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this passage in the life of that|ger. They were lads from the victim of the despot, called by plough tail. All of them. tall; base flatterers Frederick “the for no short men were then « Great," without recollecting on taken. I remember two that the pangs of hunger felt by me, went into a decline and died during the thirteen months that during the year; though when I was a private Soldier at Chat- they joined us, they were fine ham, previous to my embark- hearty young men. I have seen ation for Nova Scotia. Of my them lay in their births, many sixpence nothing like five pence and many a time, actually crying was left to purchase food for the on account of hunger. In such day. Indeed not four pence. a state of things where is the For there was washing, mending, man to reproach à Soldier for soap, flour for hair powder, shoes, theft or for desertion?. stockings, shirts, stocks and gait- These are my reasons and more ers, pipe-clay and several other than sufficient they are, for saying things, all to come out of the that no reduction ought to take miserable sixpence! Judge then place in the pay of the Soldier of the quantity of food to sustain and the Sailor. They are pretty life in a lad of sixteen, and to well off just now; and they never enable him to exercise with a were so before since my recollec musket (weighing fourteen tion of the army. Their allows pounds) six or eight hours every ance of bread and meat at a fixed day. The whole week's food price did something ; but the high was not a bit too much for one prices, whieh extended you will day. It is not disaffection, my observe to their linen, stockings Lord; it is not a want of fidelity and shoes, rendered the addition to oaths, that makes Soldiers de- to their pay not sufficiently great. sert one time out of ten thousand; Just at this time they are very it is hunger, which will break well; and, the way to reduce the through stone walls ; and which expence of the Soldiers, is, to will, therefore, break through discharge them; and let them go oaths and the danger of punish- and share in the good times with ment. We had several recruits their relations and friends. The from Norfolk (our regimemt was pay of the officers, especially the the West Norfolk); and many subaltern officers, is not a farthing of them deserted from sheer hun- too much. Discharge here, too,
if the nation's expence be .too furnished him with ample mate
great. But is it the pay of the rials for this; but they have for.Officers and Soldiers that swallows gotten to inform him that the
up the money? Oh! no ! Look Members of Congress have passed at the army estimates; and you an act' to reduce their own sala: will find, that the pay of Officers | ries from ten dollars a day to six ; and Soldiers do not exceed a and that other salaries have been quarter part of the total amount. reduced in the same proportion! It is the staff; it is the Barracks; Not a word do the Ambassadors it is the Military Colleges ; it is and Consuls say of this! This, the contingencies. But, at any however, is beginning at the right rate, be there few Soldiers or be end. Such a government can there many, these ought to have proceed when it pleases to reduce a belly-full as long as they are the interest of the debt, without Soldiers, and are prevented from incurring the just reproach of any working to obtain that belly-full. human being. .. .
But, impossible' will it be to And here, my Lord, excuse me touch the interest of the Debt, for pointing out to your Lordship unless the salaries be reduced. the beneficial effects of legislators There are many other things to be being realey and truly chosen by done ; but this must be a prelimi- the people whom they are said to nary step. Lord Liverpool de- represent, and being prevented lights to dwell upon American from holding place or pension or distress. It is not distress, mind, deriving any emolument u hatever it is meré fall of prices; but, from the exchequer of the state. since his Lordship will call it Any man who would have dared distress, since he will cite the to oppose an act so, manifestly Americans as examples of suf-demanded by justice would never fering ; why does not he cite have been chosen again! This their government as an exam- points with finger as strait as a ple for himself and his col- gun to that Reform of Parlialeagues in their conduct towards ment, that real and not humbug a people who are in a state of suf- Reform, without which to extrifering? He has heard enough cate ourselves from the present. to justify him in stating that the difficulties is impossible, unless by ' Americans are in distress. His the means of a horrible convulAmbassadors and Consuls have sion, which, after all, must end in
that very Reform, which your are they to make their sentiments Lordship has always opposed, known even to each other? That and which I wish I could hope famous Assembly, which you say. that you would oppose no longer. does not want reforming, has put
To return once more to your a bridle on their heads, 'a bit in Letter : it appears, that you ex- their mouths, and a curb under. pect, that some plan will be their gullets. That famous As: adopted for reducing the interest sembly has made it banishment to of the Debt; for, you say, that speak contemptuously of its proyou see " at present no symptomceedings; and, how, then, are “ that the public will agree upon the public to discuss what has 5 any plan.”'. The public! Oh, been, or ought to be, done by. oh! The public! Who is that? that famous Corps ? The public Do you mean that being, which agree! What can it agree upon ?, the Don had been looking after And what is the use of its agreeing for so many years in vain ; and, to any thing? What power has at last, said that he could not find it; what organ; how is it to diss: · it, though a million and a half of cuss; how to act in any way men had signed petitions and whatever ? A pretty story. insent to him to present ?. The deed! The mess is come ; the. dear man could not find “ a pub- confusion is at hand; and now “ lic" notwithstanding this. He you would throw the blame upon. was like Diogenes squeezing the public ! And that, too, at *about amongst a crowd. to en- the very time when you are redeavour to find such a thing as fusing them the right eyen of man. The Don never told us voting for those who make the what he meant by a public, nor laws ! does your Lordship tell us what! Oh, no! The people, the pubyou mean by that public, which lic, are out of the scrape. They you wish to agree to some plan cannot meet to discuss the subject; for the reduction of the interest and they have, in fact, nothing of the Debt. . : to do with it, except as spectators
If, by public, you mean the of the interesting drama, which is people at large, how are they to now drawing to a close. It is, agree upon a plan. How, in the parliament ; “the wisdom of par-. first place, are they to express" liament," as bawling Pitt usedtheir wishes or opinions? How to call it, with a wurr of the ro
That is what has done the good than yesterday, just before súnthing. The people have been rise, and whistled to me, that there set out of the question, and let began to be a misgiving amongst them keep out of it. Let the those in whose profound heads the famed “ Areopagus," as your wisdom is concentrated! It Lordship by comparison called alarmed me, and still alarms me. the celebrated House a few days And, there was an ugly passage ago : let the “ Areopagus, who in that speech of Lord Liverpool, contracted the debt without ask- which I quoted but now. He ing the adviee or consent of “ the said, that “ he felt it due, in cana public," settle with the Fund's dour to the House, to state, lords in its own good time and “ that, if they considered a paperway. Here, at any rate, I have "' currency more desirable, the entire confidence in the wisdom" passing of the present Bill “ of parliament.” That wisdom“ (VAN's bill for gold payments has gotten into the right track for“ of one poúnders) would create me. “ The wisdom of parlia-“ impediments to ' its adoption." “ ment” is written in legible cha-" Though his own mind was not racters in all that we now behold. “ yet made up on the subject, he bam for relying on “the wisdom " would confess, that his inclina" of parliament ;' for, I know, l" tion was rather in favour of a that that is the very thing that will metallic than a paper currency !?” do our business' to a tittle. Let Good God! What can this it alone : only let it have full mean? But, it corresponds preplay; and we shall see all that cisely with what my little bird my heart desires.
told me. He would not name The Ministers are neither more names : for he is a very prudent nor less than the organs of “ the little bird ! He is very fond of “wisdom of parliament.”. Let this showery climate, and does them keep on in their present not wish to be banished. But, course. Let them hold on. Let what can this mean?«'Inclinathem keep hard; and not suffer - tion rather in favour of a me *the wisdom of parliament" to " tallic curreney 13 Why, my be turned aside from its object. good Lord,, has not““ the wisdom A little bird (and here is the ad- “ of parliament" said ; has it not vantage of early rising) came to resolved ; nay, has it not enacted, my study window, no longer ago that the currency shall be metál
lic? Did not the Six-Acts par- the people at the mint refused to liament pass an act, that take it in. So that this is pretty the Bank should pay in 1823; payment after all ! really pay, pay in gold without However, there will be no any reservation? What! And wrong done, if the Bank will now with this act before your eyes, pay, actually pay, all its one you, the prime man of those in pounders. This we shall see in a whom the wisdom is concentrated, very few days. This will put say, that your “ inclination is the thing to the test, so fur; but os rather in favour of a metallic this is not cash-payments! Cashs currency ?? Poh! They must payments will take place when have misreported your speech; any man can go with a Bank and yet, it does correspond with note and demand gold for it the story of my little bird ! in the king's coin; and this I do not like it, I must confess. I will never take place without a
In the meanwhile the first of reduction of the interest of the May has arrived, and with it Debt. The MARQUIS op LANS-, bullion-payments without loss to DOWN, who was one of the the note-holder, Many people, loudest advocates for Peel's in spite of all impediments, have Bill, made use, the other night, got bars. Upon application for a of some very strange words as bar a gentleman was compelled, relating to this subject. They before he could get the bar, to are, on account of this subject, endorse, or put his name on, all worth quoting I will take them the notes that he tendered ; to entire. They are, especially. write his name and place of abode when taken into view along with on every note! What law is there what I have just quoted from for this? What right, what rea-| Lord Liverpool's speech, full son, is there for insisting on this? of ominous forebodings. Pray Do not the Bank know its own mark, how the Marquis works his notes when it sees them? PEEL's way along. Pray, attend to the Bill does not say, that people w shall put their names and places “ The Marquis of LANSDOWN of abode on the notes before they
mö they said he did not rise for the purpose of get the bars. This gentleman
offering any opposition or obstruction . .
to the passing of the measure, but the rcent to the Mint. He there ten
principle upon which it was founded dered his bars to be coined ; and was of too much importance to let the ..