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applied by sending Commissioners into he was willing to admit, by artificial tre market, for the purpose of ruising the mouns. The heavy expenditure of a price of stock. Why, he asked, might country naturally increased the burnot not that sum be applied to keep up thens of the people. The system the price of land or of corn? To send could be only kept together by sacripersons into the market to raise the price fices on the part of the people, energy of stocks above their natural price, ap- on the part of the Government, and on peared to him, under the circumstances the part of the House a firm and magof the country, to be perfectly unwise. nanimous resolution to preserve the He would vote for the repeal of the public credit. With respect to the present tax, because he felt convinced proposed measure for the Repeal of the that by reducing taxation the House | Tax on Foreign Wool, he considered would promote economy. So it was at
lit at least a novel proceeding, and he the time of the repeal of the Property
did not think the present a time for disTax. Notwithstanding the previous de- cussion on the subject. Honourable claration of Ministers that they would Ge
id Gentlemen had said that Government' siand or fall by the tax, the tax" was re
showed no disposition to practise ecopealed - Ministers kept their places
nomy; to that charge he would say,
that the estimates for the present year withdrew the estimates which had been previously prepared, and substituted
exhibited proofs of a reduction in the other estimates considerably lower in
public expenditure unexampled at any amount. The repeal of taxes was, he
former period, save periods when 'arge felt convinced. the only means of forcing I armes
armies had been reduced. The House
were told that by repealing certain economy upon an Administration which in
taxes, Ministers would be driven to seemed determined not to diminish the
acts of economy; he could assure ; expenditure of the country uuless where Gent
Gentlemen that such steps were unne. they were compelled to do so. Under this
cessary (a laugh). The Ministers of: impression he begged to declare his indo
the Crown were determined to adopt : tention, that in the event of his Hon
every possible plan of economy, and Friend carrying the Bill to a Committee, he
the Estimates for the next year would would move instructions to the Committee be as
be as low as could possibly be con- : to introduce a clause into the Bill for the sistent with the public security ; furrepeal of the Tax on Foreign Woul. (Alther than that Ministers would not go ;laugh from the Ministerial side.) The they would not be forced to propose object of his Honourable Friend was to Estimates which according to their force upon the Ministers a system of ideas would be insufficient for the economy to the amount of 480,000l. ; he maintenance of the public Establish- * would wish to add a sum of 180,0001. ments and the public security. With . more, though indeed it could be scarcely respect to the tax in question, it should said that the repeal of the tax on foreigu be recollected that the tax was but a wool would take any thing out of the very inconsiderable part of the expence. pocket of Ministers, for he was con- attending the implements and machi. . vinced that so far from decreasing the nery of the agriculturist It was also revenge, the repeal of the tax would worthy of consideration, that the exer have a direct contrary effect.
pence of the farmer, as far as regarded The ChancELLOR of the Exche- the maintenance of cattle, had conQuer said, that the motion before the siderably decreased. He could not House was not intended merely to re-agree to the repeal of the tax; he la-' peal the tax on agricultural horses. mented that the question had been disThe Noble Lord gave notice of his in- cussed until the Report of the Agri, tention to move for the repeal of the cultural Committee was laid on the tax on foreign wool, and the repeal of Table of the House ; for if that Com-, the malt tax was an object with another.mittee should recommend the repeal of Thus then the measure might be con- the tax, it was possible they might re-','. sidered as the opening of a general commend an increased taxation on assault upon the finances of the something else. The Right Honour... country. It would be impossible for able Gentleman next defended Minis-r the Government to go on against suchters from the charge of not shewing a' a system of attack. The financial disposition to relieve the agriculturist. System of this country was carried on, To effect that desirable objcct was not
within the controut of human policy. JHusbandry Horses. In the year 1815 Ministers had, however, listened to te Chancellor of the Exchequer reevery plan that had been suggested; duced the Tax to 2s.6d, on all farms they agreed to a Committee, which hat under 2001. per annum. Now, would been for some time carrying on its lait be said tht the pressure was less on bours with unparalleled attention, and those small farms, or that there was no from them the country might expect all agricultural pressure in Ireland, where that could be expected from the most no such tax existed ? The argument laborious inquiry, and the most praise of the Member for Wiltsh're. (Mr. worthy glicitude, to remedy, as far Benett) against the tax waz contradicas possible, the distresses of the times.tory. He argued that it would lower The support of the Financial System the price of corn, and that it would reshould he the first object of Parlia- lieve the farmer from the pressure on ment ; for if that system were once him. Now, ifit had ne effect, it could successfully assailed, all the interestsinnt have the other. The fact was, of the country would be involved in this tax, like most others, was distria distress and ruin. The disfresses of buted equally on the whole consump1916 were followed by comparative tion of the country; and he paid prosperity, but the improvement that no more upon it than he did upon took place could be only ascribed to hemp or iron. The tax went to dithe stability of the public credit. I minish the general profits, and abridge The Right Honourable Gentleman the gene al comforts of the comconcluded by moving the previous munity. But when gentlemen talked question.
of the difference betreen Romney Mr, SCARLETT made some remarks, Marsh and this or that description but not material in their amount. I of land, was it possible that any of
Mr. HUSKISSON observed that what those who had thought at all on the his Right Honourable Friend (Mr. principles of political economy, or the Vansittart) had said, was, that if Par-application of capital, could be so igliament should adopt all the sugges- norant of its first elements as to sup-. tions that were thrown out by various pose that there would be a different Gentlemen, for the repeal of the salt return on account of this tax, and that tax, of the malt tax, of the husbandry one kind of cultivator would get ten, horse tax, of the wool tax, or accord while another would be content with ing to the Honourable Member for five per cent ? A noble lord had Abingdon, of the window tax-jf all read them a grave lesson from a King's these tases were repealed, those who Speech of 1721, recommending the looked at the strength of our present taking off taxes on raw produce. financial system as the best safeguard He (Mr. H.) had looked to the Statute of the country, could not continue to book to see how that recommendation carry on the (overnment. As to the had been practically attended to, particular tax,' he should say, that if Acts had been passed to take of the the repeal of this tax could be a sub- tax from Beaver, Skins, Pepper, stantial relief to agriculture, he should Cloves, Mace, Cinnamon, and Nutvote for the repeal, nay, he could go inegs, so that what the wise Whig. further, and say, that if it was even | Administration had in view to protect, thought to be so by the agriculturists | was the culinary manufacture. In the themselves, he should vote for it. But next year too, a substitute for these he could say, that in the Agricultural taxes was imposed--a tax upon PaCommittee it was not pretended by any pists. The Noble Lord (Lord Milton) one of the witnesses, that the repeal had said, he saw no difference between of it would be any material benefit, buying up a quantity of corn or other and out of 112 Petitions that had been commodities, with the superfluous taxapresented to the House, the tax hadtion, and reducing the debt with it. only been mentioned in one---a Peti-Did the Noble Lord see no difference tion from the Hundred of Parkinhoe, between a man buying up a quantity in Leicestershire, the reasoning of of commodities he had no need of, and which was very curious, as it stated paying off a debt which he had conthat the framework knitters of Leices- tracted to pay at some time? Was tershire were out of employ; there there not as a matter of policy and fore, said they, repeal the Tax upon economy use in keeping up public
credit, upless we were never again to Barnard. Visct: Harbord, Hon. E. be in the situation 'of borrowers ? Becher, W. W. Hobhouse, J. C. As to his Hon. Friend behiud himBevyon, Benj. Hartop, G. (Mr. W. Burrell) and others, he would Bernal, Ralph Harvey, Sir E. ask, were they among those who loled | Brough'm, Henry Hotham, Lurd for a large Sinking Fund? If they Bury. Visct. James, W. were, he called on them as men of Bon
Byng. Geo. Keck, G, A, L. . consistency to vote against the repeal Burrell. w.. Kingsborough, Lord of this tax (loud cries of hear, hear!). | Baillie, J. Kuatchbull, Sir Ed..
The substitute proposed by the Ho- | Benett, John nourable Member for Cumberland, had | Bright. Henry
Knox, Hon. T. been sufficiently disposed of.
Lemon, Sir W.
That Bastard, E. P. , Lennard, T. B. Hon. Gentleman had always a substi- Blackburna John
Blackburne, John Littleton, G.. i tute for every tax, in the prohibition Blair. J. H. of some foreign production; but he Belgrave, Visct.
Lockhart. J. G. should recollect, that if by prohibi-Buxton, T.F.
Lister, B. L
Lawley, F. tion or over taxation, they drove away Boughton, C. M. Langston, J. H. :; foreign commerce, they destroyed the calcraft. John foundation of their agriculture, and I Carter, J.
Lygon, tlon, H. its support and hope under its pre- Coffin, Sir I.
Miles, Peter sent difficulties. He was willing to I Coke. T: W.
Maberly, John admit as fully as possible, the mis- | Colburn, N. R.
Maberly, W. La chief of the taxation brought upon Concamion, L.
Macdonald. Jas. 48 bu an extended and expensive Cromptun, Sainl.
Martin, John war ; taxation was only a choice Crvey. Thos.
Maxwell, J. of evils ; it necessarily diminished the Calvert, N.
Milbank, M. comforts of the people, and what was Chaplin. c.
Milton, Visct. worse, checked the progress of that | Cathorne. Hon f
Monek, J. B. accuinulation of profits which had been laughtön. T. the source of the present greatness of Cholineley, Sir M. Marjoribanks, S.
v Manners, Lord C. the country. [hear!'). But they were che
Chetwynd, G. not to measure the pressure of taxa-liliv
Newport, Rt. Hon.
a. Clive, Hon R. tion by the number of persons by Ic
by Cheere, E. M. whom a.certain amount of taxes was
Newman, R. W:
Curteis, J. E. paid, but by the amount of capital or
Corbett, Panton income out of which it was paid. Ac
Cole, Sir C. cording to this calculation, many fo
Clive, Lord reign countries were as heavily taxed
Powlett, Hon. W. as England, and he should say that
Cawthorne, J. F.
Price, R. Ireland was as heavily taxed as Eng
Portman, E. P. land, though in proportion to the po
Powell, G. W.
Denman, T. pulation, it paid so little. Our capital
Paxton, W. G. had grown, and was growing in spite
Duncannon, Visct. Ricardo, David of our difficulties, so that he saw no reason to despond. After some further | Davenport, D.
Robarts, A. observations, the Right Honourable Egerton, W.
Robarts, G. Gentleman concluded by voting for the
the Ellice, Ed.
Robinson, Sir G.
Fergusson, Sir R. C.Rowley, Sir W... previous question, which he said, was Fergusson, sirr the proper course, as the motion was
Rumbold, C. premature, the House not having | Forbes, C.
Rickford, W. heard what the Agricultural Com
Russell, J. W. mittee recommended.
Fellowes, W. H.
Smith, Hon. K.
Smyth, J. H.
Graham, Sir J. . 141 for the Repeal ; 118 against it.
Sefton, Earl of
Sebright, Sir J. i Ashurst, W. H. Barham, J. F.
Sumner, G. H. Astley, J. D. Barham, J. F.Jun. Hamilton, Lord A.
Sotheron, Frank Western, C. C. Gladstone, J. Pole, Rt. Hn. W. W. Tavi:tock, Marq. of Whitbread, Gascoigne, Gen. Pennant, G. H. D. Taylor, C.
Wilson. Sir R. Grenfell, Pascoe Palmerstone, Visct. Townshend, Lord C.Wood, M.
Gifford, Sir R. Pearse, J. Trench, F. Wodehouse, Ed. Gossett, R. . Roberts, G. Williams, W. Wynn, Sir W. W. Holmes, W. Robinson, Rt. Hn. E. Warre, J. A. Wynn, C. W. Holford, J. Robertson, A. Webb, L. i Whitmore, W. W. Harding, Sir H. Rice, Hon. G. R.
Hill, Sir G.
Huskisson, Rt.Hon.Seymuur, H.
Scott, Hon. W.
Lowther, Lord Arbuthnot, Hon. C.Collett, E. J.
Scott, S. C. Apsley, Lord Cockburne, Sir G.
Lowther, Hon. H. Somerset, Lord G. Baring, H. Cust, Hon. P.
Long, Rt. Hon. SirStopford, Lord
Lovaine, Lord Tremayne, J. H. Bathurst, Rt. Hn.B.Dalrymple, A. J.
Mansfield, J. Tulk, Č. Binning, Lord Drummond, Home
Musgrave, Sir P. Twiss, Horace Brydges, Ald. Davis, Hart
Macdonald, Ronald Taylor, Sir H. Bourne, Rt. Hon. S.Doveton, G.
Martin, Sir B.
Townshend, Hon. H. Buchannan, John Divett, T..
Martin, B. Brogden, J.
Vansittart, Rt. Hon. Dowdeswell, J. E.
Marryatt, Jos. Bradshaw, R. H. Dundas, Rt. Ha. W.
Macnaghton, E. A.V
• A.Wyndham, W.
Ommannay, Sir F. -
Wilbraham, E. B.
Pechell, Sir T. B.
Phipps, Hon. Gen. Yarmouth, Earl of Cust, Hon. W. Ford, M. Croker, J.W. Grant. Rt. Hon. c.! TELLERS.-H. Goulburn and S.R. Clerk, Sir G. Gordon, Hon. W.
Tportance than even I thought it; “ ENGLAND'S GLORY.”
and will indu''e me to go more
fully into the. m tter than I inIn my last I intimated my inten- tended. -I shall put this off for tion to make some reitiarks on the a week, as a punishment to the dispute between this hero and Mr. |
writer, or, perhaps, the dictator, CANNING; in consequence - of of this anonymous letter; for, if which an anonymous letter (all in his a'arm was great enough to character) las been sent me by liudice him to take so desperate a one who calls himself 's an Elector step as this, what will he not suf" of Westminster” ard a Trades- fer during the ensuing week? man, threatening to thrash me with an Oak-Stick, if I put my announced intention into exec!lAGRICULTURAL REPORT. tion! This, I suppose, proceeds from that innate attachment to “ the liberty of the press,” which l..
| This Report is made, and will is a standing toast at the annual
be printed, together with the Evi festivals, held to perpetuate the
dence, in a few days. It is my renown of “ Westminster's Pride
intention to re-publish it entire, in “ und England's Glory.” The
an Octavo Volume, same form as writer of this anonymous effu
ile Register, and at as low a price
The subject is of sion of folly and poltroonry is as possible. no tradesman! The iradesmen!"
the very greatest importance; . of Westminster are, I imagine,
and the book will be a thing to be
| appealed to for ages. It will be any thing but full of admiration
Tfound full of most curious ad of their cocks and this, I think,
deeply interesting matter. In we shall see proved, if he have
order to render it conven'ent, I the courage to face another contest
shall Number the divisions of thefor this great and really publicspirited (y. The letter is at
matter, and, then, in a Register
or two, to contain NOTES and the Office of the Regis!cr, to be
COMMENTS on several parts of seen by any one; and, some one,
the book, I shall refer to these perhaps, may know the hand writing. This letter las had one
Mumlers; and thus make the
thing complete. good effect: it has convinced me, that the subject is of more im