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RICHARD BENTLEY.

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Jan. 27,1662. Born at Oulton, near Leeds, 68

His ancestry,
School education at Methley and Wake-

field,
Entrance at John's College, Cambridge,
as Subsizar,

69
His academical progress,
1682. Head Master of the Grammar

school at Spalding,
Disposes of the Oulton property to his

brother,
Domestic tutor to the son of Stilling-
fleet,

70
July, 1683. Master of Arts,
1689. Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester,
Bentley, with his pupil, resides in Ox-

ford,
Is incorporated M. A.
1690. Ordained Deacon by Compton,
Bishop of London,

71
1691. His “ Epistola ad Millium,"

Chaplain to the Bishop of Worcester

Bentley nominated first Boyle's lecturer
1692. He is rewarded with a Prebend
of Worcester,

72
1693. Made King's Library Keeper,
1694. He preaches the Boylean Lec-
tures a second time,

73
Prepares Editions of Manilius and Phi-

lostratus,
His care of the University press,
1695. Made locum tenens of the Rec-
tory of Hartlebury,

74

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July 29. His last visit to Hull,

60
Aug. 16. He dies suddenly, under su-

spicious circumstances,
The last member that received wages, 61
His person-Character as a senator,

and as a poet,
Extracts from his poetry,

62, 63

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and Chaplain to the King,

74
Elected F.R.S.
1696. Takes possession of the Librari-

an's apartment in St. James's Palace,
1692. Origin and progress of the Phala
ris controversy,

74, 82
1699. Bentley's triumph,

.. 83
July, 1696. He takes his Doctor's De.

gree-preaches the commencement

sermon,
Weekly meeting in the Librarian's

apartment, consisting of Bentley,

Wren, Evelyn, Newton, and Locke, 78
Feb. 1st, 1700. Bentley installed Mas-
ter of Trinity College,

85
Inauspicious commencement of Bent-

ley's Mastership
The Master's lodge out of repair ; Bent-

ley's passion for building, and expen-

ses incurred thereby,
His Vice-Chancellorship,

87
He marries Joanna Bernard,
Presents an address to King William,

on the French Court's acknowledg.
ment of the son of James II.

88
Is collated to the Archdeaconry of Ely,
Causes of his unpopularity with the
Fellows of Trinity,

89
1702. He announces his intention of
editing Horace,

90
His innovations,

92
Ungracious reflection on the Fellows'

gourmandise,

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Dispute about preoption of chambers, 93 a limitation; straight-forward opinion
March 8, 1702. Accession of Queen Anne, 94 of Sir Joseph Jekyl,

105
1705. Her visit to Cambridge_Dunces' Fortieth statute of Elizabeth,

106
Holiday,

The prohibition still continued ; in-
The Cotton Library_Bentley's apart-

trigues of Harley,

107
ment in Cotton House,

95

Reports of Bentley's removal to the
1706. Founds an observatory, and a

Deanery of Litchfield,
chemical laboratory,

98 | June, 1712. Attack on the Tory minis-
And renovates the chapel,

try; Bentley gets up a ministerial
1707. His private pupils,
95 address,

112
1705_1708. His correspondence with 1712, 1713. Bentley attempts to starve
Hemsterhuis,

97 his enemies to a surrender by stopping
1708. Expels two Fellows by his sole

the dividend ; Letter of Dr. Stubbe
authority,

99
to Harley,

108
Makes the College pay for a new stair- Easter Term, 1713. The prohibition taken
case in the lodge,

99

off; Bishop Moore, through the Lord
Proposes a new division of the College

Bolingbroke, receives the Queen's
funds,

100 permission to proceed as far as by
Exorbitance of his demands for himself,

law he was empowered,

109
The proposal coldly received,

Rule of the King's Bench to shew
1709. He threatens to prevent a divi-
dend,

Another year's delay; disturbed state
Arrival of Sergeant Miller; open rup-

of the nation,
ture,

101 May, 1714. The Trial commences at
1710. Appeal to the visitor--who is the

Ely House,
visitor?

Counsel for the prosecution and for the
The Fellows petition Moore, Bishop

defence,

110
of Ely,

Principal charges in the 54 articles, 110–112
Their 54 interrogatories, published as a State of public opinion at the com-
pamphlet; Bentley's retort, 102

mencement of the trial
Change of ministry ; Mrs. Bentley's Becomes less favourable to Bentley ;
connection with Mr. Masham and

he faints, ..

113
Mr. Secretary St. John,

He is convicted of violating the statutes
Bentley presents a petition to the Queen

of the college, and wasting its goods,
in council, asserting the visitatorial July 31. Before sentence is passed Bishop
power of the crown,
103 Moore dies,

114
Jan. 2, 1711. Legal delays; first hearing August 1. As does Queen Anne the

next day,
Five months' delay; cautious decision All proceedings nullified,

of the Attorney and Solicitor General, Literary labours of Bentley while the
July 12, 1711. Bentley addresses a letter

first trial was pending,
to the Prime Minister Harley from Emendations in Davies's “ Tusculan
Cotton House,
104 Questions,"

116
An embargo laid on the proceedings ; And on Needham's “Hierocles,"

nothing done during the remainder 1709. Reprint of the “Principia" at
of 1711; little in 1712, ..

105

Cambridge, under the superintend-
Jan. 9, 1712. The visitatorial power of

ence of Roger Coates,
the Bishop of Ely confirmed under 1710. Controversy with Le Clerc, 116-118

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Dec. 8, 1711. Completion of the Ho-

race ; dedication to Harley, 119
Criticisms which it occasioned ; Ker,

Johnson of Nottingham, Cunning-

ham, Pope, Warburton, Dr. King,
Testimonials to its merit; Atterbury, 120
1713. Rise of the Free-thinkers; An-

thony Collins's “ Discourse of Free-
thinking,"

121
Its false citations triumphantly exposed
by Bentley,

122
Return to Trinity College,

123
Bentley's arbitrary distribution of offices
He endeavours vainly to put Miller
out of his Fellowship,

124
Miller's new petition and articles,
Fleetwood, the new Bishop of Ely,

refuses to take cognizance of the

case,
1714. The thanks of the University

voted to Bentley for his services to
Christianity,

124
1715. His 5th of November sermon;
extract from,

126
Alarm occasioned by Hickes's posthu-

mous papers; Bentley's charge to the

clergy of the Archdeaconry of Ely, 127
April 15, 1716. His letter to Archbishop

Wake ; proposed restoration of the
New Testament text,

128
1715. Renewal of the dissentions in

Trinity College; accession of Dr.
Colbatch to the malcontents, 136
Various causes of discontent, 137,

138, 139, 140
1716. Petition to the King, to determine

the visitatorial right, suggested by
Archbishop Wake; read in Council
October 26th,

141
Bishop Fleetwood offers to resign the

Ministerial measures talked of to hum-

ble the church, but never brought
forward,

.. 142
Bentley manages a congratulatory ad.

dress to the King on the suppression
of the rebellion, ..

.. 143
Proposal for a series of classic authors,

“In usum Principis Frederici,” to be

edited by Bentley; abortive,
May 1, 1717. Bentley carries the Divi-

nity Professorship by a coup-de-
main,

144, 145
His Prælection on 1st John, v. 7,
Duties and emoluments of the Pro
fessorship,

146
Oct. 1717. Royal visit to Cambridge,

Plans to annoy Bentley,
He is distinguished by the King's no-
tice,

148
Demands a four guinea fee for confer-

ring Doctor's Degrees,
Conyers Middleton prosecutes Bentley

in the Vice-Chancellor's court, for
the amount of the fee,

149
An Esquire Beadle sent to arrest the

Professor,
The Beadle insulted and interrupted

in the discharge of his office,
Bentley declared to be in contempt of

the University jurisdiction,
Oct 17, 1718. And degraded from all
his degrees,

150
He presents a petition to the King as

Supreme Visitor,
Awkward situation of the University,

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visitatorial power,
Change of ministry; the petition missing,
Sept. College election; violent measures

to exclude Miller from his right as a

Fellow,
Bentley endeavours to buy him off, 142
Miller offends the University by a pam-

phlet,

the Vice Chancellor summoned before

the Council,
Makes an injudicious defence,
Nothing is concluded; hopes of the

Whigs that a commission will be
appointed to examine the state of the
Universities,

.. 151
1719. Paper War; Arthur Ashley Sykes,

Dean Sherlock, Dr. Middleton,
Petition revived; Bentley compounds

with Miller, who walks off with £528
of College money, and leaves his
clients to their fates,

.. 153

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1720. Middleton's "True Account of the A fresh combination against Bentley, 166

Present State of Trinity College;" March, 1729. The Privy Council re-
proves to be a libel,

154, 155

fusing to interfere, the Bishop of
Vain attempt to deprive Bentley of his

Ely is at liberty to act,

.. 167
Professorship,

158 April 1. Sixty-four articles of accusation
Prosecution of the case,

155 drawn up; Bentley cited to appear
Trinity term, 1721. Middleton found

at Ely House,
guilty,

May 3. Bentley applies for a prohibition
South Sea scheme; Change of Ministry;

from the Court of King's Bench,
Act of Grace,

156 May 7. Rule to shew cause granted,
Middleton compelled to make an apo- Various delays between 1729 and
logy, and pay taxed costs,
158 1733,

167, 168
1720. Colbatch prosecutes Bentley for a 1730. Report that Bentley was about to

Libel in the Vice-Chancellor's Court, 158 accept the Deanery of Lincoln ; his
Bentley procures an order from the triumphant reception at Cambridge, 168

King's Bench to stay proceedings, 160 The prosecutor's appeal, by writ of
Colbatch's Jus Academicum; libellous

error, to the House of LordsSher-
passage therein,
161 lock’speech,

169
Prosecution of Colbatch, interest made 1733. The second trial at Ely House,

in his favour; treachery of Earl of April 27. Bentley found guilty of dila-
Macclefield,

162 pidating the goods, and violating the
Feb. 1724. Bentley restored to his

statutes of college ; his deprivation
degrees by a peremptory mandamus

pronounced,

... 170
of the King's Bench,

.. 163 Which sentence the Vice-master is or-
A cessation of active hostilities for four

dered to execute,
years,

But which Vice-Master Hacket delays
Dr. Newcome, (Bentley's substitute in

to execute,
the Divinity chair,

May 17, 1734. Hacket resigns the Vice-
1724, 1725, 1726. A violent rupture

Mastership, and is succeeded by
between Dr. Bentley and Dr. Hare, 164 Walker,
1723. Death of Bishop Fleetwood-suc- Who finds a sufficient reason for not
ceeded by Bishop Green—who is

expelling his patron Bentley,
willing to act as visitor, under con- May 28, 1738. Bishop Greene dies, 171
ditions,

164 Which once more nullifies the proceed-
Arbitrary proceedings of Bentley; no-

ings,
mination of his son to a Fellowship 1731. Bentley's Milton,

172
at fifteen; estate let to his brother, &c. 165 His projected Homer,

173
Renewal of hostilities; Colbatch applies 1739. He is seized with a paralytic af-
to Bishop Gibson; to the Dean and

fection,
Chapter of Westminister,

His domestic character and family,
1727. Questions proposed to Counsel, Cumberland's description of him in
who decided that King Edward's sta-

174
tute, De Visitatore, is still in

His partiality for port, and contempt for
force,

166 Claret,
April 25, 1728. King George II. visits July 14, 1742. His presentinent of the
Cambridge. Dangerous illness of

length of his life,
Bentley,

His death,

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His ancestry,
175, 176, 177 Peril of his little daughter,

191
Jan. 1611. Birth,

He is surprized on his way to Cawood,
Foreign service,

180 and wounded,
1635. Married Anne Vere,

He arrives at Hull,

192
1642. Appeared on Heyworth moor at Courteous behaviour of Newcastle to
head of a multitude,

183

the Lady Fairfax,
Appointed Master of the Horse under Efforts of Fairfax to retrieve the Par.
his father,
184 liamentary affairs,

193
His first exploits,

185 Makes an excursion into Lincolnshire,
Guards the pass of Wetherby,

and joins the Earl of Manchester's
Worsted, near Tadcaster, and withdraws

Army; defeats a body of Royalists at
to Selby,

Horncastle,

194
Intrenches himself at Bradford for the Siege of Hull raised; the East Riding
winter,

cleared,
Close of the first Campaign,

Close of the Campaign of 1643; pros-
Hostilities in Yorkshire continue

perous state of the King's affairs, 195
throughout the winter,

188 Fairfax takes the Covenant,
Jan. 23, 1643. Fairfax carries Leeds,

June 21. He marches westward into
Defeats Colonel Slingsby,

Lancashire and Cheshire,

.. 196
Receives the submission of Wakefield Defeats Byron near Nantwich,
and Doncaster in the name of the

1644. Takes Monk Prisoner,
King and Parliament,

Feb. 28. Forms the Siege of Lathom
Is proclaimed a Traitor,

House,

227
Worsted on Bramham Moor, and on His conference with the Countess of
Sea-Croft Moor,
189 Derby,

228
Unfavourable aspect of his party's af- Formally demands a surrender,
fairs,

Is ordered back into Yorkshire, 196
June 30. The Fairfaxes are defeated on Gains a victory near Selby,
Atherton Moor,

Distress of the Scotch Army,

197
The younger is surrounded in Bradford, 190 April 20. They form a juncture with
Resolves to cut his way through the

Fairfax at Wetherby,
enemy,

Lay Siege to York; slow progress of
His Lady taken prisoner,

191 Siege,

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