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CHAPTER XXI. The Consideration of a Six-Flat Apartment House, Cellar and Floor Plans, Kitchen and Bath

Room Elevations

90

CHAPTER XXII. Elevation of Refrigerator Work, Cellar Drainage Connections.

Scale Drawings.

94

CHAPTER XXIII, The Most Important Scales Used in Drawings...

98

CHAPTER XXIV.
The Plumbing of a Country Residence. How It Differs from City

Respects

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CHAPTER XXV.
The Drawing of Piping-Plain, Ordinary Coil and Miter-Coil.

106

CHAPTER XXVI. Method of Showing Steam Pipes on Floor Plans. The Drawing of Piping in Perspective. ... 109

Mechanical Drawing for Plumbers

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CHAPTER 1
HE man who to-day does high-class the obtaining of good work can be traced

plumbing heating, and is directly to the fact that a neat little
worthy the name of doing that sketch of the proposed work was submit-

class of work, is as deserving of ted to the owner. The sketch showed that credit as is the lawyer who conducts the one who presented it was up-to-date, his case in court successfully, or and knew his business, and that thereby the physician who performs the duties he gained a better place in the opinion that devolve on him in creditable manner. of his customer than his competitor, was The trade, we must remember, is not in to be expected. the crude state that it was years ago, And it is these little points that count, and if the plumber keeps abreast of the not merely to-day, but always in the years times, he must educate himself along sev- to come. eral lines in addition to the manual side In many sections of the country, par. of the question. He must be conversant ticularly where the work is of a high to some extent with chemistry, and the grade, the master and the journeyman subject of physics, that is, natural law, must as a part of the examination make is more valuable to him than to any a drawing of some system of plumbing other man that we can think of. If he is Another quite general custom nowadays to make the most of himself and his op- is the demand by boards of health, that portunities, the progressive man cannot the plumber applying for a permit to do do better than to take up the study of work, shall first submit drawings of the mechanical drawing, at least so far as proposed work. it concerns the laying out of plumbing How convenient, and even profitable, to and heating work. A knowledge of the be able to submit work on such occasions subject is valuable, not only to the man we have just cited, which shall be who is conducting a business and uses creditable. In visiting the different sechis knowledge in demonstrating his ideas tions of the country, it has been impressto the prospective customer, but even the ed upon the writer's mind that there is apprentice cannot afford to be ignorant a great demand for a knowledge of this of it, for on paper he can lay out work, subject, a demand which has not yet been run his lines of pipe and make his con- met. nections—all in a practical way—and The correspondence school fills a longgain experience thereby that he cannot felt want, and we believe it to be a valugain in serving at the trade unless more able institution, but ofttimes a busy man fortunate, than his brothers in the ad- does not feel that he can spare the time vantages that are given him.

necessary to such a course as given by The writer has in mind instances where them, which necessitates the taking up of

as

several branches of study as a means of covering the whole ground. While we would not dignify our present series of articles as a "course in drawing," it is our intention to make it serve as such, as near as possible.

It will be appreciated that the subject is a difficult one to present, as it is best studied under an instructor who can correct an error on the spot, and explain fully wherein the error lies.

We would say, that in pursuing this series, it is with the idea of making it

As to instruments, unless it is desired to take up the inking of drawings, the only instruments actually needed are a pair of compasses for making large circles, and a pair of bow compasses for small circles. The latter instrument is of special value in making neat work.

In Fig. 1 we show the drawing board, with the tee square in position, also both triangles. In Fig. 2 the large compasses are shown, and in Fig. 3 the bow, or spring compasses.

The tee square and triangles may be of

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Figure 1 of real practical value to those of our wood, for ordinary use. Celluloid trireaders who are interested in the subject, angles are especially good, as the work as we believe that every master plumber beneath shows through them. and steam fitter should thoroughly under- It is no doubt well known to our readstand the manner to draw at least in a ers that horizontal lines are made along crude way the plans for work on which the edge of the tee square and vertical he may estimate.

lines are made along the edge of the triAs a preliminary to pursuing the sub- angle held against the edge of the tee ject of drawing, the student should pro- square. With triangles which are true, vide himself with the necessary tools, this insures true work, but if the vertical which include the drawing board, tee lines are made by holding the tee square square and triangles (30 deg. and 45 deg.) against the lower edge of the board, there and a small set of instruments.

is very little chance of the work being

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