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Met on Thursday at 9 o'clock A. M. The roll was called and responded to sentimentally as before.
Immediately after calling the roll there was an exercise in Mental Arithmetic. This exercise was followed by an exercise in Reading, conducted by Mr. E. B. Gray, of Whitewater. After a recess, a short address was given by Mr. Allen on teaching reading.
After this came an exercise in Spelling, concluding with a discussion on different methods of spelling.
Met at 1} o'clock, P. m., and, after singing, entered upon an exercise in Grammar. At 3 o'clock, after an intermission of fifteen minutes, there was a discussion of topics in Written Arithmetic. At 4 o'clock there was a debate as regards the best method of teaching English Composition, after which critiques were read by Mr. Owen and Misses Webb and Elston. Messrs. Seaman and Austin and Miss Nash were appointed critics for the following day.
Met at 7 o'clock, P. M. On motion of Prof. Mason, R. R. Bateman, Esq., was appointed chairman for the evening. The exercises were opened with prayer by Prof. Knox. After singing, the chairman introduced Prof. Powers, who announced as his theme, “Normal School Departments.” He spoke, 1st, of the undeveloped state of Normal Instruction; 2d, of the Wisconsin system—its present want of development and completeness—its prospective excellence; 3d, of the Normal Departments as the most characteristic future of our system, and the opposition to them which exists among certain classes of those interested in education in our State; 4th, of the importance of these departments: 1, to the completeness and efficiency of our system of normal instruction; 2, to the public schools; 3, to the higher institutions of learning; 4, to the general educational interests of society.
After the address an essay was read by Mr. S. N. Griffith. Subject, Emulation. Emulation is of interest to the educator; it is a comples notion, emdracing several mental faculties; it is inseparable from the mind; how shall it be directed; tends to develop the mind; it must be under the direction of a skillful teacher.
Met on Friday at 9 o'clock, and, on motion of Prof. Mason and J. F. Fuller, adopted a series of resolutions, a copy of which will be found appended to this record.
After recess an essay was read by Miss Sanborn on Merit and Demerit.
This was followed by a short address by Mr. Allen on the responsibilities of teachers. The influence of an error in a teacher ceases not with himself. The remainder of the forenoon was occupied with remarks from Messrs. Seaman and Davies.
Met at 2 o'clock. The session was occupied with arithmetical exercises under the direction of Profs. Powers and Pomeroy.
At 4 o'clock the reading of critique was listened to, after which adjourned till 73 o'clock P. M.
Met at 74 o'clock. On motion of Prof. Mason, J. F. Johnston, Esq., was appointed chairman for the evening. The chairman introduced Prof. Pomeroy. Mr. P. announced as the subject of his address, “Elementary Ideas of Mathematics.” 1, quantity, which embraces number, space, time, motion, force, abstract quantity, used by mathematicians: 2, objects of elementary instruction; 3, subjects of elementary instruction; 4, methods of elementary instruction. Under objects are, advantage in practical life, dicsipline of mental faculties. Under subjects are, arithmetic, geometry, mechanics. Under method is, number by concrete quantities, etc.; treated of space, force relation of quantities, best method of teaching in this department.
After the address, an essay was read by Mr. Miller; subject, Punishment. Adjourned.
Preamble and Resolutions. WHEREAS, The Messrs. Allen, Craig, and others, who, in connection with Dr. Barnard, are holding Teachers' Institutes in different parts of the State, are doing their work gratuitously; and whereas they are promoting, in a very important sense, the interests of public education, by calling attention to its claims, and in raising the standard of qualification among teachers, therefore,
Resolved, 1st, That in the judgment of the Teachers' Institute held at Appleton, it is the duty of the Board of Regents of Normal Schools of Wisconsin to make some suitable provision for compensating this corps of efficient co-laborers in a common cause, in the present instance, and to provide for the periodical revisiting of this or a similar corps of men to different parts of the State, in the future.
Resolved, 2d, That we cannot forbear an expression of our high appreciation of the services of Prof. C. H. Allen, in conducting the services of the Institute in this place.
Resolved, 3d, That the thanks of the Institute be cordially tendered the citizens of Appleton for their generous hospitality during the session.
Resolved, 4th, That the thanks of the Institute be tendered the Executive Board of Lawrence University for the use of the Chapel during the session.
Resolved, 5th, That we tender our sincere thanks to the members of the Faculty of Lawrence University for their kindness and aid during the session.
Resolved, 6th, That a copy of these resolutions be presented to the city papers for publication, and also to the leading journals of Madison and Milwaukee. Also to each of the gentlemen named in the preamble.
MINERAL POINT. Pursuant to call, the Institute at the Court-House Monday evening, October 17, and was called to order by R. D. Pulford, City Superintendent, and Alex. Wilson was chosen Secretary.
An address on School Architecture and Graded Schools was delivered by Prof. Hovey. Other remarks were made by Messrs. Pickard, Pulford,
Nolan, and Cothren, after which the Institute adjourned until 9 o'clock the following morning.
After calling to order, and registering the names, the following committees were then appointed:
On Criticism-Mary Boynton, Hettie Proseus, and Ellen Story.
Exercises were then conducted, in Geography, by Mr. Warner; in Mental Arithmetic, by Prof. Hovey; in Language, by Prof. Pickard; and a ten minutes speech by Alex. Wilson.
At 2 o'clock Mr. Wilson conducted an exercise in Mental Arithmetic; after which there was a general discussion upon the best method of conducting recitations.
Mr. Rogers then conducted an exercise in Written Arithmetic, and the exercises concluded with a ten minutes speech from Prof. Nolan.
A 7 o'clock P. M. an address was delivered by Prof. Pickard in regard to the nature, influence, uses, and objects of Teachers' Institutes.
The following resolution was introduced by Judge Cothren as a proper subject for discussion:
WAEREAS, The State, by enacting a Free School law, and providing for the education of all her children, has recognized the great principle that it is the duty of the State to educate her children, therefore,
Resolved, That the State should complete her work by enacting a law enfurcing the attendance of every sane child in the State, in some school, long enough to acquire a common school education.
A discussion was kept up until the close of the evening by Messrs. Cothren, Hovey, Gray, Nolan, Curtis, Commins, Pickard, Warren, Foster, Allen, and Wilson.
After the opening exercises on Wednesday morning, Mr. Warren con" ducted an exercise in Geography, and the school of Prof. Nolan was introduced. Mr. Pickard explained the rain gauges. A drill in language was conducted by Mr. Foster. Mr, Warren talked ten minutes upon * Things versus Words.” Prof. IIovey continued with remarks on the same subject; and, after a discussion on general subjects, the morning exercises were concluded with a drill in language by Prof. Pickard.
After roll call and music, an invitation was extended to the Institute by Mr. Allen, in behalf of Mr. Bracken, to visit the Zinc Furnace and Copper Diggings, which was, on motion, accepted.
Messrs. Wilson and Rogers conducted exercises in mental arithmetic, and arithmetical combinations, and the latter closed with an exercise in practical arithmetic.
At 6 o'clock the members of the Institute in a body visited the Zinc Furnace, and expressed themselves much pleased with the visit and the attention shown them.
Prof. Nolan opened the exercises of the evening with an address on “ Teachers' Responsibilities,” after which the following resolution, presented by B. C. Rogers, was taken up and discussed:
WHEREAS, It is an observed fact that men regard most what costs the most, therefore,
Resolved, That all the school funds of the State ought to be distributed according to the aggregate attendance in each district, rather than, as at present, according to the aggregate number of youth between the prescribed ages residing in the district.
The discussion was maintained by Messrs. Rogers, Curtis, Pickard, Hovey, and others.
Mr. Gray offered the following resolution, which was laid over for discussion until an other evening:
Resolved, That female teachers should receive equal pay with male teachers, for the same services as well rendered.
It being suggested that the ladies take part in the discussion, Misses. Proseus and Story were appointed to furnish essays on the snbject.
On Thursday morning, after opening the exercises, Mr. Hovey illustrated his method of teaching Physical Geography, with remarks upon natural divisions, winds, etc.
Miscellaneous exercises occupied a few minutes, and Mr. Foster gave instruction in reading and elocution.
At two o'clock, P. M. it was announced that a report of the various Institutes of the State would be prepared by Chancellor Barnard, copies of which would be furnished for twenty five cents, when many of the teachers subscribed for the same.
A drill in arithmetical combinations was conducted by B. C. Rogers; and spelling exercises by W. E. Clifford and Prof. Hovey.
The question of prizes was then generally discussed.
Printed programmes containing the order of school exercises were recommended to all teachers.
After a drill in written arithmetic, an invitation to visit the school houses of Messrs. Nolan and Wilson, was accepted.
On Friday Mr. Gray conducted an exercise in reading, and Mr. Warren in mathematics. Prof. Hovey then resumed his lecture on Winds and Currents, and explained the philosophy of the trade winds, the theory of storms, etc. After a discussion of the manner of conducting primary schools, Mr. Foster spoke on the subject of thoroughness in teaching, and closed by reading Bryant's poem, " The mosquito."
At 2 o'clock, P. M, Prof. Hovey lectured on Geographical Names; Prof. Pickard on the English Language, and Mr. Rogers on the Association of Ideas; Prof. Hovey resumed his remarks on Physical Geography, illustrating the cause and operation of the Tides and the Gulf Stream. The
essays of Misses Story and Proseus, on the subject of the wages of female teachers, were read.
The Institute epened with music at 74 o'clock, after which Chancellor Barnard delivered an address replete with practical suggestions in regard to our system of schools, and showing the duty of the people in relation to them.
Judge Cothren addressed the teachers in behalf of the people of Mineral Point in a short but able address, after which Mr. Foster, from the committee on resolutions, reported the following, which were adopted:
solved, Tbat in the Teachers' Institute we have a means of culture not found in any other source of equal extent, and that we shall long cherish the memory of the one now closing.
Resolved, That, as teachers, we will use our best cndeavors to secure a larger attend. ance at the next meeting of our Institute.
Resolved, That we cordially approve the plan of Object Lesson so ably presented by Messrs, Hovey, Warren, and others, and that we will strive to prepare ourselves to make such lessons profitable to our schools.
Resolved. That we express our acknowledgements to Prof. C. E. Hovey for the eficient and praise-worthy manner in which he has conducted the exercises of this Institute, and our entire confidence in him as a man, and in his ability as a teacher and intellectual guide.
Resolved, That we recognize in the person of Chancellor Barnard an efficient leader in our great work, and that in his arduous labors we assure bim of our bearty co-operation.
Resolved, That we tender our thanks to Judge M. M. Cothren for the interest be has manifested in our prooeedings, and for his able closing address.
Resolved, That we tender our sincere thanks to the citizens of Mineral Point, whose generous bospitality we have enjoyed, for their uniform kindness to us throughout the entire session of this Institute, and for the interest they have exbibited in the exercises by their presence and attention.
Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings of the Institute be furnished for publication to the press of this city, and to the State Journal of Education,
Mr. Wilson offered a resolution returning the thanks of the Institute to Prof. Pickard for his valuable services, but which, at the special request of Mr. Pickard, was withdrawn, he claiming to be only a private in the ranks of the teachers.
The following items of interest were read to the institute: Number of members, 57; average age, 25._ years; number that have taught, 36; average time, 3.) years; average wages, $30 per month; number who design teaching for life, 29
Prof. Hovey thanked the Institute and the citizens of the place for their kindness and courtesy to him, after which the Institute anjourned sine die.