Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives

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Oxford University Press, 2015 - 304 стор.
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Sleep paralysis (characterized by an inability to move, conscious awareness in sleep, and vivid hallucinations) has a history that spans over two-thousand years. However, despite this expansive history, it is only in recent times that a scientific evidence base has accrued. The authors explore sleep paralysis from a range of historical perspectives, placing the phenomenon in a context relevant to clinicians and researchers. Dr. Brian Sharpless and Dr. Karl Doghramji's Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives examines and synthesizes theoretical and empirical literature on sleep disorder. With a focus on phenomenology and prevalence of sleep paralysis, the book situates the disorder within cultural and historical contexts. Sleep paralysis is found to be a well-described, REM-based phenomenon with a number of known behavioral and psychological correlates. The authors compile and summarize the associated features, diagnostic issues, prevalence rates, and potential etiologies. The clinical ramifications of sleep paralysis are also thoroughly examined in this important text. The authors evaluate the available assessment instruments, provide guidance on differential diagnosis, and compile what is known about its clinical impacts. Although a number of individuals are troubled by sleep paralysis, no empirically-established treatments are available. The authors present medication guidance and a brief five session cognitive-behavioral treatment (with a corresponding adherence measure and assessment instrument) for chronic cases.
 

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Зміст

1 What Are Sleep Paralysis and Isolated Sleep Paralysis?
1
2 Should Sleep Paralysis Be More Frequently Assessed in Research Studies and Clinical Practice?
7
3 The History of Sleep Paralysis in Folklore and Myth
17
4 Sleep Paralysis in Art and Literature
45
5 Early Medicine and the Nightmare
55
 Typical Symptoms and Associated Features
71
7 Prevalence of Sleep Paralysis
93
8 Sleep Paralysis and Medical Conditions
103
13 Differential Diagnosis of Sleep Paralysis
169
14 Folk Remedies for Sleep Paralysis
183
15 Psychosocial Approaches to the Treatment of Sleep Paralysis
195
16 Psychopharmacology for Sleep Paralysis
205
17 Conclusions and Future Directions
213
Appendix A Terms for Sleep Paralysis
217
Appendix B Fearful Isolated Sleep Paralysis Interview
229
 CBTISP
237

9 Sleep Paralysis and Psychopathology
115
10 Theories on the Etiology of Sleep Paralysis
129
11 Diagnostic Criteria Diagnostic Issues and Possible Subtypes of Sleep Paralysis
147
12 Review of Measures Used to Assess Sleep Paralysis
153
Appendix D An Adherence Measure for Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Isolated Sleep Paralysis
257
Index
273
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Brian Sharpless, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Psychology and Director of the Psychology Clinic at Washington State University

Karl Doghramji, MD is a Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University; a Medical Director at Jefferson Sleep Disorders Center; and Program Director at Fellowship in Sleep Medicine.

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