Зображення сторінки

Charles duke of

A. C. 1476. arrived just as they were going to embark, and gave

such directions to the people who attended him, that
while he amused the ambassadors, the earl of Rich-
mond, and his uncle Pembroke, found means to
escape, and take sanctuary in a church, from
whence Landais would not suffer them to be taken.
The ambassadors loudly complained of this artifice ;
and he made some frivolous apologies, which they
would by no means admit : then he frankly told
them, that the duke his master having reflected on
the subject, thought he could not deliver up his
guests without trespassing against the laws of ho-
nour and hospitality ; but, he affured them the two
earls should be guarded in such a manner as would
effectually prevent them from interrupting the peace
of England.

Immediately after the duke of Burgundy had

signed the truce with Lewis, he marched against the Burgundy

duke of Lorrain, and fubdued his whole country, and Nain at without having met with any considerable resistance : Lorrain. then he proposed a scheme for humbling the Swiss,

who had declared against him while he was em-
ployed in the fiege of Nuys; and the pretext he
used for denouncing war against them, was, the
injury they had done to Jaques de Savoy, count
de Romont, whom they had expelled from his ter-
ritories The Swiss, terrified at the impending
ftorm, solicited peace with great submission : but
he remained inexorable ; and marching from Lor-
rain through Burgundy, entered the country of
Vaux, in which he took three or four places with-
out difficulty. Then he invested Granfon, which
was garrisoned by eight hundred Swiss, who made
a very gallant defence. At length they were obliged
to submit, and the duke ordered them to be put to
the sword, in contempt of the capitulation. Hear-
ing that another body was on the march to their
relief, he advanced against them with his whole


is routed

[ocr errors][merged small]

army, and detached an hundred archers on horfe. A. C. 1476back, to take possession of a defile in the mountains, through which the Swiss were obliged to pafs, in their route to the open country. These archers, being encountered by the enemy, retreated with precipitation towards the army, which, on the supposition of their being pursued by the Swiss, was seized with such a pannic that it fied in the utmost confusion, in spite of all - the efforts of the duke ; who though he lost but seven men at arms on this occasion, was obliged to leave all his baggage in the hands of the enemy. Yet far from being discouraged by this accident, he re-assembled his troops; and in fifteen days invested Morat, a small town in the neighbourhood of Berne. Mean while the Swiss, having received reinforcements from several princes, began their march to the number of thirty thoufand men; and, giving the duke battle, he was entirely defeated with great Naughter. He was so shocked at this overthrow, that he fell fick of grief and mortification, and kept himself concealed in a village called La Riviere, for fix weeks, during which, he refused all consolation : and now divers princes, who had been formerly his friends, renounced his alliance, and joined his enemies. The duke of Lorrain seized this opportunity of investing Nanci, and gained the place by composition, before the duke of Burgundy cook any step towards its relief ; but after it had surrendered, that prince approached with his army, and, the enemy retiring, he undertook the siege, which was the cause of his ruin.

The duke of Lorrain, having received reinforcements from different quarters, and assembled a strong army, by means of a considerable sum of money, with which he was furnished by the French king, advanced towards Nanci, and encamped at St. Nicholas, in order to see the effect of a corref pondence which he maintained with a Neapolitan


K 3


is married

A. C. 1477. officer, called Campo Baffo, who enjoyed the confi

dence of the duke of Burgundy. The town was already reduced to extremity, when that prince drew up his army in order of battle ; and then Campo Basso deserted to the enemy with two hundred men at arms, leaving fourteen accomplices, whom he had instructed to infect the Burgundians with a pannic; and to Nay the duke during the engagement, should they find an opportunity. The battle was fought on the fifth day of January, when the duke of Burgundy was routed and Nain, in the fortyfixth year of his age, after having reigned nine years and a half, in continual agitation, endeavouring to execute plans which were projected by the

most extravagant and presumptuous ambition. His daugh The death of this imperious prince produced ter Mary

great changes not only in the affairs of the Low to the arch: Countries, but even in those of all the neighbour

ing princes. He left but one daughter, called Mary, heiress of his entensive dominions, whom he intended to match with Maximilian of Austria, fon of Frederic emperor of Germany. The princess, who was nineteen years of age, fucceeded to her father at a time when her family was deserted by all its antient friends; so that she was exposed in a peculiar manner to the avarice of Lewis XI. who forthwith seized Burgundy, and the towns situated upon the Somme; and formed a scheme for de. priving her of all the rest of her dominions. In this distress ihe implored the affiftance of England, whose interest it was to : oppose the projects of the French king; but that prince had corrupted the whole council of Edward, who could afford nothing in behalf of Mary but unavailing compliments; and what completed the misfortune of this orphan princess, was the rebellion of the inhabitants of Ghent, who seized and confined her person, beheaded two of her counsellors, and forced upon her

duke Maximilian.

a new


a new council composed of their creatures. Seve- A. C: 1477. ral princes, allured by this noble inheritance, refolved to demand Mary in marriage. The dauphin of France hankered! after this match; but Lewis had already entered into engagements with Edward, whom he did not choose to disoblige at such a juncture. The duke of Guelderland and divers German princes aspired at this alliance; and in the month of May the emperor sent ambassadors to Ghent, to renew the negociation for a match between the princess and his son Maximilian. The dutchefs dowager desired her brother the king of England, to send envoys to Flanders, to assist her in negotiating this affair, and so far he complied with her request; but he could not be persuaded to assist Mary against the French king, who still continued extending his conquest at her expence; on the contrary, Edward prolonged the truce of Amiens, from the term of seven years till one year after the death of either party, acting diametrically opposite • to the interest of England, in conniving at the ruin of the house of Burgundy, to aggrandize the power of Lewis. But by this time Edward was grown Rymer. corpulent, and unfit for carrying on a war in perfon : he was diffuaded from engaging in behalf of Mary by his counsellors, who were pensioners of France ; and he was extremely unwilling to take any Itep which might obstruct the marriage between the dauphin and his daughter Elizabeth ; besides, Lewis was very punctual in the payment of the fifty thousand crowns;,a gratuity which he was very loth to forego. Mary of Burgundy, being thus abandoned by all those from whom she had reason to expect effectual assistance, consented to wed Maximilian, though she knew he was in no condition to defend her territories. The marriage was celebrated in July ; and Lewis, in token of his regard for the emperor, not only granted a truce of one year to the

K 4



Edward be.

A. C. 1477. new duke of Burgundy, but also restored some places

which he had reduced in Hainault.

Edward, now being at peace with all his neighcomes indo bours, and his kingdom enjoying the most profound avaritious. tranquillity, applied himself to the administration of

justice, and made a circuit through his dominions to clear the roads of robbers, by which they had been grievously infested since he disbanded his army, He exerted himself on this occasion with equal vi. gilance and impartiality, punishing the offenders without respect of persons, and even sacrificing his own servants to the good of the public, when they were convicted of delinquency. This expedition was necessary to hush the clamours of the people, who had begun to complain loudly of the expence to which they were exposed by the last fruitless armament : and Edward was so alarmed at their murmurs, that he would not venture to ask further supplies from his parliament. He therefore had recourse to other methods for filling his exhausted exchequer : he engaged in commerce, which he carried on to a great extent, as a private adventurer; he fold the profits of vacant prelacies; exacted fines for the reftitution of temporalities : he fearched into offices of record to find out defective titles to lands, and compelled the proprietors by irregular prosecutions to pay large sums for their confirmation. He likewise laid frequent impositions on the clergy, and became totally infected with the vice of avarice ; though yet still part of his time was expended in

the most effeminate amusements, A. C. 1478, The administration was wholly engrossed by the animosity queen and her relations, who rendered themselves duke of Cla- odious to the nation not only by their insatiable

thirft of power, but also by their infolent demeanour, hinderen's and the pride they seemed to take in fighting and Habington. thwarting the schemes of the king's brothers. Richard duke of Gloucefter, who was naturally


rence and


« НазадПродовжити »