« НазадПродовжити »
2. Go, form a monitory wreath
For youth's unthinking brow;
What most he fears to know :
3. But while to thoughtless ones and gay,
Ye breathe these truths severe,
Have ye no word of cheer ?
4. Go, then, where, wrapt in fear and gloom,
Fond hearts and true are sighing,
The pillow of the dying ;
Of their long sleep and broken chain.
Recalls the slumbering flower,
His mercy and His power ;-
QUESTIONS.-1. How do flowers teach the frailty of man? 2. What should they teach to youth? 3. To manhood? 4. To age? 5. Who are meant by 'those who droop,' third verse? 6. What do flowers betoken to them? 7. What will happen to the dead?
How do you parse florers, first verse ? How, go, second verse ? What inflection have commands? (Les. VI. Rule VII.)
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. Portmanteau (port man'to), a leathern bag for carrying clothes, &c. 2. Priv'y, secretly knowing. 3. Ri'fling, robe bing. 4. Booty, that seized by robbery; plunder. 5. Screen, to conceal. 6. Counterfeited, made seem otherwise; imitated. 7. Affability, respectful behavior to others. 8. Awards', judgments. 9. Aggravations, circum. stances rendering a deed or evil worse. 10. Atro'cious, extremely bada 11. Parricide, the murder of a parent, or one to whom reverence is due us to a parent. 12. Hypocrisy, concealment of real character. "13. Male factor, one guilty of an evil deed. 14. Exor'bitant, excessive. The Power of Conscience. - A true Narrative. -
FORDYCE. 1. A JEWELER, a man of good character and of considerable wealth, having occasion, in the way of his business, to travel at some distance from the place of his abode, took with him a servant in order to take care of his portmanteau. He had with him some of his best jewels, and a large sum of money, to which his servant was likewise privy. The master hav. ing occasion to dismount on the road, the servant watched his opportunity, took a pistol from his master's saddle, and shot him dead on the spot ; then rifling him of his jewels and money, and hanging a large stone to his neck, he threw him into the nearest canal.
2. With this booty he made off to a distant part of the country, where he had reason to believe that neither he nor his master were known. There he began to trade in a very . low way at first, that his obscurity might screen him from observation ; and, in the course of many years, seemed to rise, by the natural progress of business, into wealth and consideration ; so that his good fortune appeared at once the effect and reward of his industry and virtue. Of these he counterfeited the appearances so well, that he grew into great credit, married into a good family, and by laying out his hidden stores discreetly, as he saw occasion, and joining to all a universal affability, he was admitted to a share of the government of the town, and rose from one office to another, until at length he was chosen chief magistrate.
3. In this office he maintained a fair character, and continued to fill it with no small applause, both as a governor and a judge ; till one day, as he sat on the bench with some of his brethren, as president of the court, a criminal was brought before them, who was accused of having murdered his master. The evidence came out full, the jury brought in their verdict that the prisoner was guilty, and the whole assembly waited the sentence of the president with great suspense. Meanwhile he appeared to be in an unusual dis. order and agitation of mind, his color changed often; at length he rose from his seat, and coming down from the bench, placed himself just by the unfortunate man at the
bar, to the no small astonishment of all present.
" You see before you," said he, addressing himself to those who had sat on the bench with him, “a striking instance of the just awards of Heaven, which this day, after thirty years' concealment, presents to you a greater criminal than the man just now found guilty.”
4. Then he made an ample confession of his guilt, and if all its aggravations, particularly the ingratitude of it to a master who had raised him from the very dust, and reposed a peculiar confidence in him; and told them in what manner he had hitherto screened himself from public justice, and how he had escaped the observation of mankind by the specious mask he had worn. “But now,” added he, “no sooner did this unhappy prisoner appear before us, charged with the same crime, of which I was myself conscious, than the cruel circumstances of my guilt beset me in all their horror; the arrows of the Almighty stuck fast within me; and my own crime appeared so atrocious, that I could not consent to pass sentence against my fellow criminal, until I had first accused myself.
5. “Nor can I now feel any relief from the agonies of an awakened conscience, but by requiring that justice may be forthwith done against me, in the most public and solemn manner, for so aggravated a parricide. Therefore, in the presence of the all-seeing God, the great witness and judge of my crime, and before this whole assembly, who have been the withesses of my hypocrisy, I plead guilty, and require sentence may be passed against me as a most notorious malefactor.'
6. We may easily suppose the amazement of all the assembly, and especially of his fellow judges; however, they proceeded, upon his confession, to pass sentence upon him, and he died with all the symptoms of a penitent mindan exemplary instance of the fatal effects of an exorbitant passion, and the tremendous justice of Providence, in detecting one of the most cool and artful villains, after such a long concealment !
QUESTIONS.—1. How did the servant kill his master? 2. Where cid he then go? 3. How did he manage with the money? 4. What did he become? 5. Who was brought on trial before him? 6. As the jury brought in their verdict against the prisoner, what did the judge do? 7. Was he put to death ?
How are verdict, effects, and the like, often wrongly articulated ? (Les I. 6^2d.)
SPELL AND DEFINE-1. Suicide, self-murderer. 2. Antiquity, ancient time. 3. Cotemporary, living at the same time. 4. Pa'geant, a show of pomp. 5. Importu'nities, urgent requests. 6. Presumption, unreasonable confidence. 7. Immortality, endless existence. 8. Posterity, the generations which come after. 9. Trans'itoriness, short continuance. io. Citadel, fortress for defense in a city. 11. Mask, a covering designed to conceal from observation. 12. Opulent, wealthy. 13. E ma'cia ted, wasted away. 14. Subordinate, inferior in oriler. 15. Tyranny, despotic exercise of power; severity. 16. Av'arice, a great desire for gain. Midnight Musings in a Large City --GOLDSMITH.
1. The clock just struck twelve—the expiring taper rises and sinks in the socket—the watchman forgets the hour of slumber—the laborious and the happy are at rest, and nothing wakes but meditation, guilt, revelry, and despair. The drunkard once more fills the destroying bowl, the robber walks his midnight round, and the suicide lifts his guilty arm against his own sacred person.
2. Let me no longer waste the night over the page of antiquity, or the sallies of cotemporary genius, but pursue the solitary walk, where vanity, ever changing, but a few hours past, walked before me,—where she kept up the pageant, and, now, like a froward child, seems hushed with her own importunities.
3. What a gloom hangs all around! The dying lamp feebly emits a yellow gleam; no sound is heard but of the chiming clock, or of the distant watch-dog. All the bustle of human pride is forgotten. An hour like this may
well display the emptiness of human grandeur. There will be a time when this brief solitude may be made continual, and the city itself, like its inhabitants, fade away, and leave a desert in its room.
4. What cities as great as this, have once triumphed in existence, had their victories as great, joy as just and as un. bounded, and, with short-sighted presumption, have promised themselves immortality! Posterity can hardly trace the situation of some ; the sorrowful traveler wanders over the awful ruins of others; and, as he beholds, he learns wisdom, and feels the transitoriness of every earthly possession.
5. “ Here,” he cries, “ stood their citadel, now grown over with weeds; there, the senate house, but now the haunt of every noxious reptile ; temples and theaters stood here, where now is only an undistinguished mass of ruins. They are fallen, for luxury and avarice first made them feeble. The rewards of the state were conferred on amusing, and not on useful members of society. Their riches invited the invaders, who, though at first repulsed, returned again, conquered by perseverance, and at last swept the defendants into mingled destruction.”
6. How few appear in those streets, which, a few hours ago, were crowded! and those who appear, no longer wear their daily mask, nor attempt to hide their shame or their misery. But who are those that make the streets their couch, and find a short repose from wretchedness at the doors of the opulent? These are strangers, wanderers, and orphans, whose circumstances are too humble to expect redress, ani whose distresses are too great even for pity. Their condition excites rather horror than pity. Some are without the covering even of rags, and others are emaciated with disease ; the world has disclaimed them ; society turns its back upon their distress, and has given them up to nakedness and hunger.
7. Why, why was I born a man, and yet see the sufferings of wretches I can not relieve ? Poor houseless creatures ! the world will give you reproaches, but will not give you relief. The slightest misfortunes of the great, the most imaginary uneasiness of the rich, are aggravated with all the power
of eloquence, and held up to engage our attention and sympathetic sorrow.
The poor weep unheeded, persecuted by every subordinate species of tyranny; and every law, which gives others security, becomes an enemy to them.
8. Why was this heart of mine formed with so much sen. sibility ? or why was not my fortune adapted to its impulse ? Tenderness, without the capacity of relieving, only makes the man who feels it, more wretched than the object which sues for assistance.
QUESTIONS.—1. At what time of night was this written? 2. In what are different ones engaged? 3. What does the writer propose to do? 4. What does he say of the city? 5. Who is supposed to utter what is contained in the fifth verse ? 6. What persons only appear in the street ? 7. How are the miseries of the poor often regarded ? 8. How the misfortunes of the rich and great ? 9. What is the condition of the poor in comparison with that of the rich ? 10. What reflection is made by the writer in the last verse ?
Why the rising inflection on revelry, first verse ? (Rule VI.) What inflection has the second word, seventh verse? (Rule VIII.) What ins filection on the words previous to the dashes, first verse? What inflection have the exclamations in this lesson? What the questions ?