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able-bodied poor acres afford amount appears APPENDIX Arthur Young assistance board of guardians capital circumstances Commissioners committees Connaught cottier court of chancery cultivation destitute difficulty distress districts Dublin effect electoral divisions emigrants employment enable encumbered England English entails evidence evils exertions exist expenditure expense extent farmers Galway greatly improvement increased industry inhabitants injurious interest Irish Irish language labour land in Ireland landed property landed proprietors landlord large estates leases Leinster lives manufacture means ment middle class mortgage Munster necessary neighbours number of persons obtain Occupation of Land occupied owner parish paupers payment peasantry penal laws plantation of Ulster poor poor-law poor-rates population portion possession potatoes present rate-payers relief rent resident respects result Roman Catholics sell settlement small farms soil taxation tenant tenant-right tenantry tenure tion Ulster union wages whole workhouse
Сторінка 334 - In most cases, whatever is done in the way of building or fencing is done by the tenant, and in the ordinary...
Сторінка 298 - In the lowest, or fourth class, were comprised all mud cabins having only one room; in the third, a better description of cottage, still built of mud, but varying from two to four rooms and windows; in the second...
Сторінка 283 - An activity has been here, that has swept away all difficulties before it, and has clothed the very rocks with verdure. It would be a disgrace to common sense to ask the cause; the enjoyment of property must have done it. Give a man the secure possession of a bleak lock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 274 - ... are perpetually building, repairing, altering, or improving something about their tenements. The spirit of the proprietor is not to be mistaken in all that one sees in Switzerland. Some cottages, for instance, are adorned with long texts from Scripture painted on or burnt into the wood in front over the door ; others, especially in the Simmenthal and the Haslethal, with the pedigree of the builder and owner.
Сторінка 334 - It is well known, that in England and Scotland, before a landlord offers a farm for letting, he finds it necessary to provide a suitable farmhouse, with necessary farm buildings, for the proper management of the farm. He puts the gates and fences into good order, and he also takes upon himself a great part of the burden of keeping the buildings in repair during the term ; and the rent is fixed with reference to this state of things. Such, at least, is generally the case, although special contracts...
Сторінка 334 - Ireland, the landlord builds neither dwelling-house nor farm-offices, nor puts fences, gates, &c. into good order, before he lets his land to a tenant. The cases in which a landlord does any of those things are the exceptions.
Сторінка 30 - It was a machine of wise and elaborate contrivance, and as well fitted for the oppression, impoverishment, and degradation of a people and the debasement, in them, of human nature itself...
Сторінка 341 - ... it would be impossible to describe adequately the sufferings and privations which the cottiers and labourers and their families in most part of the country endure ;" that " in many districts their only food is the potato, their only beverage water ;" that " their cabins are seldom a protection against the weather ; " that " a bed ora blanket is a rare luxury ; " and that " nearly in all, their pig and their manure heap constitute their only property...
Сторінка 336 - ... propagated in the towns wherein they have settled ; so that not only they who have been ejected have been rendered miserable, but they have carried with them and propagated that misery. They have increased the stock of labour, they have rendered the habitations of those who received them more crowded, they have given occasion to the dissemination of disease, they have been obliged to resort to theft, and all manner of vice and iniquity, to procure subsistence ; but what is perhaps the most painful...