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of the leading section in the column the line on which he wishes the front to be formed ; the leading section commander then halts his section when he reaches

'Right wheel into line.'

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the line named, the other section commanders doing the same as they get up into line.

(6) To Column of Files.-Change from column to column of files can only be made to the front, and is effected on the same order as laid down for the section; the first section forms column of files at once, the rear sections forming in succession as they get room.

3. From Column of Files. (a) To Line.—Line is formed from column of files on the same method as laid down for the section ; formation to the reverse flank is made only in very

exceptional cases; formation of line from column of files should indeed be always avoided if possible; if necessary, sections should first be formed.

(6) To Column.To form column from column of files, the squadron commander gives the word ' Form column'-In die KolonneMarch,' each section forming up to the front; if right in front, to the left ; if left in front, to the right. The leading section, after forming, continues at a walk; the rear sections move up to their proper interval, after forming, at the previous pace. If the pace was a walk, the leading section remains at a walk; the rear sections form at an increased pace at the order of the squadron commander, the section leaders moving up to their proper interval after forming at that pace; if the pace was a trot, the forming up may be executed at a gallop. If column is to be formed immediately after traversing a defile, the order is given by the squadron commander at the moment that the head of the column of files issues from the defile ; the leading section forms up at once, the others in succession as their leading files issue from the defile.

THE REGIMENT.

In changes of formation, the squadrons of a regiment have sometimes to traverse equal, sometimes unequal, distances.

When all the squadrons have to traverse equal distances, as when forming line of squadrons deployed, or of squadron columns at deploying interval, to a flank from single column, they either take up simultaneously the pace ordered or continue at the previous pace. When they have to traverse unequal distances, the change of formation must be executed at a trot or gallop.

The rule is that, when the change of formation is effected from the halt, the squadron which has the shortest distance to cover in order to enter the new formation moves off at a walk; when the change is effected on the move, it drops into a walk, continuing the march at that pace. The other squadrons take up the movement at the pace ordered, or maintain the previous pace, until they reach their places in the new formation, when they successively drop into the walk. The few exceptions, in which this rule is not adhered to, are specially mentioned where they occur. The regimental commander may also, if he thinks fit, in exceptional cases halt the squadron which has the shortest distance to cover, when it has reached the new direction and taken up its position in the new formation.

1. From Line of Squadrons Deployed. (a) To Line of Squadron Columns at Deploying Interval.—This is usually executed right forward ; at the order ‘Line of squadron columns at deploying interval'Kolonnen-LinieWalk (Trot, Gallop) march,' or 'March, each squadron forms column, right forward.

If in an exceptional case the regimental commander wishes to form column, left forward, e.g. should the ground not permit of the formation right forward, he would make use of the commands noted at the end of this section under the head of Changes of Formation in each Squadron.

(6) To Line of Squadron Columns at Close Interval.This formation is not effected from line of squadrons deployed. . (c) To Single Column.--Single column is formed, from line of squadrons deployed, for moving off to a flank or to the front; in moving off to the front, any squadron can be made the squadron of formation.

In forming single column for moving off to a flank, i.e. in the prolongation of the front, at the order from the regimental commander Column right (left) '—KOlonne rechts (links) — Walk (Trot, Gallop) march,' or ‘March,' each squadron leader wheels his squadron into column to the flank named ; if the regiment is in line of squadron columns at deploying interval, he wheels the head of his squadron to the flank named.

*Column forward on the third squadron.'

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In forming single column for moving off to the front, at the order Column forward on the —th squadron' – Kolonne vorwärts! zte Eskadron Walk

(Trot, Gallop) march,' or ‘March, the squadron named advances straight to the front, at the pace ordered or at the previous pace, and forms column on the move, right or left forward according to the direction of the march. The squadrons, on the right of the squadron of formation, form column left on the order of their commanders; the squadrons, on the left, form column right, and as they get room follow successively in the column, each division being always preserved intact. If the squadron of formation is the centre squadron in a division of three squadrons, the squadron on its right follows first, then the squadron on its left.

(d) To Double Column.-Double column is not formed from line of squadrons deployed.

2. From Line of Squadron Columns at

Deploying Interval. (a) To Line of Squadrons Deployed.--To form line as rapidly as possible from line of squadron columns at deploying interval, the deployment is, as a rule, made to the front. On the order from the regimental commander ‘Deploy to the front'Vorwärts aufmarschirenTrot (Gallop) march,' or ‘March,' the squadron leaders deploy to the front, i.e. to both flanks.

If the regimental commander wishes, in an exceptional case, to deploy right or left forward, he employs the word of command notified for this case in the *Changes of Formation in each Squadron,' given at the end of this section.

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