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4 CHILL18, Reply of,

. 108 BURKE, To Bristol Electors,

2:21

ADAX3, JOHN, Supposed Speech of, 293

Marie Antoinette,

2:2

Conclusion,

.. 289 Byrox, LORD, Supposed Address to Greeks, 131

ADAMS, J.Q., The Declaration,

309

The Death-penalty,

Washington and Franklin, 310

Ball at Brussels,

139

ADAX, Saran F., Hupe,

The Dying Gladiator, ..

ADDISOY, Cato's Soliloquy,

495

Bennacherib,

E-CHINES, Denunciation of Demosthenes, 163

Great Examples,

470

ÅKESSIDE, The Mind of Man,

Faliero to Conspirators, +77

Compensations of Imagination, 6+

F.lliero's Dying Speech,

ALFRED, to his Troops, . .

. 137 Caics GRACCHUS, Speech of, .

110

ALLINGLAM, The Weathercock,

. 523 Cairs Marius, Speech of, .
ALLSTON, America to Britain, . .. 438 CALHOCX, Prospect of War, .
AMES, Sanctity of Treaties,

...295
The Force Bill, :

320

The British Treaty, .

. 296

Purse and Sword, .

ANONYMOC3, Fortitule, .

46

Liberty the Meed,
The Work-shop and Camp, . 101 CAMPBELL, Hallowed Ground,

91

Forgiveness, :

470

Soldier's Dream,

. 147

Saladin and Malek Adhel, . . 525

Hohenlinden,

Fine Peathers and Birds,

Song of Greeks,

ASTONY, MARK, on Cæsar's Death, .

Fall of Warsaw,

ACSTIX, Chironomia, ..

32

To the Rainbow, .

AYTON, Execution of Montrose,

435

Glenara,
BAILLIE, Worth of Fame,

96

Lochiel's Warning,
BALAAY, Prophecy of,
..459 | CAXING, War with France, .

246
BASIM, Damon's Speech,

430

Bank-notes and Coin,
BARLE, ISAAC, America's Obligations,

Lorii J. Russell's Motion,

Reply to Lord North, 211

Tierney's Motion,

BATARD, Freedom of Judges,

299

Defence of Pitt,

50

BAYLY, I. H., The Pilot,

91

Measures, not Men,

251

BEATTIE, Life beyond the Tomb,

Balance of Power,

232

BEAUFOy, Parliamentary Innovations,

. 203

Collision of Vices,

23.

BEAKFITII, Spirit of the Age against War,. 49 CANTLEICS, On the Patricians,

1:21
BELIAL, Address of,
131 CARLYLE, Justice, ,

51
BENNETT, California's Prospects,

. 399

Nature a hard Creditor,
BERKELEY, America,
452 Cass, Precedents,

347
BETHTNE, Future Empire of our Language, 63 CATILINE, to his Army, .
BISNEY, War,

Last Harangue,
The Supreme Court,

. 312

To the Gallic Conspirators,
BLACK HAWK, Speech of,

. 551

To his Friends, :
BOARDMAX, Problem for the U. S.,

78
Defiance to the Senate,

430
BOWRIXG, Translation from Khemnitzer, 536 | Cato, Soliloquy,
BROGEAX, LORD, Translation,

165 CHALMERS, False Coloring lent to War, 57
Translation,
167 CHANNING, Distinction of a Nation, .

65

Fate of Reformers, .255

Great Ideas,

89

Parliament Reform, 256 CHAPIN, Science friendly to Freedom, 62
BEYO, How News came to Ghent, . 421

True Source of Reform,

76
Berrey, The Fractious Man,

439 CHATEAUBRIAND, Nature Proclaims a Deity, 92

Bactes, On Lucretia's Death, .. 107 CHATHAM, EARL OF, R ply to Walpole,

BETTY, MARCUS, On Cæsar's Death, . . . 128

· Reply to Grenville,

BRYANT, The Battle Field,

85

« Reconciliation,

BCLWER, SIR II., The 224 Dec.,

Repeal Claimed, 201

BUIWER, (See Lytton.)

" Lord North's Ministry, 302

BCRKE, Magnanimity in Politics,

“ Employing Indians, 203

American Enterprise,

“ Consequences,

American Taration, .

....217

America,

Despotism Unrighteous, ...218 CHILD, Mrs. L. M., Speech of Otis, . 284
Impeachment of Hastings, . . 219 Choate, National Hatreds,

246

Proration against Ilastings, . . . 220

Birthday of Washington,

397

. 469

.

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Pago
SICERO, Catiline Denounced,

168 Fox, The American War,.
Catiline Expelled,

Washington's Foreign Policy,
Verres Denounced,
u Liberty is Strenyib

237
CLAY, For the War of 1813, . ...315

Democratic Governments, .

238
Jefferson Defended,

..316
Partition of Poland,

239
Military Insubordination, . . 316 FRANKLIN, On the Federal Constitution, 286
Noblest Public Virtue,

. 317
God Governs,

287
Expunging Resolution,
.318 FRAYSINNOUS, Truth, .

37
Independence of Greece,
319 GALGACCS, Speech of,

. 117
CLEMENS, Intervention, .
. 318 Gaston, Party Intemperance,

. 302
CLINTON, Foreign Conquest,

. 301 GOETHE, Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence,
COBDEX, American Vessels, ...250 GRATTAN, Irish Rights, .
COLEBIGE, The Good Great Man,

87

Reply to Flood, .
Chamouny,

National Gratitude,

220
46
Translations,
512, 513, 514

Catholic Disqualifications, • 2:26
COLLINS, How Sleep the Brave,

120

IIcaven on the side of Principle, 2:26
Ode on the Passions,

• 415
Against Corry, .

2:27
COBE, On the Exercise of Speaking, . 36

Union with Great Britain, 2:28
LOMPILATION, Religious Persecution, . 209

The Catholic Question,
Against Muelling,

Religion Independent,
CONRAD, The Death of Taylor, . ..... 454

Sectarian Tyranny,
COTTON, To-morrow,

62 GREENE, Baron's Last Banquet,
COWPER, Affectation in the Pulpit, 55 GREY, LORD, Reform in Parliament,

Translations, 105, 10 110, 111 GROKE, The Sword,
CONE, Moses at the Fair,

. 519 HALLECK, Marco Bozzaris,
CRITTENDEN, Government Extravagance, . 351 HAMILTON, On Government

290
CROKER, Reply to Macaulay,

The Federal Constitution, .
Perils of Reform,
. 275 HAYNE, Reply to Webster,

339
CROLY, Death of Leonislas,

. 131
The South in 1776,

. 310
Catiline to the Conspirators, . 132

The South in 1812,

3+1
Catiline's ist llarangue, . 133 TIEBER, Forgive, .

. 97
The Crucifixion,

401 HECTOR, His Rebuke,
Seventh Plague of Egypt,

His Exploit,
The Greek and Turkman,

Slain,
Catiline to his Friends, ... 480 HEMANS, The Spartans' March,

....119
Catiline's Defiance,

The Greeks' Return,

....119
Pride of Ancestry,

Bernardo del Carpio, .

.... 411
CURRAN, The Pension System,

. 211
Casabianca, ,

... 412
Threats of Violence,

Rocks of my Country,

....413
Religious Distinctions,

The Two Homes,
Liberty of the Press,

Invocation,

... 414
Mr. Roman, .
. 353 HENRY, PATRICK, Resistance,

251
Habeas Corpus Act,

35+

War Inevitable,
To Lord Avonmore,

Return of Fugitives,
CUSHINO, Sectional Services, . ....315 HITCHCOCK, Science Religious, .
Agricultural Interest,

. 396 HOFFMAN, Fulton's Invention, .
DELAVIGNE, Three Days of Columbus, . . 405 HOLMES, Old Ironsides, .
DEMOSTHENES, Against Philip, .

159

City Men in the Country,
Degeneracy of Athens, . . 160 Hood, Art of Book-keeping,

533
Democracy Hateful to Philip, 161 HOOKER, Necessity of Law,

. 50
Venality the Ruin of Greece, 102 HOMER, Achilles' Reply,

. 108
Exordium on the Crown, . . 165 Hector's Rebuke, .
Public Spirit, .

Hector's Exploit, .
Not Vanquished by Philip, . 167

Hector Slain,
DEWEY, Nobility of Labor,

60 IIOTT, The World for Sale,
DICKENS, Speech of Buzluz,

. 531 HCGHES, Belshazzar's Feast,
DIYOXD, Sailor-boy's Dream,

. 425 Hugo, V., The United States of Europe, 50
DODDRIDGE, The Christian Life,

« Practical Religious Instruction, . 186
DRAKE, The American Flag,

“ Necessity of Religion,

187
ELLIOT, The Press,

89

4 Universal Suffrage, .
England,

90
« Liberty of the Press,

..189
EMMET, On being found Guilty,

. 357

« Republic or Monarchy,
ENGLAND, The Duellist, .

43

" The Two Napoleons,
ERSKINE, Great Minds and Christianity, . 362

" The Death-penalty, .
ETERETT, The Peace Congress of the Union, 42 " Rome and Carthage,
American Experiment,

78 HUNT, LEIGH, Abou Ben Adhern, .
Dizzy Activities of the Times, . .

88

The True King,
Relations to England,

. 386 HIUSKISSON, The Conservative Innovator, . 213
Great Examplex,
..397 ICILIUS, On Virginia's Seizure, .

. 113
Civilization of Africa
. 387 JACKSON, Union with Liberty,

. 311
Good of the Monument, .398 JAMES, J. A., Inducements to Religion, 83

Supposed Indian Speech, 552 JEFFERSOX, The Strongest Government,
PAYET, Man's Material Triumphs, . 45 JEFFREY, The Example of America,
TENELON, On Gesture,
32 JOB, True Wisdom,

402
Telemachus to the Allied Chiefs, 113 A Nation's Strength,

182

• 482

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Paya
Jonsson, DR, Fate of Charles XII., 70 MICKIEWICZ, The Moor's Revenge, 458
The Wise Man's Prayer, . . 102 Muitos, The Saviour's Reply, .

59
Jonysox, E., The Water Drinker,

99

Moloch's Address,
JOHNSox, R., Europe's Struggles,

Belial's Address,.
Joxy, Bex, Catiline to his Army, .

Destruction of the Philistines, .
KELLOGG, Spartacus to the Gladiators, .

Stan's Encounter with Death, : . 108
KEYSEDY, The Mechanical Epoch, . 41

Hlynın of our First Darents, .
KIEMNITZER, Rich and Poor,
. 536 MIRABEAU, Against the Nobles, &c.,

. 171
KING, Future of the U.S.,.

On Necker's Plan,

172
KOWLES, J. S., Speech of Caius Gracchus, 116

Disobedience to the Assembly, 173
* " Alfred to his Men,

Reply,

174
Cæsar at the Rubicon, . . 473

On being Suspected,

. 175
" St. Pierre to Ferrardo, : • 487

Eulogium on Franklin,

. .177
“ Wm. Tell on Switzerland, 488

Church and State,
“ Tell among the Mountains, 489 MITFORD, Rienzi to the Romans, .
Kson, The Curse of Cain, .

451 MONTGOMERY,

JAMES, Love of Country, . 72
KORSER, Battle-hymn,

The Common Lot, 75
KUSSUTI, Appeal to the Hungarians,

Patriot's l'ass-word, 139
Contentment of Europe, . 378 Moore, The Torch of Liberty

424
Hungarian Heroism, ...379 MORE, Duty to Country,

.. 46
In a Just Cause, ....379 MORRIS, Judiciary Act, .

. 299
Peace inconsistent,

Free Navigation,

. 300
LUXAKTISE, Revolutionary Men,

53 MORTON, Not ashamed of his Occupation, . 504
Byron to the Greeks, . . 151 MOCNTFORD, Plea for the Sailor,

. 383
The Republic,

...185 NAPOLEON, To the Army of Italy, . 150
LEE, For Independence,
285 NAYLOR, American Laborers,

. 313
LEE, NATHANIEL, Brutus and Titus, ...492 NEELE, Where is he, .

9+
LEGARE, The U. 8. Constitution, . 313 NICHOL, Day conceals,

44
On Returning to the U.S., . 31+ Norton, The Soldier from Bingen,

422
LIVINGSTOS, Aristocracy,
292 NOYE , Translation from Job,

561
LITY, Scipio to his Army,

Translation - True Wisdom, 162
Hannibal to his Army,

Translation from Psalms,

.463
hitus Quintius to the People, ... 114 O'CONNELL, Religious Liberty,

257
Virginius against Claudius,

Irish Disturbance Bill,
Canuleius against Patricians, ...121 Osgood, Labor is Worship,

61
LOGAN, Speech of,
553 Oris, JAMES, Supposer Speech of,

291
LONGFELLOW, Lines,
80 OTWAY, Priuli and Jaffier,

51+
Excelsior,
441 PALHERSTON, LORD, Civil War,

265
LOTER, Never Despair,

84 Pardoe, The Beacon Light, .
LOWTH, Translation from Isaiah, . 464 PATTEN, The Seminole's Detiance,

159
LOST, The Ship of State,
79 Pace, Defence,

460
Lyox3, Triumphs of English Language, 99 PEABODY, Moses,

50
The Tempest Stilled, .
. 413 PEEL, Legislative Union,

279
LITTON, SIR E. B., The Bar's Summons, . 135 PICILAT, Speech of Leonidas,

107
" " Caradoc to Cymrians, . 136 PIERPONT, Whittling, .

537
u Damon and Pythias,
PINKNEY, Disunion,

304
The Battle,

Pitt, American War Denounced,
" " " Richelieu to the King, · 474 On the Censure of Ministry,

232
u « « Cromwell at Coffin,

475

Attempt to make him Resign,
MACAULAY, Icilius on Virginia's Seizure, · 118 Barbarism of Ancient Britons,
Battle of Ivry,

113 Pope, The Order of Nature,
Irish Church,

The Dying Christian,
Hours of Labor,
. 268 PRAED, Charaile,

453
Reforın to Preserve,
PRENTISS, S. S., Defalcations,

8+2
Men fit to be Free,
.... 270
* "' Relief to Ireland,

351
Second Bill of Rights, . 270 PRESTOX, Eloquence and Logic,

383
Public Opinion and the Sword, 271 | PROCTER, Courage, .

456
A Government should Grow, : 272 PULTENEY, Reducing the Army,

135
Reform irresistible,
. 273 PUSEMATAHA, Speech of,

552
Fate of Virginia,
. 432 Pym, End of Government,

192
Horatius at the Bridge, 433 QUINCY, The Embargo,

30;
MACKAY, Cleon and I,

77 QUINCY, J., JR., British Aggressions, 35]
The Days that are Gone, . 100 RANDOLPH, E., Extent of Country, . 203
MACEINTOSI, England and America, 25+ RANDOLPU, JOnn, British Influence, . 305
Defence of Peltier, .

Greek Question,

306
MADIBOX, Innovations,

Virginia Constitution, . 307
MANSFIELD, LORD, Present Popularity, . 214 REGULUS, Speech of,

105
Attempts to Bias, . 364 RICHARD, To the Princes of the Crusade, . 110
MARILLOS, To the People,
. 126 RICHMOND, To his Men, .

. 141
MASSILLON, Immortality,
38 | RIENZI, To the Romans,

138
MATHEW3, Nothing in it,
.517 ROBESPIERRE, Againsi War,

150
MAZZINT, Address to Young Men, .. 375

Morality the Basis, .181
McDuffie, Popular Elections, .

327
Last Speech.

192
MIFAS, Moral Power, .

. 370 ROUSSEAC, Death,
MERID: 9, Frequcnt Executions,

Rusu, On the Voice,

21

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Page 1

Paga Ruskix, Utility of the Beautiful, .

39 TACITUS, Speech of Galgacus, RossELL, LORD J., Parliament Reform, . . 266 TALFOCAD, The World, Ballest, Caius Marius,

Charity,
SCHILLER, Damon and Pythias,

Copyright,
The Balle,

Literary Property, .

277 The Glove,

International Copyright,
To the Swiss,
... 508 TAYLOR, What Makes a Hero, .

66 Tell in Wait for Gesler,

Van Artevelde to Men of Ghent, . 145
Tell's Escape,

Van Artevelde's Defence, .
Wallenstein's Soliloquy,.

Van den Bosch and Artevelde,

520 Belief in Astrology, . ...513 TELEMACHTS, To the Allies, . Grief of Bereavement, ...614 Thomson, Death Typified by Winter,

82 SCIPIO, to his Army,

. 103

Universal Hymn, .
SCOTT, SIR WALTER, Princes of Crusade, 140 THURLOW, LORD, Reply,
Lochinvar,
415 Titus QCINTICS, Speech of,

... 111
Marmion taking Leaye, 416 TOBIN, Balthazar and the Quack,
Death of Marmion, . 417 | TOCQUEVILLE, DE, Democracy,
Death of Bertram, . 418 TRELAT, To the Peers,
Love of Country, . . 419 UHLAND, The Passage,

455 SEGER, DE, Utility of History, .

58 VANE, Against Richard Cromwell, . ... 196 SERGEANT, Military Qualifications, 325 VERGNIAUD, To the French, . SHAKSPEARE, Polonius to Laertes,

Terrorism of Jacobins,
Marullus to the People, . . 126 VERPLANCK, America's Contributions, 69
Brutus on Cæsar's Death, 126 VIRGINIA, Ballad of,
Mark Antony, :
. 127 VIRGINIUS, Against Claudius,

120
Richmond to his Men, . 141 | VILLEMAIN, The Christian Orator,
Henry V. to his Men, . 142 WALKER, Rules of Inflection,

19 Brutus and Cassius,

On Gesture,

33 Regrets of Drunkenness,

Failure of his Method,

2:2 Cassius instigates Brutus, . 500 WALPOLE, Ilow to make Patriots,

. 10 Cardinal Wolsey,

Against Pitt,

..197 Ilamlet to the l'layers, . . .502 WASHINGTOx, To the Army, .

13 Hamlet's Soliloquy,

France and the U.S., . STEA, The O'Kavanagh,

417

Foreign Influence, SUELLEY, Peace and War,

437 WAT TYLER, Speech of, . Drones of the Community, 472 WAYLAND, International Sympathies, SHEIL, Charges against Catholics, . 260 | WEBSTER, Eloquence of Action,

53 Irish Aliens,

Supposed Specch of J. Adams,.2:8
Irish Establishment,

262
Opposition,

326 Repeal of Union,

Moral Force,

327 England's Misrule,

204

Sympathy with South America, 328 Colonna to the King, .

The Poor and Rich, . SHERIDAN, Atheistic Government,

Sudden Conversions, .

330 Political Jobbing,

Constitution Platform,

331 People and King,

Resistance to Oppression,
Rolla to Peruvians,

Peaceable Secession,
Puti's Account of llimself, 550

Clay's Resolutions, .
SHIRLEY, Death's Final Conquest,

59

Justice to the Whole, Slus, The Union and Governinent, 507

Matches and over Matches, Smitu, IloRace, Merchant and Stranger,

S. Carolina and Mass.,

836 Culprit and Judge,

Liberty and Union, .

333 Jester Condemner,

Guilt cannot keep its own Secret, 369 Poet and Alchemist, . . .517

To Revolutionary Veterans, 359 Blindman's Buil,

State Obligations,

. 361 Moral Cosmetics,

55+

Fourth of July,
Farmer and Counsellor, . 519

Apostrophe to Washington, 13
Death,

- 555

Power of Public Opinion, 894 Lachrymose Writers,

Standard of the Constitution, 394 The Sanctuary,

. 517 | WATELY, Against Artificial Elocution, EMITH, SYDNEY, Taxes,

.. 87 WrUTE, J. BLANCO, Sonnet, Government Vigor, 374 WILKES, Bold Predictions,

212 Rejection of Reform, .

Conquest of Americans, Sutu, W. R., Prosperity,

. 319 Wirt, Instigators of Treason, SOUTHEY, Wat Tyler to the King,

116

Burr and Blennerhassett, • SOUTHEY, CAROLINE B., Pauper's Death-bed, 651 Rply to Wickham,

. 363 SPARTACUS, To the Gladiators,

123 WITHINGTON, Today, To Roman Envoys,

. 124 WOLFE, GEN., To the Army before Quebec, 147 SPRAGUE, Art, •

89 80 WOLFE, CILARLES, Defence of Poetry, STEELE, Measure of Speech, .

18

Burial of Sir J. Moore, . 132 STOCKTON, Flogging in the Navy, 350 | YANKEE, To a Chill,

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67 STORY, Our Duties, .

71 | YOCNG, Time's Midnight Voice, STRAFFORD, EARL OF, Defence,

Frivolous Pleasures, WALS, One Story's Good, &c.,

. 510 YRIARTE, The Monkey and Nagpie, 534

. 19%

THE

STANDARD SPEAKER.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE.

I. ORATORY.

ܪ

ORATORY, which has its derivation from the Latin verb oro, signifying to plead, to beseech, may be defined the art of producing persuasion or conviction by mears of spoken discourse. The word eloquence, in its primary signification, as its etymology implies, had a single reference to public speaking ; but it is applied by Aristotle, as well as by modern writers, to compositions not intended for public delivery. A similar extension of meaning has been given to the word rhetoric, which, in its etymological sense, means the art of the orator, but now comprehends the art of prose composition generally.

ORATORY AMONG THE ANCIENTS.

It is apparent, from the speeches attributed by Homer to the chiefs of the Iliad, as well as by the commendations which he bestows on Nestor and Ulysses for their eloquence, that the art of Oratory was early understood and honored in Greece. But it was not till Demosthenes appeared that Grecian eloquence reached its perfection. Demosthenes, who, by the consent of all antiquity, was the prince of orators, still maintains his preëminence. Of his style, Hume has happily said: “It is rapid harmony, exactly adjusted to he sense ; it is vehement reasoning, without any appearance of art ; it is lisdain, anger, boldness, freedom, involved in a continued stream of argunent; and of all human productions, the orations of Demosthenes present to is the models which approach the nearest to perfection.” It is related of his great orator, that, in his first address to the people, he was laughed at und interrupted by their clamors. He had a weakness of voice and a stamnering propensity which rendered it difficult for him to be understood. By immense labor, and an undaunted perseverance, he overcame these defects ; and subsequently, by the spell of his eloquence, exercised an unparalleled sway over that same people who had jeered at him when they first heard him speak in public. The speeches of Demosthenes were not extemporaneous. There were no writers of short-hand in his days; and what was written could only come from the author himself.

After the time of Demosthenes, Grecian eloquence, which was coēval with Grecian liberty, declined with the decay of the latter. In Rome, the military spirit, so incompatible with a high degree of civil freedom, long checked this

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