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ever accursed be the name of the for else they are manufacturerstoo; man, who invented the system and, the American farmer buys that swept away the small farmers very little indeed. I do not of England !
know that I ever saw an EngWhy should any landlord, be lish blanket in ap. American farm-, he ever so great, think it be- house ; and how many scores of neath him to attend to the means them have I slept in! They of teaching his tenants how to be make, at the farm-houses, the happy, when, in their happiness, whole of their bedding; weavers he must see the surest foundation going from house to bouse. Nine of his own wealth and of his coun-tenths of their clothing, the farnitry's greatness? How much er's coat not excepted. And, inmight be done by showing the deed, who can suppose that the folly, the wastefulness, the in- clothing and bedding of ten miljury to health, the abridgment lions of people are carried across of life, which arise from the eating the sea in ships! The farmer is or drinking of any thing, which his own carpenter vine times out a man's own farm, in England, of ten. Mends, if not makes, bis cannot produce, and that, too, own ploughs and harrows. Kills with the greatest facility ? Lord his own meat, makes bis own MILTON some time ago, ob- grain into bread. And, in short, seived, that where the husband- the maxim is to buy nothing if he men lived most within themselves, can, by any means, avoid it. they were the most miserable. And the very best livers upon But, he may be assured, that the face of this earth are the this misery arises from some American Farmers. Theirs is a other cause. “Looky? said he, le
he life of moderate labour and great
abundance of good things, all “ at Agricultural Poland.” But,
"I things, to use the words of the · look at Agricultural America, Iold Chancellor Fortescue, tlat say. The Poles must buy cloths, make life easy and pleasant,
Here, too, is the sure and cheap all. I dare say it will be all defence of Nations. Here are very accurately stated in Rumen always able and ready to de- pees, and those turned into sterlfend the country; and that done, ing to a fraction of a thousandth to return to their homes. A Mr. part of a farthing. But, how STANHOPE, apparently from the comes it, that this immense tenor of his speech, at the India- " Empire in the East” is not House, a very worthy man, talk-able to do without part of the ed, there, the other day, of the rents of English landlords, and hundred millions of his fellow- of the labour of English tradessubjects in India! I wisii they men, farmers, labourers, and arwere all in- No, God for- tizans? How comes it, that we give me, I do not wish any such must pay taxes on our own Malt thing. But, they, poor crea- and Salt to be given towards the tures, are no fellow-subjects of support of this glorious Empire mine nor of Mr. Stanhope neither. in the East? Pitt and Dundas They are swarms of meek, harm- made a treaty with the East Inless human beings, that would be, dia Company, which became an I dare say, very well if left to Act of Parliament, according to themselves, but who are rendered which act the Company was to miserable by our foolish greedi- pay to the nation half a million a ness and false ambition, for which year for 20 years, I think it was. we are repaid in the taxation and The Company paid one half milslavery that they bring upon our-lion (or, at least, they said so), selves. We have, it seems, af ånd from that day to this the nacouple of millions to pay pre- tion has been paying money to the sently to the thing called the East Company! India Company. And for what? It is high time to inquire into Doubtless we shall have papers these things. When a man is enougli to show for it, if that is said to have got money in India
the truth is, he las got it out of we shall soon see, that there will. English 'taxes!" However, the be no more immense fortunes: thing is all of a piece, from the brought from India ; and, I venvery top to the very bottoin. ture to predict, that the Nabob of Only think of “ Westminster's Arcot's Debts will be settled in a " Pride,” No. Q's father, and trice. two or three more, receiving Nothing does India afford us, 1,2001. a year each for set!ling that is of any use to us, But, if something about the Nabob of it did, the Americans, who pay Arcot's Debts! These salaries nothing towards the support of come, mind you, out of English that vain-glorious concern, have Taxes; and they have been going all things that it produces for half on, in different hands, for, I the price that we have them at. believe, nearly, or quite, thirty There was a man, in parliament, years! Was ever such a set- some years ago, named Metcalf, tling of accounts heard of before? who was a something in the India. However, it is nonsense to talk affairs, who had the impudence, about it. The whole thing alto- or folly, perhaps both, to reckoni, gether is so wild, so monstrous, amongst our gains by India the and appears so romantic and fabu- revenue arising from tea ; that is : lous,that one cannot have patience to say, our gains consisted of. to speak of it in sober language. taxes paid by ourselves! Now,
Bụt (and now we return from adopting the gross, the beastly, this long ramble aside), let prices supposition, that this was a gain, keep down ; let farmers fling up would it not have been better to their farms ; let the landlords have had the gain upon Malt?' come up with empty purses ; let. The Agriculturasses would have the labourers of England get their discovered some sense, if they belly full ; let the Salt Tax and had petitioned against the importhe Malt Tax be taken off; and tation of tea; or, at any rate,
against being taxed to pay money design. They prospered, the to maintain a foreign country in very mark of prosperity struck order that that country might send the eye, the labourers perished, hither a parcel of stuff to lessen the little farmers became paupers, the consumption of barley., and the cause was hidden from
This Company has got a debt the eyes of landlords, government, too, and not a small one by any and even from the paper-money means; and for this also the na. makers themselves. But, now tion, is, in the end, answerable! that it is discovered, it would be But, O, lord! It is such a mess ; criminal indeed, not to tear it up such a hodge-podge altogether, by the roots ; not to apply a that it half'turns one's brain but radical cure ! to think of it. The truth is, however, that the monstrous thing TO' MR. BAINES, has swelled up during the delirium
Proprietor of the Leeds Mercury.. of war and påper-money; and, it will and must now all sink down Kensington, 11. July, 1821. again. It is a true bubble, which SIR, is just now beginning to burst. The last number of the ReThe whole thing has changed its gister contains a letter from me character since Pitt took posses- to Mr. Birkbeck of the Illinois sion of it. It has gone on in its Territory. It quotes from the own monstrous way. The paper- paper of our “ unassailable" mill ground the millions out of the and “ incorrupible” Scotch-polibones of the labouring classes, tician, three paragraphs, parportwithout their knowing it, and ing to be part of a letter written without the landlords or even the by Mr. Birkbeck to “ a friend in government knowing it. I will “ Yorkshire.” These paragraphs do these two the justice to say. contain some very spiteful rethat they did the thing without marks on me; and I said, or
meant to say, that our unassail-, this application on my own acable and incorruptible gentleman count so much as on account of was guilty of one of his native those, who are liable to have tricks in handing the slander been misled by Mr. Birkbeck's about. I now find, from what is letter. I am, in spite of all proreported to, me, that the whole vocation, loath to impute a bad letter, or, at least, a much larger motive to that gentleman. I can part of it, was published in your make great allowances for his raper, from which the inscrutable mortification. But, when we being made the extract in ques- consider the fatal effects of his tion, selecting that part which delusive statements; when we contained aspersions on me, as consider that the gratification of being, in his mind, best calculated his ambition (for I would fain be-. to afford useful information to his lieve it not to be avarice) has readers, and particularly to a already produced so much ruin: little junto of taylors and copper- and misery amongst those who smiths and stock-jobbers, become had all the means of leading easy would-be financiers, of whose and happy lives in the settled Jucubrations the inscrutable being parts of America, we are paris the promulgator, and with takers in the cause of this evil, whose friendship and company if we abet him in propagating he is honoured.
his delusions. Now, Sir, I think I have all I am,
Sir, right to call upon you to insert,
Your most obedient Servant, in your paper, my answer to Mr.
- WM. COBBETT. Birkbeck’s reflections on me; or, to expect, that you be pleased to
AGRICULTUR-ASSES' Evidence. furnish me with the name and place of abode of the friend in It is curious enough that this is “ Yorkshire." I do not make not out yet! The Committee