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At this stage it was announced that Dr. Barnard had arrived in town, when a
rainbow of smiles" arched the schoolroom. Dr. Barnard being soon after introduced, lost little time in falling to work; first by seeking important statistical information from the teachers in attendance, and then by drawing forth from them a statement of the various difficulties encountered in the discharge of their duties.
Mr. Craig, editor of the Wisconsin Journal of Education, ably addressed the Institute upon the subject of the consolidation of the school districts of a town under one general board. After this a lively discussion arose upon the matter of religious instruction in schools. Remarks were made by Messrs. Camp, Craig, Carey, Graves, and Ellis. All agreed that some instruction should be given, but the speakers were more happy in stating the difficulties of the subject than in solving them.
The crowning part of the exercises of the Institute was the address of Dr. Barnard. This was based in part upon the statement of the difficulties of teachers, elicited from them in the afternoon, such as want of uniformity of text-books, irregularity of attendance, the want of graded schools, the mixture of the German element in our population, etc. His remarks fully sustained his reputation as an educator of wide experience and comprehensive views.
The following resolutions were presented and severally adopted by the Institute:
By Mr. O. R. Bacon,
Resolved, That we, the members of the Teachers' Institute, tender to the citizens of Sheboygan our sincere thanks for the kindness with which we have been received and entertained during the session, and we desire to assure them that this kindness will be long remembered, and that we shall ever recur to our visit here as a bright spot upon tbe page of life.
By Mr. Jared Thompson,
Resolved, That, as workers in the great cause of education, we feel under lasting obligations to the Hon. Henry Barnard for having furnished us with this means of improvement, and that we sincerely hope that these efforts to elevate the common schools may be continued and crowned with abundant success.
By Mr. A. N. Ladd,
Resolved, That the instructions given to us by Prof. Allen cannot fail to make us better teachers, and as he goes from us he bears with him our warmest wishes for his welfare and prosperity.
By Mr. Bacon, Resolved, That our thanks are especially due to the Rev. J. B. Pradt for the completeness of the arrangements which have contributed so much to the pleasure as well as the profit of the members of the Institute.
By Mr. C. S. Canright, Resolved, That we, the members of the Institute, extend to the Trustees and Society of the Congregational Chuch our warmest thanks for the use of their Church for the public exercises of the session.
The Institute then adjourned with the general feeling that the session had been a profitable one to the teachers in attendance, and that its results would be manifest in the improvement of our schools. It was, however, a matter of regret that there were no more male teachers in attendance from this county. The female teachers certainly evinced the most enterprise in the matter, as they do in all good works.
WAUPUN. Upwards of one hundred teachers were in attendance at the Institute he!d in this village last week, and we are assured by those who have attended many other Institutes, that in none had they observed so much and so general talent and intelligence.
Monday's proceedings were opened by H. P. Brown, who called the Institute to order, and made a few introductory remarks. H. P. Brown was elected Secretary for the session, and after an address by Mr. Allen upon the nature and character of a Teachers’ Institute and the position and influence of teachers, and remarks by Messrs. Brown and Harvey, the Institute was declared adjourned till 7 oclock in the evening. The evening session was opened by singing and prayer. Dr. Barnard, Chancellor of the State University, and agent of the Board of Normal School Regents, then delivered an exceedingly practical address to a large and attentive audience. The lecture was full of suggestions—instructive to teachers as well as to parents, and the impression made upon the minds of the andience are not easily to be effaced
Tuesday.-Opened by reading Scriptures, and prayer. Dr. Barnard made a short address, and, as his presence was necessary at the Institute in session at Appleton, left the association in the hands of Profs. Allen and Ogden. Prof. Allen then conducted a very instructive exercise in Mental Arithmetic, and gave a very interesting lecture on notation. The following subjects were introduced and ably treated during the day : Grammar, by Prof. Allen; Science of Education and Art of Teaching by Charts, by Prof. Ogden; Reading, by Prof. Allen; Geography and Topography, by Prof. Ogden; Composition, by Prof. Allen; Orthography, by Prof. Ogden. In the evening a highly interesting lecture was delivered by Prof. Allen.
Wednesday.-Besides exercises in Arithmetic, Geography, etc., conducted by Profs. Allen and Ogden, the following were introduced: Calisthenics, by Mr. Pickett; Duties of the School-Room, by Prof. Ogden. A recess was taken in the afternoon, and the members visited the State Prison. A committee to take into consideration the matter of organizing a permanent Teachers' Association for the counties of Dodge, Fond du Lac, and Gr Lake, was appointed as, follows: Messrs. Pickett, W ard, and Purmoit, and Misses Hall and Bissell. Messrs. Harvey, Willard, Fry, Miss C. Merrill, and Mrs. Pickett were appointed a committee on resolutions. Prof. Ogden delivered a very instructive lecture in the evening.
Thursday.--Same subjects as previous days, with the addition of the following: Teaching, by Prof. Ogden; Concert Recitations and Object Lessons, by Prof. Allen. In the evening Rev. Mr. Delaney, and Mr. Craig lectured with good effect.
Friday.-Same subjects continued with the addition of Punctuation. In the evening Mr. Gray delivered an excellent address. Miss Collier, of Horicon, rendered extracts from Hiawatha in a very happy and artistic manner, and Mr. Gray read Tam O’Shanter in excellent style.
The Committee on Resolutions reported the following, which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the members of the Dodge, Fond du Lac, and Green Lake Teachers’ Institute tender their sincere thanks to Profs. Ogde- and Allen for their faithful and untiring labors for our instruction.
Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the citizens of Waupun for the generous manner in which they have entertained us during the Session of this Institute.
Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the choir for their kindness in furnishing us with appropriate music during the session.
Resolved, That we tender thanks to the Warden and officers of the State Prison for the courtesy shown us while visiting the Institntion.
Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the Milwaukee & Horicon and Chicago and Northwestern Railroad Coinpanies for their liberal reduction of-fare to the teachers attending this Institute.
Resolved, That it is the duty and for the interest of teachers to read some regular periodical on educatian, attend Teachers’ Institutes, visit good schools, and make use of other means of improvement.
Resolved, That we return thanks to the Baptist society for the use of their church during this session.
The Association was called to order on Monday, October 10, at 7] P. M., and on motion of Prof. Mason, Prof. Powers was appointed chairman for the evening. The exercises of the evening were opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Doe.
On motion of Prof. Mason, J. F. Fuller was appointed Secretary of the Institute.
The chairman then introduced to the audience Mr. A. J. Craig, of Palmyra, resident editor of the Journal of Education. Mr. Craig selected as his theme, “ Our Common School System.” At the outset he compared in general terms, our system with similar systems in in Europe, and in the older settled portions of our own country. He regarded the common school not only as a place for intellectual training, but also as a place for moral, social, and political training. He concluded his address by reviewing, critically, the common school system of Wisconsin, and by sug
gesting and recommending such improvements as shall be effectual in establishing a more efficient system of education.
The chairman then introduced Mr. C. II. Allen, of Chester County Normal School, Pennsylvania, as director of the Institute. Mr. Allen gave, in a few words, as the design of the Institute, the improvement of common school teachers, and the exciting of a more lively interest in the masses in behalf of common school education, and cordially invited all interested in the cause of education to engage in the exercises of the week.
At the suggestion of Mr. Allen, Prof. Powers appointed Messrs. Loomis, Davies, and Seaman as a committee to select a question for public debate.
On motion of Prof. Mason, the meeting adjourned till eight o'clock Tuesday morning.
On Tuesday morning the members of the Institute met at eight o'clock and organized. Immediately after organization, subjects and questions for consideration were presented. After recess was an interesting discussion on several aritmetical topics suggested by members of the Institute.
Met at 2 o'clock P. M., and listened to an address by Mr. Gaylord, of Oshkosh, on “School Government.” He regarded it as really and essentially a primary matter with the teacher, but ostensibly a secondary matter. If entered upon with proper motives, one will succeed in it; but in the teacher should be combined good physical constitution and regular habits; these, with a proper arrangement of classes and classification of studies, will contribute largely to secure the desired end.
At 3 o'clock P. M. a class in Grammar discussed several points of difference suggested by members of the Institute.
At 4 o'clock P. M. the subject of Geography was treated of by Profs. Powers and Pomeroy.
Met at 7 o'clock P. M. Anson Ballard, Esq., on motion of Prof. Powers, was appointed chairman of the evening. The exercises for the evening were opened with prayer by Mr. Craig. The chairman then introduced Prof. Mason, who addressed the members of the Institute on the subject of School Government, or the use and abuse of authority by the teacher. 1st Point, general principles on which the right of all government is based. 2d point, uses; 1st, the legitimate use of such authority has for its object order; order of prime necessity; not the mechanical order of mere routine, but the order of a free, well disciplined mind; 2d, the proper use of such authority contemplates the attainment of thorough intellectual and moral training. 3d point, abuses; Ist, arbitrary despotism, thus degrading the mind, naturally free, toward slavery; 2d, indulgence of anger, hasty language, severe correction of minor faults; 3d, inconsiderate and needless indulgence on the part of the teacher, producing in the pupil carelessness, inattention, and utter disrespect for all authority.
The address was succeed by the reading of an essay by Mr. Davies on the subject of “Teachers' Institutes." He spoke first of the necessity
of them; second, the method of conducting them; third, of the benefits accruing.
After the reading of the essay there was a discussion on subjects suggested by the address and essay.
Met Wednesday at 9 a. M., and, after singing, the roll was called and responded to with sentiments from a large majority of the members.
On motion of Mr. Chapman, Messrs J. F. Fuller, B. F. Miller, and Miss E. Priestly were appointed critics for the day.
After which was a recitation in Mental Arithmetic, followed by one in Written Arithmetic.
After a recess of fifteen minutes there was a discussion on the order of exercises in common schools. This discussion was followed the appointment of a Committee of Introduction, consisting of Messrs. Davies and Case, and Misses Walker and Webh, whose duty it was to introduce each member of the Institute to every other member.
Met at half past one P. M. and engaged in a discussion on Grammar.
At 3 o'clock P. M., after a recess of fifteen minutes, the members of the Institute were entertained with a short address on the subject of teaching Geography, by Mr. Allen.
This was followed by a discussion on the subject of Spelling Schools.
At 4 o'clock P. M. there was a discussion on the subject of the right of a teacher to dispute the authority of text-books.
Af:er this, the reading of a critique, by Miss Priestly, was listened to.
Prior to the reading of the critique, Mr. Owen, and Misses Webb and Elston were appointed critics for Thursday.
Met at half past seven o'clock, P. M. On motion of Prof. Mason, J. M. Phinney, Esq., was appointed chairman for the evening. The exercises were opened with prayer by Prof. Mason.
The chairman then introduced Dr. Barnard, Chancellor of the State University at Madison. He announced as his theme, “Public Instruc. tion.” In the course of his address he treated at length of the following subjects, as subdivisions: the duty of State in this matter; influence of Teachers' Institutes, Associations, etc., upon the public, directly; what is expected and demanded of the public in regard to our public schools; that the standard of public schools should not, in any respect, fall below that of select or private schools; the location and construction of school houses; the relation of schools to each other, that is, of primary to high, and high schools to colleges and universities; the want of system and systematic arrangement, first in studies, and second of public schools; on modern languages in our high schools; the teacher-teachers of the highest order rarely met with—must be communicative—this is a gift rather than an acquirement, a gift to be sought and cultivated_test of good teachers, to be seen in the general appeorance of the school and the attendance.