The Principles of Economical Philosophy, Том 1

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Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1872
 

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Comtes Doctrine
16
Order of the Sciences
17
Comte fails to make Economics an Inductive Science
18
Selfcontradiction of Mr J S Mill as to the Method of Investigation proper to Economics
19
He says the Inductive is the true method to investigate Economics
20
Unanimous opinion that Economics is an Inductive Science
21
Mr Mills assertion erroneous
24
Mr Mills arguments untenable
26
Argument from Feigned Cases
27
ExPERIMENTAL and ExPERIENTIAL PHILOSOPHY
28
CHAPTER II
29
Chemistry
30
Which Moral Science approaches most nearly to Physical Science
31
Science consists of two partsGeneral Conceptions and Gene ral Axioms
33
Alleged distinction between minds in science
34
On the Formation of General Conceptions
35
On the Formation of General Axioms
39
On the LAW of CoNTINUITY
42
Plan of the Work
44
CHAPTER III
46
His definitions
47
Definition of Wealth in Roman Law
48
Rise of Economical Ideas in Modern Times
49
T11 The Mercantile System
50
The doctrine of the BALANCE of TRADE
52
Example to show its fallacy
53
Error of the system
54
Refutation of the System in Adam Smith
55
A few writers saw the fallacy of the system SECTION II
57
FRANcois QUESNAY 59
62
Fundamental Conceptions of the Physiocrates
65
Physiocrate doctrine of MoxEY
67
Fundamental Defects of the Physiocrate doctrine
68
Le Trosnes arguments against admitting Immaterial and In corporeal Quantities to be Wealth
70
Physiocrate doctrine of Taxation
71
The Commercial Treaty of 1786
72
Merits of the Physiocrates
73
Superiority of Economical Philosophy
74
THE SEcoRD SCHOOL OF ECONOMISTs 34 ADAM SMITH and CoNDILLAC 35 The heads of the two Modern Schools of Economists
75
Adam Smith 37 The WEALTH OF NATIONS
77
WHATELY
91
i
130
10
147
Real advance of Smit 89 RICARDo
229
J B SAY
241
CHAPTER
278
First kind of Currency in Greece
365
Coinage of the Lydians
367
Gold and Silver Bullion in England
368
On the meaning of the MINT PRICE and MARKET PRICE of Gold and Silver 37
370
Consequences of a Depreciated Coinage 37
375
Method of testing the Depreciation of Coin 37
378
What is a Poux D 2
379
Table shewing the successive Depreciation of the Gold and Silver Coin of England and Scotland
382
Of a Double Standard
384
Bad state of the Coin in 1695
389
Lowndess proposals
391
Locke on Coinage
393
Newton on the Coinage
403
Recoinage of 1816
407
On a SEIGNoHAGE
408
Smith and McCulloch in favour of a Seignorage
409
Of a DECIMAL ConAGE
412
Three distinct Systems of Coinage
413
The French an example of the second System
414
2732 Reasons why erroneous
415
3337 Decimal integers and decimal fractions not analogous
416
3842 Superiority of present system
417
Principles regarding a Decimal Coinage
418
4445 Superiority of Decimal Accounts
419
Decimal Coinage in the Netherlands
428
Decimal Coinage in Russia
429
CHAPTER VII
435
On the Application of the THEORY of ALGEBRAICAL SIGNs
453
How the gift of a Credit extinguishes a Debt
470
And also in English Law
477
Rise and Progress of the power of selling Debts in Roman Law
483
The Romans used Drafts
489
Common Law as to transfer of chosesinaction
495
Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes payable to bearer
501
SECTION III
513
SECTION IV
521
On Credit created for the purpose of being applied to
533
SECTION V
541
On the meaning of the word Bank
547
Assertions of Mr Miń 25
557
ON BANKs of CREDIT FoxcrºR
601
Mr John Stuart Mill 42 Mr Mills definition of Wealth
617
Defects of Mr Mills work 44 Triumph achieved by this School 45 Defects of the Second School of Economists
629
ON VALUE AS DEPENDENT ON QUANTITY OF LABOUR
631
CHAPTER X
657

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Сторінка 251 - Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production ; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to, only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.
Сторінка 46 - But know, that in the soul Are many lesser faculties, that serve Reason as chief ; among these, fancy next Her office holds ; of all external things, Which the five watchful senses represent, She forms imaginations, airy shapes, Which reason, joining or disjoining, frames All what we affirm or what deny, and call Our knowledge or opinion ; then retires Into her private cell when nature rests.
Сторінка 249 - The annual labour of every nation is the fund which originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveniences of life which it annually consumes, and which consist always either in the immediate produce of that labour, or in what is purchased with that produce from other nations.
Сторінка 160 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable.
Сторінка 263 - THERE IS ONE SORT of labour which adds to the value of the subject upon which it is bestowed: there is another which has no such effect.
Сторінка 264 - The labour of the menial servant, on the contrary, does not fix or realize itself in any particular subject or vendible commodity. His services generally perish in the very instant of their performance, and seldom leave any trace or value behind them, for which an equal quantity of service could afterwards be procured.
Сторінка 39 - ... which make those men that take their instruction from the authority of books and not from their own meditation to be as much below the condition of ignorant men as men endued with true science are above it.
Сторінка 308 - ... is to be counted into the bread we eat; the labour of those who broke the oxen, who digged and wrought the iron and stones, who felled and framed the timber employed about the plough, mill, oven, or any other utensils, which are a vast number, requisite to this corn, from its...
Сторінка 79 - Political economy, considered as a branch of the science of a statesman or legislator, proposes two distinct objects: first, to provide a plentiful revenue or subsistence for the people, or more properly to enable them to provide such a revenue or subsistence for themselves; and second, to supply the state or commonwealth with a revenue sufficient for the public services. It proposes to enrich both the people and the sovereign.
Сторінка 134 - Fourthly, of the acquired and useful abilities of all the inhabitants or members of the society. The acquisition of such talents, by the maintenance of the acquirer during his education, study, or apprenticeship, always costs a real expense, which is a capital fixed and realized, as it were, in his person.

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