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interesting fact, that this chieftain, who, with savage aspect and devastating cruelty, had led his ferocious tribe against the almost defenceless people of Mauké, was not only the first person whose voice they heard inviting them in accents of persuasive energy to receive the gospel of peace, but also among the very first who there united in commemorating the Saviour's death. It was a truly delightful sight, to behold the once sanguinary chieftain, with his no less bloodthirsty warriors, sitting down at the same sacramental table, with the remnant of a people to whom his very name had been a terror, and whose race he had almost exterminated : thus, verifying what a speaker, at one of our native missionary meetings, observed, that, by the gospel, men became Christians, and savages brethren in Christ.""*

Christians of England ! Supporters of the London Missionary Society! Such are the facts of the case with respect to war and it evils, to peace and its blessings, and to the success of your missionaries in working the wondrous change. Do you blush at the enterprise which you have espoused and upheld? Do you regret the substance which you have thus appropriated? Are you not at one with your martyred Williams, in the following emphatic words :-“How many thousands of ships has England sent to foreign countries to spread devastation and death? The money expended in building, equipping, and supporting one of these, would be sufficient, with the divine blessing, to convey Christianity, with all its domestic comforts, its civilizing effects, and spiritual advantages, to hundreds and thousands of people.”+ Would that millions of our nation's * Williams, p. 73.

+ Ibid, p. 109.

wealth, which have been lavishly appropriated to objects utterly discordant with the gospel of mercy, had been thus laid out!

O ye voyagers, ye travellers, ye men of science, who compass the oceans and continents of our globe, what say you to these things? Do you affirm their falsehood ? Prove it! Do you acknowledge their truth? Apply it! With these achievements of the missionary, compare your own. What has been done by you, or by your predecessors, to extinguish the flames of war, to rear the temple of concord, to dry the tears of a weeping world, and to make “ savages brethren in Christ ?" Oblige the churches of the living God, the friends of missions, by a statement of your claims. Ah! they may soon be set forth. Much, very much, have ye done to perpetuate and aggravate the calamity, to swell the wail of hopeless woe, and to embitter the overflowing cup of human wretchedness. Ah! how little does the cause of God or of man, of civilization or of humanity, owe to you! How poor, how mean, how utterly worthless, is the whole library of your specific literature, travels, journals, and voyages, when weighed in the balances with the “ Enterprises” of the Martyř of Erromanga! He has done incalculably more earthly good—eternity, and the gospel which prepares for it, wholly apart—than your entire fraternity united. Am I dogmatizing? I appeal to the facts of the present letter. How are these facts to be accounted for? The missionary informs you of all that he said, and of all that he did ; he thus exhibits the means. But to what shall we ascribe their efficacy? Hear the converted native, part of whose words are already before you, as uttered at a missionary meeting. “ These gods are

conquered; but the invisible God will remain for ever. The idols now hanging in degradation before us were formerly unconquerable; but the power of God is gone forth, by which men become Christians, and savages brethren in Christ."* Yes, “ the power of God is gone forth.” This fact explains the whole matter. “ Consider what I say, and the Lord give you understanding in all things.”+

were

• Williams, p. 28.

+ 2 Tim. ii. ?.

LETTER V.

TO SIR THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON, BARONET.

ON THE RESULTS OF MISSIONARY LABOUR IN RELATION TO

GOVERNMENT, LIFE, LIBERTY, AND PROPERTY.

FRIEND of humanity, and honoured advocate of the slave! the facts which will be embodied in this letter, excite feelings which at once suggest the dedication of it to you. Permit me, at the same time, to acknowledge the receipt of your recent work on the slave-trade, and to thank you for the publication of that philanthropic volume. Nothing, connected with Africa, has yet been published, from which I have derived so much pleasure and encouragement as from your “Remedial" suggestions. But while from the beginning to the end, there is not a statement, nor a view, which has not the full concurrence of my humble judgment, my gratification is extreme to find you bearing, in the face of your country and your country's government, in the face of Europe, and, indeed, the world, with all its courts and kings, and presidents, a testimony to the omnipotence of the gospel, and the importance of missionary labour

as the sure and the only means of extinguishing the horrid wars, exterminating the slavery, and healing the deep sorrows of Africa and her children. The Directors of all missionary societies, both British and Foreign, will appreciate the value of that testimony. In public assemblies your lips have frequently given utterance to the same sentiment; but now, in the maturity of your large experience, you have reduced it to the form of a permanent record. Nor is this all; that sentiment has been adopted and proclaimed by the bright roll of illustrious names who compose the “ Society for the extinction of the Slave-trade, and for the civilization of Africa,” instituted in the year 1839, and of which you are the chairman. Let the ill-informed and unreflecting infidels of England and of Europe, hear the solemn and deliberate declaration of that body of great men : " It is the unanimous opinion of this Society, that the only complete cure of all these evils, is the introduction of Christianity into Africa. They do not believe, that any less powerful remedy will entirely extinguish the present inducements to trade in human beings, or will afford to the inhabitants of those extensive regions, a sure foundation for repose and happiness.” The Christian people of England will read these words with appropriate emotions, and with fervent aspirations to the God of justice and of mercy, for his benediction upon an institution, the statement of whose humane and godlike object is prefaced by such an avowal. Nor can I refrain from noticing that this view is reiterated in the Society's Prospectus ; and, as if they knew not how sufficiently to impress it on the public mind, they introduce and urge it again at the close of their publication :—" It is impossible, however, to close this

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