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Explosion of St. Mary's Tower; Fair- Which surrendered, Sept. 10,

212
fax's laudable case of the ancient The plausible terms of Fairfax's sum-
records, &c.

197
mons,

213
Advance of Rupert, junction of Ru- Fairfax completes the subjection of the
perts and Newcastle's Forces; the

West,

215, 216
Siege of York raised,

198 Grants liberal terms to the Lord Hop-
Critical situation of the Scotch and

ton,

216
Parliamentary Armies,

July 24, 1645. Takes possession of Ox-
Council of War on Hessey Moor; ford by capitulation,

national Jealousies and Dissentions, His temperate conduct; care of the
July 2, 1644. Battle of Marston Moor,

Bodleian ; Reduction of Ragland
199, 200, 201
Castle,

217
July 15. Fairfax, Lesley, and Manches- Decline of Fairfax and the Presbyterian
ter resume the siege of York, 202

party,
It surrenders,

He conveys the price of the King to
Fairfax employed in reducing scattered

the Scotch Army,
Garrisons; wounded at Helmsley Feb. 15, 1647. Meets the King on his
Castle; narrowly excapes at Ponte-

march,salutes and discourses with him,
fract,

March 5. He returns to London; is
April 3, 1645. The self-denying Ordi-

voted General of the troops that were
nance,

203

to be continued,
Fairfax, Commander in Chief of the

March 12. Made hononary Master of
Parliamentary Armies,

205

Arts of Cambridge,
Receives a present of £1500, • 206 Chosen Member for Circencester,
Marches to Windsor,

Discontents in the Army; Council of
Remodelling of the Army; Reformados,

Agitators,

218
Treaty of Uxbridge abortive,

King's person seized by Joice; Fairfax
Commencement of the fourth Cam-

vainly endeavours to set things again
paign,

in their due course and order,
Disposition of forces on both sides, 206, 207 Waits on the King at Sir John Cutt's,
Fairfax with Cromwell and the new June 15. March to St. Albans; encamp-
modelled Army at Windsor,

ment on Hounslow Heath; secession
Assists Cromwell evading the self.

of sixty-six members,
denying Ordinance,

August 6. Enters London in defiance of
May l. His March westward, and return,

the Parliament's orders,
June 5, Sits down before Oxford; but Flight of the King from Hampton
quickly breaks up the siege,

Court,

219
June 14, 1645. Battle of Naseby, 208, 209 Fairfax concurs in the vote of the army,
Distinguished personal courage of Fair.

“to stand by the Parliament, without
fax,

the King, and against him,"
Overthrow of the Royalists,

210 March 13, 1648. Succeeds to his father's
June 18. Fairfax reduces Leicester,

212

titles and estates,
Marches into the West,

April 9. Quells a revolt of the London
Defeats Goring at Langport on Parret,

apprentices,

220
Takes Bridgewater, Bath and Sherborne June 2. Defeats a Royalist insurrection
Castle,

in Kent,
August 22.

Commences the Siege of June 13. Besieges Colchester,
Bristol,

Aug. 28. Colchester surrenders,

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His descent and birth,

225 His children treacherously detained, 230
1625. Knighted at the coronation of July 12, 1649. His indignant letter to
Charles I.

Ireton,
Married to Charlotte de la Tremouille, 1651. Lands in Lancashire to join Charles
1642. Joins King Charles at York, 226 the Second,
Musters 60,000 men,

Is surprised in Wigan Lane,

231
Meets with various mortifications,

Sept. 3, 1651.

Battle of Worcester ;
His levies taken from him as he was

Derby aids Charles's escape,
preparing for an attack on Manchester, 227 He is taken, and led prisoner to Ches-
Hastens to his little kingdom of Man,

ter,
Feb. 38, 1641. Siege of Lathom House,

Tried by a

High Court of Justice,"
Heroic deeds of the Countess, 228, 229 Oct. 15, 1651. And beheaded at Bol.
The Earl returns; recovers Bolton-le-

ton-le-Moors,
Moors,

His last letter to his Countess,
May 27, 1644. And raises the siege of Account of his last hours and death,
Lathom,

by his attendant,

233
Retires with his Countess to the Isle of Charlotte de la Tremouille, Countess
Man,

of Derby, 224, 228, 229, 232, 233

..

LADY ANNE CLIFFORD.

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Jan. 30, 1589-90. Her birth, .. 269
Education under Mrs. Taylor and the

poet Daniel,
Expenses of her breeding,

PAGE
Its unhappiness,

.. 277
May 24, 1616. Death of her mother,
March 14, 1617. King's award against
her,

.. 271
Litigations with her uncle Francis, .. 276
Marriage with Sackville, Earl of Dor-
set,

.. 277

278
She becomes a mother,
1624. Death of her husband,

279
Her first widowhood,

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1630. Marries Philip Herbert, Earl of Rebuilds the Church of Skipton, 287
Pembroke and Montgomery,

.. 279 March 22, 1675. Her death; aged 86,
Jan. 23, 1650. His death,

Her burial at Appleby, and funeral pane.
Her account of wedded life,

284
gyric,

291
Repairs her delapidated Castles,

ROGER ASCHAM.

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1515. Born at Kirby Wiske,
293 1550. Revisits Yorkshire,

312
1530. Entered at John's College, Cam-

Summoned to attend an embassy to the
bridge,

294 Emperor,
1534. Takes his Batchelor's degree 298 Takes leave of Lady Jane Grey, 313
1536. Takes his Master's degree, 304 Extracts from his correspondence, 316, 317
1544, Publishes his Toxophilus, 305

Ascham's return to Cambridge,

318
And thereby gains the patronage of Sir Is patronised by Gardiner,
William Paget,

Appointed Latin Secretary,
And a pension from Henry VIII.

His pension enlarged,

319
Writing Master to Prince Edward, Prin- June 1, 1554. Marries Margaret Howe, 319

cess Elizabeth, and the two young Cardinal Pole's patronage of Ascham, 325
Brandons,

Nov. 17, 1558. Accession of Elizabeth, 325
1547. Death of Henry VIII. ; his pension March 11, 1559. Ascham Prebendary of

306
ceases,

Wetwang,
But is renewed during pleasure by Ed-

His disinterestedness,

325, 326
ward VI.,

Supposed addiction to cockfighting,
1548. Tutor to the Princes Elizabeth,

Dec. 30, 1568. His death, &c. 328
Misunderstanding with the Princess, 308

His family,
Returns to Cambridge,

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JOHN FISHER.

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1459. Born at Beverley,
339 1516. Opens it with great solemnity,

355
Instructed by a Priest,

Persecutes the Reformers,

356, 357
Entered of Michael House, Cambridge, Reproves the vices of the Clergy,
1502. Almoner and Confessor to the Writes against Luther,

359
Countess of Richmond,

340 1529. Appears as Counsel for Queen
First Margaret's Professor,

Catherine,

360
1504. Bishop of Rochester,
340 Fisher's Speech,

368
1505. Superintends the foundation of 1530. His life attacked by poison, 374
Christ's College,

And by shot,

375
Death of Lady Margaret; Fisher's Funeral 1531. Bishop Fisher approves the King's
Sermon,

346 Supremacy in Convocation, and pro-
Fisher completes the foundation of

cures the insertion of a nullifying
John's College,

347 clause,

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Imposture of Elizabeth Barton, .. 378 Makes a partial concession,

385
Fisher's delusion,

380 April 27. Cranmer's letter to Cromn.
1534. Bill of attainder; Fisher and five

386
others adjudged guilty of misprison Nov. 3. Meeting of Parliament; Fisher
of Treason,

382 attainted,
His letter to the House of Lords,

His miserable condition and pathetic
Is treated with lenity,

383 complaint,
March 30, 1534. An oath proposed to May 21, 1535. Created Cardinal,
entrap tender consciences,

Trepanned by the Solicitor General into
Fisher evades it by returning to Ro-

an express denial of the King's Sq.
chester,
384 | premacy,

399
Refuses the Oath,

From Jan. Il to 19. His trial, defence,
April 26. And is committed to the

and condemnation, 389, 390, 391

St. Alban's day, June 22. His last hours
His integrity vainly attempted,
385 and execution,

391, 392, 393

Tower,

THE REV. WILLIAM MASON.

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Feb. 23, 1725. His birth,

397 1759. Publishes his “Caractacus,” .. 454
1742. Entered of John's College Cam- 1762. Made Canon of York, Prebendary
bridge,

398

of Driffield, and Precentor of York
Early acquaintance with Gray,

Minster,

457
1745. Takes his Batchelor's degree, 399 1764. Publishesa Collection of his Poems
Fellow of Pembroke College,

402 1765. Marries Miss Maria Sherman, 457
1747. Publishes his ‘Musæus,"

401 Who dies in less than a year,
1748. Ilis." Isis,"

July 31, 1771. Death of Gray, 458
1749. Takes his Master's degree, 403

His Life written by Mason,
Ode on the installation of the Duke 1772. Publication of the 1st book of the
of Newcastle,

404

English Garden,
1751. His “ Elfrida,"

406 | 1773. “ His Heroic Epistle to Sir Wil-
1753. Death of his Father,

453
liam Chambers,

464
1754. He takes Orders,
454 Satires of Malcolm Macgregor,

460
Chaplain to the Earl of Holderness 1776. Caractacus and Elfrida; acted, 428, 358
and to the King,

1777–82. 2nd, 3rd. 4th. book of the
Mccts Whitehead abroad,

English Garden,

460
1756. Obtains the Vicarage of Aston,

1794. Recantation and Palinode,

. 461
He publishes four odes,

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SIR RICHARD ARKWRIGHT.

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468

PAGE
Dec. 23, 1732. His birth,

466 Sets up at Nottingham,
1768. Erects his first spinning jenney 1769. His first patent,
at Preston,

468 1775. His second patent,

469

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.. 519

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March 8, 1753. His birth and parentage, 484 of Messrs. J. and W. Clarke,
Early propensity to Botany and the 1802. Establishes the botanic garden at
Fine Arts,

485 Liverpool,
1770, Articled clerk to Mr. Eyes, 490 His pamphlet “On the relative Situa-
1772. Joins a society for the encourage-

tion of France and England,"
ment of designing, &c.

498 | 1805. “Life and Pontificate of Leo X."
About 1777, Publishes his “Mount 1806. Roscoe M. P. for Liverpool,

524
Pleasant," and other Poems,

1808. Roscoe's two pamphlets in favour
1781. He marries Miss Jane Griffies, 503
1787. Publishes two tracts against the 1809. Roscoe's paper on the Scitaminæ, 536
Slave Trade,

504 | 1810. His letter to Mr. Brougham on
1788. Celebrates the centenary of the

“Reform,"
Revolution in an ode,

506 1812. General election; Roscoe propo-
1789. French Revolution; Roscoe's two

sed for Leicester ; his review of Can-
Odes,

509 ning's election speeches,
1792. “Church and King" mobs, 511 | 1814. Visit to Mr. Coke at Holkham;
1793. Roscoe's "Thoughts on the Causes

Lord Leicester's Library ; delights
of the Present Failure,

of a book-worm,

537, 538
1795. Publication of “ Lorenzo de' Me- 1815. The bank stops payment,
dici,

517 | 1820. He becomes bankrupt,
1796. Roscoe retires from business,

1816. Sale of his library,

539
Publishes his “ Exposure of the falla- Annuity purchased,

540
cics of Mr. Burke,"

518 | 1822. His “ Illustrations of the Life of
1797. He visits London; commence-

Lorenzo de' Medici,"
ment of his personal acquaintance

Memoir of Richard Roberts," 541
with Fox, Grey, &c.; his translation 1824. His edition of Pope's Works,
of Tansillo's “ Nurse,"

518 | 1825. His splendid work on Scitaminæ, 547
1798. Establishment of the Liverpool His pamphlets on criminal jurispru-
Athenæum,

518 dence, 547, 553.
1800. Becomes a partner in the bank June 30, 1831. His death and character, 555

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CAPTAIN COOK.

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Oct. 27, 1728. His birth,

Education, apprenticeship, &c.
1755. Enters the Royal Navy,

557 | 1759. Raised to the post of Master, 560
557, 558
His services in America,

560, 561
559 Dec. 21, 1762. His marriage,

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