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are an unalterable condition of success. Your lordship has accomplished much in connexion with time; but it is to be hoped, that far nobler achievements are still to be performed. You have already done something in the way of Natural Theology, and you have done it well; but surely you will not rest satisfied with that dark and doubtful department of inquiry after God. You have entered the porch: will you not pass the threshold, and penetrate the temple? If importance attaches to natural, how much more to revealed religion ! You have much to do, my Lord, in various walks, that you may not be far outdone even by some of your great, though now almost forgotten legal predecessors. Lord Chief Baron Hale wrote at least six or eight times more than your lordship has yet written on the subjects of science, of morals, and of law; to which must be added, his “ Judgment of the Nature of True Religion;" “ Discourse of Religion, under Three Heads;" “A Discourse of the Knowledge of God and of Ourselves; first, by the Light of Nature; and secondly, by the Scriptures." Then, my Lord, there is the Lord President Forbes, whose patriotic career was, in some leading points, analogous to your own. He, too, did much to purify law and cheapen justice. According to Bannatyne, his biographer, "a number of causes that had been depending for twelve, twenty, or thirty years, were discussed in the very first session after he sat;” and yet this great and active judge found time to think on the things of eternity! His “ Thoughts on Religion" is a work of great erudition, and of high value. His “Reflections on the Source of Incredulity with regard to Religion,” and his “ Letter concerning some Important Discoveries in Philosophy and Theology," did ex

cellent service at the time of their appearance. But, after all that they, and such as they, have done, the subject is not exhausted; indeed, they have done little more than pitch their tents on the confines of a' boundless territory, and make a few, sometimes cursory, observations on their respective vicinities. The field of Revelation presents a measureless abundance of subjects infinitely more than worthy of the highest exercise of your lordship's powers—subjects sufficient to task them to the uttermost for the space of ten thousand generations! What a prospect that field opens up to your lordship's inquiry! What a legacy of thought, argument, wisdom, and eloquence, in relation to the Inspired Volume, you may yet leave to mankind! With materials thence derived, you may construct a monument to your industry and genius which shall endure to the end of all things. But, O my Lord, this is the smallest consideration! Indeed, it is not admissible at all into the list of Christian motives. The thought of the love of Christ absorbs every other thought. In the world of perfect men, the glory of One occupies the minds of all. The ransomed millions resident in the paradise of God, can endure no praise but that of Him who was slain, and who redeemed them to God by his blood, out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation ; and in its celebration they are assisted by all the inhabitants of the heavenly world. Thus speaks the prophet of revelation :-“I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne ; and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands ; saying, with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and

glory, and blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb, for ever and ever.” May he who is Alpha and Omega in heaven be the same on earth! May your lordship speedily occupy a foremost place among the best friends of his cause, and the most efficient promoters of his kingdom !

LETTER IX.

TO THE REV. TIMOTHY EAST, TREASURER OF

SPRINGHILL COLLEGE, BIRMINGHAM.

ON THE CHARACTER AND DEATH OF THE LATE REV. JOHN

WILLIAMS.

MY DEAR SIR,-Your life has been signalized by two events of the highest importance to the good of mankind and the glory of Christ—the conversion of the late Rev. John Williams; and the foundation of Springhill College. The good in which the former of these events has already resulted, and the benefits which will to future ages from the latter, it is impossible to estimate. To you, as the “father in Christ” of the great South Sea missionary, the present letter is addressed, since I know of none to whom, with equal propriety, it could be inscribed. My object is, to delineate his person, talents, habits, and character, and to offer some reflections on his death.

" Vixêre fortes ante Agamemnona

Multi : sed omnes illacrymabiles
Urgentur, ignotique longâ
Nocte carent quia vate sacro.”

The first thing, with regard to his person, that presents itself to us, is his great physical power, which materially contributed to success in his peculiar sphere of missionary effort. He was massive rather than muscular, and strong without remarkable activity: his stature was somewhat above the middle size, his chest one of unusual breadth, the shoulders considerably rounded, and the whole frame bulky and broadly set. His aspect was a little singular ; indeed, he was often taken for a foreigner. Few men, skilled in the physiognomical attributes of nations, would have pronounced him an Englishman: most would, perhaps, have found it difficult to determine whether he was of Welsh or of Scotch extraction, but to the one or the other of these countries, and more probably the former, they would have assigned him ; though perhaps, some would have pronounced him a German. The Welsh and Scotch, in several points, closely resemble each other; they are both generally of a dark complexion, of hard features, of a somewhat heavy, and rustic appearance, with but little of that airy, elegant, lofty, and, not seldom, reserved deportment, which are chief characteristics of the English. Mr. Williams was strongly marked by the simplicity, kindness, and cordiality of manner which distinguish the inhabitants of the Principality and of the North.

There was something strikingly peculiar in the aspect of Mr. Williams. Having been once seen, he was ever after easily recognised; and you could instantly point him out, at a distance, among ten thousand men. The head was very large and long, and greatly wanting in that conical elevation so generally found associated with extreme benevolence—a quality for which, notwith

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