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Peronne, except in small unarmed companies, and

ward threatened to renounce his alliance ; then he A. C. 14558 confented, that the place hould be delivered into, the hands of the pope's legate, in order to be dil posed of according to the arbitration of his holiness : but, when he raised the siege, his army was in such à condition, that he was obliged to put the troops in quarters of refreihment, while he himself seçjout with a small body to excuse himself in person to Edward. The king of England could hardly digest this conduct of his ally, and began to perceive, that he had engaged in war for the interest of ano; ther power, instead of its being undertaken for the fupport of his own pretensions. He was still more confirmed in this opinion, when he saw the duke of Burgundy would not suffer his troops to enter that the constable of St. Pol refused to deliver up St. Quintin, which he had promised to put into the hands of Edward, as a pledge for his observance of the treaty. Edward finding himself thus abandoned by the duke of Burgundy and the constable, while the duke of Bretagne took no step towards the performance of articles, and the malcontents of France did not seem inclined to raise the leaft com. motion ; was equally mortified and perplexed in his resolution ;; and heartily repented of having em. barked in the expedition. 4. While he remained thus embarraffed in his thoughts, a French gentleman, who had been taken separate prisoner, was released by his order ; and the lords peace with Howard and Stanley deliring him to present their respects to the king of France, he complied with their desire. Lewis concluded from this compli, ment, that the court of England wanted to enter into a negotiation, but were unwilling to make the first advance; and as he himself had no scruples of that naturez:he resolved to spare Edward the confufion of folliciting a treaty. He forthwith ordered a




A, C. 1475. herald's coat to be made for a man, with whose dif.

cretion and address he was well acquainted ; and having instructed him for the purpose, sent him to the English army, to demand a safe conduct for the ambassadors of France, that they might come and treat of a pacification. He addressed himself to the lords Howard and Stanley; and they introduced him to the king, who received his message in good part, granted the safe-conduct which he demanded, and dismissed him with a considerable present. The lord Stanley, and two other noblemen, were appointed as plenipotentiaries to treat with the French ambassadors, in the neighbourhood of Amiens," between the two armies; and, on the twenty-eighth day of August, the peace was concluded, on condition, That Lewis should


feven. ty-five thousand crowns, to indemnify Edward for the expence of the armament, on the receipt of which, the king of England should immediately retire with his forces : That Lewis should likewise grant him an annuity of fifty thousand crowns : That the dauphin of France should marry the princess Elizabeth, daughter of Edward, and settle fixty thousand livres a year upon her as a jointure : and, That neither party should encourage civil wars in the other's kingdom; but that both should

affift each other in suppressing the rebellion of their Comines. subjects. On this occasion it was also agreed, That Rymes.

Margaret of Anjou should be set at liberty for the ransom of fifty thousand crowns, which Lewis payed, on her father's engaging to convey to him and his heirs the succession of Provence and Anjou, which he inherited as the descendant of Beatrix, daughter of Raymund Berenger II. count of Pro


The duke of Burgundy no sooner understood that a treaty was on the carpet, between Lewis and Edward, than he repaired to the English army, in or


der to prevent its taking effect ; but, before he ar. A. C. 1475. rived, the peace was ratified, and Edward gave Interview him to understand, that he might, if he would, be between the comprehended in the treaty, together with his other two kings allies, the duke of Bretagne and the constable. bridge of Charles was fo incensed at this accommodation, that

Pequigny. he rejected Edward's offer with disdain, and returned to his own country glowing with resentment against the king of England. The constable exerted all his endeavours in persuading Edward to renounce the treaty. He even offered to deliver St. Quintin into his hands, and accommodate him with the loan of fifty thousand crowns but the English monarch was not so weak as to recommence the war upon the promises of a person whom he had great reason to suspect of insincerity. Before his return to England, he and Lewis agreed to have an interview on the bridge of Pequigny, with a barrier between them. The French king was accompanied by the cardinal of Bourbon, and five other noblemen, and Edward was attended by fome of the English nobility. After they had ratified the treaty upon oath, Lewis invited Edward to Paris, where he said the ladies would endeavour to entertain him agreeably, and should he be tempted to commit any piccadillo, he should have for his confeffor the cardinal of Bourbon, who would not be very rigid in point of penance. The two kings rallied one another with great good humour, until Lewis made a signal for his attendants to withdraw: the English likewise retired on their side, and their masters conferred together a considerable time; their conversation turned upon the duke of Burgundy, Bretagne, and the constable. Lewis desiring to know the sentiments of Edward couching thefe three allies; the king of England told him, that if the duke of Burgundy and the constable should refuse to be comprehended in the treaty, the king



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A.C.1475. of France might act towards them according to his

own pleasure ; but, that should the duke of Brittany be attacked, he would assist him with all his power. The tenderness which Edward expressed for that prince, proceeded from his having in his power the Tole remaining branch of the house of Lancaster, by whose means he could at any time have raised commotions in England; and therefore Edward thought proper to cultivate the duke's friendship. Lewis did not press him upon this subject; and the two

kings parted very well satisfied with each other. Lewis gives

The French king repaired to Amiens, accompensions to the English panied by the lord Howard, who remained as hof

tage for Edward's performance of articles; and this nobleman, while the king washed his hands, gave his majesty to understand, that Edward was not averfe to an excursion to Paris. Lewis made no reply to this infinuation, until it was repeated ; and then he said, that the war in which he was engaged with the duke of Burgundy would not permit him to go to Paris ; and therefore he was forry he could not have the honour of receiving the visit of the king of England. He dreaded nothing so much as Edward's taking a liking to France ; and, above all things, wished he would return to his own kingdom. He was so apprehensive cf his retracting his engagements that he distributed conliderable pensions among the principal members of Edward's council, that they might use their influence in preventing an infraction of the truce. The English army approaching Amiens, he ordered the gates to be thrown open, and all the inn-keepers of the place to treat the soldiers at his expence; nay, he sent three hundred waggon loads of wine to Edward's camp, as a prefent to the army. All this generosity and compliment was the effect of fear, from which he was at length delivered by the departure of the English, who returned to their own


Edward eno deavours to

muntry, extremely well pleased with their enter. A.C. 1476. tainment. The duke of Burgundy, when his choler subsided, accepted a separate truce, which was offered to him by Lewis : and the constable seeing himself deserted by his allies, retired into the duke's dominions, on the faith of a safe conduct : notwithstanding which, he was delivered up to Lewis, Comines. who ordered him to be beheaded as a traitor.

Edward, hoping, that the friendship he had expressed for the duke of Brittany, would render that get the carl prince more propitious to his great aim

of getting mond since the earl of Richmond into his hands, fent ambas: his hands. sadors to his court, on pretence of renewing the truce, which was confirmed without difficulty, and this affair being transacted, they proceeded to unfold the real design of their embassy. They told him, that the king their master was extremely desirous of extinguishing the embers of those fáctions which had raged with such violence in England : that the earl of Richmond being the only surviving prince of the house of Lancaster, his intention was, to match him with one of his own daughters, that the cwo houses might be united by such an alliance: he therefore hoped the duke of Brittany would give up the earl, that he might distinguish him by marks of his bounty, and convince the world of his extreme desire to establish the peace and tranquility of his kingdom. The duke of Brittany, either believing Edward sincere in his professions, or convinced by the present of a large sum of money, ordered the young earl, and his uncle Pembroke, to be put into the hands of the ambassadors, who immediately set out with their prize for St. Malo, in order to embark for England. Before they reached that port, however, the duke changed his mind, either through remorse, or suspicion of Edward's intent: and forthwith dispatched his favourite Peter Landais to St, Malo, to reclaim the refugees. He

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