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Wise, perfect in himself, and all possessing,
Equals to God, oft shames not to numque formidinem ejecit, et
prefer. scit non multum esse ab homine timendum, a Deo nihil, &c.- 307. For all his tedious talk is contemning all, wealth, pleasure,
but vain boast, &c. These are the well known Or subtle shifts] doctrines of the Stoics; our au- Vain boasts relate to the Stoical thor in all probability had here paradoxes, and subtle shifts to in his mind the conclusion of their dialectic, which this sect Seneca de Providentia contem- so much cultivated, as to be as nite paupertatem, &c. contemnite well known by the name Dialedolorem--fortunam -mortem ctici as Stoici. Warburton. patet exitus. Si pugnare non $13. Much of the soul they talk, vultis licet fugere &c. Exactly but all awry,j See what Mr. similar to which last passage is Warburton has said upon this the language of Epictetus, 1. iv. subject in the first volume of the C. 10. ει ουτω ταλας ειμι, λιμην το
Divine Legation. αποθανειν-δια τουτο ουδεν των εν τω 314. And in themselves seek ..βια χαλεπον εστιν· οταν θελης εξηλθες. virtue, and to themselves
All glory arrogate, to God give none,
All glory arrogate, to God give and Nat. Quæst. ii. 45. and Senone)
neca, the tragic poet, Edip.980. Cicero speaks the sentiments of The Stoic poet, Lucan, freancient philosophy upon this quently terms the Deity, fate, or point in the following words:- fortune, as Pharsal. i. 87. iii. 96.
. propter virtutem enim jure lau- Dunster. damur, et in virtute recte gloria- 321. An empty cloud,] A memur: quod non contingeret, si taphor taken from the fable of id donum a Deo, non a nobis Ixion, who embraced an empty haberemus. At vero aut hono. cloud for a Juno ribus aucti, aut re familiari, aut 322. Wise mien have said,] Alsi aliud quippiam nacti sumus luding to Eccles. xii. 12. Of fortuiti boni, aut depulimus mali, making many books there is no end, cùm Diis gratias agimus, tum and much study is a weariness of nihil nostræ laudi assumptum the flesh. arbitramur. Num quis, quòd 322. Aiunt enim, says the bonus vir esset, gratias Diis egit younger Pliny; multum legenunquam? At quòd dives, quòd dum esse non multa, 1. viïi. ep. 9. honoratus, qudd incolumis.-Ad It is indeed a Stoical precept, rem autem ut redeam, judicium tho ds BiCasar defær perfor. Antonin. hoc omnium mortalium est, fortu- Meditat. 1. xi. 3. And Seneca nam à Deo petendam, à se ipso has the same sentiment, ep. ii. sumendam esse sapientiam. De Nat. and De Tranquillitate Animi, c. Deor. iii. 36. -Warburton. 9. Dunster. 316. - under usual names ;
322. -who reads Fortune and Fate,
Incessantly, &c.] Several of the ancient philoso- See the same just sentiment in phers, but especially the Stoics, Paradise Lost, vii. 126. thus characterised the Deity.
But knowledge is as food, and needs Sic hunc naturam vocas, fatum,
less fortunam; omnia ejusdem Dei Her temp'rance over appetite, &c. nomina sunt, varie utentis suâ
Thyer. potestate. De Beneficiis, iv. 8.
A spirit and judgment equal or superior, (And what he brings, what needs he elsewhere seek?) Uncertain and unsettled still remains,
326 Deep vers’d in books and shallow in himself, Crude or intoxicate, collecting toys, And trifles for choice matters, worth a sponge; As children gathering pebbles on the shore. Or if I would delight my private hours With music or with poem, where so soon As in our native language can I find That solace? All our law and story strow'd With hymns, our psalms with artful terms inscrib’d, 335 Our Hebrew songs and harps in Babylon, That pleas'd so well our victor's ear, declare That rather Greece from us these arts deriv'd;
325. And what he brings, what Shiggaion of David, Michtam of needs he elsewhere seek?] The David, &c. to denote the various poet makes the old sophister the kinds of psalms or instruments. Devil always busy in his trade. 336. Our Hebrew songs and It is a pity he should make Jesus harps in Babylon, (as he does here) use the same That pleas'd so well our victor's Warburton.
ear,] 329. -worth a sponge ;] Not This is said upon the authority worth seeing the light, not worth of Psalm cxxxvii. 1, &c. By the preserving; alluding to the use rivers of Babylon, there we sat of the sponge for blotting out down, yea we wept, when we reany thing written. So Augustus membered Sion. We hanged our said of his tragedy, which he harps upon the willows in the had attempted, but had laid midst thereof. For there they that aside, Ajacem suum in spongium carried us away captive, required incubuisse. Suetonius Vit. Aug. of us a song ; and they that wasted Dunster.
us, required of us mirth, saying, 335. --our psalms with artful Sing us one of the songs of Sion. terms inscrib'd,] He means the 338. That rather Greece from inscriptions often prefixed to the us these arts deriv'd;] This was beginning of several psalms, such the system in vogue at that time. as To the chief musician upon It was established and supported Nehiloth, To the chief musician with vast erudition by Bochart, on Neginoth upon Sheminith, and carried to an extravagant
Ill imitated, while they loudest sing
and even ridiculous length by bably suggested the following Huetius and Gale. Warburton. lines in the Duke of Bucking
Clemens Alexandrinus ascribes ham's Essay on Poetry, the invention of hymns and Figures of speech, which poets think songs to the Jews; and says that so fine, the Greeks stole theirs from them. (Art's needless varnish to make na
ture shine,) (Stromat. 1. i. p. 308. Ed. Colon.
Are all but paint upon a beauteous 1688.) He also charges the
face, Grecian philosophers with steal- And in descriptions only claim a ing many of their doctrines from place. the Jewish prophets, (1. i. p. 312.) As Milton, perhaps, had ShakeDunster.
in his mind: 341. - personating,] This is in the Latin sense of persono, to
The harlot's cheek, beautied with
plastering art, celebrate loudly, to publish or Is not more ugly to the thing that proclaim. Dunster.
helps it, 343. _swelling epithets] Greek
Than is my deed to my most painted
word. Hamlet, a. iii. s. 1. compounds. Warburton. .
Dunster. The hymns of the Greek poets to their deities consist of very
345. Thin sown with ought of little more than repeated invoca- profit and delight,] In allusion to tions of them by different names Horace, Art. Poet. 333. and epithets. Our Saviour very Aut prodesse volunt, aut delectare probably alluded to these, where poetæ. he cautions his disciples against Plato also (De Repub. x. p. 607. vain repetitions and much speak. ed. Serran.) has said, that the ing (Batrodogte) in their prayers, only justification of poetry is Matt. vi. 7. Thyer.
when it unites the power of Swelling epithets thick laid is pleasing with civil and moral particularly applicable to the instruction; as ov Moyo ndud ahia Orphic hymns. Indeed gods and και ωφέλιμη προς τας πολιτείας και heroes were scarcely ever men- τον βιον τον ανθρωπινον εστι.
Duntioned by the Greek poets with- ster. out some swelling or compound 346. Will far be found unworepithet.-thick lạid as varnish on thy to compare a harlot's cheek; these words pro
With Sion's songs,]
With Sion's songs, to all true tastes excelling,
He was of this opinion not only scure, and liable to mistake. The in the decline of life, but like- meaning of them is, poets from wise in his earlier days, as ap- thee inspired are not such as pears from the preface to his these, unless where moral virtue second book of the Reason of is expressed &c. Meadowcourt. Church-Government. • Or if The obscurity, if not caused, “ occasion shall lead to imitate is increased by departing from “ those magnific odes and hymns the punctuation of the first edi66 wherein Pindarus and Calli- tion, which had a semicolon after “ machus are in most things not such from thee. Unless cer“ worthy, some others in their tainly has no reference to the “ frame judicious, in their mat- line immediately preceding, but “ ter most an end faulty. But to v. 346. “ those frequent songs through- Will far be found unworthy to com« out the law and prophets be
pare yond all these, not in their di
With Sion's songs, &c.
Unless where moral virtue is ex. “ vine argument alone, but in
press'd “ the very critical art of compo
By light of nature, not in all quite « sition, may be easily made ap
lost. pear over all the kinds of lyric I could wish however that the poetry, to be incomparable.”
passage had been otherwise ar948. Where God is prais'd ranged, and these two lines, v. aright, and God-like menn] The 351, 352, inserted in a parentheonly poetry which Plato recom
sis, after v. 345. Dunster. mends to be admitted into a state
353. those] I should
preare hymns to the gods, and en
fer -as though. Calton. comiums on virtuous actions.
354. ---statists] Or statesmen. Ειδιναι δε ότι όσον μονον ύμνους θεοις A word in more frequent use και εγκωμια της αγαθης ποιησεως πα- formerly, as in Shakespeare, eadux TEOV ELS TONI. De Repub. lib. Cymbeline, act ii. sc. 5. . x. p. 607. ed. Serran. Dunster.
I do believe, 350. Such are from God inspir'd,
(Statist though I am none, nor like not such from thee,
to be ;) Unless where moral virtue is ex- and Hamlet, act v. sc. 3. press'd &c.]
I once did hold it, as our statists do, The sense of these lines is ob