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1799.]
Review of New Publications.

957
Congress iminediately discarded all fare have already appeared.” (p.23.) “The
ther reliance on ne zociation, and began great neighbouring powers must' be
to prepare for detending by arms the more and more alarmed. They must
rights and honour of the country.” A oppole, or be devoured. In the mean
tax, amounting to two millions of doi cigle, her exceflive tyranny, her info.
lars, laid on lands, dwelling-houses, lent conduét, her exorbitant and infae
and flaves, divided among the states, tiable exactions, must increase, day by
according to their respe&ive numbers, day, the hatred and animosity of those
including two-fifths of the flaves. vations over whom, by fraus or force,
“The history of all ages proves that they obtained dominion; and they will,
no oppression is so dreadtul as that of a in ail probability, receive with open
foreign master. Of ihis bitter cup the arms, and aid with all their night, ine
Dutch, the Belgians, the Italians, the armies which shall enter their country
Swiss, and part of the Germans, are for the purpofe of attacking her. It
now drinking; and other nations will was among the peasants of Germany,
drink to the very dregs, unless, by a once her friends, that, afer they had
vigorous, timely, and combined refift: taited the cup of her abominations, in
ance, they repress the pr: gress of these her invasion of 1795-6, the found the
deceitful and merciless deltroyers.” (p. most deadly foes; and, most probably,
21.) “In France the Conftitution is it will be among the Swiss, the Ira.
entirely subverted; the Legislature per- lians, the Dutch, and Belgians, that,
fectly enslaved; the right of election on the flightest reverse of fortune, le
wholly annihilated; and a military dea will find the most dreadful implements
fpotifm in the hands of the Directory of Divine vengeance." (p.23.) “ Were
firmly established. Such is the liberty France in poffeffion of England, the
which France has gained by feven years most formidable bulwark against her
of civil war, by the laughrer of two power in the old world; and were
millions of her people, the utter fub- Auflria, Russia, and Pruffia, humbled
version of property, the banidhincnt of at her feet, as Spain and Saidinia are,
religion, the total corruption of morals I still fiiuld liave no idea of yielding.
and manners, and the destruction of fo After fighting her on the ocean to the
many monuments of human art and last,, and contending every inch of
industry, both in ber own territories ground with her on the Atlantic shore,
and those of her neighbours." (p. 22.) I should be for retiring, with the rena
Mr. H. inclines to think the military pant of the nation, bevond the moun.
power, by which the people have been tains, or the M filippi, and there, like
hitherto dazzled and kept blind to the the brave forefiers who, for the love
miseries of their own situation, is ap- of freedom, penetrated there at that
proaching fast to the period of its de- cime inhoipicable wilds, opening to our.
cline, if not already arrived there. relves, amidit delarts and their farage
“ Her vast expences, supported rather inhabitants, an afvlum for lelf-governe
by domestic and extensive plunder than ment and natural independence. This
by a regular lystem of taxation, already in my mind, and, I have no doubt, in
exceed her means, as, it is said, in the yours too, would be happiness compa.
proportion of one-third, or a million red with the dominion of a French pro.
of livres, about 200,000 dollars each conlul, who, under the name of a mi.
day. Tbis government fubfifts by plun- ritter, should diéiate to our yoveso).
der, and the sources of plunder ere very ment, and intilently ride over the heads
foon exbausted. Already its pecuniary of our contituted authorities, or place
embarraliments are exceflive. It with in power ihoíe among ourselves whole
difficulty pays its army; its civil offi- worthletlness hould render then fit
cers it does not pay at all. They sube and acceptable inftruments to his piea.
fift by private plunder and corruption, sure. That she will atteinpt to invade
as the government does by publico us, unless her affairs in Europe keep
These embarrassments, from the na- her too fully employed, I think highly
ture of things, must increase. Ac probable. The oniy way to avere the
length it will become impossible to pay danger is, to be prepared to meet it; to
their armies, who will revolt or defert, thew a good countenance, make vigor-
and perhaps do both in part; then the ous preparations, and it and ready 10
government, which exilts not but by give her a good reception. Seeing
their support, muit fall to the ground, chis, the may probably keep away."
Ssrong fymptoms of this state of things (p. 24.).

210. Oba

958 e n die Review of New Publications. . (Nov. 210. Observations on tbe Debates of tbe Ame. hundred can spell his own name. , As to

rican Congress, and on ebe Address presented religion, four years ago they were seen to General Washington on bis Rehgnation; kneeling with their faces prone to the with Remarks on tbe Timidity of ibe Lan earth, blubbering out their fins, and beguage beld towards France, obe Seizure of seeching absolution from the men whom, American Velsels by Great Britain and in a year afterwards, they degraded, inFrance, und on the relative Situations of sulted, mutilated, and murdered. After tbose Countries with America. By Peter changing the Catholic worship, at the Porcupine. To which are prefixed, General command of one gang of tyrants, for a Washington's Address to Congress, and the worship that was neither Catholic : nor Answers of tbe Senate and House of Repren Proteftant; at the command of another, fentatives.

they abandoned all worship whatsoever, WHILE R. G. Harper pleads the and publicly rejoiced that 'the soul of man cause of American Independence in the was like that of the beast.' A third gang cabinet, honest Peter Porcupine re orders them to believe that there is a God: echoes his sentiments through the com.

inftantly the submisfive brutes acknowledge munity in language adequate to cheir

his existence, and fall on their knees at the understandings. That there have been

fight of Robespierre, proclaiming the defavourers of French principles even in

cree with as much devotion as they for.. America, which purchased, at so dear

merly did at the elevation of the sacred hoft.

“Politically considered, they are equally. a price, independence from the mother

enligbtened. Every fucceffive faction has country, is not more strange than true; been the object of their huzzas in the day and that they have offered that incense of its power, and of their execrations in to the French Republick which would

that of its fall. They crowded to the bar d 'grace humanity to think of, flattering of the Convention to felicitate Robespierre it as a free and enlightened country. on his escape from the poignard of a wo

“In that free country, France, the pa. man; and, in less than fix weeks after. rent dares not yield protection to his child, wards, danced round his scaffold, and nor the child to his parent, without the mocked his dying groans. First, they arprevious consent of some petty under. prove of a conftitution with an hereditary Atrapping despot. Man poflelles nothing i

monarch, whose person they declare invihis property belongs to a mob of tyrants,

olable and sacred, and swear to defend him who call themselves the nation, who hold with their lives. Next, they murder this his labour and his very carcase in a state of monarch, and decluse themselves a repub. requifition. If his griefs break out into

lick, to be governed by a single chambers complaint, he is dragged to a tribunal,

of delegates. This second conftitution they where no evidence is required. A shrug, a deltroy, and frame a third, with two chamlook, a tear, or a sigh, betrays him. To bers and five co-equal kings. After having repine at the cruelty of his fate, is to be ipent five years in making har, in the suspected; and to be suspected, is death. name of Liberty and Equality, upon arms,

“We need not stretch our view across Itars, garters, croffes, and every other exthe Atlantic for specimens of French li- terior sign of superiority of rank, they very berty ; we may see enough without quit. peaceably and tamely suffer their masters 'ting our own country, or even our houses, to dub themselves with what titles they

The cockade procłumation of Citizen Adet is please, and exclusively to assume garbs and at once an insult to the United States, and badges of distinction far more numerous an act of abominable tyranny on the un- than those which formerly existed in fortunate French who have taken a refuge France.' in them. They must not only suffer Thame

“But, the circumstance best calculated for their country, but must bear about to give a jutt idea of their baleness of spirit them the rigu of its disgrace, the livery of and swinish ignorance is, their fanctioning the infamous Orleans. They must not ovly 'a conftitution which declares that they be despoiled of their wealth, and driven shall elect the members of their assemblies, from their homes and their families, but and then submitting to a decree obliging mult drag their chains into distant lands. them to chuse two-thirds of the number It is not enough that they should be brand- out of the Convention. Nor was this all : ed with the name of flave; they must wear

the Convention, not content with ensuring the symbol of their lavery, and that, too,

the re-election of these two thirds, reserexactly where other men wear the symboi ved to itself the power of rejecting such of courage and honour! Will not the peo

members of the other third as it might not ple of America bluth to think that their approve of! And yet the wife Mr. Parrepresentatives were afraid to affert that ker calls the French a free and enlightened they enjoyed a degree of freedom fuperior people,' and very piously wishes that Kinga to this?

craft may be done away, and that republi. « Of the enlightened people, now called canism may enlighten the whole earth! the French nation, not one out of five The House of Representatives were afraid

even

-1799.)
Review of New Publications.

959 even to hint that this nation of poor, ca- ences were opened with her merchants ; joled, cozened, bullied, bamboozled devils but what was the result? The total 'ruin were less enlightened than the people of of them, and of all those who were conAmerica !” (p. 23-25.)

cerned with them. They are no more; But, that America should see her in

:. they are forgotten. Their trade could be

equaled in shortness of duration by nothing tereft so little as to think of preferring

"§ but the wear of their merchandize. a connexion with France to one with " To say, as some of the French faction England, is beyond all conception. have done, that America does not want

“ The necefsity of commercial con- the manufactures of Britain, is an infult nexion between Great Britain and Ame on the national discernment little short of rica is so loudly and unequivocally asserted the blunderbuss of my old friend Citizen by the unerring voice of Experience, that Adet. Let any man take a view of his nothing but the blindest ignorance, or the dress (when he is dressed like a man). most unconquerable prejudice, could porn from head to foot; from the garments fibly have called it in question. Imme- that he wears to sea, to plough, to mar. diately after the suspension of this com- ket, or to church, down to those with merce, caused by the revolutionary war, it which he steps into bed ; let him look was on both sides resumed with more are round his shop, and round the shops of his dour than ever, notwithstanding all the neighbours; let him examine his library, arts that France and her partizans em- his bed-chamber, his parlour, and his ployed to prevent it. In vain did poor kitchen ; and then let him say how great Louis issue edicts to encourage' his people a part of ail he sees, of all that is indisto supplant their rivals; in vaio did he pensable, useful, or convenient; let him take off his duties and offer premiums; fay how great a part of all this comes from

in vain did friend Brissot coax the Qua- Great Britain, and how small a one from wkers, and citizen Madison speechify the France, or any other country; and then,

Congress : in spite of all their fine pro- if he be fool enough, let him say, with mifes, cajoling, and wheedling; in spite of the Gallican faction, that we stand in no the mortification of Britain, and the more need of the manufactures of Britain. powerful prejudice of America ; no sooner " The commercial connexion between was the obstacle removed by the return of this country and Great Britain is full as peace, than, without a treaty of friendship necessary as that between the baker and and commerce, without any other stimulus miller; while the connexion between Athan mutual intereft, confidence, and in merica and France may be compared to clination, the two countries rushed together one between the baker and the milliner, like congenial waters that had been fepa- or toyman. France may furnish us with rated by an artificial dyke.

looking-glasses; but, without the aid of 6. It is this natural connexion with Bri Britain, we shall be ashamed to see' ourtain, the Britifh capital, which a confidence selves in them, unless the sans culottes can in the stability of the government invites persuade us that thread-bare beggary is a hither, together with the credit that the beauty. France may deck the heads of merchants of that country give to those of our wives and daughters (but, by-the-bye, this ; a credit which British merchants me than't those of mine) with ribbons, alone are either willing' or able to give; gauze, and powder ; their ears with bobs, that forms the great source of American their cheeks with paint, and their heels wealth. Mr. Smith from Maryland, the with gaudy party-coloured silk, as rotten polite Mr. Smith, who called the British as the hearts of the manufacturers; but

fea-robbers and monsters,' incautiously ac- Great Britain mult cover their and our knowledged, in the lame breath, that these bodies. When the rain pours down and

monsters' gave a stationary credit to this washes the rose from the cheek; when country, amounting to twenty millions of the bleak North-wester blows through the dollars. Grateful gentleman! A very great gauzę, then it is that we know our friends, part of this credit is given for a twelve. Great Britain muft wrap us up warm, and month at least; so that the simple interest keep us all decent, snug, and comfortable, on it amounts to one million two hundred from the child in swaddling-cloaths to its tbousand dollars annually; an advantage to lottering grandfire. France may send us this country that might have merited, in cockades, as the does (or has done) in return, something more pulatable than 'sea. abundance ; but Great Britain must send robbers and monsters.

us hats to stick them on. France may fur"Tf America could obtain what frenith the rume, but Great Britain mult stands in need of (which ine cannot) from send us the shirt ; and the commerce of any other country than Britain, from what the latter nation is just as much more necountry on earth could she obtain them on cellary to this country than that of the terins like there? The capacity of France, former, as a good decent shirt is more nein the brightest days of her commercial cessary than a paltry din. clout of a ruffle.” prosperity, was fairly triede, Corresponde (p. 30-33.)

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