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analysis applications argument association became become Book capital cause century common concept considered consumption cost course deductive definite demand desire distribution doctrine economics economists edit Elements England equal ethics exchange exist factors facts feelings field followed forces gained German give given hand Hence Historism human human nature Ibidem ideas important individual instance interest Jevons knowledge labor later laws less logic Marginism materials mathematical matter means measure method Mill mind moral namely nature object original pain philosophy physical Physiocrats pleasure Political Economy possible premises present Principles Principles of Political problem production progress psychology question reason relation result seemed sense Smith social society static supply theory things thought tion treatises unit Utilitarian utility wants wealth whole writers
Сторінка 202 - The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society — the real foundation, on which rise legal and political superstructures and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production in material life determines the general character of the social, political, and spiritual processes of life.
Сторінка 43 - For no man giveth, but with intention of good to himself; because gift is voluntary; and of all voluntary acts, the object is to every man his own good...
Сторінка 63 - It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think; every effort we can make to throw off our subjection will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it.
Сторінка 44 - For moral philosophy is nothing else but the science of what is good and evil in the conversation and society of mankind. Good and evil are names that signify our appetites and aversions, which in different tempers, customs, and doctrines of men are different...
Сторінка 69 - This firm foundation is that of the social feelings of mankind ; the desire to be in unity with our fellow-creatures, which is already a powerful principle in human nature, and happily one of those which tend to become stronger, even without express inculcation from the influences of advancing civilization.
Сторінка 76 - They consume little more than the poor, and in spite of their natural selfishness and rapacity, though they mean only their own conveniency, though the sole end which they propose from the labours of all the thousands whom they employ, be the gratification of their own vain and insatiable desires, they divide with the poor the produce of all their improvements.
Сторінка 47 - The produce of the earth — all that is derived from its surface by the united application of labour, machinery, and capital, is divided among three classes of the community, namely, the proprietor of the land, the owner of the stock or capital necessary for its cultivation, and the labourers by whose industry it is cultivated.
Сторінка 35 - Secondly, The other fountain from which experience furnisheth the understanding with ideas, is the perception of the operations of our own minds within us, as it is employed about the ideas it has got; which operations when the soul comes to reflect on and consider, do furnish the understanding with another set of ideas, which could not be had from things without...