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number of acolytes and chaplains, and forty apof- A. C. 1521. tolical notaries : to legitimate baitards, grant the doctor's degree in all the faculties, as well as all
forts of dispensations nay, to all the honours, wealth, and power he already poffefled, be this year received the addition of the rich abbey of St. Alban's in commendam. No wonder that a prelare of his ambition, thus forwarded by every gale of prosperity, should aspire at the highest dignity of the church. He is even said to have been fo impatient to possess St. Peter's chair, that he was concerned in abridging the days of Leo by poison. Be that as it may, he was certainly so arrogant as to affect contempt for the nobility of the kingdom ; and so vindi&tive, that the most powerful peer in England could not disoblige him with impunity.
His revengeful dispofition appeared too plainly in the fate of the duke of Buckingham, a weak nobleman of strong passions and the most childith vanity; who was to unguarded as to say, in a private company, that should the king die without iffue, he would lay claim to the crown as the defcendant of Anne of Gloucester, grand-daughter of Edward III. and that, should he ever afcend the throne, he would punish Wolsey according to his demérit. This expression was reported to the cardinal, who forthwith devoted him to destruction. He bribed fome of his domestics to begray the private life and conversation of their master. From their information, the cardinal learned that he corresponded with one Hopkins, a monk in the priory of Hinton, who pretended to the gift of prophecy; and: Aattered the duke with afsurances of his succeeding to the throne of England. Wolsey, having thus collected sufficient matter for an impeachment, deprived him of his two principal supports, the earl of Northumberland, his father-in-law, who
A. C. 1521. was committed to the Tower, on the frivolous pre
tence of his claiming some wards to which he had
death of a traitor. The duke of Norfolk could not Bucking
help shedding tears when he pronounced his sen
tences to which the duke replied, “ My lord of high trea
:“ Norfolk, you speak to me as to a traitor ; but, beheaded. « traitor was I never. My lords, I malign you
“ not for what you have done; but, may the eter-
A. C. 1521
" him than I defire ; and so I intreat you, my
Henry now wanted nothing but a pretext for A. C. 1522. declaring his junction with the emperor.
He alledged, in his own justification, that Francis had been the aggressor in the affair of Robert de la Marck; but, he was really incensed against the French king, for allowing the duke of Albany to return to Scotland from France, where he had been detained for some years at the request of the English monarch, that he might intermeddle the more successfully in the Scottish affairs during the absence of the regent. Besides, he imagined the duke intended to marry his filter, the queen dowager of Scotland, because she had sued for a divorce from her husband the earl of Angus; and the duke of Albany had supported her suit at the court of Rome. Notwithstanding the pains which the regent took to clear himself of this suspicion, by assuring Henry he had no such intention, and that his own wife was alive, the king of England wrote a letter to the Scottish parliament, accusing the duke of a design upon the crown, to the prejudice of the lawful fovereign ; and desiring them to expel him from the realm. To this charge they answered, That he had been misinformed touching the designs of the duke of Albany, which were upright and honourable ; that he himself had acted against the interests of his own nephew in fomenting disturbances in his kingdom ; and, that if he was not inclined to re