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56. Trial of the Faith of Abraham....

W. B. Collyer. 160

57. The Study of History, or a Solid and Super-

ficial Education Contrasted..

Ruhnken. 162

58. The Grave a Place of Rest...

. Mackenzie. 165

59. The Grave.....

Montgomery. 167

60. Influence of the Wise and Good after Death.

Norton. 170

Reflections on a Well-Spent Life...

Anon. 171

61. The Sun.....

Sturm. 172

Address to the Sun..

Ossian. 173

62. The Spirit-World..

Knickerbocker. 174

The Indian's Hope of Heaven.

Pope. 177

63. The Eagle...

Percival. 178

64. The Destruction of Sennacherib's Host..

Byron. 180

The Power of God.. ...

. Henry Kirke White. 181

65. Rural Occupations favorable to Devotion. Buckminster. 182

Natural Religion....

.. Anon. 183

66. Sublime Appearances of the Ocean in a Storm... Cox and Hoby: 184

67. The Free Trapper's Indian Bride.

Bonneville. 186

68. The Power and Providence of God.

Bible. 187

69. Constant Fear of Death......

Pollok. 190

Immortality..

R. H. Dana. 191

70. Industry necessary to form the Orator.... H. Ware, Jr. 192

71. Reflections on the Burning of the Lexington... Wm. C. Brown. 194

72. The Art of Memory..

. Imperial Mag. 197

73. Disagreeable Talkers...

Mrs. Ellis. 200

74. The Young Mariner's Dream.

Dimond. 203

75. The Treasure that Waxeth not Old.

D. Huntingdon. 205

76. Select Sentences.

207

77. Wisdom and Goodness of the Creator mani.

fested in his Works ...

. Lond. Sat. Mag. 209

78. The Soft Answer.....

T. S. Arthur. 212

79. Advantages of Reading.

Haues. 216

80. Remarkable Animals .

Bible. 218

81. The Soul's Defiance..

. Anon. 220

82. How a Student is Known..

Stuart. 221

83. Scotland in Summer and Winter.

Wilson. 223

84. Dedication of the Temple..

Milman. 224

Dedication Hymn .....

N. P. Willis. 226

85. Harmony among Brethren..

Percival. 227

86. Imperishable Wealth ..

. Jane Taylor. 229

87. Napoleon at Rest.

. Pierpont. 230

88. What is Ambition ?.

N. P. Wiltis. 231

89. Character of Pitt..

Robertson. 233

90. Extract from Mr. Pitt's Speech in Parliament in praise of the

Congress at Philadelphia....

234

91. Charles II. and William Penn..

Weems. 236

92. Cheerfulness.

.. Addison. 238

93. The Ocean..

Quarterly Review. 241

Address to the Ocean...

Anon. 242

91. Palace in the Desert.

Southey. 243

95. Parable of the Sower..

Bihle. 245

96. Time and Place of the Savior's Advent.

. Abbott. 247

97. Reflections on the field of Waterloo... .Lady Morgürt. 249

98. Love of Country Strengthened by the Ob-

servations of Nature....

Mudie. 250

99. Blessings of Providence Equally Dispensed.. Goldsmith. 253

100. The Bird of Paradise..

C. B. Farnsworth. 256

101. A Mighty Good Kind of Man..

.. Thornton. 257

102. Death of Hamilton...

.Nott. 259

103. Forest Scenery..

Paulding. 260

104. Forest Hymn..

Bryant. 263

105. The Leviathan...

Bible. 266

106. Love of Applause...

Hawes. 268

107. Moslem Rule in Spain.

W. Irving. 271

108. The Eternal River..

.Hesperian. 273

109. Dialogue between the Body and Spirit. . Mrs. Gilman. 275

110. Extract from a Speech of Patrick Henry, in the Convention

of Delegates of Virginia, March 23d, 1775.

277

111. Death of President Harrison.

Willis G. Clark. 279

Poetry on the Same..

Ann S. Stephens. 280

112. Burial of Sir John Moore..

Wolfe. 282

113. Dialogue between Rolla and Sentinel before

the Dungeon of Alonzo...

Kotzebue. 283

114. Soliloquy of a Murderer..

Shakspeare. 286

Advice to a Son going to Travel.

Do. 287

115. Select Paragraphs.....

288

116. Effects of the Modern Diffusion of Knowledge.. Wayland. 290

117. The Goings forth of God.......

Hesperian. 293

The Creator's Power exhibited in His Works

. Anon. 295

118. What is Time?..

Marsden. 295

119. The Raising of Samuel...

. Byron. 296

David's Lamentation over Saul and Jonathan.

Bible. 297

120. Responsibilities of the American People...

. Story. 299

121. The National Hymn..

Words by S. F. Smith. 302

122. There's not a Tint that Paints the Rose.. W. W. Brigham. 303

23. I would not Live Alway..

George Kingsley. 304

THE

SCHOOL READER.

FOURTH BOOK.

PART FIRST.

ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES

INTRODUCTION.

1. To be able to read well, is a valuable accomplishment. The art does not consist in giving a rapid utterance to words and sentences, as they occur on the printed page, but in expressing them with that distinctness, variety, and force, best calculated to convey the sentiments of the writer, to the un. derstanding of the hearer.

2. A good reader expresses, both in the tones of his voice and manner of delivery, all the feeling, zeal, and pathos, which sentiment and circumstances are adapted to inspire. Skill in the management of the voice, is as requisite in reading, as in singing. And, as rules and illustrations are essential in acquiring a knowledge of the science of music, they are equally so in acquiring a knowledge of the principles of good reading.

3. These principles will be considered, in their order, under the four following heads, viz. ARTICULATION, INFLECTION, EMPHASIS, and MODULATION.

QUESTIONS.—1. What can you say of the art of reading well? 2. What does a good reader express ? 3. What is as requisite in reading, as in singing? 4. What are essential in acquiring a knowledge of the principles of good reading? 5. Mention the four general heads, under thiet these principles are classed.

LESSON 1.

•ARTICULATION. ARTICULATION may be defined, distinctness of utterance.

1. Nothing can compensate, in Elocution, the want of a clear and distinct articulation. However well one may read or speak in every other respect, he will not be listeneil to with pleasure, unless every syllable uttered, can be fully understood, without the least effort on the part of thosna that hear.

2. We have all heard speakers, who, without endeavoring to speak loud, rendered themselves clearly understood by a large audience; while the remarks of others, although they screamed and vociferated so as to cause pain to their hearers, were wholly unintelligible. A clear and distinct articulation on the part of the former, and the want of it in the latter, are the causes of this difference.

3. The importance of a correct enunciation, will be better illustrated by the following examples:

1. The culprits ought to be punished.
2. He can debate on either side of the question.

3. The soldiers skilled themselves by practice. By an indistinct utterance of these sentences, they miglit be understood to mean as follows:

The culprit sought to be punished.
He can debate on neither side of the question.

The soldiers killed themselves by practice. 4. To guard against a faulty Articulation, observe the following,

GENERAL RULE. Ev-e-ry syl-la-ble and word should be distinctly uttered, and every letter, not silent, should receive its appropriate sound.

5. The principal causes of a violation of this rule, arise, 1st. from reading too fast, or with indifference; and 2nd. from the difficulty of uttering consonant sounds and a succes. sion of similar sounds.

6. The principal faults, occasioned by these circumstances, are as follows:

1st. The suppression of a syllable ; as, in-trest for in-ter-esh, ev-ry for ev-e-ry, par-tic-lar for par-tic-u-lar, his-try fo. histo-ry, com-sid-ra-ble for con-sid-er-a-ble, ut-trance for ut-ter. ance, reg-lar for reg-u-lar.

2nd. The suppression of a vowel or consonant sound ; as, pr’vent for prevent, laťn for latin, readin' for reading, precincs for precincts, goverment for government, aford for afford, persis for persists, commanments for commandments.

3d. The change of a vowel sound ; as, und for and, seperate for separate, superintendunt for superintendent, hundurd for hundred, sizuble for sizable, uppear

for

appear. 4. The blending of the termination of one syllable or word with the beginning of another; as, sil-ky for silk-y, hel-per for help-er, dwar-fish for dwarf-ish, pos-tage for post-age. This especially occurs when the same consonant sound ends the former, and begins the latter of two words; as,

1. The blast still blew, and the ships sunk.

2. The steadfast stranger through the forest strayed. In all cases, the close of each word should be distinctly marked by the voice.

QUESTIONS.-1. What is Articulation? 2. What can you say of its importance? 3. Why are some speakers better understood than others who speak louder? 4. How is the importance of a correct enunciation illustrated ? 5. What general rule is given to guard against a faulty articulation? 6. What are the principal causes of a violation of this rule ? 7. How many faults are mentioned ? 8. Repeat the first, and its examples. 9. The second, third, &c. 10. How may the last fault be remedied?

LESSON II. ARTICULATION_continued. Note I.--The difficulty of giving a correct articulation in reading, arises chiefly from the utterance of consonant sounds.

1. Of these, the sounds of the mute consonants occasion the greatest difficulty. The vowel sounds are uttered with comparative ease. It is by swelling these vowel sounds that public criers are able to give that fullness to their voice, by which they are enabled to be heard at so great a distance. The same may be said in regard to singing. Every one knows that the entire sound must be expressed by dwelling on the vowel sounds, in pronouncing such words as end with a mute consonant, as, d, k, p, and the like—the voice being entirely interrupted by their intervention.

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