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Memoirs of Mr. Peter Collinson 309

William Cowper, M. D 316

Mr. George Edwards 317

Bryan Fairfax, Esq 326

Richard Frank, Esq. 328

Alexander Gordon, M.A 329

William Hall, Esq 337

Nicholas Hardinge, Esq 338

Henry Hare, Lord Colerane 347

George Holmes, Esq 353

Rev. Samuel Knight, D. D 354

Stephen-Martin Leake, Esq 363

Smart Lethieullier, Esq 368

John Locker, Esq 372

William Locker, Esq :• • 373

Rev. Charles Lyttelton, DJ). Bishop of Carlisle 378

Mr. William Maitland 382

Mr. Thomas Martin 394

Edward Rowe-Mores, Esq. M.A 389

Rev. Conyers Middleton, D. D 405

Cromwell Mortimer, M. D 423

William Nicholas, Esq 426

Rev. George North, M. A ibid.

r_ David Papillon, Esq 470

James Parsons, M.D.. 472

Richard Rawlinson, LL. D ,., 499

Rev. William Stukeley, M. D 499

Sir Peter Thompson 5H

Rev. Nicholas Tindal, M. A 515

John Ward, LL.D 517

Rev. Francis Wise, B. D 527

No. XT. Memoirs of Bishop Warburton 529

XII. Mr. Ephraim Chambers 659

XIII. Addition to Mr. Thomas Baker y 662

XIV. Epitaph on Bishop Halifax 664

XV. Memoirs of Mr. Joseph Strutt 665

XVI. Rev. John Free, D.D 687

XVII. Additions and Corrections , 696—712

ESSAYS ESSAYS AND ILLUSTRATIONS

REFERRED TO IN THK

LITERARY ANECDOTES

OF THE

EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.

No. I. i

EDWARD CAVE.
(See vol. II. p. 44; vol. IV. p. 95.)

"THE curiosity of the publick seems to demand the history of every man who has by whatever means risen to eminence; and few lives would have more readers than that of the Compiler of TkeGentlemaris Magazine, if all those who received improvement or entertainment from him should retain so much kindness for their Benefactor as to enquire after his conduct and character.

Edward Cave was born at Newton in Warwickshire, Feb. 29j 1691. His father was the youngest son of Mr. Edward Cave, of Cave's in the Hole, a lone house, on the Street-road in the same county, which took its name from the occupier; but, having concurred with his elder brother in cutting off the . intail of a small hereditary estate, by which act it

Vol: V. B was was lost from the family, he was reduced to follow in Rugby the trade of a shoe-maker. He was a man of good reputation in his narrow circle, and remarkable for strength and rustic intrepidity. He lived to a great age, and was in his latter years supported by his son.

It was fortunate for Edward Cave, that, having a disposition to literary attainments, he was not cut off by the pdverty of his parents from opportunities of cultivating his faculties. The school of Rugby, in which he had, by the rules of its foundation, a right to be instructed, was then in high reputation, under the Rev. Mr. Holyock, to whose care most of the neighbouring families, even of the highest rank, entrusted their sons. He had judgment to discover, and, for some time, generosity to encourage the genius of young Cave; and was so well pleased with his quick progress in the school, that he declared his resolution to breed him for the University, and recommend him as a servitor to some of his scholars of high rank. But prosperity which depends upon the caprice of others is of short duration. Cave's superiority in literature exalted him to an invidious familiarity with boys who were far above him in rank and expectations; and, as in unequal associations it always happens, whatever unlucky prank was played, was imputed to Cave. When any mischief, great or small, was done, though perhaps others boasted of the stratagem when it was successful, yet upon detection or miscarriage the fault was sure to fall upon poor Cave.

At last his mistress, by some invisible means, lost a favourite cock. Cave was with little examination stigmatized as the thief or murderer; not because he was more apparently criminal than others, but because he was more easily reached by vindictive justice. From that time Mr. Holyock withdrew his kindness visibly from him, and treated him with harshness, which the crime in its utmost aggravation could scarcely deserve, and which surely he Would have

forborne,

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