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accumulation Adam Smith advantage agricultural amount bricklayers capital capitalist causes circulating capital commodities competition condition considerable consumed consumption cost of production cultivation dealers demand diminished division of labour duced duction ductive effect employment England equal equivalent exchange exertion exist expenditure expense farmer farms favourable flax France funds greater human hundred quarters improvement income increase individual industry Ireland kind labour employed labouring classes land landlord Law of Value less limited machinery maintain manufacture manure materials means ment metayer mode natural agents necessary objects obtained occupation operations paid peasant permanent persons political economy population portion possession present principle produce productive labour productive power profit proportion proprietors quantity rate of profit remuneration render rent saving society soil subsistence sufficient supply suppose surplus taxes things tion unproductive velvet wages wants wealth whole
Стр. 464 - ... first, the agreeableness or disagreeableness of the employments themselves; secondly, the easiness and cheapness, or the difficulty and expense of learning them; thirdly, the constancy or inconstancy of employment in them; fourthly, the small or great trust which must be reposed in those who exercise them; and, fifthly, the probability or improbability of success in them.
Стр. 289 - sacredness of property " is talked of, it should always be remembered, that any such sacredncss does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. Its appropriation is wholly a question of general expediency. When private property in land is not expedient, it is unjust.
Стр. 529 - Happily, there is nothing in the laws of Value which remains for the present or any future writer to clear up; the theory of the subject is complete...
Стр. 253 - It is not so with the distribution of wealth. That is a matter of human institution solely. The things once there, mankind, individually or collectively, can do with them as they like.
Стр. 163 - ... life it has been the sole business to perform them is usually much greater. The rapidity with which some of the operations of those manufactures are performed exceeds what the human hand could, by those who had never seen them, be supposed capable of acquiring.
Стр. 262 - Private property, in every defence made of it, is supposed to mean, the guarantee to individuals, of the fruits of their own labor and abstinence. The guarantee to them of the fruits of the labor and abstinence of others, transmitted to them without any merit or exertion of their own...
Стр. 262 - The laws of property have never yet conformed to the principles on which the justification of private property rests. They have made property of things which never ought to be property, and absolute property where only a qualified property ought to exist.
Стр. 256 - The word Socialism, which originated among the English Communists, and was assumed by them as a name to designate their own doctrine, is now, on the Continent, employed in a larger sense; not necessarily implying Communism, or the entire abolition of private property, but applied to any system which requires that the land and the instruments of production should be the property, not of individuals, but of communities or associations, or of the government.
Стр. 438 - Every one has a right to live. We will suppose this granted. But no one has a right to bring creatures into life, to be supported by other people.