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your masters can afford to give I may safely give them full credit ., this price; and that they do not for a regard to self-interest ; and give it.

that is quite sufficient to make it The first and last of these pro- impossible, that they should suffer positions I take for granted; but, your looms to stand still, if they not thus the second; which I could gain by the putting of them cannot believe in, conjunction in motion. with the other two, and with the However, let us hear what fact of the turn-out. Such a pro- your pretended advocate says in position would, to render it even support of his proposition. Let. plausible, require proof as clear us hear his proofs of a thing as day-light; and, in support of which is against reason and nathis proposition I find no proof at ture. He says, that the Hosiers. all : noi one single particle; and, in most extensive business, aver indeed, nothing in the shape of that they can afford the statement proof. That masters should suffer prices. We might treat this as their business to be at a stand; nothing ; we might, indeed, call that they should suffer their stock it a falsehood; because it is against to lie dead; that they should reason, and because the averforego profits that they might ment is not produced and attested. make; and, that they should do We have the bare word of an this voluntarily, of their own anonymous writer for it: that is choice, and that, too, with the all; and that is nothing. circumstance of exposing them. But, if the price can be afforded, selves to the just hatred of their why do not these Hosiers in most men; that this should take place extensive business give it? If they . is contrary to reason, and even in aver, that they can afford it, why. defiance of nature. Yet this do they not give it? Mind, it is must be, if the secord proposi- the Hosiers in most extensire bution of HCMANUS be true. I am siness that aver this; and yet, giving the masters no credit for they do not give the price! Ard humanity. They may, for ought they are praised, 100, by this I know, be equal in want of leel- Advocate of your cause! If the ing to any of those Colton Lords, Hosiers in most extensive business to resirain whose obduracy to- make the averment, why, again wards poor children Acts of Par- I ask, do they not give the price? liament have been passed; but, What is the answer to this !

question? What is the solution made to rescue them from this of this enigma? Why, here we state of coercion, at any rate! bave it :- . .

To sre kind and tender souls thus • The well-known fact is, that spell-bound is lamentable. I could . . " there are persons in the trade, almost turn knight-errant myself,

6 calling themselves hosiers, who and sally out to the North for the - have no cupital, and therefore deliverance of these kind-hearted ** resort to the most unwarrant- and enchanted “ established" able means of making profit,- men of capital. 6 and who, to accomplish this ob- Now, was there ever any thing .**ject, must be guilty of running so incredible as this ventured así down the established and 10- upon paper before ? Did any spectable 'manufacturcr, and man ever venture his name at the 6 thus sinking the general inle-foot of such an assertion? Hu- rests of the trade, to make their manus did not dare put his name

particular speculations answer. to this, at once malignant and " By this ruinous innovation, silly falsehood. 'We have often -56 others of the hosiers are obliged, heard of the small tradesman and " in their own defence, to get farmer being under the command " their goods manufactured at an of the rich; but, did any one “ inferior price, in order to keep ever before hear of the rich being * the market.” ,

under the command of the poor? And, the devil they are! Poor, Money, in trade especially, is unfortunate “ established and rc- power; but, here are men with ss spectable hosiers !” Poor, un- no money obliging the rich to be fortunate mea of capital! To be hard-hearted, and (which might over-ruled thus by persons " call- be rather more difficult) obliging

ing themselves hosiers, who them to forego the geiting of ,“ have no capital !Poor, profits ! wretched rich men, to be obliged In another part of Humanus's to starve their work-people; and pamphlet, these small hosiers' are that, too, by rampscallians who called by the nick-name of Bag only call themselves hosiers, and Hosiers, a name arising, probably, who have no capital! The state from their carrying their goods to of these “ established and re-market in a bag on their bauks, “spectable hosiers" is truly pitia- and given them, doubtless, by the ble. Some' effort ought to be great Hosiers, who wished to keep

down the growth of rivals in not; whereas the Bag-Hosiers trade. The passage is curious ; have no natural advantages, and and I will irisert it, because it have every other possible disadopens to us a good deal of the vantage in a contest with the esdesigns of your deluders :- tablished and rich Hosiers. That ri". It cannot be too frequently they, therefore, should be able “ insisted upon as a maxim in to snatch any profits from them is * the trade; that low prices to altogether incredible. It isa món o the workmen, will, if persisted ster even in supposition: and, “ in, ruin it, both as to respecta- what is it, then, when gravely

bility and profit; and, that suf- stated as a fact? “ ficient prices alone can cut off But there is something more in from the respectable body of this account of the Bag-Hosiers, “ Hosiers that reptile race, deno- and something too, which, I hope, “ minuted Bag Hosiers, who have you have not perceived; for, if * wriggled themselves into the I could believe that you have business, and whợ, with a mix- perceived it, and that you ap“ ture of cruelty and rapacity, at prove of this passage of the “ once snatch the bread from the pamphlet, you would no longer “ mouth of the workman, and the be objects of compassion with fair profits from the hands of me, but objects of my most “ the regular and honourable ma- hearty contempt.... “nufacturer." ..

Pray, what is meant by men We had before to express our " wriggling themselves into busiastonishment at the cruelty of " ness ?Do not all young bethese Bag Hosiers in obliging the ginners ; all those, who, from men of capital to be hard hearted being journeymen, become masto their workmen ; but, what are ters; all those, who, from being we to think of their ferocity iq labourers, become farmers; all “ snatching the fair profits from those, who, from being clerks, “ the hands of the regular and become merchants: do not all honourable manufacturer !" these wriggle themselves on, pray? Whiy, they are imps of the And, can there be any thing more Devil to be sure! It is said, that desirable than this in a commuthree hornets will kill a horse : but, nity? What is wriggling, in an then, hornets have wings and affair like this? Why, getting stings, which the poor horse hasm by degrees. Rising by slott

- đègrees, by trying every opening, | However, let me ' hope, that by keeping the ground, inch by these are not your sentiments. inch, when gained, by steady Let me hope, that you are not so and tenacious industry and care. lost to all sense of just pride, to This is "wriggling into business.” all feelings of independence, aga And, did not I wriggle myself to be willing to see your children from a private soldier to a sérjeant deprived of all hope of wriggling major, and, if I had remained, upwards, merely for the sake of with all my military notions, flattering the present Lords of

should I not have wriggled myseif the Loom, and coaxing them into , up to a general, in spite of all the an augmentation of your wages!

birth and rànk in the kingdom? Le me hope that this is not the Many persons censure the Lord case; and, in that hope, let me High Chancellor for many of his proceed in my endeavours" toacts, and, perhaps, they censure show you the absurdity of ascribe! him justly in all cases ; but, iting your low wages to the infltnever yet came into the head ofence of the Bag-Hosiers.. any one to revile him on account According to the showing of of his being the son of a coal- your pretended advocate,' the .. merchant. . . . Great Hosiers are all for the high

Yours (if you -adopt the lan-' prices. Now, is it not impossius guage of your Advocate) is a ble, that this can be true! If pretty set of principles indeed! they were to give the high prices, You are for an aristocracy in would the small Hosiers get any trade; you are for Lords of the body to work for them? Must Enom; you are for shutting out not these latter, therefore be your own brother workmen, your ruined? It is not true, then, that. own kindred and childreng and, those whom he calls established as for yourselves, you, if you and respectable Hosiers, are adopt these sentiments, are guilty willing to give the high prices: of an 'abandonment of the chance it is not true, and it cannot be of advancement in life. You are true, that even a considerable part for cutting off the chain of con-7 of them are; because, if they nection between the rich and the 'were, they would give them, and poor. You are for demolishing at the rest remain with looms Un all small tradesmen. You are


*** for reducing the cominunity to employed.. two classes : Masters and Staves. And, what, after all, inis, the

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true cause of this reduction in stockings has not fallen off. “ The
your wages? Why, a reduction “ Hosiers,” says he, “ who en-
in the quantity of money, which " tered into an agreement, in
the public, that is to say, the “ Leicestershire, to pay the high
stocking-wearers, have to expend“ prices, found no difficulty in:
in stockings. They want as many " disposing of their goods, not-
stockings, and as good stockings “ withstanding the increased price
as ever; but, if they have them “ they had paid for the manu-
at all, they must have them for “ facturing of them,-how should
less money; and, as things are " they? The difference of price
now, going, for less and less “ to the public is a trifle; and
money every year, in spite of ail" the public never complained,
that HUMANUS can say, in spite " nor could complain of a bur-
of all that the “established "f“ den which they did not feel.
men can aver, and in spite of all " The public even reaped adran-
that can be done in order to run“ tage from the increased price;
down the Bag-Hosiers. , " for the Framework-knitters and
- Why, have you been living in their families constitute the
England without knowing, that. “ most numerous class of consu-
Peels Bill has worked wonders? “ mers in the country, and the
Without knowing, that it has “ quantity of their consumption
brought down wheat from 158. to " must be proportioned to the
6s. 6d. a bushel ? Now, the far- " extent of their earnings. The
mers and their people wear stock-" circulation of money depends
ings; and, can a farmer give 15s. “ as much on the wages of la-
now for stockings as easily as he “ bour, as on the profits of
could when wheat was fifteen “ stock; and if thirty thousand
shillings a bushel ? There is less “ persons rise from abject po- .
money, less nominal amount of “ verty to a capacity of como o
money, and, of course, the price “ manding a larger share of the
of stockings must be less, and, a “ necessaries, and many of the
necessary consequence of that is, “ comforts of life, the money
that the wages for making them “ which procures them will now
must be less.

|". into every channel, so as to HUMANUS (who ought to have benefit alike the tradesman, called himself fool or hypocrite) “ the agriculturist, and the landtells: you, that the demand for “ ed proprietor.” ..


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