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urpose, and any diversion of the Fund will be sufficient cause for withlding it in fature. Still this must be taken with some allowance; as,
instance, if a district does not divert the funds, nor quite exhaust them the payment of the teacher, it would not forfeit their share in the next portionment. Still, it is best to put a strict construction upon the law all cases. Q. In case a District Olerk, by mistake, makes an erroneous report, how n it be corrected ? A. The proper way is to refund the money to the State Treasurer, acmpanied by a statement of the case.
Q. How much has the County Treasurer & right to deduct from the aprtionment for fees? "A. Two per cent. If, however, the Supervisors fix a less rate, the fees ill be less. The maximum, however, is two per cent.
DISTRIOT OFFICERS-POWERS AND DUTIES.
Q. How shall the Board pay for repairs of the school-house? *A. They can pay it themselves, and wait for the district to pay them, hich they will be obliged to do, or arrange the matter in any manner satfactorily.
Q. How shall the Town Superintendent know whether the person aiming to be District Treasurer, is really such officer
A. It would be advisable for the Olerk of each district to report the ames of all officers elected to the Town Superintendent. The Superin’ndent can take any means he sees fit to identify the officers.
Q. If the other members of the Board forbid the Town Superintendent El pay the money to the Treasurer, is he to be guided by such action ?
A. The Board have no right or authority to give such direction. If she Treasurer is properly qualified, he must apply for and receive the apEbortionment.
Q. Is & contract made by the Clerk, and endorsed by the Director, binding if made with the wife of one of the parties ?
A. Certainly. The husband is unknown in an officer of a corporation. Still
, in such a case, to avoid difficulty, it would be well to secure the enlorsement of the entire Board.
Q. Can the District Board delegate authority to hire teachers to another party? 1 A. They can not. A private individual may grant a puwer of an atorney, but an officer of a corporation can not delegate his official anthorty.
Q. Can a District Board hire teachers beyond their own term of office ? A. A District Board is a corporation, and like any other corporation,
can bind their successors in office by any contract within the provisions of law, which they may see fit to make. Such a contract would not be bind. Ing'unless the district subsequently ratified it, if it was for a longer period than the vote of the district authorizes.
Q. Can the District Board locate a school-house?
A. This matter belongs exclusively to the district, and should be decided by a vote by ayes and noes, and entered at length opon the records.
Q. Can a clerk report children from contiguous undistricted territory!
A. He can not, as children in undistricted territory are not entitled to public money.
Q. If five legal voters sign a call for a special meeting, is it obligatory upon the Clerk to call the meeting if he considers the meeting to be called for an illegal purpose ?
A. The Olerk has no discretion in the matter, nor is it his province to decide upon matters to be brought before the district. He must call the meeting whenever requested by five legal voters.
Q. Can the Town Superintendent alter a district at any time within two years without following the forms of law, basing his action on the law which says that a district shall be legally organized after two years!
A. A district is fully organized when it has elected officers, and begun to live, and when thus organized, it must be treated in all respects like any other district.
Q. Supposing a district is altered July 1st, to take effect in three months, how shall the report be made out-of the district as divided or noti
1. Make the report as though no action had been bad-in other words, report districts as they are at the time of the date of the report.
Q. If the Treasurer does not execute his bond, but fullfils the duties of his office, what must be done?
4. Have him file his bond immediately, or else declare his office vacant. Legally a Treasurer can not file his bond after ten days have expired since his election, but in cases where he has satisfactorily discharged his duties, it might be well to allow bim to file his bond, and appointment either by the Board or by the Town Superintendent at the same time.
ALTERATION AND FORMATION OF DISTRIOTS.
Q. If a district is formed, such formation to take effect in three months, when should the first meeting be called ?
A. Not until their organization takes effect. Any action before the order takes effect, would be illegal and void.
Q. In case a district is run through by a town line, upon the formation of a new town, how is it to be managed ?
A. In such cases the Town Superintendents of their respective towns an either at once redistrict the territory, or suffer it to be a joint district, object to the same supervision as other joint districts.
Q. Can territory be added to a joint district without the consent of al Town Superintendents concerned ?
A. It can not, as it amounts to an alteration.
Q. How are District Clerks to obtain the financial statement required to be made in their report, as the Treasurer does not make his report until two weeks later ?
A. The Treasurer should always keep the finances of the district in a condition to be at once seen. He should keep the books with care, so that by a few minutes inspection the Clerk could ascertain the condition of the district at the time of making his report. In no case should the figdres be taken from the Treasurer's report of the previous year.
Town Superintendents, if they have not already been supplied, will apply to their respective Clerks of the Board of Supervisors for their necessary supply of School Laws; and the District Clerks will apply to their respective Town Saperintendents.
LYMAN O. DRAPER,
Supt. of Public Instruction.
EXTRAOTS FROM THE AUTOORAT OF THE BREAKFAST-TABLE.
THE MOUNTAINS AND THE OQEAN.—I have lived by the sea-shore, and by the mountains. No, I am not going to say which is best. The one where your place is is the place for you. But this difference there is: you can domesticate mountains, but the sea is fero naturæ. You may have a hut, or know the owner of one, on the mountain-side ; you see a light half way up its ascent in the evening, and you know there is a home, and you might share it. You have noted certain trees, perhaps; you know the particular zone where the hemlocks look so black in October, when the maples and beeches have faded. All its reliefs and intaglios have electrotyped themselves in the medallions that hang round the walls of your memory's chamber. The sea remembers nothing; it is feline. It licks your feet—its huge flanks porr very pleasantly for you; but it will crack your bones, and eat yon, for all that, and wipe the crimson from its jaws as if nothing had happened. The mountains give their lost children berries and water, the sea mocks their thirst and lets them die. The mountains have a grand, stupid, loveable tranquility; the sea has a fascinating, treacherous intelligence. The mountains lie about like huge ruminants, their broad backs awfal to look upon, but safe to handle; the sea smooths its silver scales until you can not see their joints--but their shining is that of a snake's belly after all. In deeper suggestiveness I find as great a difference. The mountains dwarf mankind and foreshorten the procession of its long generations. The sea drowns out humanity and time; it has no sympathy with either, for it belongs to eternity, and of that it sings its monotonous song forever and ever.
Yet I should love to have a little box by the sea-shore. I should love to gaze out on the wild feline element from a front window of my own, just as I should love to look on a caged panther, and see it stretch its shin. ing length, and then curl over and lap its smooth sides, and by-and-by begin to lash itself into rage and show its white teeth and spring at its bars, and howl the cry of its mad, but, to me, harmless fury. And then-to look at it with that inward eye-who does not love to shuffle off time and its concerns at intervals to forget who is President and who is Governor,
what race he belongs to, what language he speaks, which golden-headed nail of the firmament his particular planetary system is hang upon, and listen to the great liquid metronome as it beats solemn measure, steadily swinging when the solo or duet of human life begun, and to swing just as steadily after the human choras has died out, and man is a fossil on its shores.
NATURE. I know don't anything sweeter than this leaking in of Nature through all the cracks in the walls and floors of cities. You heap up a -million tons of bewen rocks on a square mile or two of earth which was green once.
The trees look down from the hill-sides and ask each other, as they stand on tip-toe—“What are these people about ?" And the small herbs at their feet look up and whisper back—“We will go and see.” So the small herbs pack themselves up in the least possible bundles, and wait until the wind steals to them at night and whispers—“Come with me.” Then they go softly with it into the great city-one to a cleft in the pavement, one to a spout on the roof, one to a seam in the marbles over a rich gentleman's bones, and one to the grave without a stone,'where nothing but a man is buried, and there they grow, looking down on the generations of men from mouldy roofs, looking up from between the lesstrodden pavements, looking out through iron cemetery-railings. Listen to them, when there is only a light breath stirring, and you will hear them saying to each other—"Wait awhile!” The words run along the telegraph of those narrow green lines that border the roads leading from the city, until they reach the slope of the hills, and the trees repeat in low murmurs to each other—"Wait awhile!" By-and-by the flow of life in the streets ebbs, and the old leafy inhabitants—the smaller tribes always in front—saunter in, one by one, very careless seemingly, but very tenacious, until they swarm so that the great stones gape from each other with the crowding of their roots, and the feldspar begins to be picked out of the granite to find tuem food. At last the trees take up their solemn line of march, and never rest until they have encamped in the market-place. Wait long enough and you will find an old doting oak hugging a huge worn block in its yellow anderground arms; that was the corner-stone of the State-House. Oh, so patient she is, this imperturbable Nature !
THE SCHOOLMISTRESS.—The schoolmistress had tried lite, too. Once in & while one meets with a single soul greater than all the living pageant that passes before it. As the pale astronomer sits in his study with sunken eyes and thin
rs, and weighs Uranus or Neptune as in a balance, so there are meek, slight women who have weighed all that this planetary life can offer, and hold it like a bauble in the palm of their slender hands. This was one of them. Fortune had left her, sorrow had baptized her