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and doing about fifteen miles in a stances that it is the plough-
Taking the whole of the proceed-ers, and their silly, or base,
example of Scotland has been injury to the country, brought in poked continually under our noses. a bill, which was finally rejected by It was not taxes that made English the Lords, for what he called misery; it was not paper-money; educating the poor and for reit was the poor-laws, though they gulating parish - vestries. The had existed for about three hun- latter measure has, at last, been dred years without producing mi-adopted, and a worse measure sery. The projects for squeezing never was adopted. The former the labourer did not (and I beg is still alive, and in the hands of you to bear the fact in mind) MR. BROUGHAM! This feelosooriginate with the Pittite fellows. fer, having been pretty decently They have done bad things and twisted down, comes on but slowly foolish things enough. But, it with his “ education digest,” was the other set who commenced though he was in such a hurry the attacks upon the labourer, about it last summer, that he and who first moulded into pro- brought the object on when every jected acts of parliament all the eye was fixed on his just then calumnies on him and all the exposed exploits at Saint Omer's! schemes to oppress him and to which led ill-natured people to grind him down to slavery. Ob- suppose, that it was employed in serve, too, that the movers, the the hope of drawing the public setters-on, were the Scotch Re- attention from those exploits.' ' viewers and Place-hunters; that when Mr. WHITBREAD, who hungry tribe, who began to sally was merely a cat's-paw to the forth upon us in 1806, and who feelosofers, brought forward his were stopped by Perceval's cry education bill, I assailed him, of “ No Popery." Those that and I did it, because the very got in upon us stuck fast; and, preamble of his bill contained a though they have not succeeded, calumny on the labourers of as they would have done, if the England. It is, jóst at this time, Whigs had remained in power, of great importance that we trace they have been working along, the poor-law projects to their and have never, long at a time, source. The preamble of Mr. quitted the poor-laws. : Whitbread'y bill was as follows: . In 1807, the late Mr. Wut-" Whereas the instruction of BREAD, whose vanity rendered " youth tends most materially to his quick and flashy parts a great “ the promotion of morality and
“ virtue, and to the formation of | And, all the time that this is “ good members of society, where- going on, we are called upon to “ of we have the most convincing abolish, our poor-laws, because “ proof, by long experience, in the Scotch are so moral, so in" that part of the United King- dustrious, and so happy without * dom called Scotland; and it is poor-laws ! Such Impudence * expedient, that provision should was never before witnessed under “ be made for the instruction of the sun. * the children of the poor of Eng- My real opinion is, that Scot.6 land and Wales; may it please land pays not a single farthing 66.your Majesty, that it be towards the interest of the Debt. - enacted, &c.” Now, if this In short, I am of opinion that it means any thing describable, it pays ng taxes at all. It appears means, that the poor of Scotland to pay about a seventeenth part of are more moral, more virtuous, the taxes of Great Britain ; but, and better members of society if we put all the salaries, penthan the poor of England are ; sions, sinecures, office-pay, inand this, I say, is false, and cluding East Indies, more, we grossly insulting to the people of shall find, is received back, out of England.
the taxes by Scotchmen, than This is what I said at that time ; Scotland pays in taxes. A pretty and I now beg you to read the figure the fund-lords would make, Postscript to this letter, where if we were to follow the example you will find Extracts from the of Scotland ! Register of 1807, in which I It is a curious thing to see Engmade good against WHITBREAD land gulled in this manner. But, my charge of falsehood and in- impudence, sheer, naked impu- . solence, But, besides what is dence, will go, of itself, a great there said, I have now to assert, way; and the Scotch office-huntwhich I do in; the most unqua- ers have two strings to their bow : lified manner, that, there has been they can boo, or brag, as occasion given, during the last 25 years, requires. They are indefatigable more than five millions of money, in their pursuit of getting upperraised on English labour, to re- most ; they move in a body; lieve the labourers of Scotland; they stick together like burrs ;and this I am able to prove from they are a fraternity, and, like documents laid before parliament! monks, if one be touched the
whole fall. upon the assailant. foreign corps and a Frenchman ; Their cautious and reserved man-and, amongst all our misfortunes, ner, and even their obscurity of we have the good luck to hare a expression, tend to impose upon“ Great Captain of the Age » the weak, and to make them pass who is not a Scotchman. If he for men of superior understanding. had been a Scotchman, the lord -“ Familiarity creates contempt” have mercy upon us! I am all is a maxiin that certainly had its in a quiver now at the very idea! rise amongst the Scotch. A se- 1 Observe, that all this impurious and distant sort of air and dence would be nothing, if it had
a. silent tongue are enough to no practical effect; but it has. - make the mass of mankind be- Fools take it for granted, that
lieve, that your head is full of poor-rates are bad, because the wisdom. Then, when need be, happy and moral Scotch have no they can crawl with the cater- poor-rates; and this they do too, pillar; they can soften their and even Lawyer SCARLETT, who hard features into smiles, and is not a fool, in the usual sense of put a dimple in the place of the word, talks of the example each high cheek-bone.
of the Scotch, when it is well This is offensive is it? Let known that they have been fed them, then, keep their insolence out of English labour for years, to themselves; let them not pour and that, no longer ago than the it forth upon us. Their power Six-Acts time, the Scotch memin this country, their enormous bers actually proposed , a grapt power, has arisen from various out of the taxes for the relief of causes, but, in very few instan- the poor of Scotland! Lord Lices, from their superior merits verpool gave them the proper anof any kind whatever. They swer: “ Let Scotland have her have more than half of the emo- “ poor-laws. as England hạs." luments of public offices; they And yet Lawyer SCARLETT takes pay less than a seventeenth part up the cast thoughts of the of the taxes; and they possess Scotch feelosofers, and bolds up not a thousandth part of the na- to us the example of the Scotch! tional talent. I shall never for- However, we may safely laugh get their assuming the honour of now at all attempts to oppress taking the “ Invincible Standard,” the labourers of England through which was actually taken by a the means of this pretended
or bright example." A state of|up; Englaiid will be delivered of things is now consing, which will them; and for this deliverance I send off even the Scotch Bailiffs. thank the Ministers and Mr. RoVermin, which thrive upon a bert Peel! The Scotch feelo diseased carcase, drop off as the sofers are cunning; but they are animal recovers bis health. Some always short of plain sense. They years ago Scotch-farmers were the did not see how cash-payments raging fashion. In Oxfordshire would work. Indeed,' they had there was a person who let his no idea that they would ever whole estate to " a firm" of come ; 'and, besides, did not perScotchmen, who pulled up his ceive any thing clearly about the barns and homesteads, and laid paper-money the whole into “ one great manu- This money-work is the work factory of food!” Now mind, Ifor me; aye, and for you, and tell it you as a fact for the truth for all of us that wish to see the of which I pledge myself, that country revire, and to see the lathey had a counting-house, mus-bourer restored to happiness. ters, roll-calls ; that they had a Things are coming right as fast place to stand on whence they as they can; and this is the time, could see all parts of the land al that LAWYER SCARLETT chooses once ; that they used spying- for bringing in a bill to check glasses, and gave their orders, in the breeding of the labouring peom many cases, with a speaking ple! I should like to hear the trumpet ! Precisely how the task- commentary of a dozen countrymasters in Egypt went on I can- girls upon this bill! The thing not say ; but, if they exceeded never can pass, mind! And, how this, they were task-masters in the Lawyer will get it out of the deed !
House I am sure I cannot guess! I have not, of late, heard of The question seems to be, whether these « grand manufacturers of it be to go out at the door, or out “ food," who, I dare say, were at the window ! Experience has famous Yeomanry Cavalry men. been cautious in bestowing praise. They have dropped the trumpet, The charge of inconsistency, I suppose. Mr. Peer has brought grounded upon my having beer them down from this spying only too eager to applaud, and mount; from this watch-tower. having, as the result showed, apIn short, they will all be broken plauded unworthy objects: this