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INDEX.

310;

man

ABSORPTION of obscure heat, 240.
Abyssinian expeclition, 227.
Action of electric current on the Mi.

mosa pudica, 146.
Action of green light on plants, 2 10.
Active wheel cilia, 290.
Africa, eastern coast, 229.
Agaricus, 20.
Agricultural implements found in

France, 236.
Agricultural products of Abyssinia, 233.
Air columns, 46.
Air-vesicles of Bladderworts, utricu-

laria, 207.
Alchemilla alpina, 25.
Aluminium bronze, 152.
Auniens gravel, 395.
Ammodytes tobianus, 252.
Anatomy of thysanura, 239.
Ancient ornaments, 310.
Andromeda, 379.
Anemometer, new, 392.
Anglo-Saxon remains, 459.
Animal life in Himalayas, 132.
Animal oxidation, 88.
Annelids, structure of, 266, 365.
Annuloida, 296.
Antiquarian relic at Andover, 310.
Ant's eggs, 322.
Apendines, lunar, 274.
Aphrodita aculeata, 272.
Arbroath Abbey, 26.
ARCHEOLOGIA. Archeological asso-

ciated bodies, 148 ; tumulus at
Thruxton, 149; Roman pottery at
Thruxton,

excavations
Wroxeter, 149; Roman city of Uri-
conium, 149; Wigmore Abbey, 150;
grave-mounds of Derbyshire, 180,
254, 342, 459; Celtic period, 181 ;
barrows, 182; sepulchral urns, 185,
344; stone cists, 189; chambered
tumuli, 187; Blackmore Museum,
233; Roman lead mining, Roman
work, 234; Stonehenge, 235; stones
of Stenness, 235 ; Roman town in
France, 233; agricultural imple.
ments, 236 ; sepulchral interments,
236 ; sepulchral d•posits of Roman
period, 236; flint implements, 254 ;
arrow and spear-heads and dagger.
blades, 254; flint knives, 256; stone
implements, 256; jet articles, an-

VOL. XII.-NO. VI.

cient, 257; bone implements, 258 ;
bronze implement, 258; skeletons,
258; bronze daggers, 259; pottery,
Celtic, 260, 348 ; cinerary urns, 260;
food vessels, 260 ; drinking cups,
260; incense cups, 260 ; sepulchral
urn, 261; Roman station at Vin-
domis, 310; Yorkshire barrows,

skeletons in Yorkshire, 310;
bronze ornaments, 310; armlets
and necklaces, 311; Roman road,
311 ; Roman antiquities, 311 ;
Cheshire archæological produce,
312 ; flint implements, 312 ; Ro.

coins, 312 ; Saxon beads,
312; excavations at Wroxeter, 312;
Birmingham of Roman Britain,
312; intaglio, 312; Roman coins,
313; coins of Tetricus, 313; Roman
roads, 342 ; pigs of lead, 342 ; armour
in tumuli, 344; ornaments in bronze,
iron, and silver, 345 ; iron knives,
345 ; coins in Derbyshire, 347 ;
beads, 348; Roman pottery, 348;
Roman cemeteries, 349 ; Roman

Salopian ware, 350.
Arctic fox, 364.
Ariadæus, second great cleft, 96.
Arid countries prevent rain, 337.
Armlets, and necklaces, 311.
Armour interred with skeletons in tu-

muli, 344.
Arrow and spear-heads, and dagger-

blades, 254, 460.
Arthropodes, 270.
Asplanchna, 287.
ASTRONOMY.-Notes on star streams,

1; milky way, 1 ; section of galactic
nebula, 4; stream formations, 8;
clustering in the milky way, 10; rolls
of stars, 11; streams of light, 12;
stippling, 12 ; doubts and facts con-
cerning Linné, 36; new crater, 36;
shallow crater, 37; observations on
Linné, 39; Wolf on Linné, 40 ;
Mare Vaporum and the lunar clefts,
52; cracks or rills, 52 ; supposition
of life in Moon negatived, 55;
absence of noticeable atmosphere in
the Moon, 55; meteoric appearances,
80; Mars during the late opposition,
81: colours of Mars, 82 ; undlis-
covered satellite, 85 ; lunar clefts,

II

149 ;

at

95; Mare Vaporum, 95; Ariadæus,
96; Hyginus, 98 ; Triesnecker, 102 ;
Jupiter's satellites, 103; occultations,
104; Jupiter without satellites, 144 ;
outline lunar map, 155 ; constitution
of Sun and stars, 159 ; 92nd planet,
159; November shooting stars, 190 ;
motion of rotation, 192; radiant
point, 192; meteoric orbit, 196;
meteoric streams, 197 ; Gruithui-
sen's city in the Moon, 214 ; clefts in
the Moon, 215; rampart-work, 216 ;
selenites, 217 ; Rhæticus, 216; hills
in the Moon, 219; Jupiter's satel.
lites, 222; occultations, 223; lunar
eclipse, 223; colour of the Moon,
225: colour seen during the lunar
eclipse, 226; luminous meteors, 239;
lunar Eratosthenes and Copernicus,
273; Apennines, 274; zone of Eras-
tothenes' shadows in terrestrial sun-
shine, 275 ; lunar penumbra, 275;
lava currents, 279; transit of Jupi.
ter's satellites, 280; occultations,
280 ; theories of Copernicus and
Ptolemy, 317; colour question and
lunar eclipse, 319; two new planets,
320; coming star showers, 320;
lunar details, 370; Copernicus, 370;
craters in the Moon, 370; Gay
Lussac, 370; light streaks, 371 ;
crater chains, 372; Eratosthenes,
374; Sinus Æstuum, 374; double
stars, 375; Lyra, 376; Cygni,
376; Andromeda, 379; clusters and
nebulæ, 380 ; Jupiter's satellites,
381 ; occultations, 381 ; day view of

+

Venus, 399; new planet, 479.
Atherinæ, 251.
Atmosphere in the moon, absence of, 55.
Atmospheric agency among the Ched-

dar rocks, 34.
Autograph of Sir Isaac Newton, 362.
Auvergne, its thermo-mineral springs,

climate, and scenery, 156.
Axolotls, fecundity of, 480.

Belona vulgaris, 253.
Birminghamn of Roman Britain, 312.
Black more Museum in Salisbury, 233.
Bladderworts, air vesicles of, 207.
Blasting power, new, 315.
Blood corpuscles, function of, 87.
Blood discs, 199.
Body and appendages of annelids, 267.
Bologna phosphorus, 137.
Bone implements, 258.
BOTANY.-Fungi on the plains of

India, 18; Polyporus lucidus, 18;
Schezophyllum commune, 18; Irper
flavus, 18; Dædalea sanguinea, 18;
Agaricus, 18 ; Dum-dum collection
of fungi, 18; Agaricus malleus, 20;
Agaricus alliciens, 20; Agaricus
holophlebius, 20; Podaxon carce-
nomalis, 21 ; Phallus truncatus, 21;
ferns of Glen Clova, 23; oak sern,
23; beech ferns, 23; brittle bladder
fern, 23; tooth bladder ferns, 24;
Wilson's film fern, 24; holly ferns
24; hard fern, 24; Woodsia ilven-
sis, 24 ; Lastrea spinulosa, 24;
Polystichum lonchitis, 24; Bilberry
and mountain or cloud-berry, 25;
Alchemilla alpina, 25; hart's tongue
ferns, 27 ; sea spleenwort, 27 ; marsh
fern, 28 ; green spleenwort, 29; pot.
tery tree of Para, 50; Moquilea
utilis, 50 ; bark of pottery tree, 50;
silex in bark, 51; Handybook to col-
lection of fungi and lichen, 79; forest
trees of Himalayas, 131 ; orchids,
131 ; Magnolias, 132; Rhododen-
dron, 132; Magnolia excelsa, 132;
Rhododendron argenteum,
Magnolia Campbelli, 132; Gen-
tiana coronata, 132; Foxglove, 132;
Viola repens, 132; Bladderworts,
207 ; Utricularia vulgaris, 207; air
vesicles of bladderworts, 297 ;
utricles, 207 ; leaf-bearing branches,
208 ; gaseous evolutions in aquatic
plants, 213; Hottonia, 212 ; Ranun-
cuius aquatilis, 212; subjecting
fruits to electricity, 399: haricot
beans electrified, 399; hybrid cot.
ton, 399; electro-capillary currents

in plants, 399.
Brachion mastax, 292.
Brachions, 284.
Bradycinctus, 128.
Brama Raii, 253.
Breadth of meteoric stream, 197.
Breech-loading gun, 74.
Brimstone moth, 328.
British Association, 237.
Bronze implements, 258.
Bronze and iron ornaments, 345.
Bronze ornaments, 310.

132;

BARBETS and their distribution, 241.
Badger, 202.
Baridia, 119.
Barbatula, 243.
Barks of various plants, value of, 49.
Barrows in Derbyshire, 180, 257, 34.2.
Bassunt bari, Indian bird, 2 12.
Beads, old Roman, 348.
Bee-eaters, 245.
Bell-bird, 241.
Bell rock lighthouse, 27.
Bichromate of potash and albumen,

polariscope object, 240.
Bilberry and mountain or cloud berry,

25.

Brown bear, 202.

152; utilization of aluminium bronze,
Brown hair streak, 330.

152 ; preservation of liquors con-
Brown-tail moth, 328.

taining alcohol, 153; new application
Brute Chronicle, extract, 170.

of electricity, 153 ; latent image,
Bucconidæ, 241.

153 ; substitution of electric current
Buff tiger moth, 328.

for a fulminate with fire-arms, 237 ;
Burying beetles' eggs, 323.

absorption of obscure beat, 240;
Bythocythere, 124.

bichromate of potash and albumen,

210; novel action of light, 308 ;
CABINET of earth unlocked, 386.

iodide of silver, 309; artificial meer-
Caen stone hardening, 238.

schaum, 313; starch, 314 ; blasting
Calcar, or spur of rotifer, 283.

powder, 315; preservative com-
Caloric engines, 473.

pound, 316; explosive compound,
Candona, 118.

316 ; photography, new application,
Canidæ family, characteristics of, 355. 317; colour of water, 319; sul.
Cannon, new, 392.

phuric acid formed by a mollusk,
Cantharus griseus, 250.

319; micro-crystals of alkaloids, 320;
Capitonidæ, 243.

hydraulic cement, 391; printing on
Caranx trachurus, 250.

glass, 391 ; galvanic battery, 393 ;
Cathedral rocks of Cheddar, 31.

gelatine, new application, 393 ; new
Caves and coves of Forfarshire, 26. photometer, 393; test for ozone,
Cave bear, 202.

399; free sulphuric acid in mollusks,
Cave hyæna, 202.

399; electricity and vegetation, 399 ;
Cave lion, 202.

electro-capillary currents in plants,
Celtic period, 181.

400; sulphuric acid, 474.
Cemeteries of the Romano-British Chladni's figures, 47.
periods, 349.

Chlorophane or calcic fluoride, 139.
Chambered tumuli, 187.

Ciliary organs of rotifers, 289.
Change in position of Jupiter's satel- Cinerary urns, 260.
lites, 145.

Circles of stones at Stonehenge, 233.
Changes in appearance and position of Clefts, lunar, 52.
milky way, 1.

Clefts in the moon, 215.
Characteristics of rotifers, 281.

Clouds, of what they consist, 333.
Cheddar cliffs, 30.

Clupeida, 110, 250.
Chemical constituents of eggs, 324. Clupea pilchardus, 253.
CHEMISTRY.—Economic production of Clusterings in the milky way, 10.

formic ether on large scale, 74; Cluster aud nebulæ, 380.
manufacture of steel, 74; galvanic Coal-fields of Brazil, 80.
batteries, 75; plating and uilding, Coccus eggs, 327.
75; magnetism and diamagnetisin Coccus Persicæ, 326.
of gases and vapours, 78; medi- Cock-roach's eggs, 322.
cines through the nose, 79; func- Cod-fish tribe, 250.
tions of the blood, 86; colouring Coinage of Japan, 14.
matter of blood corpuscles, 87 ; Coinage remodelled by Sir Isaac New-
animal oxidation, 88; identification

ton, 351.
of blood stains, 89; poisonous action Coinage standard, 297.
of carbonic acid gas, 89; mineralized Coins found in Derbyshire, 347.
blood, 89; test in case of suspected Coins, Roman, 313.
poisoning, 90; oxidation, 91; nu- Coleopterous insects eggs, 322.
trient fluid, 92 ; muscular currents Colour of Mars, 82.
of electricity, 94; Bologna phos- Colour of the moon, 225.
phorus, 137 ; prismatic colours, 138; Colours of the stars, 315.
chlorophane, or calcic fluoride, 139; Colour of water, 319.
luminous action of sulphide, 140; Colour question and lunar eclipse, Sept.
phosphorescent compounds, 140; ap- 13, 319.
plication of superheated stcam, 150; Colours seen during the lunar eclipse,
renovation of polished surface on Sept. 13, with remarks on the pre-
glass, 151 ; application of electro- ceding communication, 226.
magnetism to the inanufacture of Coloured utricles, 210.
iron, 151; application of sulphuret Colouring matter of blood corpuscles,
of carbon to the extraction of olea- 87.
ginous matters on the larger scale, Comber fish, 250.

on

Combination of horse and steam power Difference in the qualitr of the flesh of

for locomotives on ordinary roads, a sea and fresh-water salmon, 109.
151.

Digestive apparatus of rotifers, 294.
Comet III., 1867, 479.

Digestive organs of ar nelids, 271.
Component parts of Para pottery bark, Dingy shears moth, 328,
51.

Discoveries of antiquities in Great
Conchoecia, 128.

Britain, 201.
Conchoeciadæ, 115, 128.

Double stars, 375.
Condensation of vapour, 333.

Doubts and facts concerning Linné,
Configuration of galactic nebula, 6.

36.
Conochilus, 284.

Drawings of Mars, as seen through a
Constellation Lyra, 376.

telescope, 81.
Constellation-seasons, 78.

Dress in olden times, 169.
Constitution of sun and stars, 159. Drinking cups, 260.
Contour and elevation of a country Dujardin's free swimmers, 287.

affecting the quantity of rain, 336. Dum.dum collection of fungi, 18.
Copernican theory, 318.
Copernicus, 370.

EARTH-BORER, 323.
Copernicus, lunar, 271.

Eccentricity of the earth's orbit, 62.
Cosmical origin of shooting stars, Echoes, 44.
191.

Economic production of formic ether
Cosmopolites of India, 18.

on the large scale, 74.
Court of Exchequer, 297.

Effect of temperature

metallic
Craters in the moon, 370.

bodies, 300.
Crawling rotifers, 281.

Efforts of human agency in modifying
Cremation, 184, 31 4.

the earth's surface, 66.
Cross-fox fur, 358.

Egg membrane or shell, 325.
Crustacea, 113.

Egge of epiornis, 240.
Cry of the barbet, 242.

Eggs of insects, 32.
Crustacean fauna of the English lakes, Eggs of rotifers, 293.
417.

Egyptian land surveying, 480.
Cuirassiers rotifers, 288.

Electric condition of different parts of
Curassones, 245.

the earth, 154.
Curiosities of sound, 42.

Electric current, action on sensitive
Curious conformation of cliff architec-

plant, 146.
ture, 32.

Electrical countries, and their action
Currency system of Japan, 17.

on the weather, 134, 411.
Cuticle of the fish, 248.

Electricity and vegetation, 399.
Cygni, 376.

Electricity, application of, to sensitire
Cylindroleberis, 127.

plants, 147.
Cypridæ, 114,

Electricity, new application of, 163.
Cypridinidæ, 115, 127.

Electro-capillary current in plants, 400.
Cyridopsis, 117.

Electro-magnetism applied to manu.
Cythere, 120.

facture of iron, 151.
Cytherella, 129.

Emerald volute moth, 329.
Cytherellidæ, 116, 129.

ENTOMOLOGY.-Insects' eggs, their
Cytheridea, 114, 120, 122.

structure, variety, and beauty, 321;
Cytherideis, 125.

Lepidopterous, 321; care of insects
Cytheropsis, 122.

in depositing egge, 321; cockroaches'
Cytheropteron, 124.

egga, 322 ; ant eggs, 322; queen
Cytherura, 121.

bees' eggs, 322; silkworms' eggs,

322; goat moths' eggs, 322; Cole-
DAGGER-DLADES in Derbyshire, 254. opterous insects' ergs, 322 ; burying
Dark 1racts near Sinus E-tuum, 375. beetles' eggs, 322; Scarabæida, 323;
Darwinian theory of the transmutation earth borer, 323; formation of eggs,
of species, 381.

chemical constituent of eggs, 324;
Davy's Lamp, 473.

egg membrane shell, 325 ; Coccus
Day view of Venus with small tele- porsicæ, 326 ; Phryganea eggs, 326 ;
scope, 399.

ccccus eggs, 327; ora of crus-
Debra Tabor, Abrssinia, 231.

taceaus, 327; mottle umber moth,
Derbyshire grave-mounds, 180, 254, 327; magpie moths, 327 : thorn
342, 459.

moth, 327; strawbelle moth, 328;

dingy shears moth, 328 ; puss moth Fur of grey fox, 360.
eggs, 328 ; swallow prominent moth, Fur of kitt fox, 360.
328; brimstone moth, 328; lappet
moth, 328 ; butf tiger moth, 328 ; GADOID fish, 247.
brown-tail moth, 328 ; emerald Gadus fish, 253.
volute, 328 ; glory of Kent moth, Galileo on the milky way,

3.
329; silkworm moth, 329; silver Galvanic batteries, 75.
lines moth, 329; meadow brown Galvanic battery, simplification of, 393.
butterfly, 329; wbite butterfly, 330 ; Gaseous evolutions in aquatic plants,
brown hair streak buttertly, 330; 213.
termites, or white ants in India, Gauge for steam boilers, 394.
381; winged ants, 382; white ant Gelatine, new application of, 393.
destroyers, 382.

Geographical distribution of unnelids,
Entomostraca, 110.

369.
Epiornis, great bird of Madagascar, Geological Society, 395.
240.

GEOLOGY.-Geology of Glen Clova
Eratosthenes, lunar, 273.

granite, 23; Craig Ought rocks,
Eratosthenes, region of, 374.

23 ; felstone porphyry and syenite,
Ermine, 202.

23 ; quartz, 23; crystals of horni-
Esox lucius, 253.

blende, 23 ; magnetic iron pyrites,
Eulogium historidrum, 169, 171.

24; caves of Forfar, 26; vitrified
Eupleetella speciosa, 161.

forts, 28; slate quarries, 29; red-
Excavations at Wroxeter, 149, 312. stones, 29; Cheddar cliffs, 30; at-
Experiunents with the rigid spectro- mospheric agency among the Cheddar
scope, 158.

rocks, 34 ; stratigraphical structure
Explosive compound, 316.

of Cheddar cliffs, 34 ; plane of
Eyes of rotifers, 283.

marine denudation, 30; permian

conglomerate, 30; wind cliff, 31;
Falcons, 245.

cathedral rock, 31; curious con-
Fall of Aerolites in Algiers, 160.

formation of cliff architecture, 31;
Ferns of Forfar, 27.

screes at Cheddar, 32 ; Cheddar
Ferns of Glen Clova, 22.

caves, 33; water-mark in Cheddar
Finhauen fort, 28.

caves, 33; clean removal of rock, the
Fish scales, structure, etc., 246.

origin of Cheddar cliffs, 34; sea-
Five wells tumulus, 188.

marks in Cheddar ravine, 36; geu-
Fixed rotifers, 284.

logical eras, 63; coal-fields of Brazil,
Flint cores and arrow heads, 203.

80; volcanic eruptions at Santorin,
Flint Makes, 202.

142; basalt, quartz-pebbles, argil-
Flint implements, 312.

laceous slate, jasper, schist, sandstone,
Flint implements in Derbyshire, 254. 256 ; mining districts of Derbyshire,
Flint knives, or scrapers, 256.

342; cabinet of earth unlocked, 336;
Flint Jack, 254.

Introductory Text-book of Geology,
Floscularians, 284.

390; Amiens gravel, 395 ; Geolo.
Food of the salmon, 104.

gical Society, 395, 478; chalk, 396;
Food vessels, 260.

quaternary deposits, 396.
Foraminifera, 112.

Geology, Introductory Text-book, 390.
Forces called into action for a downfall Germinal matter and the contact theory,
of rain, 331.

388.
Forests, great generators of rain, 337. Gilding and plating, 75.
Forests of the Himalayas, 132.

Gizzards of rotifers, 291.
Forgeries, Newton, 400.

Glen Clova, geology of, 22.
Formation of eggs, 323.

Globules with pedicels, 209.
Formic ether, production of, 74. Glory of Kent moth, 329.
Foscules, 293

Glycerians, 272.
Fossilized carapaces, 110.

Goat moth's eggs, 322.
Fox, fossil, 202.

Graduate logic-chopping, 385.
Foxes, fur-bearing, 354.

Grave-mounds of Derbyshire, and their
Free sulphuric acid in mollusks, 399. contents, 180, 254, 342, 459.
Frogs and toads, 108.

Great cleft, lunar, 95.
Functions of the blood, 86.

Grey fox, 355.
Fungi of the plains of India, 18. Grun cave, 27.
Furcularians, rotisers, 288.

Gruithuisen's city in

the moon,

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