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America, 195, 561..
| London, 122, 123, 670.
Long Island, 171, 195, 596.
Leicestershire, S9, 227.
Manchester, 20, 433, 670.
Nottinghamshire, 89, 227.
Old Bailey, 537.
Oxford University of, 129.
Scotland, 621, 625.
Wansborough, Old 998.
Agricultural Horse Tax, 839.
| Humanus, 76.
Humbug, the stealing of an, 306.
Loaves, farthing, 243.
Debate, on, 34.
Money. Hoarders, 1009.
Magistrates, the Manchester, 581.
Nation, the Grand Council of, 713.
Peel's Bill, 159, 170, 241, 289, 408.
Poor Laws, Débate on, 966.
Poor's Rates, 530.
Public Credit, 553.
Pitt Clubs, 641, 919.
Plagiarisms, list of, 255.
Rump, the Westminster, 200, 907, 914,
Scrip Castle, 122, 017.. . ..
Scotch Impudence, 577..
Savings Banks, 126, 345.
Turnips, Swedish, 577.
Wisdom the Collective," 937.
3. COBBETT's WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
Vol. 39.-No. 1.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1821. [Price 6d.
Publi ned every Saturday Morning, at Sir o'Clock.
:: To ; ;'.
Iborrowed the money : pay it like GAFFER GOOCH...,
honest! men; or, surren ier your * On the Blessings of “ Agricultural
Agriculturat all. That is the law; and, since !.
Distress.";. you have abused those, or, rather, . i
: ; him, who would have had you . Kensington, 3, April, 1821. f" break faith," he will now en
Dear GAFFER, I : Ideavour to induce you to keep - The Holy Alliance, backed, faith; to keep that faith, for hav
doubtless, by their old and con- ing advised you to break which stant, invisible friend, and having you have so unmercifully abused with them the underworkings of him. the Old Bourbons and of some I mean toʻspeak to you, Gafothers that shall (for reasons too Fer, in the present letter, of the evident to be stated) be nameless Blessings of " Agricultural Dishere, have, it seems, triumphed tress ;” of the probabile result - over the Neapolitaps, who have, of the Proceedings of your Com- without doubt, been sold by those mittee; and of the final effects as · whom they were so stupid as not to the “ Lords of the Soil." But,
to treat a la Francoise; but, first of all, let me say a word or ; GAFFER, the Holy Alliance have two about the constitution of the ... not triumphed over our, and the Committee and about the nature
world's, best friend, the DEBT ! of its proceedings.
• Soit” and of the Boroughs is in sons selected by a majority of the : your hands. Is 'it not a difficult House; and the Ministers have , case.? I told you that it would be on their side such majority. Howe difficult. Is it not here an affair ever, the members of the Comof women and boys hallooing at a mittee are also members of the market-place for cheap corn. It House. The House is, as Mr.
is an affair of “ public creditors;" Perry has it, “ the Grand Coun· an affair of “ good faith.” Come,“ cil of the Na:ion;" and, as
come, my good lords of the soil, the Committee is selected, the let us have no shuffling. You Committee must be something of
A . . . Printed by C. CLEMENT, and published by John M.Cobbett, 1, Clement's Inn.
[Price Sixpence Halfpenny in the Country.]
essence excessively ** Grand." deeply coneernod) to be informed
Therefore, if this Committee of the nature of the evidence, fail to produce -a -remedy for the while the Committee was yet complaiņed-of evil, to whom, or sitting; for, then, it might have to what, shall we look ? How occurred to many of us to offer desperate will be our case! If, our evidence; which might have undeed, the Holy Alliance could served to weigh against that of
afford any assistance, we might the witnesses already examined. - live in a hope ; but, the malady is Or is the Committee secret as qof a kind to set the Holy Alliance well as select? And are the wit
at defiance; and even the Old nesses -select as well as the Com· Ally of that alliance. . ? mittee ? And, if so, who seleots
The nature of the proceedings them?, These are very material of this Committee is a matter full questions; and, I do assure you, of interest, or, at least, of cu- GAPPER GOOch, that they will riosity. Its business is to inquire; be frequently put, when the Re- and, of whom? It is to inquire port shall make its appearance. into the allegations of divers pe- The Report must, of course, be titions. By the way, the petitions founded on the evidence givenibeof more than a million of men, fore the Committee; and, therewho' prayed : for Reform, were fore, every thing depends on the never referred to a Committee ! who and the what the witnesses There was no inquiry then! Now, are. To ask a farmer whether. these men, cannot pray any more. he is in distress, is to ask him *They dare not meet to agree on whether he gets-as much money praying, while the farmers, nick- as he wishes' to get, and that is named agriculturists, have formed like asking a drunkard if he be associations all over the kingdom! thirsty, and whether a glass ofi And, they are praised, and their gin would do him good. To ask praises are chaunted, up to the a farmer what is the causs of bis skies !: ... . .
distress, is to ask him whether But, who are to be the rit- prices be not too low; and to ask resses examined by this Commit-Thim to point out a remedy, is to stee? Is it opinions, or is it facts, ask "him, whether he does not that the evidence is to consist of? think that there ouglit to be a It would have been advantageous new Corn-Bill, to wbich if he do for us (as the whole nation is not answer in the affirmative, be
is a bastard son of the soil, and Bankers. They belong to the has not in him one drop of true system : they are legitimate chilblood. It is manifest, therefore, dren of Pitt: they.keop his birththat the public will pay very little ray: and, they must not say any attention to evidence of this sort. thing that has a tendency to dis
There is another awkward credit the system! So that, their thing, too. The “Lords of the evidence will not, perhaps, much *Soil” will naturally desire to see serve the “Lords of the Soil, a clear case-made out against the upon the whole ; for, upless these Lords of the Funds. Now, strange can get a dig at the Lords of the as it may seem at first sight, I Funds, all their efforts are unam deceived, if this species of availing. select evidence will afford much Bui, now to the matter to be in support of the idea, that Peeli inquired into. What is it? Bill has been the great cause of Whether the farmers be in disthe distress. Those big farmers tress? That point is settled. are, for the most part, Lords of But, what is next? A remedy? the Funds themselves! What Oh, no! The proof of the exthey have there is dearer to them istence of distress is by no means than their leases. They will sufficient to warrant any legislacling to that. They are, too, tive measure for the removal of momey-lenders, perhaps, though that distress, even supposing such they bawl about distress; distress measure to be within the power meaning, in their dictionary, a of the legislature. For, if it be diminution of gain. There are necessary to the good of the coinfarmers enough who are ruined ; munity in general, that the disand, if they be brought to tell tress should be left without a retheir tale, we shall hear them wedy, it ought so to be left; unwith attention, especially if they less we adopt the monstrous docgive an account of the rent they trine, that one particular class have been paying, and of the true is to be relieved by means that state of their labourers, But, if would injure all the other classes vig farmers be the witnesses, ten Low price of corn is what the to one they have, each of them, farmer complains of. This infitted out an attorney or two that jures him; but, if it be found (as they have bred upon their farms. I am sure is the fact), that the low Nay, there are some of them price is good for the labourer,
• A 2
then the benefit is greater than heard of before! Our fathers the evil. The thing ought not, used to talk of the market price. in fact, to be called agricultural That was the only price that they distress; but merely a pinching ever heard of. What is meant of great farmers and landlords. by "a remunerating price ?"
These do not make above one who is to tell what it is, except against twenty of the labourers; by the market? What an auand, if the latter gain by the pre-dacious thing to say, that the sent state of things, this state of whole of the farmers of a nation things ought not to be called agri- cannot get a remunerating price, cultural distress. The labourers when all the lands are cultivated, live by agriculture, or, rather, and when men take their farms . recently, have starved by it; and, at their own pleasure! What an therefore, ther, as well as the impudent thing! What should landlords and farmers, ought to be we say to a butcher, who was to taken into view ; and, I insist, prtition for a remunerating price? that, if the labourer's lot have “ I am losing by my business," been mended lately, it is not agri- says he, “ pray cause me to have
cultural distress, but agricultural|“ a higher price for my meat ; · happiness that the present peti- " pray pass à law to relieve my tions complain of.
“ butchering distress.”: “ Get I have observed, that, in the “ out, you blackguard,” should presenting of these petitions, the we say. “ Well,” replies he, number of acres of land, the pe-|“ I must leave off butchering, titioners occupy has always been " then." " Leave off, with the poked forward, and not the nun- " Devil to you,” we should reber of petitioners. “A petition join, “ who cares? If you can“ from occupiers of 200,000“ not get money enough by “ acres of land.” This is the “ butchering go at something way in which the thing has been “ else. Trouble us, at any rate, faced up. Perhaps the number " no more with your impudence.” of persons did not exceed eighty, This is the way we should treat a or a hundred at most. The acres butcher; and, what reason is it is that petition ! And, I be- there for our treating the farmer lieve, the acres, that is, the Land- with more ceremony ? If, indeed, lords, do really make up the the farmer, the butcher, the taygreater part of the bona fide pe- lor, the landlord, or any body titioners! Now; what I should like else, comes and complains of conto, see produced would be the pe- tracts violated, and especially by
titions of the five thousand labour-acts of the legislature ;' if he *ers, who do the work on the complain of laws, or regulations, · 200,000 acres of land. Let me uncontroulable by him, which has
see these men petition for “a re- plunged him in dis' ress; that is “ munerating price.” And then io say, if he complain of partial I will say, that the petitions are laws, we attend to him. And, if worthy. of attention. “A re- the farmers and landlords were to “ munerating price !” Was there complain in this way, they would ever such a coxcomical phrase be listened to in spite of all that