Principles of Political Economy, Том 1

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D. Appleton, 1891 - Всего страниц: 670
 

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Pragmatic or muddled? Mill sets out to explore economic principles but, ultimately, finds that there is no principle which doesn't have any amount of conceivable exceptions. You have to wonder why its ... Читать весь отзыв

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Of the Law of the Increase of Labor
112
Countries of Europe
114
Movement of Population Center westward
116
Receipts Expenses and Profits of all Railways in the State of New York 187
128
Of the Law of the Increase of Production from Land
130
3 in railways
136
Miles of Railroad in Operation and Miles added each Year in the United States
139
Proportion of Miles of Railroad to the Square Mile in the United States and Europe face
140
4 in manufactures
141
chapter 309
144
Density of Foreignborn Population in the United States
152
DISTRIBUTION
155
6 Property in land different from property in movables
168
Of Competition and Custom
175
Examination of some popular opinions respecting wages
183
t 5 Due restriction of population the only safeguard of a laboringclass
190
would require as a condition legal measures for repression of popu
196
Of Profit
217
The cause of the existence of any profit the advances of capitalists
225
Of Bent
232
Definitions of Value in Use Exchange Value and Price
249
Commodities limited in quantity governed by the law of Demand
254
The Value of these commodities conform in the long run to their
261
Profits an element in Cost of Production
267
Occasional elements in Cost of Production taxes and groundrent
275
Rent of mines and fisheries and groundrent of buildings and cases
282
Gold and Silver why fitted for those purposes
290
Objections to a double standard 812
315
Production of Gold and Silver 807
319
Credit not a creation but a transfer of the means of production 825
325
Promissory notes 831
331
What acts on prices is Credit in whatever shape given 835
338
Of an Inconvertible Paper Currency
344
The theory of a general oversupply of commodities stated
365
Values of commodities which have a joint cost of production
372
Cost of Production not a regulator of international values Extension
379
Effect of the increase of an inconvertible paper currency Beal
437
Circumstances which determine the fluctuations
444
Of the Competition of Different Countries in the tame
450
Cotton Crops under Free and Slave Labor
459
Exchange and money make no difference in the law of wages
465
Influence of the Progress of Industry and Population
475
Influence of the Progress of Industry and Population
489
Practical results
493
Changes in the Rank of the States in respect of Population
495
What determines the minimum rate of profit?
499
In old and opulent countries profits habitually near to the minimum 0l
507
Grain Crops of the United States
509
Relative Areas of States of the United States and the Coun tries of Europe face
510
Contequences of the Tendency of Profit to a Minimum
511
jjrl The possibility of improvement while laborers remain merely receivers
517
g 0 through cooperation by which the managers wages are shared
523
Four fundamental rules of taxation
537
Should the same percentage be levied on all amounts of income?
540
The increase of the rent of land from natural causes a fit subject
546
4 on wages
553
A tax on all commodities would fall on profits
562
how modified by the tendency of profits to a minimum
568
Effects produced on international exchange by duties on exports
574
Comparison of Wages and Production in CottonMills 18301884 face 519
583
Comparison between Direct and Indirect Taxation
585
XXT Public Revenue of the United States
590
Of a National Debt
596
In what cases desirable to maintain a surplus revenue for the redemp
602
Public Debt of the United States
602
Reduction of National Debts in Various Countries
604
Of an Interference of Government grounded on Erro
605
on the ground of encouraging young industries colonial policy
612
Occupations of People of the United States
619
on the ground of creating a diversity of industries
621
Atpesdix I
631
Examination Questions
637

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Стр. 512 - Hitherto it is questionable if all the mechanical inventions yet made have lightened the day's toil of any human being. They have enabled a greater population to live the same life of drudgery and imprisonment, and an increased number of manufacturers and others to make fortunes. They have increased the comforts of the middle classes.
Стр. 103 - One man draws out the wire, another straights it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head ; to make the head requires two or three distinct operations ; to put it on, is a peculiar business
Стр. 104 - First, the increase of dexterity in every particular workman ; secondly, the saving of the time which is commonly lost in passing from one species of work to another ; and, lastly, the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labor, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Стр. 590 - apothecary (who has paid £100 for the privilege of putting him to death). His whole property is then taxed from 2 to 10 per cent; besides the probate, large fees arc demanded for burying him in the chancel : his virtues are handed down to posterity on taxed marble, and he is then gathered to his fathers to be taxed no more.
Стр. 511 - therefore, regard the stationary state of capital and wealth with the unaffected aversion so generally manifested toward it by political economists of the old school. I am inclined to believe that it would be, on the whole, a very considerable improvement on our present condition.
Стр. 159 - 1 If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism, would be but as dust in the balance. But, to make the comparison applicable, we must compare Communism at its best with the regime of individual
Стр. 208 - In a perfectly fair lottery, those who draw the prizes ought to gain all that is lost by those who draw the blanks. In a profession where twenty fail for one that succeeds, that one ought to gain all that should have been gained by the unsuccessful twenty. How extravagant soever the fees
Стр. 590 - The beardless youth manages his taxed horse with a taxed bridle on a taxed road, and the dying Englishman, pouring his medicine (which has paid 7 per cent) into a spoon (which has paid
Стр. 590 - earth and the waters under the earth. On everything that comes from abroad or is grown at home. Taxes on raw material. Taxes on every value that is added to it by the industry of man. Taxes on the
Стр. 293 - can not, in short, be intrinsically a more insignificant thing, in the economy of society, than money ; except in the character of a contrivance for sparing time and labor. It is a machine for doing quickly and commodiously what would be done, though

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