The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence

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James Moor
Springer Science & Business Media, 30 квіт. 2003 р. - 273 стор.
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In 1950 Alan Turing (1912-1954) published his famous article, "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" in the journal Mind. This article is arguably the most influential and widely read article in the philosophy of artificial intelligence. Indeed, most of the debate in the philosophy of artificial intelligence over the last fifty years concerns issues that were raised and discussed by Turing. Turing's genius was not only in developing the theory of computability but also in understanding the impact, both practical and philosophical, that computing machinery would have. Turing believed that computers, if properly designed and educated, could exhibit intelligent behavior, even behavior that would be indistinguishable from human intelligent behavior. His vision of the possibility of machine intelligence has been highly inspiring and extremely controversial. In this classic article Turing presented his well known imitation game and predicted that about the year 2000 "an average interrogator will not have more than 70 per cent chance of making the right identification after five minutes of questioning" in the imitation game. Based on the results of the Loebner 2000 contest and the accomplishments in the field of AI, as impressive as they are, Turing's prediction remains unfulfilled.

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The Turing Test
50 Years Later
Turings Two Tests for Intelligence
Making the Right Identification in the Turing Test
Turings Rules for the Imitation Game
A Case of Conflicting Discourse Functions
The Constructibility of Artificial Intelligence as Defined by the Turing Test
On the Socialization of Talking Machines
How to Pass a Turing Test
Look Whos Moving the Goal Posts Now
The Status and Future of the Turing Test
Creativity the Turing Test and the Better Lovelace Test
The Cartesian Test for Automatism
Minds Machines and Turing
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Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science

Обмежений попередній перегляд - 2006

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