Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHAPTER XI. Of the Law of the Increase of Capital.

. Means and motives to saving, on what dependent . . . . . . . .
. Causes of diversity in the effective strength of the desire of accu-

mulation e - -

. Examples of deficiency in the strength of this desire . . . . .
. Exemplification of its excess . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER XII. Of the Law of the Increase of Production
jrom Land.

. The limited quantity and limited productiveness of land, the real

limits to production . . -

. The law of production from the soil, a law of diminishing return

in proportion to the increased application of labour and capital.

. Antagonist, principle to the law of diminishing return; the pro-

gress of improvements in production . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER XIII. Consequences of the foregoing Laws.

. Itemedies when the limit to production is the weakness of the

principle of accumulation . . .

. Necessity of restraining population not; confined to a state of
inequality of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. — nor superseded by free trade in food . . . . . . . . .
. – nor in general by emigration . . . . . . . . . . . .

BOOK II.

IXISTRIBUTION.

CHAPTER I. Of Property.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

:

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER III. Of the Classes among whom the Produce
is distributed.

. The produce sometimes shared among three classes . . . .
... sometimes belongs undividedly to one . . . . . . . .
. — sometimes divided between two . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER IV. Of Competition and Custom.

. Competition not the sole regulator of the division of the produce.
. Influence of custom on rents, and on the tenure of land . . .
. Influence of custom on prices . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER W. Of Slavery.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHAPTER IX. Of Cottiers.

Nature and operation of cottier tenure .

-

. In an overpeopled country its necessary consequence is nominal

rents .

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

CHAPTER X. Means of abolishing Cottier Tenancy.

Wages depend on the demand and supply of labour—in other
words, on rol." and capital . . . . . . . . . . . . .
some popular opinions respecting wages . . .
on population . . .

. — which are in some cases legal . . . . . . . . . . .

— in others the effect of particular customs . .

[ocr errors]

. Pernicious direction of public opinion on the subject of population
. Grounds for expecting improvement . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. Twofold means of elevating the habits of the labouring people:

by education . .

. — and by large measures of immediate relief through foreign and

home colonization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. Differences of wages arising from different degrees of attractive-

[ocr errors][merged small]

. Cases in which wagos are fixed by custom . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER XV. Of Profits.

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

§ 3. Differences of profits arising from the nature of the particular em.
ployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General tendency of profits to an equality. . . . - - -

. Profits do not depend on prices, nor on purchase and sale . . .
. The advances of the capitalist consist ultimately in wages of labour
. The rate of profit depends on the Cost of Labour . . . . . .

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER XVI. Of Rent.

§ 1. Rent the effect of a natural monopoly . . . . . . . . . .
2. No land can pay rent except land of such quality or situation, as
exists in less quantity than the demand . . . . . . . . . .
3. The rent of land consists of the excess of its return above the
return to the worst land in cultivation . . . . . . . . .
4. – or to the capital employed in the least advantageous circum-
stances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. Is payment for capital sunk in the soil, rent, or profit? . . . -
6. Rent does not enter into the cost of production of agricultural

BOOK III.

EXCHANGE.

CHAPTER I. Of Value.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

277

278

;

[ocr errors]

. Occasional elements in Cost of Production: taxes, and scarcity

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

:

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER X. Of a Double Standard, and Subsidiary Coins.

« НазадПродовжити »