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To the Account of Bp. Halifax, referred to in p. 630, may be added the following elegant tribute of respect from one of hi* learned and valuable friends: "Dr. Halifax was an eminent tutor of Trinity Hall at Cambridge, and the King's Professor of Law in that University. In 1782 he was advanced to the see of Gloucester, and translated in 1789 to that of St. Asaph. Hisdistinguished worth and ability deservedly raised him to the high rank he held in the Church. But his cliaraeter is given more at large in the following elegant inscription, composed by his fatherin-law, the Rev. Dr. Wiliiam Cooke, dean of Ely, and provost of King's college, Cambridge, and engraved on his monument in the church of Warsop in Nottinghamshire; of which church the Bishop was rector, and in which, for the reason assigned in the two first lines of the inscription, he was buried.
"Hie juxta filiolum dulcissimum, acerbo olim fato Prareptum, paternas exuvias deponi voluit vir reverendissimus Samuel Halifax, LL. D. et S.T. P. Ex hac vicinia oriundus, primisque Uteris imbutus, in Academia protenus Cantabrigiensi floruit; juris civilis praelector publicus, et professor regius; in curia pnerogatlva Cantuariensi facultatum rcgistrarius; in hac eeclesia. rector; in ecclesia cathedrali Glocestriensi primo, deinde Asaphensi episcopus; quae per omnia officia ingenio claruit, et eruditione et industria singulari, summa in ecclesiam Anglicanam fide, concionum vi ac suavitate flexanimfi, Scriptorum nitore et elegantia, vita insuper id quod primamm sibi semper habuit inculpabili. Nat us est apud Mansfield Jan. 18, 1733; calculo oppressus properata morte obiit Martii 4, 1790, a;tatis eheu §7. Catliarina conjux, cum filio unico et sex filiabus superstes relicta, in aliquod desiderii sui solamen, mcerens P."
Bp. Hurd's Life of Bp. IVarburton, 4to. p. 103.
*** For Memoirs of Hutchins, S. Richardson, T. Carte^ Jortin, Battib, Chese*,den, Jackson, and Bp. Hurd, sec their several Names in the Index.
END OF THE FirTH VOLUME.
N icuoLs and Son, Frinten, Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street, London. No. XV. MR. JOSEPH STRUTT*.
In tracing the studious man* and the artist in his path through life, a reader can anticipate but little gratification. Follow him, ere yet the thread of life be unravelled, to his solitary apartment; there you behold him with his pen or pencil in his hand, his mental faculties deeply absorbed, and barred against extraneous objects; and your presence would be an infringement upon the flights of his imagination, now on the wing, and panting to bring home some novel idea. But when, through the medium of an Author's literary labours, an interest has really been excited, whether on account of new information communicated, of methodical classification of subjects treated, of satisfactory elucidations and perspicuity of style, or from the intrinsic merit of his researches exhibiting at once unwearied labour and capacious powers of intellect; then every the minutest circumstance relative to him is sought after with avidity; the knowledge of his birth-place, of his family-connexions, of his person and character, are then memoranda of high importance.
Such notices may perhaps be expected by a generous and enlightened publick, as due to the memory of Mr. Strutt; whose literary labours, as well as the productions of his pencil and graver, they have been pleased highly to appreciate. An assemblage of interesting facts relative to the history and usages of his native country, comprised in several volumes, chiefly occupied the hours of a life chequered by misfortune, early embittered by the loss of an amiable partner, and long tending towards the grave through the pressure of bodily affliction.
Mr. Joseph Strutt, the youngest son of Thomas and Elizabeth Strutt, was born October 27, 1749, at Springfield in Essex. Here his father possessed
* These original Memoirs are communicated by one of his Dearest relations.
Vol. V. X x some
some property, and carried on the profession of a miller, to w hich he had been brought up under Mr. John Ingold, of *vVoodham-Walter, in the same county,
ih»s Thomas was son of Mr. Thomas Strutt, miller, "of Chelmsford, by Elizabeth, one of the daughters of Robert Younge, gent, of Halsted, in. Essex,
On the expiration of his apprenticeship, Thomas' Strutt, in 1743, married Elizabeth Ingold, one of hismaster's daughters; and settled first at Danbury, and afterwards at Springfield, in both which places he possessed some property; and at the latter of which he resided when, his son Joseph was born. By his wife he had four sons and one daughter; of whom John * and Joseph alone attained to years of maturity.
In about a year after the birth of his son Joseph, Mr. Thomas Strutt embarked on a voyage for Constantinople; probably recommended by the Faculty so to do for the benefit of his health. . He had a favourable passage toSmyrna-f-,wherehe stayed some
* JoTin Strutt was tlieir seeond sow y and was born November 30, 1745. He became a surgeon, and acquired considerable eminence in his profession. He married a young lady of the highest accomplishments; and by her had two children; both of whom died young. After a residence of several years in Dei bystreet, Westminster, he died there, May 24, 1784.
f Five letters written by Mr. Thomas Strutt to his wife, in, Rjs passage to and from Constantinople, have been preserved: one ©f these contains some local remarks, which may perhaps be deemed worth transcribing; and" the order of the respective" dates set down.
The first of these letter*, directed " To Mrs. Strutt, at Springfield Mill, near Chelmsford, Essex," (which direction is-also uponthe other four,) is dated from the Downs, October 24, 1750 ■ * short letter, merely stating his arrival at the Downs, and sending his remcmbi-'anees to his wife and their friends.
The second hitter is likewise very brief; dated fsom the Streighta of Gibraltar, November 7> 1750.
The third is longer than any of the other letters; am»f is date* from Smyrna, December <S, 1750; whither, as Mr. Strutt observes, he '* arrived on Saturday last, in good health'and good spirits-,- and on Sundrty went on shore; but could meet with n«» person that could speak English; however, by the help of the
little" firtle: Ke sailed thence to Constantinople, and returned to Smyrna; where it is supposed he caught the small-pox; he lived till the ship arrived at Plymouth, and died there, about June 1751, before his wife could arrive to- bid' him adieu for ever. On receiving the melancholy intelligence, Mrs. Strutt proceeded to Plymouth, and recovered her deceased husband's effects.
Thus, at the tender age of a year and a half, was Joseph Strutt bereaved of his parent. The care of his early tuition now devolved on his mother: and she, at a suitable time, placed him at the school at Chelmsford, where he attained the rudiments of boyish education, as reading, writing, and a scanty knowledge of grammar. The lessons of piety and of his duty to his Maker, were early instilled into1 him from his mother's lips: her example and precept went hand in hand to invite his imitation: and he seems to have retained to his latest breath the
little knowledge I have of the French, I have sold sonie of my knives, and wish I had brought more. The town is semicircular, about a mile in length, and makes a very agreeable prospect to the harbour; the ships lying within gunshot of the town: but the streets are so very narrow, and the houses so thick, that it is very nauseous withmside. I expect to go hence to Constantinople on Saturday morning, and be here again in May; and, if we have good luck, at home the latter end of August. You must not expect to hear from me again until I come to London; this being the last ship that goes home this season." He concludes with the following postscript: "Wine here sixpence per gallon, the best at eight pence. A very plentiful place. Never had my health so well in my life; not having had so much as the head-ache."
The fourth letter, dated from Smyrna, December 8, 1750, is brief; and mentions that he was in good health; and that they Were then Weighing anchor for Constantinople.
The fifth letter is dated March 1st, 1750-1, from the same place. He had proceeded to Constantinople, and returned to Smyrna, in the space of time that had elapsed between the date of this and the former letter. He says, " We are now loading in SmyrnaBay for the homeward-bound passage; and I hope I shall see you some time in July.—P. S. We have buried our poor Captain In our passage to Constantinople. We brought the Dutch Embassadress with her retinue from Constantinople to Smyrna."
x x 3 foiidett fondest regard for the counsels of this monitress of his youth*.
At the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed by his mother to the unfortunate Mr. William Wynn Ryland, in 1764; and in 1770 became a student at the Royal Academy; where he had the gold and silver medals adjudged to him; the former for a painting in oil -f-, and the latter for the best Academy-figure.
Having with fidelity accomplished the term of his servitude under Mr. Ryland, Mr. Strutt took up his residence in the family of his friend Mr. Thane. His future prospects, and the ardour of his imagination, on entering the world for himself, are best declared in his own words, in a letter which he wrote to his mother on that occasion ; part of which is here extracted.
"I thank you, honoured Madam, for the joy you express at this your son's first-gained J laurel; and also those our worthy friends tor the interest they take in my welfare, as also for every obligation they have so generously laid upon me: and though I know it is not in my power to repay their kindness, yet I have a heart that, thoroughly sensible of all these favours, overflows with gratitude and acknowledgements, which I am sure will never be forgotten: nor can I deviate from that respect, which I owe to their
* See extracts from a letter written by Mr. Strutt to his mother, p. 676, note.
t It appears, that tins was the first attempt Mr. Strutt ever made to paint in oil; and what is singular, he had for his com.petitor the celebrated Hamilton. The arbitrators were long deciding whose design should carry the palm j but at last it was decided in Mr. Stunt's favour. This was undoubtedly a grand triumph to a youth of his aspiring genius. The subject of his picture was taken from the tecond book of the ^Ineid; where the Poet describes the lambent flame as descending on the head of liilus; old Anchises on his couch is invoking the gods 1 and AJneas, in the foreground, is rushing out to the battle. The design, rather than the execution, (as may be conceived from a first attempt,) secured Mr. Strutt the prize.
t This was the gold medal, the first ever given at the Royal Academy, for the best historical picture j this he gained in December 1770.