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VARIETIES.

THE BRITISH MUSEUM.-The fa- serve you on your tour, which we hope mous collection of Hebrew works known may prove both pleasant and interesting. by the title of “ The Michael Collec- “ Port Sarnia, August 20th, 1850." tion,” recently purchased by the British Museum, amounts to about five thousand OphiR.-Where Solomon's Ophir volumes. They are now in progress of was situated has long been a disputed being classified on a system which de- problem among geographers and antiserves to be adopted even by the private quaries. Carl Riiter has decided that it collectors of libraries. The several de was Hindostan: it may have been in the partments of Theology, Philosophy, axis of that peninsula, where a small Poetry, History, &c., are each repre- quantity of gold is still found, as well as sented by a peculiar colour of binding the diamonds of Golconda ; but we can. Each department being again classed not coincide with the eminent Prussian, into certain subdivisions, the respective that it could have been in the envie subdivision is made recognisable by the rons of Bombay; for our recent conspecial colour of the lettering label. quests have demonstrated that all the The variety of colours is not merely a Punjaub, as well as the Hala and Sulei. great help in finding the desired volume, man ranges,-nay, all the country of the but is also a great relief to the eye,-the Affghans and the valley of Cashmere, monotony of uniform bindings being are composed of rocks some a little older thus obviated.--Athenæum.

and others younger (nummulite lime

stone) than our chalk, in none of which, THE RED INDIANS TO LORD EL- most certainly, has any vein of gold ever GIN.“ TO our Great Father, the existed. In truth, as Solomon's ships, Right Honourable James, Earl of Elgin which brought back this gold, were aband Kincardine, Governor-General of sent so long, there seems to be good rea. British North America, 8c., fc., fc. son for believing that his Ophir may

“We, the Sachems and Chief War- have been in the Malayan peninsula or riors of the Chippewa Indians on the adjacent countries, crystalline and graniRiver St. Clair, offer you our sincere tic, which still furnish a considerable and affectionate salutations, and rejoice amount of gold.—Quarterly Review. at the opportunity now afforded of shaking hands with you.

DahiAS (OR LAKES) OF “ GREAT FATHER,_We avail our- LITTLE DESERT.-Dates and milk selves of this opportunity to offer renewed were brought for our breakfast ; and at assurances of loyalty and devotion to our seven o'clock we set out at a smart can. Great Mother the Queen.

ter, accompanied by Ben-Aouda's bro. “ GREAT FATHER,_We acknow. ther and five or six Arabs: the former ledge with feelings of deep gratitude the was mounted on a handsome mare ; bis paternal solicitude which you have bridle and saddle, beautifully embroidered evinced on all occasiops to promote the in gold, and ornamented with thin silver red man's welfare ; and we hope that the plates, contrasted somewhat oddly with Indian Protection Bill' will prove a a rather dirty white bernous, as did also blessing to the Indian tribes of the pro- his bare legs and feet with a pair of gilt vince.

stirrups. Passing several other douars “GREAT FATHER,_Your red chil. and large herds of camels, &c., a ride of dren are encouraged to imitate the in- seven miles over the plain brought us dustry and enterprise of their white to the nearest of the lakes. Nearly dry brethren ; and we are happy to inform in summer, in winter and spring they you that the majority of our people have are of some considerable extent, though reformed from the use of spirituous shallow, and at these seasons covered with liquors, and we no longer depend upon innumerable flocks of wild-fowl of every the uncertainty of the chase, which for description. We visited four, situated years past has afforded a precarious sub- within a short distance of each other, the sistence. We now cultivate the soil, largest about two miles in length by half which produces abundance of food to a mile in breadth, and the smallest, which sustain our women and children, and we appeared to be deeper than the others, are contented and happy.

hardly two hundred yards in diameter. “ GREAT FATHER,_We pray that At the upper end of the largest dahia we the Great Spirit may protect and pre- found a numerous flock of flamingoes

THE

OF

BELLA

wading in the shallow water, and march. Gradually five or six other Chiefs came ing gravely about like so many soldiers, in in, and took their seats in silence. When a white and red uniform. They were too we had finished, our host asked a number wary to let us come within shot, and the of questions relative to the object of our banks of the lake not affording the cover journey, of which I made no concealof even a stunted bush, we were obliged ment, telling him simply that I had to content ourselves with watching their made a visit to see the country, preparamanæuvres ; and when, alarmed at our tory to the establishment of military nearer approach, they rose screaming into posts on the way to the mountains. Althe air, their long necks extended in though this was information of the highfront, and legs stretched out behind, est interest to them, and by no means gave them the appearance of sticks borne calculated to please them, it excited no along by enormous wings at a rapid rate. expression of surprise, and in no way As they passed overhead, a ball fired altered the grave courtesy of their deinto the midst changed the direction of meanour, The others listened and their flight; and as each bird turned its smoked. I remarked that, in taking the course, the beautiful crimson of its glossy pipe for the first time, each had turned plumage shone more brilliantly than the stem upward with a rapid glance, as before ; then, after circling twice round, in offering to the Great Spirit, before he each time higher and higher, as if un- put it into his mouth.—Exploring Expewilling to leave a favourite spot, they dition to the Rocky Mountains. darted off in a direct line towards another of the lakes some miles distant. We SINGULAR EFFECT fired a few shots at the water-fowl scat- DONNA.--A. B. had been taking the tered over the lakes in great number; extract of belladonna (deadly nightbut they were shy, and very little execu- shade) for a painful affection of the nerves tion was done among them. On the way of the face. After a few doses had been back to the douar, several birds of the exhibited, I was surprised one morning bustard species were fallen in with, and on finding this lady conducted into the three shot.-Algeria and Tunis in 1845, room by her servant because she could by Caplain J. C. Kennedy.

not see : the pupil of her eye was dilated

to the utmost, the retina paralysed, and CHIVALROUS

natural vision destroyed. Yet, in this THE PRAIRIE INDIANS.—The village case, varying forms of exceeding loveliconsisted of about one hundred and ness and beauty, in quick and rapid twenty-five lodges, of which twenty were succession, were presented to the mental Cheyennes. The latter pitched a little conteinplation. This effect was tranapart from the Arapahoes. They were sient, and soon gave way to appropriate disposed in a scattering manner on both treatment; and, moreover, my patient sides of a broad, irregular street, about was a lady of great intelligence, and was one hundred and fifty feet wide, and run- aware of the cause of these appearances ; ning along the river. As we rode along, but, had she possessed a contracted mind, I remarked near some of the lodges a or been ignorant or doubtful as to the kind of tripod frame, formed of three physical influence under which she laslender poles of birch, scraped very clean, boured, the apparitions would have been to which were affixed the shield and pronounced supernatural, and the simspear, with some other weapons, of a plest accidental brainular phenomena Chief. All were scrupulously clean; would have been dignified with an imthe spear-head was burnished bright, and portance which ought, in justice, to the shield white and stainless. It re- be reserved for proper occasions, but minded me of the days of feudal chivalry; which, in this case, would have been and when, as I rode by, I yielded to the constituted an object of superstitious passing impulse, and touched one of the hope, or fear, or reverence, according to spotless shields with the muzzle et my the peculiar physical treatment of the gun, I almost expected a grim varrior to patient, and the coincident predominance start from the lodge and resout my chal- of cheerful, gloomy, or serious mode and lenge. The master of the lodge spread habits of thought and action. Finally, out a robe for me to sit upon, and the let it be remarked, that, in proportion as squaws set before us a large wooden dish this morbid state subsided, the visions of buffalo mesi.

He had lighted his disappeared, and were completely gone pipe in the meanwhile, and, when it had when the optic nerve had thoroughly been passed around, we commenced our regained its power.--Newnham on Sudinner while he continued to smoke. perstition.

OBSERVANCES

OF

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

Madras City Mission.—Having pean and East Indian population is not just received the Second Report of the accurately known; but there is reason to Madras City Mission, for the year end- believe that it exceeds 12,000; and these ing December 31st, 1849, (say the Con- are so dispersed in various places several ductors of “ The London City Mission miles apart, that a considerable agency Magazine,”) we have great pleasure in is required in order to carry out the furnishing our readers with some extracts proposed object. from its interesting pages. We do this The stated ministry established in with the more interest, from the fact, these localities is quite inadequate to the that the Madras Mission arose out of pastoral care of so many thousands; not efforts in that distant city in behalf of to speak of the great obstacle which the cli. our own Mission; and, so far from the

mate presents to the prosecution of active efforts there made, in behalf of the neg- pastoral labour. In several districts the lected European population of that city, proportion of poor among the European having diminished the help rendered to and East Indian residents is very large ; us, that assistance has been very con- the abodes of ignorance and ungodliness siderably increased. It is most gratify- widely scattered, often intermixed with ing to us to learn that the adoption of those of natives; and the inmates rarely our plans has been found practicable, to be met with, except for an hour or both as it respects the catholic character two in the evening. In the district of of the Society, and also its mode of ope- Vepery, Chintadrepetta, &c., where ration; and that there, as here, the there is much less of English ministry, labours of the Society have been blessed. the population (almost entirely of this

A year having elapsed since a state- class) is not far short of 5,000, and the ment of the principles, proceedings, and greater portion of the dwellings of the claims of the Madras City Mission was poor are very difficult of access. In put forth,—and the Society baving on addition to these two most populous disthe 5th of November completed two years tricts, there are Nursingapooram, Royaof its existence, it is thought advisable petta, and St. Thomé, each containing to furnish the subscribers and friends to many families in a state of great moral this cause with a Report of the progress destitution. The Pastor or City Mis. that has been made during the last sionary, visiting in these places, is con. t velve months.

tinually shocked to observe the utter The design is simply to carry the darkness in which whole families are Gospel of salvation to the dwellings of living, mingled with the Heathen, and the poor Europeans and East Indians in “learning their works.” In every localMadras and its suburbs, and to seek out ity that has been named, a dense poputhose who will not seek the truth for lation of all descriptions, Heathen of the themselves, by the instrumentality of lowest character, Mahommedans, Roman “godly men of humble grade, whom the Catholics, and professed Protestants, are love of Christ, and the teaching of His crowded indiscriminately together; and, Spirit, have qualified just to make known amidst such associations, multitudes in simplicity the truth as it is in Jesus." (professed members of our own churches) This design, being adapted to meet pe- are perishing for lack of knowledge, and culiar difficulties of the case, was cor- a generation is springing up to be nurdially taken in hand by Ministers and tured in the like ignorance and vice...... laymen of all the churches, and has now II. Such is the necessity of the case, stood its first and greatest trial, An

to meet which the City Mission provides undertaking of so catholic a nature might an auxiliary agency. The fundamental be expected to encounter difficulties, and principle of the Madras City Mission, as the Madras City Mission has not at- of the London City Mission, is the emtained to its present firm footing and ployment of day agency, under due efficiency without its share of difficulties. superintendence, for the purpose of carStill the unanimity with which it has rying the simple Gospel from house to been worked and supplied with means is house, without regard to the denominabeyond all precedent; and it may be tional differences which exist among affirined, without hesitation, that its suc- Christians..... cess has been great.

III. We come to speak, thirdly, of The numerical amount of our Euro- the resources of the Madras City Mis

IN

THE

sion. The Committee feel well assured warned, the ignorant instructed, and bethat they shall not be allowed by the lievers comforted and built up. great Head of the church to fail in such Great numbers have been drawn to a design for want of silver and gold. the established means of grace; and No systematic efforts have been made to prayer-meetings have been held, which raise funds; but support has always been have proved in many instances valuable afforded more than equal to the operations auxiliaries, either as a first step to regu. in which we have been engaged.

lar attendance on public worship, or as IV. Our friends will naturally be de- being the only means of which some are sirous of hearing something of our agents. willing—perhaps able—to avail themThe Society has had in its employ eight selves. The fallow ground has been men, who have all proved highly satis- broken up, and encouraging prospects factory. Of the eight agents, five have already appear ...... given themselves up entirely to the The Committee, then, earnestly desire work; three have had other employ- the prayers of all those Christians who ment, and have devoted to the Mission have learned of Jesus to have compasthose hours in the morning and evening sion on the ignorant and on them that which are most important and best are out of the way. < Blessed is he that adapted for this undertaking. The considereth the poor and needy: the work of the Mission is found to be some- Lord will deliver him in the time of times compatible with ligbt occupation, trouble. Thou wilt not deliver him or office-work, provided such employ- unto the will of his enemies." ment be not of an exhausting nature;

F. G. LUGARD, B.A., but it may easily be supposed that when

Officiating Secretary. the labours of itinerating and of keeping The receipts of this Mission, from the a journal are added to the necessary como encement to December 31st, 1849, preparation for so important a task, the have been upwards of 6,970 rupees ; and whole energies of mind and body may the expenditure about 2,577 rupees. find full employment. At present four agents are employed; and it is likely RELIGIOUS MEETINGS that, ere long, this number will be in- ALPINE HEIGHTS AND VALLEYS.creased. The description of men wanted The summer is, in our mountainous are single-hearted, earnest believers, not country, the most favourable season for inexperienced, nor ignorant of the vulgar the meetings of the brethren. We have objections against the truth; capable of held several, at which so much has been answering with meekness of wisdom; enjoyed of the presence of the Lord, and men whose hearts are filled with the love of truly Christian communion, that it of God, and pity for perishing souls. has been found desirable to multiply The work is one of faith and self-denial, them. Soon there will not be one of our often thankless, and abounding in dis- Alpine heights or valleys wbich has not couragement; so that pure and holy resounded with our songs, and where we principles, and steady devotedness, are bave not raised an altar to Him who required to sustain the spirits from day said, “ The hour cometh, and now is, to day

when not in this mountain alone, nor at V. With these general remarks we Jerusalem, ye shall worship the Father, will pass to the results of this undertak- but when the true worshippers shall ing. Sufficient time has now elapsed to everywhere worship Him in spirit and realise some of the fruits which it was in truth." The brethren of the different boped would spring out of this Mission; churches attend these meetings in inand, although the principal good effected creasing numbers, and the intluence of is of such a nature as will not fully be their united prayers has been felt in our known until “the day shall declare it,” daily associations. On Sunday, the 11th yet there are some manifest results which instant, (namely, of August, 1850,) seought to be duly weighed, and acknow- veral hundreds of persons, who wished ledged with thankfulness. Large parts to escape from the noise of the cannon of Black Town, and of the village of and the trumpets which accompany the Chintadreperta, have been thoroughly celebration of a civic fête, withdrew to visited ; and the invitations and warn- the foot of an old ruined tower which ings of the Gospel announced to great crowns the Jura. It may be seen from numbers. Faith, which cometh by hear- all parts of Lake Leman, and is called ing, has in some instances followed. La Tour de Gourze.

There we sang The vicious have been reproved, and “ Le Cantique de l'Agneau," and renot without some very hopeful results; joiced to think that the same songs and the careless and self-satisfied have been prayers were ascending also to the throne

ever.

of grace from “ La Plan des Agites," on the history of European literature, that the Alps, at the eastern extremity of the letters highly flourished in Iceland be. Jake, where we knew that some of our tween the tenth and fourteenth centuries. brethren were met, under the guidance At a period when every art and science of the same Spirit, to implore that the seemed to be expelled from the Conti. Lord would in mercy visit our country, nent, they still continued to exist in no and that He would hasten the time when inconsiderable degree in this barren and all His redeemed shall be reunited in inbospitable island. The first edition of His presence, to celebrate His praise for the Bible in Icelandic is said to have

So great was our enjoyment on been finished in the fifteenth century; that occasion, that we decided on another and if so, they enjoyed this precious meeting, if the Lord permit.—Lausanne treasure, in their own tongue, previous Correspondent of Evangelical Christ- to any nation in modern Europe." endom.

The late Report of the French and

Foreign Bible Society alludes, in the BIBLE DISTRIBUTION.-An extract following passage, to the distributions from the Second Report of the Edin- effected among the agricultural labourers burgh Bible Society, quoted in the and their families who emigrated to Allately-published Memoirs of Dr. Chal- geria, shortly after the occurrences in mers, cannot fail of interesting those Paris in June, 1848 :who have to do with sailors. “It was “ In the Report of last year, when while England was at war with Holland, speaking of the gratuitous distribution, Spain, France, and America, that the in this manner, of 3,500 New Testa. first Bible Society was formed ; a very ments, we made the following remark :limited Association, confining itself ex- "We regard these volumes as seed cast clusively to the object of providing our upon the waters.' Let us confide in the own soldiers and sailors with the word power of the Gospel to save and regeneof life. The first ship among whose rate sinners ; and if we do but believe, crew the Scriptures were thus distri- we shall behold God glorifying Himself, buted was the “Royal George,' which through His word, on the soil of Northhad four hundred copies of the Society's ern Africa, as He has done in other Bibles on board when Kempenteldt regions." went down, with twice four hundred By the goodness of God, we have tomen.'

day the satisfaction of informing you “ The British and Foreign Bible So- that our distributions among these Paciety was instituted in 1804. At the risian emigrants have already combombardment of Copenhagen, two shells menced bearing fruit in Algeria. Thus, entered the buildings which contained for example, there is a village exclumany thousand copies of the Scriptures, sively inhabited by Parisian families, in supplied by the London Society. These which the New Testament is daily read. buildings were nearly burnt to the This fact, which is indeed an important ground, that part only escaping in which one, comes to us attested by one of these the Bibles were deposited. The Bibles, emigrants, whom particular circumwhich so narrowly escaped, were destined stances have recently compelled to return for Iceland, an island in the strange con- to France. All the families of the vildition of having 50,000 inhabitants, lage in which he dwelt expressly charged nearly all of whom could read and him to thank our Society for the good write, yet almost entirely without print- they had done them in giving them the ed books, the want being supplied by Scriptures, and to assure them that the transcription. When the British So families in question found the diligent ciety turned their attention to it, they perusal of the word of God a source of found there were not fifty Bibles in the great comfort and consolation.--Bible island. It is a singular circumstance in Society Reporter.

BRIEF BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

31. Died, April 14th, 1847, Mrs. joined the Society in 1817. but did not John Dillon, of Athlone, in the forty- obtain an evidence of the Divine favour third year of her age. In early life she till the year 1825. She then sought the was the subject of Divine teaching, She Lord with her whole heart, and obtained

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