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still, wondered, and admired. I knew that I never had seen anything comparable to it for excellency and beauty : it was widely different from all the conceptions that ever I had of God, or things Divine. It appeared to be DIVINE GLORY. My soul rejoiced with joy unspeakable, to see such a God, such a glorious Divine Being ; and I was inwardly pleased and satisfied that He should be GOD OVER ALL for ever and ever. My soul was so captivated and delighted with the excellency, loveliness, greatness, and other perfections of God, that I was even swallowed up in Him ; at least to that degree, that I had no thought (as I remember) at first about my own salvation, and scarce reflected there was such a creature as myself.

.I felt myself in a new world, and everything about me appeared with a different aspect from what it was wont to do. At this time the way of salvation opened to me with such infinite wisdom, suitableness, and excellency, that I wondered I should ever think of any other way of salvation ; was amazed that I had not dropped my own contrivances, and complied with this lovely, blessed, and excellent way before. If I could have been saved by my own duties, or any other way that I had formerly contrived, my whole soul would now have refused it. I wondered that all the world did not see and comply with this way of salvation, entirely by the righteousness of Christ.”—“I walked about dejected,” says Haliburton, “weary, and heavy laden ; weary of my disease, and weary of my vain remedies ; and utterly uncertain what to do next, or what course to take. It was in this extremity God stepped in : He found me wallowing in my blood, in a helpless and hopeless condition. I was quite overcome, neither able to fight nor fly, when the Lord passed by me, and made this time a time of love. Towards the beginning of February, 1698, this seasonable relief came. I was then, as I remember, at secret prayer, when He discovered Himself to me, when He let me see that there are forgivenesses with Him, and mercy, and plenteous redemption.' He made all His goodness to pass, and He proclaimed His name, ' The Lord, the LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; who will be gracious to whom He will be gracious, and will show mercy to whom He will show mercy. This was a strange sight to one who before looked on God only as a consuming fire, which I could not see and live. He brought me from Sinai, and its thunderings, to Mount Zion, and to the blood which speaketh better things than that of Abel.' I now with wonder beheld Christ in His glory, ‘full of grace and truth.' I saw that He who had before rejected all my offerings, was well pleased in the Beloved ; being fully satisfied not only that there is forgiveness of sins through the redemption which is in Jesus, but also that God by this means might be just in justifying even the ungodly that believe in Him. How was I ravished with delight, to see that such mercy might consist even with His inflexible justice and spotless purity! and yet more, when He let me see that to me, even to me, was the word of this salvation sent ; that even I was invited to come, and take the water of life freely. Further : He discovered to me His design in the whole, even that no flesh might glory in His sight;' that He might manifest the riches of His grace, and

be exalted in showing mercy.' And when this strange discovery was made of a relief which made full provision both for God's glory and my salvation, my soul was sweetly carried out to rest in it, as worthy of God, and every way suited to my necessity ......... Before this I knew the letter only, but now the words were spirit and life......... And vastly different this was

from all the notions I had before had of the same truths. It shone from heaven : it was not a spark kindled by my own endeavours, but it shone suddenly about me: it came by a heavenly means, the word : it opened heaven, and discovered heavenly things; and its whole tendency was heavenward.........I need not give a large account of this light, for no words can give a notion of light to the blind; and he that has eyes (at least, while he sees it) will need no words to describe it.”—“I went very unwillingly," writes John Wesley, [May 24th, 1738,] “to a society in Aldersgate-street, where one was reading Luther's Preface to the Epistle to the Romans. About a quarter before nine, while he was describing the change which God works in the heart through faith in Christ, I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone, for salvation ; and an assurance was given me, that He had taken away my sins, even mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death.”

That many, even among those who do not openly dishonour the Christian name, lose much of the sweetness, zeal, and sensibility of their “first love,it is, alas ! needless to prove. Yet this happy experience may be retained ; yea, and, blessed be God! may be recovered by those who are self-convicted of declension. Forfeited privilege must, indeed, be regained by returning to “the first works,” and by renewing all diligence ; so that the two parts of our proposition may be illustrated at the same time. The joy of the first estate, as implying raptures of new life, will not remain ; but all its solid blessedness may continually increase. “ The righteous,” well says the man of Uz, “ shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.”

What I say unto you I say unto all, Watch.”—From the lips of Him who knows all our frailty, and all the vigour of our enemies, let us meekly accept this first direction against apostasy. It requires that we be awake to danger, and calmly prepared for trial. To lull us into dreams of security is the policy of hell. We must not believe that wars and fightings have ceased. The insinuating fiend will not tempt the new convert, in the first instance, to flagrant or obvious sin ; but rather to unbelief, to vain reasoning, to a disowning of Christ, or a questioning of the inward work He has wrought. In this dangerous navigation, moreover, the world is a “rock of souls immortal,” of which it is imperative that we “keep wide.” It is no less the interest of the new convert, and indeed of every man who aspires to the prize of eternal life, to watch against “divers and strange doctrines.” Not, indeed, that theological inquiry is to be discouraged : but why should we, whose time and opportunity may be extremely limited, laboriously follow up every minor question which divides the most accomplished minds ? Superficial debating on sacred themes leads to scepticism and

It paralyses the hand that would hold the essentials of Christian teaching. Heterodoxy, in regard to these, we are not yet brought to consider innocent; but the disputatious are on its confines. The great points of Christianity we may well consider settled. It is enough for us to believe the truth which blesses and sanctifies. The errors and speculations of the Galatians issued in the loss of their spirituality. Happy, if they had cherished a simple love of THE TRUTH !

He who wishes to "hold fast” that which he has by grace attained, must remember that, in all periods and circumstances of the Christian life, Jesus is All in all to the believer. Whatever may be our knowledge, enjoyment, sanctity, or usefulness, He is still, as in the moment of our first believing, “the First and the Last.” The highest question that can engage


our attention relates, therefore, to our vital union with Him, now maintained, this instant realised, by loving and obedient faith. Adoring views of His atonement and intercession must be coupled with a thrilling, everdeepening sense of our perpetual dependence on Him. “As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine ; no more can” we, “except we abide in ” the immortal Stock.

“Son of God, Thy blessing grant,

Still supply my every want;
Tree of life, Thine influence shed,
W’ith Thy sap my spirit feed :
Tenderest branch, alas ! am I;
Without Thee I fade and die :
Weak as helpless infancy,
O confirm my soul in Thee !
“ Unsustain'd by Thee, I fall;

Send the strength for which I call :
Weaker than a bruised reed,
Help I every moment need.
All my hopes on Thee depend ;
Love me, save me to the end :
Give me the continuing grace,

Take the everlasting praise !” It is not unseasonable to add, that the means of grace which Christ has instituted, and which His presence honours, are as requisite as our daily bread. “They that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength.” Much secret devotion should be added to the public ordinances. “I have often observed,” says good Philip Henry, “that apostasy begins at the closet-door.”

That we fall not by little and little, we must use regular and accurate self-examination. “Look to yourselves," writes the beloved disciple, with special reference to some of the dangers that threatened his charge eighteen hundred years ago,—" that we lose not those things which we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.” For such a consummation, which surpasses all our thought, much self-denial is needed. We must never seek a smoother path than that of duty, and never refuse to bear the hallowed cross. The great business of the Christian is to aspire after full redemption. Progress is the way to secure the permanence of present attainments.* The eye must be kept on the crown of holiness. Instead of hastily concluding that the work is complete, merely because in some happy hours we feel nothing contrary to love, let us survey our privilege in all its scriptural lights, apply the test of the perfect law, and, realising the well-founded hope of heaven, purify ourselves, even as Christ is pure. Instead of wandering after public excitements, let us for a little season retire and look within ; since nothing can atone for the want of personal communion with the Triune God; and the thought of having

* The Founder of our United Societies, writing to the Rev. Thomas Rankin on July 21st, 1774, observes :

“ I have been lately thinking a good deal on one point, wherein, perhaps, we have all been wanting. We have not made it a rule, as soon as ever persons were justified, to remind them of 'going on to perfection ;' whereas this is the very time, preferable to all others. They have then the simplicity of little children; and they are fervent in spirit, ready to cut off the right hand, or to pluck out the right eye. But, if we once suffer this fervour to subside, we shall find it hard enough to bring them again ever to this point.”

cultivated another's vineyard, may one day aggravate the distress of finding that our own has not been kept. Am I now walking in the light of the LORD? What progress have I made to-day? What victory over sin and Satan have I won, in the strength of grace? What new view of Christ, and of His everlasting truth, has been vouchsafed? Does heavenly-mindedness flourish, or languish, in my experience? Am I departing, in any perceptible measure, from the simplicity of faith? “Search me, O God, and know my heart; try me, and know my thoughts : and see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.”


THE EGYPTIAN THEBES. Though we use the term Thebes in speaking of the great city which once exercised such wide sway in Egypt, you will understand that there is no modern town which will answer to this name, but that there are several villages known as Luxor, Karnak, Medinet, Habú, &c., which occupy the site of the ancient capital of the Pharaohs. So long ago as the time of Cambyses, the Persian conqueror, B.c. 525, Thebes received a blow to its prosperity, from which it never recovered : for the son of Cyrus spared no effort to destroy the proud monuments of Egyptian power and glory; and, with a zeal more akin to insane fury than aught else to which it can be likened, he sought to lay in ruins the metropolis of the country which he had conquered. Subsequently, too, one of the Ptolemies, B.c. 116, on occasion of a revolt against his authority, marched against Thebes, and wreaked his vengeance upon it in a manner which it is impossible to characterise in the terms which it deserves ; and there can be little doubt that very much of the mischief which has been done to the temples and monuments in and about Thebes, is to be attributed to the deep and insatiable resentment of Ptolemy Lathyrus, quite as much as to the hatred manifested by the Persians against a system of worship and religion most odious in their eyes......... Leaving Luxor, the traveller mounts his donkey, and, riding in a southerly direction about two miles, he arrives at Karnak, where, doubtless, are the most ancient remains of the glory and greatness of Thebes, and where the successive Monarchs of old seemed to have lavished all their care, and striven each to outdo the other in works which should add to the renown of the metropolis, and carry down their names to the most remote generations. Visiting this last of all, the traveller finds Karnak to surpass all that he could have imagined ; and he is for a time bewildered, and lost in the most profound astonishment, as he wanders amid ruins which cover so vast a space, and indicate a previous condition of glory and splendour far, far beyond all that the world has ever since beheld. He spends some days here in endeavouring to gain a clear idea of what is before him; and, leaving it with regret when his allotted time is expired, he is ashamed to acknowledge to himself how little, after all, he has really learned, and how incompetent he is to pretend to speak with precision of what it contains. Most thoroughly, too, does the conviction force itself upon his mind, that, to appreciate Thebes, one must take up his residence here, and, being well prepared by previous study of Egyptian history and antiquities, must give months, where he has had to be content with days, and even hours.--Špencer's Travels in Egypt and the Holy Land.


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In 1749 the Mysore troops, under Nunjeraj, attacked the fort of Devanhully, a place of some strength, twenty-four miles north-east of Bangalore. This place was held by a Chief who, partly by vigorous resistance, and partly by address, had long rendered himself in a great degree independent of the powers around him, and who had at no period been subordinate to the house of Mysore. In this service Hyder Ali first appeared, as a volunteer horseman. He was observed, on every service of danger, to lead the way, and to conduct himself with a coolness and self-possession seldom acquired by a young soldier. At the close of the siege Hyder was raised, by Nunjeraj, to the command of fifty cavalry and two hundred infantry, with orders to recruit and augment his corps. Though already about twenty-seven years of age, he was then, and remained through life, unacquainted with the first elements of reading and writing. On his first nomination to a command he hired a Brahmin accountant, named Kunde Row. In a few years Hyder became Commander-in-Chief, and his Brahmin servant was made Prime Minister. The Rajah had a show of royalty allowed him, but no power.

In 1760 Hyder was suddenly deprived of all power by his old servant, Kunde Row. It appears that the Queen-Dowager, perceiving by the encroachments of Hyder that he was gradually preparing to subvert the government, opened her views to Kunde Row, under a previous oath of inviolable secrecy. Kunde Row had been from early youth the personal servant of Hyder, and entered with reluctance on a project involving the destruction of one whose success in life he had so long considered as inseparable from his own : but the impression left on his mind by some differences which he had lately had with Hyder, the more powerful consideration of religious attachment, (he and the Rajah's family being all Hindoos, and Hyder being a Mahomedan,) and probably the hope of placing himself in the exact position from which Hyder was to be removed, at length determined him ; so that, with the Dowager and the Rajah, he united in an oath of mutual fidelity, at the feet of the idol in the great temple of Seringapatam.

On the 12th of August, 1760, the gates of the fort were not opened at the accustomed hour; and, with the first appearance of clear daylight, a tremendous cannonade opened on Hyder and the few troops that were with him. Hyder, surprised at this unexpected salutation, gave immediate orders to call for Kunde Row; but was still more astonished to hear that Kunde Row was distinctly perceived on the works, directing the fire of the artillery. He saw at once the extent of the treachery, and prepared to meet it with his accustomed presence of mind. His troops soon found cover in the ravines and hollows, without sustaining much loss. Six thousand Mahratta cavalry had been hired by Kunde Row, and were expected every moment; and Kunde Row postponed, until their arrival, his final attack upon Hyder. During the day they attempted to divert each other with negotiation. In the night Hyder crossed the river, and fled with all possible speed from Seringapatam. At the dawn of day Kunde Row proceeded to the quarters deserted by Hyder, and gave orders for

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