famine; and the nation, after a been at length obtained. This was long and glorious struggle, might an event on which he could not prepare to taste the blessings of suppress his joy and exultation : an peace.
event in which the people of EngThe duke of Bedford, in a short land had the greatest cause to respeech, expressed his concurrence joice and exult. At present he with the address. He, however, should not trespass further upon differed from the noble mover in the attention of the house, than to one sentiment; he could not agree offer this short but sincere expresthat this was precisely the fittest sion of his sentiment on the event, time to make peace, he thought it and to declare his assent to the could have been more fitly made at address. a more early period.
Mr. Pitt rose also to express his The address was then agreed to, satisfaction on the event which had nemine dissentiente.
been announced in his majesty's In the COMMONS, the same day, speech; for the present, he should the address was moved by
forbear any observations upon the Lord Lovain, who hoped, that subject of the preliminaries, but as the event which his majesty's when he came to express his mospeech had announced had been tives for rejoicing in the attainment approved of by the great majority of peace, possibly they would be of the nation, so the address which found' very different from those of he should have the honour of pro- the right honourable gentleman posing, would be generally, if not (Mr. Fox) who spoke last. Whatuniversally, approved of in that ever opinion he might entertain as house. His lordship recapitulated to certain of the preliminary artithe various subjects of national ex- cles, he approved generally of the ultation. A peace, gained by vic- outline. We owed this event to
the gallantry of our fleets and ar- it was to light him to a feast or a mies, and that good conduct in the sepulchre ? He must most sopeople of England, which he had lemnly pronounce, that it was his erer considered as our best security; firm persuasion, that ministers, in and events had proved, that as long signing this peace, had signed the as the people of England were true death-warrant of the country. The to themselves, and their represen- only thing which France wanted tatives true to their interests, they to enable her to divide with this had nothing to fear from external country the empire of the seas was, foes,
such a participation of commerce Mr. Windham said, that if this as to enable her to extend her navy; address was to pledge the house to this participation they had now obapprove of the preliminaries speci- tained. He should not, however, fically, he could not support it; find fault with ministers, if they but as it gave no such pledge, he could show that such a peace was should support the address, but at a safe one, if they could show that the same time give a general outline there was an absolute necessity for of the reasons for which he differed it. Such a necessity, however, he from the sentiments which other did not perceive. These topics gentlemen had expressed about the would, however, be more fully dispeace. He could not avoid differ- cussed at a future day. ing, on this occasion, from his The chancellor of the exchequer right honourable friend (Mr. Pitt), (Mr. Addington), declined going from whom to differ he always con- into the discussion of the prelimisidered a misfortune. He was naries, as they were not now beaware, that to stand as a solitary fore the house ; his right honourinourner in the midst of general able friend (Mr. Windham), who exultation, to wear a countenance professed also to feel the improclouded with sadness, while all priety of entering into such disothers are lighted up with joy, cussion at present, had, however, was at once unfortunate and un- advanced opinions and suggestions, gracious. He could not avoid, which he could not permit to pass upon this occasion, differing from uncontradicted. He must answer, those gentlemen (Mr. Pitt and Mr. that it was not by the extension Fox), who had so often heretofore of our territories by conquest, but differed on every subject of the by preserving our constitution, and war, though now they coincided defending our own possessions, that in approbation of the peace. It we would possess the best securities struck him, however, in a different for our rights, and for the extenpoint of view, and he must ask, sion of our commerce. He had Were the circumstances of the conceived that his right honourable peace the subject of joy and exul- friend would be the last to depretation? When he was called upon ciate the finances of the country to put on his wedding suit he must and its resources; he was therefore inquire whether it was a marriage surprised to hear him suggest that or a funeral he was called to cele- the accedence to the treaty on the brate? When he was desired to part of England, was the effect of illuninate, he must learn whether necessity, and from want of means to continue the contest; he dis- could by no means agree. He dif, claimed the motive so assigned; he fered from him when he charac, disclaimer being party to any such terized the peace as glorious and plea. He must publicly declare, honournble. He differed still more that had it been found necessary to from those who conceived it to be continue the contest, no deficiency inexpedient to make peace at all. whatever would have been found in Hc considered this as a peace inthe finances and resources of the volving a degradation of the nacountry. He concluded by antici- tional dignity, which no truly Engpating the unanimity of the house lish heart could behold with inditon the motion for the address. ference; such a peace as the war ..Mr. Sheridan admitted the pro- had a necessary tendency to lead priety of abstaining from discussion to. The war, he considered as of the merits of the treaty, and as he one of the worst wars in which the saw no great objection to the address country had been engaged; and as it now stands, he felt no wish to the peace as good a one as any disturb the unanimity of the house. man could make in the circumHe approved of the address the stances in which the country was more for not being an exact echo placed of the speech, as the speech con- Earl Temple agreed in the getained distinctions and characters neral sentiment of waving for the of the peace which he could by present the discussion of the peace, no means admit that it deserved. and supporting the address. In As to the unanimity, however, with giving his support to the address he which this address was likely to by no means pledged himself to pass, he believed, if the tinie was support the peace, which, considercome for gentlemen to speak their ing its terms, he could not approve real sentiments, there never was a of. period of less unanimity. The right After a few words from Mr. honourable gentleman has spoken James Martin, the address was put of the peace in terms in which he and carried unanimously,