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would not be denied, composed his countenance; A. C, 1506. saying, Sir, you give law to me, and I will dic. « tate to you in my turn; Suffolk shall be deli15 vered up; but you will give me your honour " that his life shall be safe.” Henry agreeing to Bacon. this.proposal, he wrote a letter to the earl of Suffolk, assuring him that he had obtained his pardon; and the king confirming this affertion by another message, that nobleman returned to his own country, and was immediately committed close prisoner to the Tower. But the king had resolved that his royal guests should not quit his dominions until the earl's arrival ; and, in order to disguise the restraint, he entertained them with feasting and pastimes : through which, however, Philip easily perceived his intention, and therefore expressed no desire of departing, until the earl was actually secured. Then he was allowed to prosecute his voyage, after having been detained three months in England, during which he was installed in the order of the garter, and conferred that of the golden Aleece on Henry prince of Wales. On his arrival at Castile, he and his confort were lives at
Philip arso much caressed by the Spaniards, that Ferdinand tile, where did not think proper to insist upon the adminiftra- he dies. tion, but retired to his own kingdom of Arragon. Philip dying in a few months after he took possession, his queen was so overwhelmed with grief, that the lost her reason; and the government of Caftile reverted to her father Ferdinand, who is faid to have used no endeavour for her cure, left he should be sent back to Arragon. Mean while her infant son, Charles, was left to the guardianship of Lewis king of France, who discharged the office with uncommon fidelity, in appointing the lord of Chevres for his governor. But the disinterested conduct of the French king was not of long duration ; for he not only renounced his engagement:
4. C. 1506. with respect co his eldest daughter Claude, who was
betraathed to Charles, but likewise spirited up the
Flanders, • left a league should be formed against
rity of his grandchild Charles. The emperor proRymer.
mised to comply with their request. In the mean
which was ratified at Calais.
match between the archduke Charles, and Mary, marriage
the king's second daughter. This contract, figned Philip's on the twenty-second of December, imported, Son Charles
, That the marriage should be consummated as soon the daughter as Charles should have attained to his fourteenth of Henry.
year; and that Mary's portion should amount to
vexation occasioned by fuch a charge; and Sir A.C.ogo : Lawrence Ailmer, with his two theriffs, being condemned to pay a fine of one thousand pounds, he refufed to comply with the sentence, choofing rather to go to prison, where he remained until his place was fupplied by Empfon himself.
The king, in the midst of these acts of extortion, was feized with the gout, which gradually affected his lungs ; so that he underwent severe fits of the althma, notwithstanding which he continued to transact his affairs with his usual diligence, until his health was fo much impaired, that he began to think of his diffolution ; not that he neglected his worldly affairs, though he now began to convert his attention to the concerns of his soul. He still employed his endeavours for the accomplishment of his daughter's marriage with the archduke; and in the month of December it was folemnized at Lon:
A. C. 1503 don, the lord of Berghes acting as proxy for Charles. At the same time this nobleman deposited in the hands of Henry a jewel, called The Rich Flower de Lys, by way of pledge for the sum of fifty thoufand crowns lent to the archduke ; and the emi. peror, as his tutor and grandfather, authorized the marriage, and the mortgage for the money, which he appropriated to his own use. As to the match AC, P:1, between 'king Henry and Margaret of Austria, though the contract had been settled to the facisfaction of all parties, the king's diforder prevented Polyd. Vit.. it from taking effect. Finding his end approach- gil. ing, he resolved to do something that might entitle him to the mercy of heaven : he seemed at length touched with the clamours of the people against Empfon and Dudley; he distributed a large sum in charity; he discharged all prisoners that were confined for debts under forty shillinys; and among other religious foundations finished the hospital of the Savoy, and a fine chapel in Westminster abbey.
A.C.1509. Then he made a will, in which he layed injunco
his subjects ; and died at Richmond in the fifty-
+ Henry VII. had three sons and Margaret was queen of Scotland ; and
arbitrary measures. At the same time it must be A, C, 1509, owned he was a wise legislator, chaste, temperate, affiduous in the exercise of religious duties ; decent in his deportment, and exact in the administration of justice, when his own private interest was not concerned; though he frequently used religion and justice as cloaks for perfidy and oppression. His soul was continually actuated by two ruling pasfions, equally base and unkingly; namely, the fear of losing his crown, and the desire of amassing riches; and these motives influenced his whole conduet. Nevertheless, his apprehension and avarice redounded on the whole to the advantage of the nation. The first induced him to depress the nobility, and abolish the feudal tenures, which rendered them equally formidable to the prince and the people ; and his avarice prompted him to encourage industry and trade, because it improved his customs, and enriched his subjects, whom he could afterwards pillage at discretion.