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A. C. 1504

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of Isabel


In order to make some sort of atonement for these extortions, and do something that might recommend him to the house of Lancaster, he ordered the body of king Henry VI. to be removed from Windsor to Westminster, where it was inter, red with great pomp; and applied to the pope for a bull to canonize that monarch : but the miracles, attributed to that prince after his death, were so ill asserted, that his holiness would not admit him to a place among the saints, without such a consideration as Henry did not think proper to afford ; and therefore the design was laid aside. Isabel, queen

of Castile, dying in November, her husband FerFerdinand dinand immediately notified her decease to Henry, on the death giving him to understand, that she had appointed

him (Ferdinand) administrator of the kingdom of queen of

Caftile, for their daughter Joan, married to Philip archduke of Austria. This prince, being engaged in a war with the duke of Guelderland, could not immediately repair to Spain to take possession of this inheritance, and therefore connived, for the present, at the administration of his father-in-law

j resolving, however, to deprive him of it with the first opportunity. On the other hand, Ferdinand, by virtue of Isabel's last will, pretended to enjoy the administration till his dying day. This was a very interesting difference to Henry, who resembled Ferdinand not only in his disposition, but even in the nature of his situation. He knew the majority of his subjects looked upon his late confort Elizabeth as the righiful queen of England; and that her right had now, of consequence, devolved to the prince of Wales, her son and lawful succefsor. He, therefore, considered the termination of the difference between Ferdinand and Philip, as a precedent for or against his own title. He was afraid that Philip would engage in a league with Lewis XII. and the emperor, in order to expel hiş


father-in-law from Caftile, in which case he should A. C. 1504. be obliged to support his ally against three powerful adversaries. He foresaw that such contention would involve him in new dangers, and drain his coffers, which he had been at such pains to fill, and in the contemplation of which he placed his chief happiness. This was the goal to which all his en- A, C. 1505. deavours tended. He formed the design of espousing the widow of Ferdinand king of Naples, that he might enjoy the great dower which had been afsigned to her in that kingdom: and perhaps he thought, that in consequence of this match, he might be chosen arbiter of the differences subsisting between the kings of France and Arragon, touching the territories of Naples. That kingdom had been conquered and divided between them, though this partition was attended by a quarrel, which produ.ced two battles, and these proved fatal to the French interest in Italy.

Henry was so eager to know the disposition of the Castilians towards Ferdinand, and the parti- design upon culars relating to the personal qualities and circum- the widow stances of the queen of Naples, that he sent three

king of persons in whom he could confide ; namely Francis Naples. Marsen, James Braybrook, and John Stile, to obtain intelligence on the spot. They set out on pretence of travelling for pleasure, but they were furnished with letters of compliment from Catherine princess of Wales to her aunt and neice the two dowagers of Naples; and they were instructed to send home an exact description of the complexion, features, ftature, age, health, customs, deportment, and disposition of the younger queen; together with a circumftantial account of the dower The enjoyed. Howsoever he might have relished the

Hollingshed. qualifications of her person, he dropped his matrimonial scheme, when he understood that although the settlement of that princess was very considerable,

of Ferdinand

Y 4


A. C. 1505. as established by the marriage contract, yet she had

been reduced to an uncertain pension since Ferdi: nand had subdued the kingdom, The intelligence which Henry's agents sent from Caftile, was not much more agreeable. Ferdinand still continued in the post of administrator, which he hoped to maintain for life, partly by his influence with Phi. lip's counsellors, some of whom he had gained over to his intereft; and partly by threatning that, in case the archduke should prove refractory, he would take another wife, and beget an heir to the kingdom of Arragon: but, at the same time, the nobles and people of Spain were better affected to Philip in right of his wife than to Ferdinand, who had loaded them with burthensome impositions. Henry's secret envoys gave him to understand, that there was actually a project of marriage. between Ferdinand and madam de Foix, which would

certainly take place, should Pbilip attempt to Bacon

thwart his father-in-law. They likewise discovered that the marriage of prince Charles of Austria with Claudia of France would never be folemnized, as Lewis XII. had resolved to bestow that princess upon the duke of Angoulesme, his presumptive fucceffor , and that, if Philip and his queen should refide in the Low Countries, Ferdinand would endeavour to effect a match between the young prince of Austria, and Mary, second daughter of Henry king of England.

Mean while Philip and Joan were proclaimed king and queen of Castile at Brussels; though they were prevented from going to take poffeffion of that kingdom by the war of Guelderland and the pregnancy of the queen, who was in a little time delivered of a princess called Mary, afterwards queen of Hungary. The war being happily terminated, and Joan in a condition to travel, Philip equipped a numerous feet, and with his queen


embarked on the tenth of January. In the chan. A.C.1506. nel they were overtaken by a violent storm that Philip king dispersed their ships ; and the vessel that carried driven into Philip and his confort was driven into the harbour Weymouth

by distress of of Weymouth in Dorsetshire. The country peo- weather, ple, alarmed at the appearance of such a numerous navy, took to their arms. Sir Thomas Trenchard, advancing at the head of some troops, no sooner learned that the king and queen of Castile were landed, than he went to offer his respects to them in perfon, and begged they would do him the ho. nour to lodge at his house, until the king should be informed of their arrival. Philip, perceiving that there was no possibility of their re-imbarking immediately, accepted this invitation with a good grace. Henry, being apprised of their landing, fent the earl of Arundel to compliment them in his name ; to assure them that he would, with all poffible disparch, have the pleasure of embracing them; and in the mean time that they might command in his dominions. Philip, in order to shorten the visit, set out immediately for the court at Windsor, where he and his confort were received with all the marks of the most cordial friendship : cho' Henry was resolved to derive some advantage from the accident that brough them into his dominions. He proposed that as Philip had changed his condition, in becoming king of Castile, the treaty of commerce between England and the Low Countries should be renewed. That prince comprehending and renews perfectly well the delicate nature of his present commerce situation, did not think proper to make any objec- with Henry. tions to this proposal ; and the treaty was renewed with some alteration in favour of the English: among other things they suppressed that article of the former treaty by which Philip's subjects were permitted to fish on the coast of England. These alterations were fo disagreeable to the Flemings, that they



fes him to

deliver up


A. C. 1506. termed this convention Intercursus Malus, or, The AQ. Pub. Bad Treaty.

This affair being finished, Henry propofed a marriage between himself and Philip's fister Margaret, widow of the duke of Savoy, and the king of Castile, being well pleased with the prospect of such an alliance, the marriage contract was immediately settled ; Philip engaging to pay three hundred thousand crowns, in lieu of a dower to his

sister, together with an annuity of three thousand Henry pref- eight hundred and fifty. Henry, not yet satisfied

with these concessions, feemed altogether deterthe earl of mined to detain his guest until he should deliver

up the earl of Suffolk, from whose machinations he still dreaded some trouble and difquiet. He therefore took an opportunity when he was alone with Philip, to say with some emotion, “ Sir, “ you have been saved upon my coast; I hope

you will not suffer me to be wrecked upon “ yours.” When the king of Caftile desired to know the meaning of that address, “I mean (re

plied Henry) that same hair-brained, wild fel“ low, my subject, the earl of Suffolk, who is « protected in your country, and begins to play “ the fool, when others are tired of the game." To this explanation Philip answered, “ I thought “ your felicity had raised you above all such ap .

prehensions; but, since you are uneasy at his « residing in Flanders, I will banish him from my “ dominions." The English monarch expressing a desire of having him in his power, Philip told him in some confusion, That he could not deliver him up with any regard to his own honour . and that such a step would be still less for the reputa. tion of Henry, as the world would imagine he had treated his guest as a prisoner. “ I will take that

disgrace upon myself (said the king) and so your « honour will be saved.” ed." The other seeing he


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