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Still turns her beauties from the invading beam, 25
Nor seeks in vain for succour to the Stream.
The stream at once preserves her virgin leaves,
At once a shelter from her boughs receives,
Where Summer's beauty midst of Winter stays,
And Winter's Coolness spite of Summer's rays. 30
While Celia's Tears make sorrow bright,

Proud Grief sits swelling in her eyes; .
The Sun, next those the fairest light,

Thus from the Ocean first did rise : And thus through Mists we see the sun, Which else we durst not gaze upon.

These silver drops, like morning dew,

Foretell the fervour of the day:
So from one Cloud soft show'rs we view,

And blasting lightnings burst away.
The Stars that fall from Celia's eye,
Declare our Doom in drawing nigh.



The Baby in that sunny Sphere

So like a Phaëton appears,
That Heav'n, the threaten’d World to spare,

Thought fit to drown him in her tears :
Else might th' ambitious Nymph aspire,
To set, like him, Heav'n too on fire.

Exactly in the taste of Lopes de Vega, who, speaking of a shepherdess weeping near the sea-side, says, “ The ocean advances to collect her tears, and enclosing them in shells, converts them into pearls.”

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The verses on Silence are a sensible imitation of the Earl of Rochester's on Nothing; which piece, together with his Satire on Man from the fourth of Boileau, and the tenth Satire of Horace (which in truth is excellent), are the only pieces of this proAligate nobleman which modesty or common sense will allow any man to read. Rochester had much energy in his thoughts and diction; and though the ancient Satirists often use great liberty in their expressions, yet, as the ingenious historian* observes, 6. Their freedom no more resembles the licence of Rochester, than the nakedness of an Indian does that of a common prostitute.”

Pope, in this imitation, has discovered a fund of solid sense, and just observation upon vice and folly, that are very remarkable in a person so extremely young as he was at the time of composing it. I believe, on a fair comparison with Rochester's lines, it will be found, that although the turn of the Satire be copied, yet it is excelled. That Rochester should write a Satire on Man I am not surprised; it is the business of the libertine to degrade his species, and debase the dignity of human nature, and thereby destroy the most efficacious incitements to lovely and laudable actions. But that a writer of Boileau's purity of manners should represent his kind in the dark and disagreeable colours he has done, with all the malignity of a discontented Hobbist, is a lamentable perversion of fine talents, and is a real injury to society. It is a fact worthy the attention of those who study the history of learning, that the gross licentiousness and applauded debauchery of Charles the Second's court proved almost as pernicious to the progress of polite literature and the fine arts, that began to revive after the Grand Rebellion, as the gloomy superstition, the absurd cant, and formal hypocrisy, that disgraced this nation, during the usurpation of Cromwell.

• Hume's History of Great Britain, vol. ii. p. 434,

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1. SILENCE ! coeval with Eternity;

Thou wert, ere Nature's self began to be, 'Twas one vast Nothing, all, and all slept fast in thee.

Thine was the sway, ere heav'n was form’d, or

earth, Ere fruitful Thought conceiv'd creation's birth, Or midwife Word gave aid, and spoke the infant



Then various elements, against thee join'd,

In one more various animal combin'd, And fram'd the clam'rous race of busy Human-kind.

IV. The tongue mov'd gently first, and speech was low,

Till wrangling Science taught it noise and show, And wicked Wit arose, thy most abusive foe.

But rebel Wit deserts thee oft in vain :

Lost in the maze of words he turns again,
And seeks a surer state, and courts thy gentle reign.


The verses on Silence are a sensi! Rochester's on Nothing; which pie on Man from the fourth of Boileau. race (which in truth is excellent), fligate nobleman which modesty man to read. Rochester had diction; and though the ancie in their expressions, yet, as 66 Their freedom no more r than the nakedness of an' tute."

Pope, in this imitatio and just observation r' able in a person so composing it. I b lines, it will be fou pied, yet it is ex on Man I am no degrade his sp and thereby and laudable manners sho colours he 1 Hobbist, is injury to soc study the his applauded del most as pernici fine arts, that beg gloomy superstitio disgraced this nation,


• Hume's History

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