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DOCUMENT OF EDWAKD I., OP THE YEAE 1283,
O0N0ERNINO THE OSTMEN IN WATErFORD AMI IRELAND.
(From a Reguter in the Tower of London; Patent Roll II. Edward I. Memb. 9. Communicated ly Mr. Duffus Hardy.)
"Pao Custumannis* Waterfordi in Hibernia. Rex Justiciario suo Hibernie et omnibus aliis Ballivis et fidelibus suis Hibernie ad quos, etc., salutem. Quia per inspeccionem carte Domini Henrici Regis, filii Imperatricis, quondam Domini Hibernie preavi nostri, nobis constat quod Custumanni nostri Waterford legem Anglicorum in Hibernia habere et secundum ipsam legem judicari et deduci debent. Vobis mandamus quod Gillecrist Makgillemory, William Makgillemory, et Johannem Makgillemory, et alios Custumannos de Civitate et Communitate Waterford, qui de predictis Custumannis predicti domini regis preavi nostri originem duxerunt legem Anglicorum in partibus illis juxta tenorem carte predicte habere et eos secundum ipsam legem quantum in vobis est deduci faciatis, donee aluid de consilio nostro inde duximus ordinandum. In cujus, tfec. ... v. die Octobr."
COINAGE OF THE NORWEGIANS IN DUBLIN.
While this work was going through the press, a silver coin, forming an entirely new and highly remarkable contribution
* This is undoubtedly an old fault in the way of writing or reading for "Oustumannis," "Austumannis." That the word is at all event» meant to signify the Ostmen is also assumed in Sir John Davies' "Reports" (fid. 236).
to our knowledge of the early Norwegian coinage in the capital of Ireland, was discovered among the collection bequeathed by the late Mr. Devegge to the Royal Cabinet of Coins in Copenhagen. It is represented in the annexed woodcut.
The legend on the obverse is "Oolaf i divielin," or "Olaf in Dublin." That on the reverse almost seems to be "Oolafn mefeci(f)" or " Olaf made me ;" in which case the coiner must have had the same Scandinavian name as the king. However this may be, it is clear enough that the coin owes its origin to a Norwegian or Scandinavian king Olaf in Dublin; and, as the stamp shows, it must have been struck in the tenth centory. It thus forms a link between the runic coin of Canute in Dublin, and the somewhat later coins of Sigtryg, before described. (See p. 338, et seq.)
A great number of coins have been mentioned as minted in Ireland by Scandinavian kings named Olaf; but that above delineated is in reality the first, and, as far as is known, the only one on which we can with certainty read "Olaf in Dublin."
Kings of that name are mentioned in the Irish chronicles in the years 853, 934, 954, 962, &c. (See the list of Norwegian Kings in Ireland, p. 317.)
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