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or some other Native Agents with him, I should remain in the colony, and conI for my part will go with all my tinue to labour there, I am perfectly heart. O, dear Sirs, hinder me not : satisfied and ready to submit. But, Sirs, I must go; God calls me! O do not I must tell you again, that it has cost prevent me from occupying that wide me many sleepless nights when I think and uncommonly interesting field ! Allow of the surrounding nations that have me to quote a Missionary's words on not been visited, though some are not his leaving America for Africa : “I am thirty miles from us: it is indeed a pain about to leave you, and expect to see to my heart. O may the Lord send your faces no more. I long to preach to whom He will send, so long as the Gosthe poor African the way of life and pel is preached to them, and souls saved ! salvation. I don't know what may befall Why, I do feel more for these poor Heame, or whether I may find a grave in then at Gallinas, because I have some the ocean, or among the savage men, or relations there. Here are myself, pamore savage wild beasts, in the coasts rents, brothers, and sisters, enjoying of Africa ; nor am I anxious what may the blessings of the Gospel of Jesus become of me. I feel it my duty to Christ, while some of our friends and go; and I very much fear that many of nearest relatives are living in darkness those who preach the Gospel in this and superstition; not only so, but they country will blush when the Saviour are not far from us, and yet we cannot calls them to give an account of their
go to them ! labours in His cause, and tells them, Many of my friends and relations I commanded you to go into all the here cannot bear the thought of my world, and preach the Gospel to every going from Sierra-Leone, and of my creature.' The Saviour may ask, writing to the Committee about such
Where have you been ? What have a thing, and tell me that I ought to you been doing ? Have you endea leave it, and say nothing, and make voured, to the utmost of your ability, to myself still, and be happy with my fulfil the commands which I gave you,
friends, But I want them to know or have you sought your own gratifica- that I am not seeking for happiness, nor tion and your own ease, regardless of ease, nor pleasure, while my fellow. my commands ?'” O, Sirs, I am quite creatures are going to eternal woe. I willing to go wherever the Lord will want to see souls saved, and the name send me. I have given up myself to of my God to be abundantly glorified. this great work. But if you see fit that Amen.
MISSIONS IN THE WEST INDIES.
Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Edward Fraser, dated Morant- Bay,
August 12th, 1850. By the good hand of God I am ena Rev. Mr. West, of Kingston, kindly bled at length to announce to you that came over and led the way, and on sucthe chapel in the Blue-Mountain Val- ceeding days was followed by the Rev. ley, St. Thomas-in-the-East, Jamaica, Messrs. Hodgson and Foote, that the has been formally opened for the worship Valley people might be refreshed with of God, and the stated ministry of His the living voices of old and beloved Misoul-saving word. This happy event nisters of the word among them. The for such it was to us—took place on the chapel, which might hold seveni or eight Ist day of August, that we might com hundred persons, was filled to overflowbine the remembrance of civil blessings ing. The members of our Society there, with that of religious ones, and be the with their neighbours, all showed the more impressed with a sense of our most lively interest upon the occasion ; obligations to Providence, thus rich in and, together, contributed £33 sterling, mercy towards us.
which we consider no unhandsome deThe anniversary day of Jamaica free monstration for a labouring people, in dom occupies most of our Missionary such low times as have come upon brethren at their own stations respect. Jamaica. ively. The General Superintendent The Blue-Mountain Valley, expreswould have helped us at the opening, sively so named, is a district of country but for his lamented indisposition. The extending perhaps twenty miles through.
Over this space there stands pre-emiceeded in purchasing a site, and caused nent, amidst an amphitheatre of moun- a large booth to be erected with the view tains, that lofty peak, honoured by geo- of building a proper chapel there. The graphers with a name in the category of walls of the intended chapel were in earth's notable heights. The traveller, time got up by the Rev. William Hodgbeating the plain with his face towards Then, Jamaica, already falling, the west, sees the distinguished eleva- was precipitated by that tariff-blow, tion, looking like a presiding genius, which, however intended, was instantly often covering his head with a cap of understood by the slaver to be the signal clouds, and as often laying it bare, as if for his triumph and our fall. His Hato show himself, again and again, claim- vannah was illuminated on the night after ant of the domain which bears his own the news had come from England that signature of “the Blue-Mountain Val- produce made with death-driven slaves ley."
might claim countenance, the same as This tract of country is well watered. the produce of free labour. It soon beIn riding to our chapel, which stands came a difficulty how to build, or even not so far as midway, my fordings ave- to roof, a chapel, when planters were rage a stream per mile. It is, of conse. ruined, and labourers had no hire. quence, fertile, attractive, and populous. Having been appointed to the station A number of fine sugar.estates are there, in 1848, I found in the Valley a Society some of which are still kept in cultiva- of about three hundred and fifty persons, tion, notwithstanding the unfair compe. with a large and well-attending Sabbath tition of slave-holding Cuba, hard by, congregation. They had a good report and Brazil, farther off. Others, I am from all the Missionaries who had from sorry to say, have ceased to be worked, time to time been over them in the Lord ; among which is a noble property called and, to my eye, they soon appeared to Garbrand-Hall, whose labourers were be a more pleasing specimen of the ismostly our members. But let me speak land population than some others I had of the Valley as to its spiritual affairs. known. But the frail booth was
Deep in the interior stands an Episco- longer fit to shelter them, and nothing pal chapel-of-ease, in which there offi. was more certain than that this congreciates a man of God and faithful Minis- gation must be scattered, and the minister, such as our colonies have often been try among them cease, unless a place indebted for to the Church Missionary could be found for them to meet in. Society. Nearer to ours is a chapel, the Some would have enrolled their names place of the Rev. J. Andrews, of the with our distant Societies ; but the bulk London Missionary Society, our friend would have been left without churchand fellow-helper in all that pertains to fellowship, and the immediate neighthe cause of our Lord Jesus Christ, both bourhood deprived of the means of theirs and ours. But this Valley, as I public worship and instruction. I felt have said, has a large and increasing keenly this peril of souls committed to population, and intercommunication is my care. I made my moan to you, and not always easy. I dwell not far from you kindly caused it to be heard by my work there, yet at short intervals of friends of Missions, who, one and anotime am compelled to ask, for my life's ther, contributed to relieve the case. sake, “ Is yonder river too much swol- These kind contributions had a doulen ? Has any one crossed it lately? ble value_that of their own intrinsic Can you show me the safest fording ?" worth, and as an encouragement to the How difficult, then, for feeble women Valley people to do for themselves what and children seeking contact with a would have been left undone through Minister, or visiting his place of preach- despair of reaching the point of cover. ing! Our own Mission should, pro- ing-in their chapel. The people, when perly speaking, take its date as anterior I announced help from others, began to to both the others. At least thirty help, too, in their own small way. They years ago, the Gospel was preached upon brought me
money, as much as I the Valley estates by your venerable could expect from their circumstances, Missionary, the Rev. James Horne. and they helped me with manual laNumbers of the people there were en- bour. The happy result of all is, the rolled as members of our Society here opening and occupation of their house at Morant-Bay. And these were after- of worship, which I have now the pleawards formed by the Rev. James At- sure of reporting. The chapel is, inkins into a distinct congregation for Sab- deed, not finished; but it is comfortably bath worship in their own neighbour tenantable, and puts far from us the hood. The Rev. James Rowden suc- dread of quenching that light in the
lovely Valley which is seen wherever personally for myself and the people, religious assemblies are statedly held. as I hope to be allowed to do to some There is, too, a school.gallery in the other donors. lower end of the building, which speaks To the Committee I beg, also, to ten a hope of obtaining instruction for the der our thanks. I sometimes take that children of the congregation some day. other form, besides the form of a Mis.
Every man's sphere is his world, and sionary, which belongs to me as one of each man will excuse another if his heart the people; and I must confess, that a be filled with thoughts of his own place, feeling about your late di couragements however small and obscure. For my own from the West Indies makes me hang part, these things, occurring on my sta- down my head, and wish no more to tion, have so engaged my mind, that show my face. Yet, I will venture to when, in my frequent visits to look after say, that no member of your very large the work, I one day caught the sight of Missionary Society, or of its Cummittee, this chapel, with its roof completely could have beheld the opening of Bluecovered-in since my preceding visit, it Mountain Valley chapel on ihe 1st of required the influence of my judgment, this month without making the remark, telling me that bodily gestures are only " It is far from being all discouragement, a small part of devotion, to restrain an while we have specimens of our Mission impulse to leap down and prostrate my- work like this !" I speak as one whose self upon the gravelly bank of the river, mind carries the compass of a matter, that I might give thanks to Almighiy and not merely the impression of a holi. God, who bad brought into existence day. Here is a Society, none the fewer this means of preserving a religious in numbers since I knew them nearly community, as such, and given me to three years ago. They show a will, though see it first from that spot.
they have little power, to give to the And how can I sufficiently thank cause of Christ. For it an estate should those gentlemen in England to whom, go into work, and scatter a little money under God, we are indebted for this be- among them, it would be known by a nefit ? Would that I could convey the better contribution the next Sabbath. pleasure of benevolence successfully ap- Here is a large congregation of adults plied, to J. C. Elliott, Esq., of London ; to and children, over the whole of which is T. A. Shillington, Esq., of Portadown; to spread a face of decency and order and A. Stewart, Esq., of Glasgow; and to those attention. They show constantly a love other donors whose names I am not per for the habitation of God's house. We mitted to know. I very much wish for cannot but see hope for their souls. And a clue to find the giver of that largest how much of all this would have existsum, without which, humanly speaking, ed, if it had not been for such evangeli. we could not have accomplished our ob- cal agencies as your Mission has supject yet,-that, at the risk of being plied ? I pray God to secure to you an thought an intruder on the privacy ample share of the joy promised alike to which he prefers, I might thank him them that sow and to them that reap.
August 26th, 1850. It is matter of great thankfulness to observations relative to our general probe able to state, that the little storm ceedings :through which we have passed in this Ist. It was the wish of His Majesty country is now beginning to subside, that all Haytians should be considered and that the parties concerned in exciting as entirely free and unrestricted on the ill feeling against Protestantism begin subject of religion, and that all should be to see the great impolicy of all attempts at liberty to adopt whatever religious creed at restricting religious liberty.
they might prefer. On this subject the A few days ago I received a note from Secretary laid great stress, and seemed the office of Le Ministre des Cultes, re- to wish that it should be fully underquesting me to call there at a certain stood that His Majesty was favourable hour, which I did, and was kindly to the most entire toleration on the subreceived by his Lordship, the Secretary ject of religion. of State, who stated to me that he had 2d. His Majesty had been informned been requested by His Majesty to see that we had lately given money, to inme, and to make to me the following duce individuals to adopt our religions views. His Majesty wished it to be matters; and if the same scenes that understood that such proceedings could have lately disgraced the Church of not by any means be allowed.
Rome in Madeira have not been repeated 3d. His Majesty had heard that we in Hayti, we know that it is not because had gone into the country places, and Romish power and influence have been occasioned disorder, by our efforts to more liberal here than there, but rather win over the people to our views by because the Haytians were too far admeans of money; and His Majesty vanced in their views of religious liberty therefore wished us to confine our labours to be guilty of such outrages on the to the towns.
rights of conscience. Such were the remarks made to me It is indeed to be regretted that the officially by the Minister of State, in the country places are shut up from us; but, name of the Emperor,
if we have access to all the towns, we With regard to the first of these re- shall still have a wide field open ; for marks, I, of course, did not fail to express there are several where the Gospel the thanks which I felt to be due. has not yet been introduced ; and even
With regard to the second, I observed where we are established there is still to his Lordship, that it refuted itself; much, very much, to be done. The for, if we thus gave money, we should towns, thoroughly saturated with the certainly have the people after us by spirit of the Gospel, would inevitably hundreds, if not by thousands, who most open the way ultimately to the interior; assuredly would not fail to surround us indeed, already we have some country for the sake of gain. On the contrary, places that we have long been in the as I explained to his Lordship, those habit of visiting. Nor do we infer from who joined our churches were expected anything that has been said, that what to support, by voluntary contributions, is done is to be undone, or even disthe cause which they had adopted ; so continued. Even the restriction that that, instead of receiving, they gave. has already been intimated cannot be of
On the latter remark I explained to long duration ; for His Majesty will and the Secretary that no proved disorderly must ultimately see that he has been person could remain a recognised mem- deceived, and that we have been calumber of our communion; and that it was niated, by the enemies of pure Chrisnot as a simple matter of policy, that tianity.
we to forget that our people respected the authorities, but Hayti is in the hands of Providence, as a matter of conscience, and as a reli- and that it is easy for Him to turn the gious duty.
hearts of men, and to make use even of It may, perhaps, be remembered, that their political errors for His glory. in some of my former communications I am thankful to say that our congreit was stated that the ebullition of intole. gations are now beginning to assume rant feeling which has lately taken place their usual appearance as to numbers ; in this country was much more Romish and the cause of God is going on encouthan Haytian. In proof of this, we ragingly. have now the Emperor's own declaration Our school by no means diminishes in on the subject of religious liberty. interest. Our subscriptions are not quite There is not the slightest doubt that the what they were ; but it must be rememSecretary's communication in the above. bered that, for some considerable time related conversation on the subject of past, the whole country has been suffering religious freedom is the sincere expres- in its commercial and financial affairs. sion of His Majesty's feeling on that Our people at Jérémie, as may be subject, and of the feeling of the whole supposed, are all joy and gratitude at nation. Long experience has taught us being able to finish their chapel. that the Haytians themselves are a tole- Mr. Hartwell, I am thankful to say, rant and liberal people. They, how. is recovering, though slowly, from the ever, have had the misfortune to fall severe attack of sickness which he has under the yoke of Ronie in religious lately experienced.
MISSIONARY VALEDICTORY SERVICES. 1. SEPTEMBER 24th, 1850. A solemn service took place in the Wesleyan Seaman's chapel, Commercial-road, East ;-connected with the recognition and departure of four young brethren, recently admitted as probationers into our foreign work, namely, Messrs. Joseph Gaskin, Robert Gilbert, George V. Richards, and William Gould Wells. The Rev. James Edney, who had already laboured for many years in Jamaica and at Belize in Honduras-Bay,—the Rev. John Thomas, who has for several years rendered good service on the coast and in the interior of Africa,—and the Rev. Calvert Spenseley, a Minister of well-tried ability and fidelity at home,—were also present. This service was conducted by the Rev. Dr. Beecham, President of the Conference, assisted by the Rev. Dr. Alder, and the Rev. Elijah Hoole. The several Missionaries, in the course of the evening, addressed the congregation in a very appropriate, interesting, and edifying manner; and received suitable encouragement and instruction from the President. The proceedings were witnessed with devout attention by a large and gratified audience, and with many fervent prayers to Almighty God for His protection and blessing.
2. October 6th, 1850. A similar service was held in the new chapel, St. John's Square, Clerkenwell. It was conducted by the Rev. Dr. Alder, the Rev. Joseph Hargreaves, and others. The Missionaries present were Messrs. Hirst, Gardiner, and Fletcher, about to depart for stations in various parts of the coast of Western Africa. Dr. Alder suitably introduced the young brethren ; Mr. Hargreaves addressed to them appropriate counsels and exhortations; and, with Mr. Bourne and Wells, and a most attentive and devout congregation, commended them and their work in solemn and united prayer to the God of providence and grace.
We earnestly trust that these servants of Christ, and the other Missionaries who are likely to follow them in a very short time to various scenes of arduous labour, will be specially remembered by our Ministers and people in the Missionary monthly prayer-meetings of the ensuing month of November.
DEPARTURE OF MISSIONARIES.
On Saturday, October 5th, Mr. and Mrs. Spenseley, and Mr. Gaskin, embarked at Gravesend, in the “ Amazon,” Captain Laws, for Natal.
On Tuesday, October 8th, Mr. Henry Hirst embarked at Gravesend, in the “ Africanus," Captain Flight, for St. Mary's, River Gambia.
DEATH OF THE REV. THOMAS L. HODGSON, OF CAPE-TOWN.
We stopped the press last month, in order briefly to announce this much-lamented event. Letters have now arrived containing many interesting particulars of the previous sufferings and signal dying triumphs of one of the Society's oldest and most valuable Missionaries.
Mr. Ridsdale, under date of Cape-Town, July 1st, 1850, writes
“From my last three brief communications, written at Mr. Hodgson's desire, you have for some time past been made acquainted with the serious illness of our beloved Chairman. Since they were forwarded, all our fears have been realised ; for it is now my sad yet joyful duty to announce, that he has departed for ever from this world. The conflict is past, and he has been received into the joy of his Lord. This took place on Friday evening, the 21st ultimo. But there was