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whole conversation of the court and country turned upon the discoveries made by the Spanish prisoners of the racks, the wheels, and the whips of wire, with which they were to fcourge the English of every rank, age, and sex. The most noted heretics were to be put to death; those that survived were to be branded on the forehead with a hot iron; and the whole form of government both in church and state was to be overturned.

16. The Spanish morning-star; a destructive engine resembling the figure of a star, of which there were many thousands on board, and all of them with poisoned points; and were designed to strike at the enemy as they came on board in case a of close attack.

17. The Spanis general's halbert, covered with velvet. All the nails of this weapon are double gilt with gold; and on its top is the Pope's head curiously engraven.

18. A Spanish battle-ax, fo contrived as to strike four holes in a man's scull at once ; and has besides a pistol in the handle with a matchlock.

19. King Henry the VIII's walking staff, which has three 'match-lock pistols in it, with coverings to keep the charges dry. With this staff, the warders tell you, the king walked round the city fometimes, to fee that the conftables did their duty; and one night, as he was walking near the bridge-foot, the conftable stopt to know what he did with such a mischievous weapon at that time of the night; upon which the king struck him ; but the constable calling the watchmen to his affiftance, his majesty was apprehended and carried to the Pou'try Compler, where he lay confined till morning, without either fire or candle ; when the keeper was informed of the rank of his prisoner, he dis6

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patched a messenger to the constable, who came trembling with fear, expecting nothing less than to be hanged, drawn, and quartered; but, instead of that, the king applauded his resolution in honestly doing his duty, and made him a handsome present.

20. A large wooden cannon, called Policy, because, say your guides, when Henry VIII. besieged Bologne, the roads being impassable for heavy cannon, he caused a number of those wooden ones to be made, and mounted on proper batteries before the town, as if real cannon, which so terrified the French commandant, that when he beheld a formidable train, as he thought, just ready to play, he gave up the town without firing a shot. The truth is, the duke of Suffolk, who commanded at this fiege under the king, foon made himself master of the lower town; but it was not till seven weeks afterwards that the upper town capitulated, in which time the English sustained great loss.

21. The last thing they shew of these memorable spoils, is the Spanish general's shield, not worn by, but carried before him as an ensign of honour. On it are depicted, in most curious workmanship, the labours of Hercules, and other expressive allegories, which seem to throw a shade upon the boafted skill of modern artists. The date is 1376, near 100 years before the art of printing was known in England.

The inscription upon it is as follows, in Roman characters, tolerably engraven : ADVLTERIO DEIANIRA CONSPVR CANS OCCIDITVR CACVS AB HERCUL. OPPRIMITVR 1379; alluding to the killing of Cacus by Hercules, for adultery with his wife Dejanira. 22. Some weapons

made with the part of a scythe fixed on a pole, which was taken from

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the duke of Monmouth's party at the battle of Sedgemoor in the reign of James II.

23. The partizans that were carried at the funeral of king William III. 24. At the

upper

end of the room is a green canopy, inclosed with Gothic arches and pillars, which, when drawn up, presents to view three very striking figures; the first Q. Elizabeth alighting from her horse to go to review her feet at Tilbury. She is superbly dressed in the armour The had on at the time above-mentioned, with a rich white silk petticoat, curiously ornamented with pearls, spangles, &c. Her robe or upper dress is rich crimson fattin, laced with gold and fringed. Her hair is finely ornamented with pearls.

Just by her side stands the fecond figure, a fine cream-coloured horse, his bridle curiously ornamented with gilt metal; the saddle covered with crimson velvet, laced also with gold and fringed.

At the head of the horse ftands the third figure, a page holding the bridle with his left hand, and the queen’s helmet with a plume of white feathers thereon in his right. This page is dressed in a filk snuff.colour garment lined with blue, with a blue filk fash fringed with gold, according to the fashion of that time. The whole together makes a most elegant appearance.

Of the SMALL ARMORY.
O this curiosity we are led by a small fold-

ing door adjoining to the east end of the Tower-chapel, the ascent to which is by a grand staircase of 50 easy steps. On the left side of the uppermost landing-place is the workshop, wherein are constantly employed about 14. furbishers, in cleaning, repairing, and new placing the arms. When you enter the armory itself, you will see what they call a wilderness of arms, so artificially disposed, and so admirably ranged, that at one

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behold arms for near 80,000 men, all bright and clean and fit for service at a moment's warning; a fight that none ever beheld without astonishment, and is not to be matched perhaps in the world. Besides those exposed to public view, there are 16 chefts fhut up, each cheft holding about 1200 muskets.

The north and south walls are adorned with 16 pilasters (each side eight) of pikes 16 feet long, with capitals of pistols in the Corinthian order. At the west end, on the left hand as you enter, are two curious pyramids composed of piftols, standing upon crowns, globes, and scepters, finely carved and placed upon a pedestal five feet high ; at the east or farther end, in the oppofite corner, are two suits of armour, one made for Henry V. the other for Henry VI, over each of which is a semicircle of

piftols; between these is represented the figure of an organ, the large pipes composed of brass blunderbusses, the small of piftols ; on one side of this figure is the representation of the fiery serpent, the head and tail of carved work, and the body of piftols, winding round in the form of a snake; and on the other a hydra, or seven-headed monster, whose heads are very artificially combined by links of piftols.

The inter-columns that compofe the wilderness, round which you are carried by your guides, are,

1. Some arms taken at Bath in the year 1715. These are distinguished from all others in the Tower, by having what they call dog-locks, which kind of locks have a ketch to secure them from going off at a half..cock.

2. Bayonets and pistols put up in the form of half-moons and fans, with the imitation of a target in the center, made up of bayonet-blades; these bayonets, of which you will observe several other fans composed, are of the first invention, having plug-handles, which go into the muzzle of a gun, instead of over it, and thereby prevent the firing of the piece without shooting away the bayonet. These were invented at Bayonne in Spain, from whence they take their name.

3. Brass blunderbuffes for sea-service, with capitals of pistols over them; the waves of the fea are here represented in old fashioned bayonets.

4. Bayonets and sword-bayonets, in the form of half-iroons and fans, and set in fcollop-hells finely carved : the sword bayonet is made like the old bayonet with a plug-handle, only different from it by being longer.

5. The rising fun, irradiated with rays of pistols set in a chequered frame of marine hangers, of a peculiar make, having brass handles, and the form of a dog's head on their pummels.

6. Four beautiful twisted pillars, made with piftols up to the top, which is about 22 feet high, and placed at right angles, with the form of a falling star on the cieling exactly in the middle of them, being the center of this magnificent roum. Into this place opens the grand stair-cafe door, for the admission of the royal family, or any of the nobility, whose curiosity may lead them to view the armory; opposite to which opens another door into the balcony, that affords a fine prospect of the parade, the governor's house, the surveyor-general's, ftore-keeper's and the other grand officers houses in the Tower. This grand entrance has been newly ornamented; the capitals, irradiations, and heads of Julius and kugustus Cæfar, are finely gilt; and the whole armory neatly cleaned and painted, and newly fitted up in a most elegant manner.

7. The form of a pair of large folding-gates, made of serjeants halberts of antique make.

8. Horsemen's carbines, blunderbusses, and pistols, hanging artificially in furbelows and flounces.

9. Meauja's

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