History of Civilization in England, Том 1

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From Central America 8485
84
And from Mexico and Peru 86
92
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
108
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 115118
115
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
142
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing
143
Failure of these methods 150152
150
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual 158159
158
And intellectual truths are constantly changing 164165
164
The diminution of religious persecution is owing to the progress
171
Illustrations from Russia and Turkey 177179
177
The invention of gunpowder 185190
185
The discoveries made by political economists 191200
191
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 200203
200
CHAPTER V
207
This being as yet little understood historians have not collected
210
With that of Germany 217219
217
Much may be gained in that respect from studying the histories
223
Influence of religion on the progress of society 232
232
And from Sweden and Scotland 242244
242
Influence of government on the progress of society 250
250
Legislators have caused smuggling with all its attendant crimes 256257
256
England has been less interfered with in these ways than other
263
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
298
Also in the work of Dr Horst on the Golden Tooth 304305
304
Origin of religious toleration in England
310
This tendency displayed in Chillingworth 319321
319
Great advantage of this 327329
327
Influence of this spirit upon Sir Thomas Browne 334337
334
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
340
Legislative improvements in the reign of Charles II in spite
348
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 354355
354
The clergy to recover their ground allied themselves with James II 361362
361
Importance of the Revolution 367368
367
Hence a schism in the church 376377
376
The church rallied for a moment under Anne 382383
382
Rapid succession of sceptical controversies 389391
389
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
396
Ignorance of George III
405
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 414418
414
Burkes subsequent hallucinations and violence 424432
424
He supported the new secular scheme of government against
489
His liberal treatment of the Protestants 496500
496
Hence the French Protestants being headed by the clergy become
504
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
525
Analogy between Descartes and Richelieu 543544
543
It was also seen in the wars of the Fronde 649552
552
CHAPTER IX
558
And were glad to ally themselves with the people against
565
Centralization was in France the natural successor of feudality 571574
571
Illustration from the history of chivalry 579583
579
The pride of Englishmen encouraged the Reformation
585
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power 591595
591
The English rebellion was a war of classes 597605
597
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
606
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
613
But the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632636
632
Also in zoology and in chemistry
640
Illustrations from the history of French art 648650
648
English literature unknown in France in the reign of Louis XIV 655656
655
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen 668669
668
Hence liberal opinions in France which the government attempted
670
Violence of the government 682685
682
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 693607
697
Improvement in the method of writing history late in the sixteenth
706
Retrograde movement under Louis XIV 712718
712
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 718721
718
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire 730750
730
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
737
And on the pedantic admirers of antiquity 743745
743
Ignorant prejudice against him in England
750
The works of Montesquieu and value of his method 761756
757
Recapitulation of preceding views 759760
763
And to favour religious toleration 770772
770
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
779
Connexion between this movement and the rise of atheism 786788
786
And in Condillac 792795
792
Also on chemistry and geology 799807
799
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
808
Connexion between these views and subsequent discoveries 816819
816
Bichats work on life 823827
823
And in mineralogy by Be Lisle and Haiiy 831834
831
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity 884835
836
The same democratic tendency was observable in changes of dress 841 84s
843

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