« НазадПродовжити »
an express Concordat, to which his holiness agreed. A. C. 1418.
Pope Martin having summoned a new council at Conftitu-
A.C. 5427. bration of festivals ; regulating the probates of
wilts by administration; instituting a kind of inquisition against Lollardism ; providing against false, weights ; reviving the constitution of John Peckham, archbishop of Canterbury, who decreed that those cases and articles, in which the sentence of the greater excommunication was incurred, should be publicly declared in every parish church for the information of the people; and augmenting the
ftipends of vicars, who were allowed to sue for A. C. 1439. fuch augmentation in forma pauperum. Luxury of
Towards the latter end of the reign of the fifth tine monks. Henry, the Benedictine monks were become so
luxurious and dissolute, that the king insisted upon a reformation ; and a provincial Capitulary for that purpose was held in the Chapter-house at Weftminster; where it was ordained, That the abbots
should employ their attention in the care of fouls : - That the extravagance of their equipage should be
retrenched, so as that none should be attended by above twenty horse, under a severe temporal penalty : That they should never make a gift of the effects of the convent above the value of forty thillings : That they should be uniform in the colour and fashion of their habits: That their necessities should be supplied in kind and not in money : That they should noc have distinct private cells for the entertainment of female guests : and, That they fhould be restricted from going into cities and towns to assist at compotations and merry-makings. By writs dated July 10, 1422, 'the king ordered the two archbishops to assemble their clergy in convocation, that they might grant a subsidy for the support of the French war; but the lower clergy alledged they were not properly impowered by their constituents to grant money : so that the assembly was diffolved without having come to any resolution in the king's favour. During this fellion, Robert
whom he is
Hake and Thomas Drayton, two priests, were ac- 4. C. 1439.
Archbishop Chicheley was certainly a great ene- Chichele
A. C. 1439. said the archbishop suffered his flock to brouze on
poisonous herbs ; and that when wolves came to devour them, he stood like a dumb dog without so much as barking. Then he inveighed against the statute of premunire, as an act that repealed the laws of God and the church, and destroyed the antient usages of the kingdom. He complained that Jews, Turks, and Infidels of all sorts, were allowed to land in England ; whereas any person commissioned by the holy fee, was treated as a common enemy: and he concluded with an order to the archbishop to repair to the council, and use all his interest there and in the parliament for the repeal of this statute ; otherwise he should incur the penalty of excommunication.' Chicheley fent an apology for his conduct to Rome; notwithstanding which he was again severely reprimanded, and his legatine power suspended. From this sentence he
ap pealed to a future council; or, if that should not fit, to the tribunal of God. Marcin wrote monitory letters to all the clergy in England, expatiating upon the illegality of the acts of provisors and premunire. He sent a letter to the two archbishops, annulling all those statutes, and forbidding the metropolitans to act upon the authority of such laws, on pain of excommunication, and at the same time wrote a monitory letter to the people of England, which he charged the archbishop to publish and alfix in all public places. The archbishop of York, and the bishops of London, Durbam, and Lincoln, wrote to his holiness in favour of Chicheley. Their example was followed by the university of Oxford, which gave teftimony greatly to the honour of the archbishop's character, and termed him the golden candlestick of the church of England. These recommendations were accompanied with a submisfive letter of the prelate's own writing : but, in spite of all this interpofition, Martin remained emplaca
ble, and summoned Chicheley to Rome, as an A. C. 1439: enemy to the pope in England. His holiness was the more exasperated, as the nuncio, who delivered his letters and bulls, had been imprisoned by the government. This outrage produced letters from the pope to the king, the duke of Bedford, and the parliament, complaining of such barbarous treatment, and exhorting them to concur in repealing the statutes. When the parliament met, the archbishop of Canterbury, attended by him of York, and the bishops of London, St. David's, Ely, Norwich, together with the abbots of Westminster and Reading, repaired to the house of commons; and, in an elaborate speech, advised them to repeal the statutes which had given such offence : but the members supposing this harangue was the effect of compulfion, payed no regard to the remonstrance; but presented an address to the king, desiring his majesty would write to the pope for the purgation of the archbishop. When the crusade against the Bohemians was preached up, and the cardinal of Winchester declared general of that enterprize, che pope ordered that prelate to collect a tenth from the English clergy for the expence of the expedition : but all the convocation would grant was eight-pence in the mark, on condition it should be found confistent with the king's prerogative and the laws of the kingdom. The nuncio, thinking this supply insufficient, ventured to collect money without being properly authorized ; and was imprisoned for his presumption.
A council being summoned to meet at Basil, the Convocating archbishop of Canterbury held a convocation at cilat Bali. London, when delegates were chosen to represent the English church in that assembly, and two pence in the pound voted for their expence.
Thomas bishop of Worcester; William prior of Norwich; Thomas Brown dean of Salisbury; Peter Patrick,